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GAPDH Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 74
GCID: GC12P006643

Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase


(Previous symbol: GAPD)
Microbiology & Infectious Diseases Congress
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase1 2     HEL-S-162eP2
GAPD1 2 3 5     Aging-Associated Gene 9 Protein2
Peptidyl-Cysteine S-Nitrosylase GAPDH2 3     Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein Li 162eP2
EC 1.2.1.123 8     EC 2.6.99.-3
G3PD2     EC 1.2.18

External Ids:    HGNC: 41411   Entrez Gene: 25972   Ensembl: ENSG000001116407   OMIM: 1384005   UniProtKB: P044063   

Export aliases for GAPDH gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifer: GC12P006514


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for GAPDH Gene:
This gene encodes a member of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase protein family. The encoded protein has
been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. The
product of this gene catalyzes an important energy-yielding step in carbohydrate metabolism, the reversible
oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphate and nicotinamide
adenine dinucleotide (NAD). The encoded protein has additionally been identified to have uracil DNA glycosylase
activity in the nucleus. Studies of a similar protein in mouse have assigned a variety of additional functions
including nitrosylation of nuclear proteins, the regulation of mRNA stability, and acting as a transferrin
receptor on the cell surface of macrophage. Many pseudogenes similar to this locus are present in the human
genome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. (provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014)

GeneCards Summary for GAPDH Gene:
GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with GAPDH include mature cataract, and diffuse large b-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system. GO annotations related to this gene include NADP binding and identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is GAPDHS.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: G3P_HUMAN, P04406
Function: Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in
glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA
transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that
mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Modulates the
organization and assembly of the cytoskeleton. Facilitates the CHP1-dependent microtubule and membrane
associations through its ability to stimulate the binding of CHP1 to microtubules (By similarity).
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the
pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate. Component of the
GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced
transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma treatment assembles
into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3'-UTR of diverse inflammatory
mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation

Gene Wiki entry for GAPDH (Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase) Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000012.12  NC_018923.2  NT_009759.17  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the GAPDH gene promoter:
         N-Myc   TBP   PPAR-gamma1   NF-1   p53   TFIID   PPAR-gamma2   GATA-2   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmids (see all 3): GAPDH promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for GAPDH

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat GAPDH


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 12p13   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  12p13.31   HGNC cytogenetic band: 12p13.31

GAPDH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
GAPDH gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 12         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC12P006643:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
6,643,093 bp from pter      End:
6,647,537 bp from pter
Size:
4,445 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: G3P_HUMAN, P04406 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase  
Size: 335 amino acids; 36053 Da
Subunit: Homotetramer. Interacts with TPPP; the interaction is direct. Interacts (when S-nitrosylated) with SIAH1;
leading to nuclear translocation. Interacts with RILPL1/GOSPEL, leading to prevent the interaction between GAPDH
and SIAH1 and prevent nuclear translocation. Interacts with CHP1; the interaction increases the binding of CHP1
with microtubules. Associates with microtubules (By similarity). Interacts with EIF1AD, USP25, PRKCI and WARS.
Component of the GAIT complex
4 PDB 3D structures from and Proteopedia for GAPDH:
1U8F (3D)        1ZNQ (3D)        2FEH (3D)        3GPD (3D)    
Secondary accessions: E7EUT4 P00354 Q53X65
Alternative splicing: 2 isoforms:  P04406-1   P04406-2   (No experimental confirmation available. Gene prediction based on EST data)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for GAPDH: NX_P04406

Explore proteomics data for GAPDH at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • S-nitrosylation of Cys-152 leads to interaction with SIAH1, followed by translocation to the nucleus (By
    similarity)1
  • ISGylated (Probable)1
  • Sulfhydration at Cys-152 increases catalytic activity (By similarity)1
  • Ubiquitination2 at Lys5, Lys61, Lys66, Lys84, Lys86, Lys107, Lys139, Lys145, Lys162, Lys186,
                                 Lys194, Lys215, Lys219, Lys227, Lys263, Lys334
  • Glycosylation2 at Asn149
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Selected DME Specific Peptides for GAPDH (P04406) (see all 40)
     GVNHEKY  GKLVING  LAKVIHD  PELNGKL 


    See GAPDH Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins (4 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001243728.1  NP_001276674.1  NP_001276675.1  NP_002037.2  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000229239   ENSP00000380065   ENSP00000380070   ENSP00000380068   ENSP00000380067  
    Reactome Protein details: P04406

    GAPDH Human Recombinant Protein Products:

    Browse Purified and Recombinant Proteins at EMD Millipore
    Browse R&D Systems for human recombinant proteins
    Browse recombinant and purified proteins available from Enzo Life Sciences
    OriGene Purified Protein for GAPDH
    OriGene Protein Over-expression Lysate for GAPDH
    OriGene MassSpec for GAPDH
    OriGene Custom Protein Services for GAPDH
    GenScript Custom Purified and Recombinant Proteins Services for GAPDH
    Novus Biologicals GAPDH Proteins
    Novus Biologicals GAPDH Lysates
    Sino Biological Recombinant Protein for GAPDH
    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates
    ProSpec Recombinant Protein for GAPDH
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for GAPDH

    GAPDH Antibody Products:

    EMD Millipore Mono- and Polyclonal Antibodies for the study of GAPDH
    R&D Systems Antibodies for GAPDH (GAPDH/G3PDH)
    Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for GAPDH 
    OriGene Antibodies for GAPDH
    OriGene Custom Antibody Services for GAPDH
    Novus Biologicals GAPDH Antibodies
    Abcam antibodies for GAPDH
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for GAPDH
    ThermoFisher Antibodies for GAPDH
    LSBio Antibodies in human, mouse, rat for GAPDH

    GAPDH Assay Products:

    Browse Kits and Assays available from EMD Millipore
    OriGene Custom Assay Services for GAPDH
    R&D Systems ELISAs for GAPDH (GAPDH/G3PDH)
    GenScript Custom Assay Services for GAPDH
    Browse Enzo Life Sciences for kits & assays
    Cloud-Clone Corp. ELISAs for GAPDH
    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for GAPDH


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    Selected InterPro protein domains (see all 6):
     IPR020831 GlycerAld/Erythrose_P_DH
     IPR020828 GlycerAld_3-P_DH_NAD(P)-bd
     IPR006424 Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1
     IPR020830 GlycerAld_3-P_DH_AS
     IPR020829 GlycerAld_3-P_DH_cat

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry P04406

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: P04406

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB000173 Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: G3P_HUMAN, P04406
    Similarity: Belongs to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family


    GAPDH for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, and Vector BioLabs, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: G3P_HUMAN, P04406
    Function: Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in
    glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA
    transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that
    mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Modulates the
    organization and assembly of the cytoskeleton. Facilitates the CHP1-dependent microtubule and membrane
    associations through its ability to stimulate the binding of CHP1 to microtubules (By similarity).
    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the
    pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate. Component of the
    GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced
    transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma treatment assembles
    into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3'-UTR of diverse inflammatory
    mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation
    Catalytic activity: D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(+) = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH

         Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB): EC 1.2.1.121 2 EC 1.2.12 EC 2.6.99.-1

         Gene Ontology (GO): Selected molecular function terms (see all 8):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0004365glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (phosphorylating) activity NAS3170585
    GO:0005515protein binding IPI11724794
    GO:0008017microtubule binding ISS--
    GO:0016620oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor ----
    GO:0035605peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylase activity ISS--
         
    GAPDH for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         3 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for GAPDH:
     Increased S DNA content  Increased number of mitotic ce  Synthetic lethal with imatinib 

         7 MGI mutant phenotypes (inferred from 9 alleles(MGI details for Gapdh):
     cardiovascular system  growth/size/body  hematopoietic system  homeostasis/metabolism  liver/biliary system 
     mortality/aging  renal/urinary system 

    GAPDH for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for GAPDH
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Contact us about creating complex and humanized mouse models for GAPDH

       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for GAPDH
       genOway customized Knockin model: humanization, point mutation, expression monitoring, etc. for GAPDH

    miRNA
    Products:
        
    miRTarBase miRNAs that target GAPDH:
    hsa-mir-296-3p (MIRT038345), hsa-mir-17-3p (MIRT050751), hsa-mir-769-3p (MIRT039090), hsa-mir-1229-3p (MIRT036280), hsa-mir-29b-2-5p (MIRT038710), hsa-mir-501-5p (MIRT041139), hsa-mir-342-5p (MIRT038226), hsa-mir-92a-3p (MIRT049457), hsa-mir-766-3p (MIRT039028), hsa-mir-17-5p (MIRT050952), hsa-mir-96-5p (MIRT048718), hsa-let-7b-5p (MIRT052138), hsa-mir-484 (MIRT041819), hsa-mir-644a (MIRT007162), hsa-mir-106b-3p (MIRT038579), hsa-mir-615-3p (MIRT039782), hsa-mir-29c-3p (MIRT001929), hsa-mir-877-3p (MIRT036904), hsa-mir-423-5p (MIRT038105), hsa-mir-331-3p (MIRT043451), hsa-mir-324-3p (MIRT042878), hsa-mir-149-5p (MIRT045446), hsa-mir-25-3p (MIRT050206), hsa-mir-23b-3p (MIRT046276), hsa-mir-320a (MIRT044658), hsa-mir-93-5p (MIRT048761)

