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Aliases for GAPDHS Gene

Aliases for GAPDHS Gene

  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, Spermatogenic 2 3
  • GAPD2 3 4 6
  • Spermatogenic Cell-Specific Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase 2 3 4
  • Spermatogenic Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • GAPDH-2 3 4
  • GAPDS 3 4
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, Testis-Specific 3
  • EC 1.2.1 63
  • HSD-35 3
  • GAPDH2 4

External Ids for GAPDHS Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GAPDHS Gene


Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GAPDHS Gene

  • GC19P040717
  • GC19P036024
  • GC19P032529

Summaries for GAPDHS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GAPDHS Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein belonging to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family of enzymes that play an important role in carbohydrate metabolism. Like its somatic cell counterpart, this sperm-specific enzyme functions in a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent manner to remove hydrogen and add phosphate to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to form 1,3-diphosphoglycerate. During spermiogenesis, this enzyme may play an important role in regulating the switch between different energy-producing pathways, and it is required for sperm motility and male fertility. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GAPDHS Gene

GAPDHS (Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, Spermatogenic) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GAPDHS include alzheimer disease. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include NADP binding and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (phosphorylating) activity. An important paralog of this gene is GAPDH.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDHS Gene

  • May play an important role in regulating the switch between different pathways for energy production during spermiogenesis and in the spermatozoon. Required for sperm motility and male fertility (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for GAPDHS Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GAPDHS Gene

Genomics for GAPDHS Gene

Regulatory Elements for GAPDHS Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for GAPDHS Gene

35,533,412 bp from pter
35,545,319 bp from pter
11,908 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GAPDHS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GAPDHS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GAPDHS Gene

Proteins for GAPDHS Gene

  • Protein details for GAPDHS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specific
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RC82
    • O60823
    • Q6JTT9
    • Q9HCU6

    Protein attributes for GAPDHS Gene

    408 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44501 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer. Interacts with ARRB2; the interaction is detected in the nucleus upon OR1D2 stimulation.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GAPDHS Gene

neXtProt entry for GAPDHS Gene

Proteomics data for GAPDHS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GAPDHS Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GAPDHS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains for GAPDHS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GAPDHS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O14556
  • The testis-specific N-terminal extension mediates tight association with the cytoskeletal fibrous sheath of the spermatozoa flagellum, possibly via interchain disulfide-bonding of Cys-21 with sheath components.
  • Belongs to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GAPDHS: view

No data available for Gene Families for GAPDHS Gene

Function for GAPDHS Gene

Molecular function for GAPDHS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(+) = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: May play an important role in regulating the switch between different pathways for energy production during spermiogenesis and in the spermatozoon. Required for sperm motility and male fertility (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GAPDHS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GAPDHS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004365 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (phosphorylating) activity TAS 10714828
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16820410
GO:0016620 oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor --
GO:0050661 NADP binding IEA --
GO:0051287 NAD binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDHS: view

Phenotypes for GAPDHS Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for GAPDHS:
inferred from 1 alleles
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GAPDHS: view

Animal Models for GAPDHS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GAPDHS:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for GAPDHS Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GAPDHS

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GAPDHS

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GAPDHS Gene

Localization for GAPDHS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDHS Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GAPDHS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GAPDHS gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 3
chloroplast 2
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GAPDHS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 21630459
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005929 cilium --
GO:0031514 motile cilium --
GO:0035686 sperm fibrous sheath IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDHS: view

Pathways for GAPDHS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GAPDHS: view

Pathways by source for GAPDHS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O14556-G3PT_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 1/5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GAPDHS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006006 glucose metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006094 gluconeogenesis TAS --
GO:0006096 glycolytic process --
GO:0030317 sperm motility ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDHS: view

Compounds for GAPDHS Gene

(7) HMDB Compounds for GAPDHS Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
D-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
  • 2-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)-Propanal
Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphate
  • 1,3-Biphosphoglycerate
  • 3-Carbamoyl-1-D-ribofuranosylpyridinium hydroxide 5'-ester with adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • 1,4-Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for GAPDHS Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate 78.5 6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GAPDHS: view

