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Aliases for GAS1 Gene

Aliases for GAS1 Gene

  • Growth Arrest Specific 1 2 3 5
  • Growth Arrest-Specific Gene-1 2 3
  • GAS-1 3 4
  • Growth Arrest-Specific Protein 1 3

External Ids for GAS1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GAS1 Gene

  • GC09M080603
  • GC09M081412
  • GC09M083114
  • GC09M085016
  • GC09M086788
  • GC09M088749
  • GC09M089559
  • GC09M059383

Summaries for GAS1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GAS1 Gene

  • Growth arrest-specific 1 plays a role in growth suppression. GAS1 blocks entry to S phase and prevents cycling of normal and transformed cells. Gas1 is a putative tumor suppressor gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GAS1 Gene

GAS1 (Growth Arrest Specific 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GAS1 include Semilobar Holoprosencephaly and Lobar Holoprosencephaly. Among its related pathways are Hedgehog Pathway and p70S6K Signaling.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAS1 Gene

  • Specific growth arrest protein involved in growth suppression. Blocks entry to S phase. Prevents cycling of normal and transformed cells.

Gene Wiki entry for GAS1 Gene

Additional gene information for GAS1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GAS1 Gene

Genomics for GAS1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GAS1 Gene

Enhancers for GAS1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH09H087140 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 13.8 -193.6 -193635 1 PKNOX1 ARNT INSM2 FEZF1 GLI4 ZNF2 ZEB1 ZNF366 ZSCAN5C SCRT2 GAS1 LOC440173 GAS1RR C9orf170 GC09P087131
GH09H086585 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +361.4 361411 1 PKNOX1 KLF1 IRF2 KLF17 FEZF1 ZIC2 ZNF2 ZNF664 CTBP1 ZNF366 GAS1 LOC105376123 GC09M086423 RNU2-36P
GH09H086731 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10 +214.7 214709 2.6 FEZF1 BRCA1 ZNF2 KLF7 FOS SP3 YY2 REST TSHZ1 ZNF488 NAA35 GAS1RR LOC389765 LOC100130049 GAS1 GC09M086730 LOC105376124
GH09H086982 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 -36.5 -36469 3.2 PKNOX1 FEZF1 ZNF2 FOS SP3 TSHZ1 SMARCB1 ZNF518A MAFF ZNF610 GAS1RR GAS1 LOC440173 CDC20P1
GH09H086562 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 12.8 +383.7 383704 1.6 ZNF792 FEZF1 JUND PRDM6 ZNF791 ZNF629 ZSCAN5C FOS ZNF24 ZNF600 GAS1 LOC105376123 RNU2-36P GC09M086423
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around GAS1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GAS1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000237164 188 4800 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 REST TSHZ1 SMARCB1

Genomic Locations for GAS1 Gene

Genomic Locations for GAS1 Gene
2,828 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GAS1 Gene

Genes around GAS1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GAS1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GAS1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GAS1 Gene

Proteins for GAS1 Gene

  • Protein details for GAS1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Growth arrest-specific protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B9EGM4
    • Q6B086

    Protein attributes for GAS1 Gene

    345 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35693 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for GAS1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GAS1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=192192
  • Glycosylation at posLast=117117
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GAS1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GAS1 Gene

Domains & Families for GAS1 Gene

Gene Families for GAS1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for GAS1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GAS1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GAS1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAS1 Gene

Function for GAS1 Gene

Molecular function for GAS1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
growth arrest specific gene 1,45kDa,predominantly expressed in lung and heart
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Specific growth arrest protein involved in growth suppression. Blocks entry to S phase. Prevents cycling of normal and transformed cells.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GAS1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GAS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21357679
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAS1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GAS1: view

Animal Models for GAS1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GAS1:

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GAS1 Gene

Localization for GAS1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAS1 Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GAS1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
cytosol 2
lysosome 2
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nuclear speckles (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GAS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane NAS 8127893
GO:0031225 anchored component of membrane IEA --
GO:0046658 anchored component of plasma membrane ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAS1: view