    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat GAPDH using miScript Target Protectors
    3 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate GAPDH:
    hsa-miR-185* hsa-miR-4302 hsa-miR-323-5p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidGAPDH 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
        
    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for GAPDH
    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat GAPDH

    Gene Editing
    Products:
    DNA2.0 Custom Protein Engineering Service for GAPDH

    Clone
    Products:
         
    OriGene clones in human, mouse for GAPDH (see all 9)
    OriGene ORF clones in mouse, rat for GAPDH
    OriGene custom cloning services - gene synthesis, subcloning, mutagenesis, variant library, vector shuttling
    GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector: GAPDH (NM_002046)
    Sino Biological Human cDNA Clone for GAPDH
    DNA2.0 Custom Codon Optimized Gene Synthesis Service for GAPDH
    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat GAPDH

    Cell Line
    Products:
         
    GenScript Custom overexpressing Cell Line Services for GAPDH
    Browse ESI BIO Cell Lines and PureStem Progenitors for GAPDH 
    In Situ Assay
    Products:
       

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for GAPDH


    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    G3P_HUMAN, P04406: Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus (By similarity). Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Membrane.
    Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton (By similarity). Note=Translocates to the nucleus following S-nitrosylation and
    interaction with SIAH1, which contains a nuclear localization signal (By similarity). Postnuclear and Perinuclear
    regions
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    cytosol5
    extracellular5
    cytoskeleton4
    nucleus4
    plasma membrane4
    chloroplast3
    endoplasmic reticulum2
    mitochondrion2
    peroxisome2
    golgi apparatus1
    vacuole1

    Gene Ontology (GO): Selected cellular component terms (see all 10):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005634nucleus ISS--
    GO:0005737cytoplasm ISS--
    GO:0005811lipid particle IDA14741744
    GO:0005829cytosol TAS--
    GO:0005886plasma membrane IDA--

    GAPDH for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    SuperPaths for GAPDH About   (see all 10)  
    See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Glycolysis and gluconeogenesis short map
    Glycolysis and gluconeogenesis short map 0.60
    Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis0.46
    Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis0.60
    Glycolysis0.40
    2Alzheimer's disease
    Alzheimers Disease0.44
    Alzheimer's disease0.44
    3Metabolism
    Metabolism0.38
    Metabolic pathways0.38
    4Glucose metabolism
    Glucose metabolism0.44
    Gluconeogenesis0.44
    5Carbon metabolism
    Carbon metabolism0.38
    Biosynthesis of amino acids0.38

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways

    1 Downloadable PowerPoint Slide of GeneGlobe Pathway Central Maps for GAPDH
        Huntington's Disease Pathway

    1 Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Pathway for GAPDH
        Glucose / Energy Metabolism

    1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) Pathway for GAPDH
        Glycolysis and gluconeogenesis (short map)

    4 BioSystems Pathways for GAPDH
        SIDS Susceptibility Pathways
    Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis
    Alzheimers Disease
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation


    2 Reactome Pathways for GAPDH
        Gluconeogenesis
    Glycolysis


    Selected Kegg Pathways  (Kegg details for GAPDH) (see all 6):
        Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
    Metabolic pathways
    Carbon metabolism
    Biosynthesis of amino acids
    HIF-1 signaling pathway

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: G3P_HUMAN, P04406
    Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 1/5


    GAPDH for pathways           About GeneDecksing

        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays including GAPDH (see all 148): 

              Antiviral Response in human mouse rat
              Multiple Sclerosis in human mouse rat
              Wound Healing in human mouse rat
              Prostate Cancer in human mouse rat
              Drug Metabolism: Phase I Enzymes in human mouse rat

    Interactions:

        GeneGlobe Interaction Network for GAPDH

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 25)

    Selected Interacting proteins for GAPDH (P044061, 2, 3 ENSP000002292394) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 988)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    PCNAP120041, 2, 3EBI-354056,EBI-358311 MINT-7995141 MINT-7995351 MINT-7995132 I2D: score=2 
    YWHAEP622582, 3, ENSP000002643354MINT-8256415 MINT-7947479 I2D: score=4 STRING: ENSP00000264335
    ACTBP607092, 3, ENSP000003499604MINT-7947479 MINT-4054731 I2D: score=3 STRING: ENSP00000349960
    HSP90AB1P082382, 3, ENSP000003258754MINT-72648 MINT-7947479 I2D: score=3 STRING: ENSP00000325875
    BIDP559572, 3, ENSP000003188224MINT-8249531 MINT-7947479 I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000318822
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): Selected biological process terms (see all 12):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0000226microtubule cytoskeleton organization ISS--
    GO:0005975carbohydrate metabolic process TAS--
    GO:0006006glucose metabolic process TAS--
    GO:0006094gluconeogenesis TAS--
    GO:0006096glycolytic process TAS--

    GAPDH for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
    About This Section

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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Enzo Life Sciences drugs & compounds for GAPDH
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for GAPDH (G3P)

    6 HMDB Compounds for GAPDH    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    D-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate2-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)-Propanal (see all 11)142-10-9--
    NAD3-Carbamoyl-1-D-ribofuranosylpyridinium hydroxide 5'-ester with adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate (see all 28)53-84-9--
    NADH1,4-Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (see all 17)58-68-4--
    NADPAdenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (see all 18)53-59-8--
    NADPH2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide (see all 23)53-57-6--
    PhosphateNFB Orthophosphate (see all 13)14265-44-2--

    5 DrugBank Compounds for GAPDH    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #TypeActionsPubMed Ids
    NADHbeta-DPNH (see all 18)606-68-8target--17508915 16898590 17194030 17031544
    Adenosine-5-Diphosphoribose-- --target--17139284 17016423 10592235
    Thionicotinamide-Adenine-Dinucleotide-- --target--17139284 17016423 10592235
    4-(2-AMINOETHYL)BENZENESULFONYL FLUORIDE-- --target--10592235
    Nicotinamide-Adenine-Dinucleotide-- 53-84-9target--10592235

    Selected Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for GAPDH gene (see all 151)    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate 98.9 2647 7534983 (7), 9264469 (7), 12882642 (5), 11371431 (4) (see all 99)
    actb 87.4 58 10378372 (3), 18191039 (2), 18317805 (2), 20113474 (2) (see all 35)
    koningic acid 81.3 40 8439569 (4), 2226438 (4), 15788719 (4), 7902582 (3) (see all 8)
    1,3-bisphosphoglycerate 76.3 10 9308888 (2), 8075252 (1), 15950210 (1), 9369240 (1) (see all 7)
    nad+ 72.4 72 7639707 (5), 9354374 (4), 7540026 (3), 7531693 (3) (see all 36)
    cgp-3466 68.1 1 10617673 (1)
    3-phosphoglycerate 66.4 24 2390992 (2), 8075252 (2), 15564524 (2), 18416820 (1) (see all 14)
    pssg 61.7 1 12958160 (1)
    nadh 59.7 51 10391884 (6), 8912669 (4), 16444750 (3), 12893257 (2) (see all 29)
    vtcs 59.7 6 16473604 (1), 15485821 (1), 16452474 (1)



    GAPDH for compounds           About GeneDecksing



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for GAPDH gene (4 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001256799.2  NM_001289745.1  NM_001289746.1  NM_002046.5  

    Unigene Clusters for GAPDH:

    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
    Hs.544577  [show with all ESTs], Hs.592355  [show with all ESTs], Hs.598320  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequences: BF983396, CV357503, BQ067557
    10 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000229239(uc001qop.1) ENST00000496049 ENST00000396856 ENST00000492719
    ENST00000396861 ENST00000474249 ENST00000466588 ENST00000396859 ENST00000466525
    ENST00000396858
    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:
    European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 10 - 13 May 2014

    miRNA
    Products:
         
    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat GAPDH using miScript Target Protectors
    3 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate GAPDH:
    hsa-miR-185* hsa-miR-4302 hsa-miR-323-5p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidGAPDH 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for GAPDH
    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat GAPDH
    Clone
    Products:
         
    OriGene clones in human, mouse for GAPDH (see all 9)
    OriGene ORF clones in mouse, rat for GAPDH
    OriGene custom cloning services - gene synthesis, subcloning, mutagenesis, variant library, vector shuttling
    GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector: GAPDH (NM_002046)
    DNA2.0 Custom Codon Optimized Gene Synthesis Service for GAPDH
    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat GAPDH
    Primer
    Products:
        
    OriGene qPCR primer pairs and template standards for GAPDH
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for GAPDH
    Pre-validated RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse / rat GAPDH
      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat GAPDH
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat GAPDH

    Additional mRNA sequence: AJ844645.1 

    Selected DOTS entries (see all 307):

    DT.97869929  DT.100749347  DT.95375100  DT.100749258  DT.97869918  DT.92476260  DT.102841638  DT.92475902 
    DT.95375081  DT.95375098  DT.100749097  DT.100865568  DT.95326333  DT.87000287  DT.100749022  DT.91832908 
    DT.100830267  DT.100749019  DT.100749379  DT.100749245  DT.95375056  DT.92476269  DT.100749358  DT.100749129 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 65):