Transcripts for GAPDHS Gene


Unigene Clusters for GAPDHS Gene

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, spermatogenic:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GAPDHS

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GAPDHS Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11
SP1: -
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for GAPDHS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GAPDHS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GAPDHS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GAPDHS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (42.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GAPDHS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GAPDHS Gene Hs.248017

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GAPDHS Gene

Tissue specificity: Testis specific
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GAPDHS: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for GAPDHS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GAPDHS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GAPDHS 35
  • 99.18 (n)
  • 98.77 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GAPDHS 35
  • 84.56 (n)
  • 85.32 (a)
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GAPDHS 35
  • 83.42 (n)
  • 83.91 (a)
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gapdhs 35
  • 78.27 (n)
  • 81.62 (a)
Gapdhs 16
Gapdhs 36
  • 77 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GAPDHS 36
  • 67 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GAPDHS 36
  • 59 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gapdhs 35
  • 78.35 (n)
  • 82.11 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GAPDH 36
  • 71 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GAPDHS 36
  • 56 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gapdhs 35
  • 72.27 (n)
  • 78.08 (a)
gapdhs 36
  • 78 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9010 36
  • 58 (a)
Gapdh1 36
  • 69 (a)
Gapdh2 36
  • 69 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gpd-1 36
  • 68 (a)
gpd-2 36
  • 67 (a)
gpd-3 36
  • 67 (a)
gpd-4 36
  • 67 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AER031C 35
  • 63.48 (n)
  • 65.74 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TDH1 36
  • 65 (a)
TDH2 36
  • 64 (a)
TDH3 36
  • 64 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0A11858g 35
  • 60.39 (n)
  • 63.27 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons GAPC2 35
  • 62.8 (n)
  • 65.24 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0601300 35
  • 64.86 (n)
  • 65.36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 61 (a)
CSA.4611 36
  • 70 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GAPDHS:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GAPDHS Gene

Gene Tree for GAPDHS (if available)
Gene Tree for GAPDHS (if available)

Paralogs for GAPDHS Gene

Paralogs for GAPDHS Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for GAPDHS Gene using alignment to 3 proteins: Pseudogenes for GAPDHS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GAPDHS: view

Variants for GAPDHS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GAPDHS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2239942 -- 35,539,546(+) ACACA(C/T)ACACA intron-variant
rs2239943 -- 35,539,605(+) CTGTC(C/T)GGGCC intron-variant
rs2285514 - 35,538,389(+) TCATT(A/G)ACCCG missense, reference
rs2871992 -- 35,534,883(-) TCAAA(G/T)GCACC intron-variant
rs3216892 -- 35,534,193(+) AGTGC(-/GC)ACACA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GAPDHS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833811 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv911628 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for GAPDHS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDHS Gene

Disorders for GAPDHS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (1) Diseases for GAPDHS Gene including...

Search for GAPDHS Gene in MalaCards »

Relevant External Links for GAPDHS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GAPDHS: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDHS Gene

Publications for GAPDHS Gene

  1. Human glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-2 gene is expressed specifically in spermatogenic cells. (PMID: 10714828) Welch J.E. … Eddy E.M. (J. Androl. 2000) 2 3 4 23
  2. Investigation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from human sperms. (PMID: 18298375) Shchutskaya Y.Y. … Schmalhausen E.V. (Biokhimiia 2008) 3 4 23
  3. Expression of the spermatogenic cell-specific glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDS) in rat testis. (PMID: 16700075) Welch J.E. … O'Brien D.A. (Mol. Reprod. Dev. 2006) 3 23
  4. The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. (PMID: 15057824) Grimwood J. … Lucas S.M. (Nature 2004) 3 4
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for GAPDHS Gene

Sources for GAPDHS Gene

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