Pathways & Interactions for GAS1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GAS1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GAS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007049 cell cycle IEA --
GO:0007050 cell cycle arrest IEA --
GO:0008589 regulation of smoothened signaling pathway ISS --
GO:0010955 negative regulation of protein processing IMP 21357679
GO:0035924 cellular response to vascular endothelial growth factor stimulus IEP 15070677
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAS1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GAS1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GAS1 Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for GAS1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GAS1: view

Transcripts for GAS1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GAS1 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(104) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GAS1 Gene

Growth arrest-specific 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GAS1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GAS1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GAS1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GAS1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GAS1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Uterus (x6.1) and Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GAS1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreatic juice (27.2), Gallbladder (13.2), and Ovary (6.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GAS1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GAS1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GAS1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GAS1 Gene

  • Liver(4)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GAS1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • eye
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • lip
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • nose
  • pharynx
  • pituitary gland
  • skull
  • tooth
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GAS1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GAS1 Gene

Orthologs for GAS1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GAS1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GAS1 33 34
  • 98.16 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GAS1 33 34
  • 93.29 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GAS1 33 34
  • 91.72 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gas1 33 16 34
  • 84.5 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gas1 33
  • 84.35 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GAS1 34
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GAS1 34
  • 68 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GAS1 34
  • 62 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gas1 33
  • 72.62 (n)
Str.10719 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16153 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gas1a 33 34
  • 63.47 (n)
gas1b 34
  • 46 (a)
Species where no ortholog for GAS1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GAS1 Gene

Gene Tree for GAS1 (if available)
Gene Tree for GAS1 (if available)

Paralogs for GAS1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GAS1 Gene

Variants for GAS1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GAS1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs387907165 Uncertain significance 86,946,181(-) CTGCA(C/G)GGACG reference, missense
rs387907166 Uncertain significance 86,946,004(-) GGACG(A/G)GGGCC reference, missense
rs1000854782 -- 86,945,757(+) GGCCC(A/C)AGCAG reference, synonymous-codon
rs1000871454 -- 86,944,777(+) AAGTA(A/C/T)AGCAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs1001746523 -- 86,948,866(+) TCCTC(C/T)GGCTG nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GAS1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1122240 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1119600 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1077160 CNV deletion 25765185
esv29661 CNV loss 19812545
dgv12781n54 CNV loss 21841781

Variation tolerance for GAS1 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 0.37; 8.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GAS1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAS1 Gene

Disorders for GAS1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for GAS1 Gene - From: HGMD, Orphanet, DISEASES, and Novoseek

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GAS1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GAS1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GAS1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GAS1 Gene

Publications for GAS1 Gene

  1. Structure, function, and chromosome mapping of the growth-suppressing human homologue of the murine gas1 gene. (PMID: 8127893) Del Sal G … Schneider C (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1994) 3 4 22 60
  2. Localization of the human growth arrest-specific gene (GAS1) to chromosome bands 9q21.3-q22, a region frequently deleted in myeloid malignancies. (PMID: 8307588) Evdokiou A … Cowled PA (Genomics 1993) 2 3 22 60
  3. Genome-wide detection of allele specific copy number variation associated with insulin resistance in African Americans from the HyperGEN study. (PMID: 21901158) Irvin MR … Arnett DK (PloS one 2011) 3 45 60
  4. Evaluation of candidate stromal epithelial cross-talk genes identifies association between risk of serous ovarian cancer and TERT, a cancer susceptibility "hot-spot". (PMID: 20628624) Johnatty SE … Australian Cancer Study (Ovarian Cancer) (PLoS genetics 2010) 3 45 60
  5. Gas1 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis of human primary gliomas in the absence of Shh. (PMID: 19460624) Domínguez-Monzón G … Segovia J (International journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 2009) 3 22 60

Products for GAS1 Gene

Sources for GAS1 Gene

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