    CR593979 CR601654 CR609914 CR602408 CR598336 CR616276 CR600683 CR614775 
    CR608954 CR619302 CR597106 CR602720 CR608433 CR600131 CR597330 CR599926 
    CR623498 CR593185 CR600937 CR622647 CR610903 CR594180 CR598463 CR594204 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    Selected Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GAPDH (see all 7)    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9
    SP1:                                                                                                            
    SP2:                    -                                                                                       
    SP3:                                -     -     -                                                               
    SP4:                                                        -     -     -                                       
    SP5:                                                        -                                                   


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for GAPDH

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    GAPDH expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TACCATCAAT
    GAPDH Expression
    About this image


    GAPDH expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 11) fully expand
     
     Brain (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 6 entries
             Cerebral Cortex
     
     Neural Tube (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 3 entries
             Metencephalon
     
     Thymus (Hematopoietic System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             Double Negative 2 Thymocytes Thymus
             Thymus
     
     Kidney (Urinary System)
             Metanephros
     
     Gonad (Reproductive System)
             Primordial Germ Cells Primitive Gonad
    GAPDH Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    GAPDH Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene clusters: Hs.544577 Hs.592355 Hs.598320
        Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays including GAPDH (see all 148): 
              Antiviral Response in human mouse rat
              Multiple Sclerosis in human mouse rat
              Wound Healing in human mouse rat
              Prostate Cancer in human mouse rat
              Drug Metabolism: Phase I Enzymes in human mouse rat

    Primer
    Products:
    OriGene qPCR primer pairs and template standards for GAPDH
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for GAPDH
    Pre-validated RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse / rat GAPDH
    QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat GAPDH
    QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat GAPDH
    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for GAPDH

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

    Orthologs for GAPDH gene from Selected species (see all 25)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Gapdh1 , 5 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase1, 5 89.56(n)1
    94.28(a)1
      6 (59.32 cM)5
    144331  NM_008084.21  NP_032110.11 
     1251618535 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves GAPDH1 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 83.73(n)
    92.17(a)
      374193  NM_204305.1  NP_989636.1 
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia BC043972.12   -- 81.89(n)    BC043972.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii BI896468.12   -- 80.47(n)   326976  BI896468.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta Gapdh11 Glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase 1 72.42(n)
    76.67(a)
      35728  NM_080369.2  NP_525108.2 
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea gpd-31 gpd-3 70.86(n)
    76.35(a)
      180601  NM_076133.5  NP_508534.3 
    baker's yeast
    (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
    Saccharomycetes TDH1(YJL052W)4
    TDH31
    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, isozyme 1, more4
    TDH31
    62.11(n)1
    65.05(a)1
      10(338271-339269)4
    8531061  NP_011708.31  8533954 
     NP_012483.14 
    soybean
    (Glycine max)
    eudicotyledons Gma.55052 Transcribed sequence with strong similarity to protein more 73.78(n)    BI942637.1 
    rice
    (Oryza sativa)
    Liliopsida Os.227812 Oryza sativa (japonica cultivar-group) cultivar cpslo17 more 76.79(n)    AK062215.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for GAPDH (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for GAPDH (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for GAPDH gene
    GAPDHS2  
    3 SIMAP similar genes for GAPDH using alignment to 3 protein entries:     G3P_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    GAPD    GAPDHS    YA61

    GAPDH for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    Selected Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GAPDH (see all 73)
    PGOHUM00000238364 PGOHUM00000238494 PGOHUM00000242403 PGOHUM00000251011 PGOHUM00000248389


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for GAPDH (see all 127)    About this table    
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 12 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1151241131,2
    C,F--6573065(+) CCCTCC/TAGCTC 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.04WA 118
    rs793136141,2
    C,F--6573146(+) GCAGGC/GGGGCT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- G:0.02WA 118
    rs1830691691,2
    --6573227(+) GCTGTA/GAGCTG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs37593421,2
    C--6573244(+) GTGACC/TACACT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs792644551,2
    F--6573287(+) CGTCAG/CTAGTG 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- C:0.02WA 118
    rs455409311,2
    C,F--6573301(+) CCTGGG/ACACTG 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.01NS 154
    rs1873675321,2
    --6573305(+) GGCACC/TGAGCT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs455091981,2
    C,F--6573321(+) TTTGCG/AGGGAG 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- A:0.01NS WA 278
    rs455788411,2
    C,F--6573417(+) TCTCAA/GTGAGA 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- G:0.02NS WA 282
    rs1399033171,2
    --6573449(+) CAGGAA/GTAGCT 1 -- us2k10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for GAPDH (6643093 - 6647537 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 4 variations for GAPDH:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv2745477CNV Deletion23290073
    nsv8896CNV Gain18304495
    nsv826208CNV Gain20364138
    dgv453e1CNV Complex17122850

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing GAPDH
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for GAPDH

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 138400    OMIM disorders: --

    Selected diseases for GAPDH (see all 152):    
    About MalaCards
    mature cataract    diffuse large b-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system    plexiform neurofibroma    diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
    osteochondritis dissecans    turcot syndrome    pituitary adenoma    parainfluenza virus type 3
    trypanosomiasis    acth-secreting pituitary adenoma    hereditary spherocytosis    growth hormone secreting pituitary adenoma
    chagas disease    functioning pituitary adenoma    non-functioning pituitary adenoma    sleeping sickness
    dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy    schistosomiasis    neurofibroma    glucocorticoid resistance

    3 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for GAPDH:
    Cancer     Vascular disease     Neurodegenerative disease

    GAPDH for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:
    The International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases (ISPPD) 9 - 13 March 2014
    Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases Congress (ADPD) 18 - 22 March 2015

    Selected Novoseek inferred disease relationships for GAPDH gene (see all 93)    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    neurodegenerative diseases 40.6 21 12428732 (3), 11208907 (3), 15822178 (2), 17613523 (1) (see all 13)
    tumors 36.8 88 17597534 (3), 10897012 (3), 18629778 (3), 19144146 (3) (see all 55)
    disseminated candidiasis 28 1 10219595 (1)
    huntington disease 27.7 11 11208907 (4), 9779656 (2), 12428732 (1), 15486605 (1) (see all 7)
    trypanosomiasis african 25.8 8 7562915 (2), 7932587 (2), 19748525 (1), 9822549 (1)
    shock 25.8 29 12517784 (2), 15498039 (1), 17194899 (1), 12669348 (1) (see all 23)
    cancer 25.1 39 19161537 (3), 20044597 (3), 15079082 (2), 18651557 (2) (see all 22)
    hepatocellular carcinoma 24.4 10 19144146 (2), 8666326 (2), 9472111 (1)
    alzheimers disease 20.2 23 7891898 (2), 9779656 (2), 16186172 (2), 12503091 (2) (see all 16)
    leukemia 18.6 4 9794812 (2), 15854547 (1), 8834064 (1)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): GAPDH
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: GAPDH (11 documents)

    Export disorders for GAPDH gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for GAPDH gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 1144) (see top 10):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with GAPDH)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Isolation and complete sequence of a functional human glyceraldehyde- 3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene. (PubMed id 3170585)1, 2, 3 Ercolani L.... Alexander M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1988)
    2. Subcellular localization of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is independent of its glycolytic function. (PubMed id 12829261)1, 2, 9 Mazzola J.L. and Sirover M.A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2003)
    3. Structural analysis of human liver glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 16239728)1, 2, 9 Ismail S.A. and Park H.W. (Acta Crystallogr. D 2005)
    4. Investigation of genetic susceptibility factors for human longevity - a targeted nonsynonymous SNP study. (PubMed id 20800603)1, 4 Flachsbart F....Nebel A. (Mutat. Res. 2010)
    5. Further examination of the candidate genes in chromosome 12p13 locus for late-onset Alzheimer disease. (PubMed id 18340469)1, 4 Lee J.H....Mayeux R. (Neurogenetics 2008)
    6. High-resolution structure of human D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 16510976)1, 2 Jenkins J.L. and Tanner J.J. (Acta Crystallogr. D 2006)
    7. The ubiquitin-specific protease USP25 interacts with three sarcomeric proteins. (PubMed id 16501887)1, 2 Bosch-Comas A....Marfany G. (Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 2006)
    8. HERC5 is an IFN-induced HECT-type E3 protein ligase that mediates type I IFN-induced ISGylation of protein targets. (PubMed id 16815975)1, 2 Wong J.J.... Chin K.C. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2006)
    9. Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks. (PubMed id 17081983)1, 2 Olsen J.V....Mann M. (Cell 2006)
    10. Immunoaffinity profiling of tyrosine phosphorylation in cancer cells. (PubMed id 15592455)1, 2 Rush J.... Comb M.J. (Nat. Biotechnol. 2005)
    11. Oxidative stress-responsive intracellular regulation specific for the angiostatic form of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase. (PubMed id 15628863)1, 2 Wakasugi K.... Morishima I. (Biochemistry 2005)
    12. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S.... Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004)
    13. Noncanonical function of glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase: gene- specific silencing of translation. (PubMed id 15479637)1, 2 Sampath P.... Fox P.L. (Cell 2004)
    14. Association of late-onset Alzheimer's disease with genetic variation in multiple members of the GAPD gene family. (PubMed id 15507493)1, 4 Li Y....Grupe A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2004)
    15. Exploring proteomes and analyzing protein processing by mass spectrometric identification of sorted N-terminal peptides. (PubMed id 12665801)1, 2 Gevaert K.... Vandekerckhove J. (Nat. Biotechnol. 2003)
    16. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is phosphorylated by protein kinase Ciota /lambda and plays a role in microtubule dynamics in the early secretory pathway. (PubMed id 11724794)1, 2 Tisdale E.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002)
    17. cDNA cloning by amplification of circularized first strand cDNAs reveals non-IRE-regulated iron-responsive mRNAs. (PubMed id 10944468)1, 2 Ye Z. and Connor J.R. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2000)
    18. The major protein expression profile and two-dimensional protein database of human heart. (PubMed id 7498159)1, 2 Kovalyov L.I.... Musalyamov A.K. (Electrophoresis 1995)
    19. A human nuclear uracil DNA glycosylase is the 37-kDa subunit of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 1924305)1, 2 Meyer-Siegler K....Sirover M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1991)
    20. Enhanced expression of a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene in human lung cancers. (PubMed id 3664468)1, 2 Tokunaga K.... Sakiyama S. (Cancer Res. 1987)
    21. Identification of the 37-kDa protein displaying a variable interaction with the erythroid cell membrane as glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 3027061)1, 2 Allen R.W.... Hoch J.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1987)
    22. Isolation and characterization of rat and human glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase cDNAs: genomic complexity and molecular evolution of the gene. (PubMed id 2987855)1, 2 Tso J.Y.... Wu R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1985)
    23. The glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate dehydrogenase gene family: structure of a human cDNA and of an X chromosome linked pseudogene; amazing complexity of the gene family in mouse. (PubMed id 6096136)1, 2 Hanauer A. and Mandel J.-L. (EMBO J. 1984)
    24. The complete sequence of a full length cDNA for human liver glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: evidence for multiple mRNA species. (PubMed id 6096821)1, 2 Arcari P.... Salvatore F. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1984)
    25. The complete amino acid sequence of human muscle glyceraldehyde 3- phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 7030790)1, 2 Nowak K.... Banas T. (FEBS Lett. 1981)
    26. Twinning in crystals of human skeletal muscle D-glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 957435)1, 2 Mercer W.D.... Watson H.C. (J. Mol. Biol. 1976)
    27. The covalent structure of glyceraldehyde-phosphate dehydrogenase from human muscles. Isolation and amino acid sequences of peptides from tryptic digest. (PubMed id 1193541)1, 2 Nowak K....Branowski T. (Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 1975)
    28. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase aggregate formation participates in oxidative stress-induced cell death. (PubMed id 19837666)1, 9 Nakajima H....Takeuchi T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009)
    29. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase interacts with Rab2 and plays an essential role in endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi transport exclusive of its glycolytic activity. (PubMed id 15485821)1, 9 Tisdale E.J....Artalejo C.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    30. Novel effect of oxidized low-density lipoprotein: cellular ATP depletion via downregulation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 16778134)1, 9 Sukhanov S....Delafontaine P. (Circ. Res. 2006)
    31. GAPDH as a housekeeping gene: analysis of GAPDH mRNA expression in a panel of 72 human tissues. (PubMed id 15769908)1, 9 Barber R.D....Clark B.J. (Physiol. Genomics 2005)
    32. Aging of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is dependent on its subcellular localization. (PubMed id 15716040)1, 9 Mazzola J.L. and Sirover M.A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2005)
    33. Alteration of intracellular structure and function of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: a common phenotype of neurodegenerative disorders? (PubMed id 12428732)1, 9 Mazzola J.L. and Sirover M.A. (Neurotoxicology 2002)
    34. Oxidative modifications of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase play a key role in its multiple cellular functions. (PubMed id 19650766)1, 9 Hwang N.R....Lee K.J. (Biochem. J. 2009)
    35. Subcellular alteration of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in Alzheimer's disease fibroblasts. (PubMed id 12503091)1, 9 Mazzola J.L. and Sirover M.A. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2003)
    36. There are multiple forms of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in prostate cancer cells and normal prostate tissue. (PubMed id 8650074)1, 9 Epner D.E. and Coffey D.S. (Prostate 1996)
    37. Direct binding of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase to telomeric DNA protects telomeres against chemotherapy-induced rapid degradation. (PubMed id 19800890)1, 9 Demarse N.A....Davies C. (J. Mol. Biol. 2009)
    38. Molecular characterization of tumor associated glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 19747091)1, 9 Patra S....Ray M. (Biochemistry Mosc. 2009)
    39. The multifunctional protein glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is both regulated and controls colony-stimulating factor-1 messenger RNA stability in ovarian cancer. (PubMed id 18708368)1, 9 Zhou Y....Chambers S.K. (Mol. Cancer Res. 2008)
    40. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase enhances transcriptional activity of androgen receptor in prostate cancer cells. (PubMed id 17553795)1, 9 Harada N....Nakano Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 2007)
    41. Amino acid control of the human glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene transcription in hepatocyte. (PubMed id 12842822)1, 9 Claeyssens S....Salier J.P. (Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 2003)
    42. Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase stimulates the nuclear localization of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human diploid fibroblasts. (PubMed id 20177150)1, 9 Kwon H.J....Yeo E.J. (amp 2010)
    43. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a SET-binding protein and regulates cyclin B-cdk1 activity. (PubMed id 16474839)1, 9 Carujo S....Pujol M.J. (Oncogene 2006)
    44. Amyloid-beta induces disulfide bonding and aggregation of GAPDH in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 16186172)1, 9 Cumming R.C. and Schubert D. (FASEB J. 2005)
    45. Interactions among p22, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and microtubules. (PubMed id 15312048)1, 9 Andrade J....Barroso M. (Biochem. J. 2004)
    46. Hydrogen peroxide induces association between glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and phospholipase D2 to facilitate phospholipase D2 activation in PC12 cells. (PubMed id 12753082)1, 9 Kim J.H....Ryu S.H. (J. Neurochem. 2003)
    47. Reduced apoptosis after nerve growth factor and serum withdrawal: conversion of tetrameric glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase to a dimer. (PubMed id 10617673)1, 9 Carlile G.W....Tatton W.G. (Mol. Pharmacol. 2000)
    48. GAPDH is not regulated in human glioblastoma under hypoxic conditions. (PubMed id 17597534)1, 9 Said H.M....Vordermark D. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2007)
    49. Involvement of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated death of thyroid cancer cells. (PubMed id 17540725)1, 9 Du Z.X....Gao D.X. (Endocrinology 2007)
    50. Degradation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase triggered by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal. (PubMed id 15907785)1, 9 Tsuchiya Y....Hojo H. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2005)
    51. Rapid shortening of telomere length in response to ceramide involves the inhibition of telomere binding activity of nuclear glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 14630908)1, 9 Sundararaj K.P....Ogretmen B. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    52. FKBP36 is an inherent multifunctional glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor. (PubMed id 19001379)1, 9 Jarczowski F....Edlich F. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009)
    53. siah-1 Protein is necessary for high glucose-induced glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase nuclear accumulation and cell death in Muller cells. (PubMed id 19940145)1, 9 Yego E.C. and Mohr S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010)
    54. Triosephosphate isomerase- and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase-reactive autoantibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis. (PubMed id 17015754)1, 9 Kolln J....Qin Y. (J. Immunol. 2006)
    55. An increase in S-glutathionylated proteins in the Alzheimer's disease inferior parietal lobule, a proteomics approach. (PubMed id 17387692)1, 9 Newman S.F....Butterfield D.A. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2007)
    56. The effect of bisphosphonates on gene expression: GAPDH as a housekeeping or a new target gene? (PubMed id 16515701)1, 9 Valenti M.T....Lo Cascio V. (BMC Cancer 2006)
    57. Identification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of epithelial cells as a second molecule that binds to Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae. (PubMed id 15985219)1, 9 Sojar H.T. and Genco R.J. (FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 2005)
    58. Selection of an internal control gene for quantitation of mRNA in colonic tissues. (PubMed id 12553051)1, 9 Tsuji N....Watanabe N. (Anticancer Res. 2002)
    59. Real-time RT-PCR for the detection of beta-adrenoceptor messenger RNAs in small human endomyocardial biopsies. (PubMed id 11735259)1, 9 Moniotte S....Balligand J.L. (J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 2001)
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    338. Thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase, and alpha-crystallin revive inactivated glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human aged and cataract lens extracts. (PubMed id 17093401)9 Yan H....Harding J.J. (Mol. Vis. 2006)
    339. Submicromolar concentrations of palmitoyl-CoA specifically thioesterify cysteine 244 in glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase inhibiting enzyme activity: a novel mechanism potentially underlying fatty acid induced insulin resistance. (PubMed id 16128592)9 Yang J....Gross R.W. (Biochemistry 2005)
    340. New nuclear functions of the glycolytic protein, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, in mammalian cells. (PubMed id 15770658)9 Sirover M.A. (J. Cell. Biochem. 2005)
    341. Participation of a fusogenic protein, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, in nuclear membrane assembly. (PubMed id 12651855)9 Nakagawa T....Horigome T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003)
    342. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity as an independent modifier of methylglyoxal levels in diabetes. (PubMed id 12527413)9 Beisswenger P.J....Szwergold B.S. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2003)
    343. GAPDH knockdown rescues mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons from MPP+ -induced apoptosis. (PubMed id 11435944)9 Fukuhara Y....Nakashima K. (Neuroreport 2001)
    344. Diplonemid glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and prokaryote-to-eukaryote lateral gene transfer. (PubMed id 11693658)9 Qian Q. and Keeling P.J. (Protist 2001)
    345. Specific phosphorylated forms of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase associate with human parainfluenza virus type 3 and inhibit viral transcription in vitro. (PubMed id 10729139)9 Choudhary S....Banerjee A.K. (J. Virol. 2000)
    346. Modification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in response to nitric oxide in intestinal preconditioning. (PubMed id 10385084)9 Sola A....Hotter G. (Transplantation 1999)
    347. New insights into an old protein: the functional diversity of mammalian glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 10407139)9 Sirover M.A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1999)
    348. Over-expression of GAPDH induces apoptosis in COS-7 cells transfected with cloned GAPDH cDNAs. (PubMed id 10424669)9 Tajima H....Ishitani R. (Neuroreport 1999)
    349. Overexpression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is involved in low K+-induced apoptosis but not necrosis of cultured cerebellar granule cells. (PubMed id 9106617)9 Ishitani R....Chuang D.M. (Mol. Pharmacol. 1997)
    350. Specific interaction of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase with the 5'-nontranslated RNA of hepatitis A virus. (PubMed id 8662893)9 Schultz D.E....Lemon S.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996)
    351. Interaction of calcyclin and its cyanogen bromide fragments with annexin II and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 7584597)9 Filipek A....LeA9niak W. (amp 1995)
    352. Stimulation by nitric oxide of an NAD linkage to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 8327504)9 McDonald L.J. and Moss J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1993)
    353. [Monitoring IgH levels in patients with B-cell malignancy by real-time quantitative PCR after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and its significance]. (PubMed id 18088474)9 Yu Z....Qiu L.G. (Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2007)
    354. Nucleus-encoded, plastid-targeted glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) indicates a single origin for chromalveolate plastids. (PubMed id 12885964)9 Harper J.T. and Keeling P.J. (Mol. Biol. Evol. 2003)
    355. Functional inactivation by interleukin-1beta of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in insulin-secreting cells. (PubMed id 11997668)9 Veluthakal R....Kowluru A. (Apoptosis 2002)
    356. The complex of band 3 protein of the human erythrocyte membrane and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: stoichiometry and competition by aldolase. (PubMed id 11825587)9 von RA1ckmann B. and Schubert D. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2002)
    357. Thiols mediate superoxide-dependent NADH modification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 10391884)9 Rivera-Nieves J....Moss J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999)
    358. Binding constants and stoichiometries of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-tubulin complexes. (PubMed id 8080270)9 Muronetz V.I....Srivastava D.K. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1994)
    359. Validation of endogenous controls for gene expression studies in peripheral lymphocytes from war veterans with and without PTSD. (PubMed id 20380724)9 BrkljaciA8 J....MatiA8 G. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2010)
    360. Isoflurane's effect on interfacial dynamics in GAPDH influences methylglyoxal reactivity. (PubMed id 20371360)9 Pattin A.E....Seidler N.W. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2010)
    361. Modulation of caspase-independent cell death leads to resensitization of imatinib mesylate-resistant cells. (PubMed id 19318579)9 Lavallard V.J....Ricci J.E. (Cancer Res. 2009)
    362. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is pyruvylated during 3-bromopyruvate mediated cancer cell death. (PubMed id 20044597)9 Ganapathy-Kanniappan S....Vali M. (Anticancer Res. 2009)
    363. The normalization of gene expression data in melanoma: investigating the use of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and 18S ribosomal RNA as internal reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR. (PubMed id 18554498)9 Giricz O....Fields G.B. (Anal. Biochem. 2008)
    364. The sequence TGAAKAVALVL from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase displays structural ambivalence and interconverts between alpha-helical and beta-hairpin conformations mediated by collapsed conformational states. (PubMed id 17437248)9 Patel S....Sasidhar Y.U. (J. Pept. Sci. 2007)
    365. Utility of the housekeeping genes 18S rRNA, beta-actin and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase for normalization in real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis of gene expression in human T lymphocytes. (PubMed id 15182252)9 Bas A....HammarstrAPm M.L. (Scand. J. Immunol. 2004)
    366. Structural characterization of transglutaminase-catalyzed cross-linking between glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and polyglutamine repeats. (PubMed id 12493840)9 Ruoppolo M....Esposito C. (Protein Sci. 2003)
    367. Brownian dynamics simulations of aldolase binding glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and the possibility of substrate channeling. (PubMed id 11371431)9 Ouporov I.V....Thomasson K.A. (Biophys. J. 2001)
    368. Participation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the regulation of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate level in erythrocytes. (PubMed id 10810185)9 Fokina K.V....Muronetz V.I. (Biochemistry Mosc. 2000)
    369. Compartment-specific isoforms of TPI and GAPDH are imported into diatom mitochondria as a fusion protein: evidence in favor of a mitochondrial origin of the eukaryotic glycolytic pathway. (PubMed id 10677844)9 Liaud M.F....Cerff R. (Mol. Biol. Evol. 2000)
    370. Effects of NAD or NADP on the stability of liver and pectoral muscle enzymes in 3-acetylpyridine treated quail by heat and trypsin. (PubMed id 9839447)9 Park I.K. and Kim J.Y. (amp 1998)
    371. Induction by glucose of genes coding for glycolytic enzymes in a pancreatic beta-cell line (INS-1). (PubMed id 9006960)9 Roche E....Prentki M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997)
    372. Impact of nitric oxide on macrophage glucose metabolism and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. (PubMed id 7534983)9 Mateo R.B....Albina J.E. (Am. J. Physiol. 1995)
    373. Two glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase isozymes from the koningic acid (heptelidic acid) producer Trichoderma koningii. (PubMed id 2226438)9 Sakai K....Endo A. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1990)
    374. Extracellular GAPDH binds to L1 and enhances neurite outgrowth. (PubMed id 19285135)9 Makhina T....Kleene R. (Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 2009)
    375. PARP-1 inhibits glycolysis in ischemic kidneys. (PubMed id 19056868)9 Devalaraja-Narashimha K. and Padanilam B.J. (J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 2009)
    376. Glycolytic flux signals to mTOR through glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase-mediated regulation of Rheb. (PubMed id 19451232)9 Lee M.N....Ryu S.H. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2009)
    377. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal-modified glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is degraded by cathepsin G. (PubMed id 18037126)9 Tsuchiya Y....Hojo H. (amp 2007)
    378. The inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by nitroxyl (HNO). (PubMed id 17678614)9 Lopez B.E....Fukuto J.M. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2007)
    379. Interaction between mammalian glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and L-lactate dehydrogenase from heart and muscle. (PubMed id 16444750)9 SvedruziA8 Z.M. and Spivey H.O. (Proteins 2006)
    380. Concentrations of circulating RNA from healthy donors and cancer patients estimated by different methods. (PubMed id 17108228)9 Rykova E.Y....Vlassov V.V. (Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2006)
    381. The rate constants of the reaction of hydroxyl radicals (*OH) with alcohol dehydrogenase and Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 12949623)9 Kowalczyk A. and PuchaA8a M. (amp 2003)
    382. Peptidylprolyl isomerase A (PPIA) as a preferred internal control over GAPDH and beta-actin in quantitative RNA analyses. (PubMed id 11962599)9 Feroze-Merzoug F....Chen Y.Q. (BioTechniques 2002)
    383. Effects of ATP on the stability of enzymes against heat treatment in 6-aminonicotinamide treated quail. (PubMed id 12009307)9 Lee Y.B....Park I.K. (amp 2002)
    384. Transfection-enforced Bcl-2 overexpression and an anti-Parkinson drug, rasagiline, prevent nuclear accumulation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase induced by an endogenous dopaminergic neurotoxin, N-methyl(R)salsolinol. (PubMed id 11520893)9 Maruyama W....Naoi M. (J. Neurochem. 2001)
    385. Protein thiol modification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and caspase-3 by nitric oxide. (PubMed id 12369901)9 BrA1ne B. and Mohr S. (amp 2001)
    386. Nitric-oxide-induced inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase may mediate reduced endothelial cell monolayer integrity in an in vitro model blood-brain barrier. (PubMed id 11251191)9 Hurst R.D....Clark J.B. (Brain Res. 2001)
    387. Fudenine, a C-terminal truncated rat homologue of mouse prominin, is blood glucose-regulated and can up-regulate the expression of GAPDH. (PubMed id 11237753)9 Zhu G....Fang F. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2001)
    388. Conformational changes in Leishmania mexicana glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase induced by designed inhibitors. (PubMed id 11371162)9 Suresh S....Hol W.G. (J. Mol. Biol. 2001)
    389. A reliability test of standard-based quantitative PCR: exogenous vs endogenous standards. (PubMed id 10799275)9 Ke L.D....Yung W.K. (Mol. Cell. Probes 2000)
    390. Conformational features of a hexapeptide model Ac-TGAAKA-NH2 corresponding to a hydrated alpha helical segment from glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase: implications for the role of turns in helix folding. (PubMed id 10983411)9 Sasidhar Y.U. and Ramakrishna V. (amp 2000)
    391. Quantitative analysis of NF1 and OMGP gene transcripts in sporadic gliomas, sporadic meningiomas and neurofibromatosis type 1-associated plexiform neurofibromas. (PubMed id 10378372)9 Peters N....von Deimling A. (Acta Neuropathol. 1999)
    392. Structure-based design of submicromolar, biologically active inhibitors of trypanosomatid glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 10200252)9 Aronov A.M....Gelb M.H. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1999)
    393. Tissue transglutaminase-catalyzed formation of high-molecular-weight aggregates in vitro is favored with long polyglutamine domains: a possible mechanism contributing to CAG-triplet diseases. (PubMed id 9587422)9 Gentile V....Peluso G. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1998)
    394. Tamoxifen up-regulates oestrogen receptor-alpha, c-fos and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate-dehydrogenase mRNAs in ovine endometrium. (PubMed id 9883985)9 Robertson J.A....Ing N.H. (J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 1998)
    395. The synthesis of ATP by glycolytic enzymes in the postsynaptic density and the effect of endogenously generated nitric oxide. (PubMed id 9371836)9 Wu K....Siekevitz P. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1997)
    396. Transglutaminase-catalyzed inactivation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex by polyglutamine domains of pathological length. (PubMed id 9356496)9 Cooper A.J....Blass J.P. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1997)
    397. Inhibition of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in boar spermatozoa by bromohydroxypropanone. (PubMed id 7569048)9 Porter L.M. and Jones A.R. (Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 1995)
    398. Nitric oxide and NAD-dependent protein modification. (PubMed id 7898464)9 McDonald L.J. and Moss J. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 1994)
    399. Covalent attachment of 4-hydroxynonenal to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. A possible involvement of intra- and intermolecular cross-linking reaction. (PubMed id 8454610)9 Uchida K. and Stadtman E.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 1993)
    400. A major surface protein on group A streptococci is a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase with multiple binding activity. (PubMed id 1500854)9 Pancholi V. and Fischetti V.A. (J. Exp. Med. 1992)
    401. Normalization with genes encoding ribosomal proteins but not GAPDH provides an accurate quantification of gene expressions in neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. (PubMed id 20113474)9 Zhou L....Too H.P. (BMC Genomics 2010)
    402. Rab2 utilizes glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and protein kinase C{iota} to associate with microtubules and to recruit dynein. (PubMed id 19106097)9 Tisdale E.J....Artalejo C.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009)
    403. Identification of valid reference genes during the differentiation of human myoblasts. (PubMed id 19573231)9 Stern-Straeter J....Goessler U.R. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2009)
    404. Reference gene selection for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma gene expression studies. (PubMed id 19650912)9 Lallemant B....Brouillet J.P. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2009)
    405. Nitric oxide suppresses growth and development in the unicellular green alga Micrasterias denticulata. (PubMed id 18455833)9 Lehner C....LA1tz-Meindl U. (J. Plant Physiol. 2009)
    406. Absence of GAPDH regulation in tumor-cells of different origin under hypoxic conditions in - vitro. (PubMed id 19144146)9 Said H.M....Vordermark D. (BMC Res Notes 2009)
    407. Time course of housekeeping gene expression changes in diffuse alveolar damage induced by hyperoxia exposure in mice. (PubMed id 19272828)9 Shimada I....Matsuki T. (Leg Med (Tokyo) 2009)
    408. Investigation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from human sperms. (PubMed id 18298375)9 Shchutskaya Y.Y....Schmalhausen E.V. (Biokhimiia 2008)
    409. Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide and dexamethasone on mRNA expression of housekeeping genes in cultures of C2C12 myotubes. (PubMed id 18191039)9 Nishimura M....Ikeda M. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2008)
    410. Selection of reference genes for real-time PCR in human hepatocellular carcinoma tissues. (PubMed id 18317805)9 Gao Q....Sun J. (J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. 2008)
    411. Non-neuronal cholinergic system and signal transduction pathways mediated by band 3 in red blood cells. (PubMed id 19029645)9 Carvalho F.A....Saldanha C. (Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc. 2008)
    412. Validation of reference genes for qPCR studies on Caco-2 cell differentiation. (PubMed id 18472253)9 Piana C....Toegel S. (Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2008)
    413. Evaluation and validation of housekeeping genes in response to ionizing radiation and chemical exposure for normalizing RNA expression in real-time PCR. (PubMed id 17904413)9 Banda M....Tucker J.D. (Mutat. Res. 2008)
    414. Non-native glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase can be an intrinsic component of amyloid structures. (PubMed id 18725330)9 Naletova I....Muronetz V. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2008)
    415. Is N-cadherin expression important in ductal carcinoma? (PubMed id 18414176)9 King J.A....Jiang W.G. (South. Med. J. 2008)
    416. Expression of MMP-10 in lung cancer. (PubMed id 17695449)9 Zhang X....Xu N. (Anticancer Res. 2007)
    417. Somatic and sperm-specific isoenzymes of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: comparative analysis of primary structures and functional features. (PubMed id 17680766)9 Kuravsky M.L. and Muronetz V.I. (Biochemistry Mosc. 2007)
    418. Clinical utility of quantitative RT-PCR targeted to alpha1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase mRNA for detection of pancreatic cancer. (PubMed id 16441422)9 Ishizone S....Nakayama J. (Cancer Sci. 2006)
    419. Circulating cell-free fetal messenger RNA levels after fetoscopic interventions of complicated pregnancies. (PubMed id 16626602)9 Tjoa M.L....Deprest J.A. (Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2006)
    420. Unfolded, oxidized, and thermoinactivated forms of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase interact with the chaperonin GroEL in different ways. (PubMed id 16551514)9 Naletova I.N....Schmalhausen E.V. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2006)
    421. Taurine chloramine is more selective than hypochlorous acid at targeting critical cysteines and inactivating creatine kinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 16337878)9 Peskin A.V. and Winterbourn C.C. (amp 2006)
    422. Effects of prototypical drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers on mRNA expression of housekeeping genes in primary cultures of human and rat hepatocytes. (PubMed id 16777070)9 Nishimura M....Naito S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2006)
    423. A prolyl oligopeptidase inhibitor, Z-Pro-Prolinal, inhibits glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase translocation and production of reactive oxygen species in CV1-P cells exposed to 6-hydroxydopamine. (PubMed id 16942854)9 Puttonen K.A....MAonnistAP P.T. (Toxicol In Vitro 2006)
    424. Limitations of commonly used internal controls for real-time RT-PCR analysis of renal epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition. (PubMed id 16340238)9 Elberg G....Turman M.A. (Nephron Exp. Nephrol. 2006)
    425. Selection of reference genes for gene expression studies in human neutrophils by real-time PCR. (PubMed id 15720708)9 Zhang X....Sandford A.J. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2005)
    426. Standardization strategy for quantitative PCR in human seminoma and normal testis. (PubMed id 15823405)9 Neuvians T.P....Grobholz R. (J. Biotechnol. 2005)
    427. Evaluation of housekeeping genes in placental comparative expression studies. (PubMed id 16085039)9 Meller M....Williams M.A. (Placenta 2005)
    428. Crystallization of three key glycolytic enzymes of the opportunistic pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum. (PubMed id 15953771)9 Senkovich O....Chattopadhyay D. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2005)
    429. Identification of phosphoproteins regulated by gibberellin in rice leaf sheath. (PubMed id 16028114)9 Khan M.M....Komatsu S. (Plant Mol. Biol. 2005)
    430. Analysis of one-step and two-step real-time RT-PCR using SuperScript III. (PubMed id 16461951)9 Wacker M.J. and Godard M.P. (J Biomol Tech 2005)
    431. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase binds to the AU-Rich 3' untranslated region of colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) messenger RNA in human ovarian cancer cells: possible role in CSF-1 posttranscriptional regulation and tumor phenotype. (PubMed id 15867372)9 BonafAc N....Chambers S.K. (Cancer Res. 2005)
    432. Greater vascularity, lowered HIF-1/DNA binding, and elevated GSH as markers of adaptation to in vivo chronic hypoxia. (PubMed id 15132953)9 Tissot van Patot M.C....Zwerdlinger L. (Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 2004)
    433. [Application of real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction techniques for prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome]. (PubMed id 16144565)9 Zheng M.M....Cui H.M. (Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2004)
    434. Nitric oxide-induced carbonylation of Bcl-2, GAPDH and ANT precedes apoptotic events in insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. (PubMed id 14729054)9 Cahuana G.M....Bedoya F.J. (Exp. Cell Res. 2004)
    435. [Inhibitory effects of antisense oligonucleotides on VEGF gene expression by human hepatocellular carcinoma cells]. (PubMed id 14761281)9 Gong B.D....Zhang J.X. (Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2004)
    436. Identification of GAPDH as a protein target of the saframycin antiproliferative agents. (PubMed id 15079082)9 Xing C....Myers A.G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2004)
    437. Peptidylpropyl isomerase B (PPIB): a suitable reference gene for mRNA quantification in peripheral whole blood. (PubMed id 15464605)9 Pachot A....Miossec P. (J. Biotechnol. 2004)
    438. Protein S-glutathiolation triggered by decomposed S-nitrosoglutathione. (PubMed id 15049710)9 Tao L. and English A.M. (Biochemistry 2004)
    439. Development and characterization of an immobilized enzyme reactor based on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase for on-line enzymatic studies. (PubMed id 12613827)9 Bartolini M....Wainer I.W. (J Chromatogr A 2003)
    440. Glycolysis and glutamate accumulation into synaptic vesicles. Role of glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase and 3-phosphoglycerate kinase. (PubMed id 12488440)9 Ikemoto A....Ueda T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003)
    441. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species reduce insulin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells. (PubMed id 12480546)9 Sakai K....Araki E. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2003)
    442. Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide on the gene induction of cytochrome P450 isoforms, UGT-dependent glucuronosyl transferase isoforms, and ABCB1 in primary culture of human hepatocytes. (PubMed id 12843640)9 Nishimura M....Naito S. (amp 2003)
    443. A nuclear protein complex containing high mobility group proteins B1 and B2, heat shock cognate protein 70, ERp60, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is involved in the cytotoxic response to DNA modified by incorporation of anticancer nucleoside analogues. (PubMed id 12517784)9 Krynetski E.Y....Evans W.E. (Cancer Res. 2003)
    444. Characterization of the amino acids involved in substrate specificity of nonphosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus mutans. (PubMed id 12163495)9 Marchal S. and Branlant G. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002)
    445. Oxidation of proteinaceous cysteine residues by dopamine-derived H2O2 in PC12 cells. (PubMed id 11795902)9 Kim J.R....Rhee S.G. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2002)
    446. Simultaneous occurrence of two different glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases in heterocystous N(2)-fixing cyanobacteria. (PubMed id 11327708)9 Valverde F....Serrano A. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2001)
    447. GroEL-assisted dehydrogenase folding mediated by coenzyme is ATP-independent. (PubMed id 11444838)9 Zhang S....Wang C.C. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2001)
    448. Human T- and B-cell responses to Schistosoma mansoni recombinant glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase correlate with resistance to reinfection with S. mansoni or Schistosoma haematobium after chemotherapy. (PubMed id 11119511)9 El Ridi R....Afifi A. (Infect. Immun. 2001)
    449. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is required for vesicular transport in the early secretory pathway. (PubMed id 11035021)9 Tisdale E.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001)
    450. Effect of experimental treatment on housekeeping gene expression: validation by real-time, quantitative RT-PCR. (PubMed id 11086195)9 Schmittgen T.D. and Zakrajsek B.A. (J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 2000)
    451. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and apoptosis. (PubMed id 10740219)9 Berry M.D. and Boulton A.A. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2000)
    452. Identification of the NAD(+)-binding fold of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as a novel RNA-binding domain. (PubMed id 10964654)9 Nagy E....Kellermayer M. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2000)
    453. Role of glutamate-268 in the catalytic mechanism of nonphosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus mutans. (PubMed id 10727225)9 Marchal S....Branlant G. (Biochemistry 2000)
    454. Identification and recombinant expression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Plasmodium falciparum. (PubMed id 10767547)9 Daubenberger C.A....Pluschke G. (Gene 2000)
    455. Loss of GSH and thiol enzymes in endothelial cells exposed to sublethal concentrations of hypochlorous acid. (PubMed id 10516189)9 Pullar J.M....Vissers M.C. (Am. J. Physiol. 1999)
    456. Identification and characterization of potential new therapeutic targets in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. (PubMed id 10583416)9 Mangold U....MA1llner S. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1999)
    457. Nitric oxide-induced S-glutathionylation and inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 10092623)9 Mohr S....BrA1ne B. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999)
    458. Acyl phosphatase activity of NO-inhibited glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH): a potential mechanism for uncoupling glycolysis from ATP generation in NO-producing cells. (PubMed id 10377238)9 Albina J.E....Reichner J.S. (Biochem. J. 1999)
    459. The NAD+ precursors, nicotinic acid and nicotinamide upregulate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA in Jurkat cells. (PubMed id 10082668)9 Yan Q....Bernstein C. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1999)
    460. Nuclear vitamin K2 binding protein in human osteoblasts: homologue to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 10535755)9 Hoshi K....Koshihara Y. (Biochem. Pharmacol. 1999)
    461. Demonstration of a RNA-dependent nuclear interaction between the promyelocytic leukaemia protein and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 9794812)9 Carlile G.W....Borden K.L. (Biochem. J. 1998)
    462. NO depletes cellular ATP contents via inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in PC12 cells. (PubMed id 9922941)9 Yasuda M....Panhou H. (J Toxicol Sci 1998)
    463. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is regulated on a daily basis by the circadian clock. (PubMed id 9417102)9 Shinohara M.L....Dunlap J.C. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998)
    464. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, the putative target of the antiapoptotic compounds CGP 3466 and R-(-)-deprenyl. (PubMed id 9488718)9 Kragten E....Furst P. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998)
    465. Studies on the mechanism of oxidative modification of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by glutathione: catalysis by glutaredoxin. (PubMed id 9642155)9 Lind C....Cotgreave I.A. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998)
    466. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of adenosine analogs as inhibitors of trypanosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Modifications at positions 5' and 8. (PubMed id 9934461)9 Aronov A.M. and Gelb M.H. (amp 1998)
    467. Identification of amine acceptor protein substrates of transglutaminase in liver extracts: use of 5-(biotinamido) pentylamine as a probe. (PubMed id 9705218)9 Ikura K....Kawabata N. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1998)
    468. Inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by ferrylmyoglobin. (PubMed id 9448751)9 Miura T....Ogiso T. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 1997)
    469. Identification of a 37 kDa tacrolimus, sirolimus and cyclosporine binding immunophilin possessing glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity isolated from the Jurkat T cell line. (PubMed id 9127694)9 Murthy J.N....Soldin S.J. (Clin. Biochem. 1997)
    470. Inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of human malignant cells by methylglyoxal. (PubMed id 9450641)9 Ray M....Ray S. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 1997)
    471. Possible involvement of ADP-ribosylation of particular enzymes in cell death induced by nitric oxide-donors in human neuroblastoma cells. (PubMed id 9041562)9 Kamoshima W....Taniguchi T. (Neurochem. Int. 1997)
    472. Koningic acid (a potent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor)-induced fragmentation and condensation of DNA in NG108-15 cells. (PubMed id 9166744)9 Nakazawa M....Nomura Y. (J. Neurochem. 1997)
    473. Mechanism of NADH transfer between alcohol dehydrogenase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 9432004)9 MartA-nez Arias W. and Pettersson G. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1997)
    474. A discriminant function for preeclampsia: case-control study of minor hemoglobins, red cell enzymes, and clinical laboratory values. (PubMed id 9259948)9 Braun K.P....Peterson C.M. (Am J Perinatol 1997)
    475. Copurification of vimentin, energy metabolism enzymes, and a MER5 homolog with nucleoside diphosphate kinase. Identification of tissue-specific interactions. (PubMed id 9169432)9 Otero A.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997)
    476. Interaction between D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and calmodulin. (PubMed id 8920905)9 Christova T.Y....OvA!di J. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1996)
    477. Specific interaction in vitro and in vivo of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and LA protein with cis-acting RNAs of human parainfluenza virus type 3. (PubMed id 8798741)9 De B.P....Banerjee A.K. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996)
    478. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase antisense oligodeoxynucleotides protect against cytosine arabinonucleoside-induced apoptosis in cultured cerebellar neurons. (PubMed id 8790435)9 Ishitani R. and Chuang D.M. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1996)
    479. The plasmin-binding protein Plr of group A streptococci is identified as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 8760943)9 Winram S.B. and Lottenberg R. (Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 1996)
    480. Protein thiol modification and apoptotic cell death as cGMP-independent nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathways. (PubMed id 8533007)9 BrA1ne B....Messmer U.K. (Rev. Physiol. Biochem. Pharmacol. 1996)
    481. Antibodies to amyloid beta protein (A beta) crossreact with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). (PubMed id 8725902)9 Tamaoka A....Mori H. (Neurobiol. Aging 1996)
    482. An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase blocks age-induced apoptosis of mature cerebrocortical neurons in culture. (PubMed id 8764381)9 Ishitani R....Chuang D.M. (J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 1996)
    483. Posttranslational modification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by S-nitrosylation and subsequent NADH attachment. (PubMed id 8626764)9 Mohr S....BrA1ne B. (J. Biol. Chem. 1996)
    484. Evidence that glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is involved in age-induced apoptosis in mature cerebellar neurons in culture. (PubMed id 8769851)9 Ishitani R....Chuang D.M. (J. Neurochem. 1996)
    485. Purification of phosphoglycerate kinase and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase by DEAE-sepharose fast flow chromatography. (PubMed id 9187498)9 Tan T. and Shen Z. (Chin. J. Biotechnol. 1996)
    486. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of analogs of 2'-deoxy-2'-(3-methoxybenzamido)adenosine, a selective inhibitor of trypanosomal glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 7562915)9 Van Calenbergh S....Herdewijn P. (J. Med. Chem. 1995)
    487. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is over-expressed during apoptotic death of neuronal cultures and is recognized by a monoclonal antibody against amyloid plaques from Alzheimer's brain. (PubMed id 8614562)9 Sunaga K....Ishitani R. (Neurosci. Lett. 1995)
    488. Selective inhibition of trypanosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by protein structure-based design: toward new drugs for the treatment of sleeping sickness. (PubMed id 7932587)9 Verlinde C.L....Hol W.G. (J. Med. Chem. 1994)
    489. Isolation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdh) cDNA from the distal half of mouse chromosome 16: further indication of a link between Alzheimer's disease and glycolysis. (PubMed id 7891898)9 Seipp S. and Buselmaier W. (Neurosci. Lett. 1994)
    490. Nitric oxide preferentially stimulates auto-ADP-ribosylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase compared to alcohol or lactate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 8416805)9 Dimmeler S. and BrA1ne B. (FEBS Lett. 1993)
    491. Problems related to the interpretation of autoradiographic data on gene expression using common constitutive transcripts as controls. (PubMed id 8367299)9 Spanakis E. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1993)
    492. Sequence-specific binding of transfer RNA by glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 8420004)9 Singh R. and Green M.R. (Science 1993)
    493. Selective inactivation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by vinyl sulfones. (PubMed id 8216253)9 Sok D.E....Cha S.H. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1993)
    494. Cloning, molecular characterization, and functional activity of Schistosoma japonicum glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, a putative vaccine candidate against schistosomiasis japonica. (PubMed id 8406870)9 Waine G.J....McManus D.P. (Infect. Immun. 1993)
    495. SH-containing compounds as allosteric effectors of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 8262231)9 Kuzminskaya E.V....Nagradova N.K. (FEBS Lett. 1993)
    496. Identification of annexin II, annexin VI and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as calcyclin-binding proteins in bovine heart. (PubMed id 8365543)9 Zeng F.Y....Gabius H.J. (Int. J. Biochem. 1993)
    497. Cloning of two isozymes of Trichoderma koningii glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase with different sensitivity to koningic acid. (PubMed id 8439569)9 Watanabe H....Endo A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1993)
    498. Acrylamide quenching of the fluorescence of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: reversible and irreversible effects. (PubMed id 1603853)9 Bastyns K. and Engelborghs Y. (Photochem. Photobiol. 1992)
    499. Koningic acid (heptelidic acid) inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases from various sources. (PubMed id 1554737)9 Kato M....Endo A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1992)
    500. Nitric oxide causes ADP-ribosylation and inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 1512218)9 Dimmeler S....BrA1ne B. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992)
    501. Characterization of the oxidative stress initiated in cultured human keratinocytes by treatment with peroxides. (PubMed id 1469301)9 Vessey D.A....Blacker K.L. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1992)
    502. Thiol depletion induces lethal cell injury in cultured cardiomyocytes. (PubMed id 1731629)9 Dhanbhoora C.M. and Babson J.R. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1992)
    503. Genome analysis of imperfect fungi: electrophoretic karyotyping and characterization of the nuclear gene coding for glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd) of Curvularia lunata. (PubMed id 1934112)9 Osiewacz H.D. and Ridder R. (Curr. Genet. 1991)
    504. Mitochondrial ultrastructural and molecular changes induced by zidovudine in rat hearts. (PubMed id 1715447)9 Lewis W....Grody W.W. ( a journal of technical methods and pathology 1991)
    505. The nicotinamide subsite of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase studied by site-directed mutagenesis. (PubMed id 2126460)9 Corbier C....Branlant G. (Biochimie 1990)
    506. [Effect of gene dosage on the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme (GAPD) in partial 12p13.3 pter trisomy]. (PubMed id 2271129)9 Barros-NA_A+ez P....GarcA-a-Cruz D. (Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 1990)
    507. Kinetic misinterpretation of a coupled enzyme reaction can lead to the assumption of an enzyme-enzyme interaction. The example of 3-phospho-D-glycerate kinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase couple. (PubMed id 2390992)9 Vas M. and Batke J. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1990)
    508. Red cell enzymes and intermediates in AGA term newborns, AGA preterm newborns and SGA term newborns. (PubMed id 2138402)9 Ramos J.L....Barretto O.C. (Acta Paediatr Scand 1990)
    509. The dissociation of peripheral proteins from erythrocyte membranes brought about by p-mercuribenzenesulfonate. (PubMed id 2302393)9 Clark S.J. and Ralston G.B. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1990)
    510. Protein damage, induced by small amounts of photodynamically generated singlet oxygen or hydroxyl radicals. (PubMed id 2158821)9 Prinsze C....Van Steveninck J. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1990)
    511. The evolution of female flightlessness among Ennominae of the Holarctic forest zone (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). (PubMed id 20123129)9 Wahlberg N....Tammaru T. (Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2010)
    512. Simultaneous down-regulation of tumor suppressor genes RBSP3/CTDSPL, NPRL2/G21 and RASSF1A in primary non-small cell lung cancer. (PubMed id 20193080)9 Senchenko V.N....Zabarovsky E.R. (BMC Cancer 2010)
    513. Validation of suitable internal control genes for expression studies in aging. (PubMed id 20038437)9 Zampieri M....Caiafa P. (Mech. Ageing Dev. 2010)
    514. In-depth exploration of Hevea brasiliensis latex proteome and &quot;hidden allergens&quot; via combinatorial peptide ligand libraries. (PubMed id 20226888)9 D'Amato A....Righetti P.G. (J Proteomics 2010)
    515. Poly(adenylic acid) complementary DNA real-time polymerase chain reaction in pancreatic ductal juice in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy. (PubMed id 19940796)9 Oliveira-Cunha M....Siriwardena A.K. (Pancreas 2010)
    516. Aberrantly increased mRNA expression of betaglycan, an inhibin co-receptor in the ovarian tissues in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. (PubMed id 20178540)9 Zhu R....Shen Z. (J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res. 2010)
    517. Effect of latanoprost on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 on the ocular surface. (PubMed id 20385943)9 Honda N....Amano S. (Arch. Ophthalmol. 2010)
    518. Effects of decitabine on the expression of selected endogenous control genes in human breast cancer cells. (PubMed id 19837153)9 Kastl L....Schofield A.C. (Mol. Cell. Probes 2010)
    519. 3-Bromopyruvate induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, overcomes autophagy and causes apoptosis in human HCC cell lines. (PubMed id 20393016)9 Ganapathy-Kanniappan S....Vali M. (Anticancer Res. 2010)
    520. Differential Expression of Metabolism-related Genes in Liver of Diabetic Obese Rats. (PubMed id 20473381)9 Seo E....Hong S.H. (amp 2010)
    521. Genetic validation of aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as drug targets in Trypanosoma brucei. (PubMed id 19748525)9 CA!ceres A.J....Hannaert V. (Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 2010)
    522. Proteomic analysis by two-dimensional electrophoresis to identify the normal human chondrocyte proteome stimulated by tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1beta. (PubMed id 20131227)9 Cillero-Pastor B....Blanco F.J. (Arthritis Rheum. 2010)
    523. [Proteomic identification and comparison of differentiation-related proteins in gastric carcinoma cell lines]. (PubMed id 20450584)9 Li Y....Wang D. (Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2010)
    524. Identification of endogenous control genes for normalisation of real-time quantitative PCR data in colorectal cancer. (PubMed id 20122155)9 Kheirelseid E.A....Miller N. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2010)
    525. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase tetramer dissociation and amyloid fibril formation induced by negatively charged membranes. (PubMed id 20006611)9 Cortez L.M....ChehA-n R.N. (FEBS Lett. 2010)
    526. Protein carbonylation in skeletal muscles: impact on function. (PubMed id 19686036)9 Barreiro E. and Hussain S.N. (amp 2010)
    527. Expression analysis and study of the KLK15 mRNA splice variants in prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. (PubMed id 20067463)9 Mavridis K....Scorilas A. (Cancer Sci. 2010)
    528. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase expression is altered by hypoxia in melanoma cells and primary human melanocytes. (PubMed id 20051782)9 Silverthorn C.F. and Alani R.M. (Melanoma Res. 2010)
    529. Enhanced cyclic adenosine monophosphate production by Arthrobacter A302 through rational redistribution of metabolic flux. (PubMed id 20064709)9 Chen X.C....Ying H.J. (Bioresour. Technol. 2010)
    530. Rhodiola rosea ability to enrich cellular antioxidant defences of cultured human keratinocytes. (PubMed id 19705137)9 Calcabrini C....DachA M. (Arch. Dermatol. Res. 2010)
    531. Selection of reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR expression studies in the apomictic and sexual grass Brachiaria brizantha. (PubMed id 19573233)9 Silveira E.D....Carneiro V.T. (BMC Plant Biol. 2009)
    532. GAPD and tubulin are suitable internal controls for qPCR analysis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. (PubMed id 18621570)9 Campos M.S....Nunes F.D. (Oral Oncol. 2009)
    533. Hemin counteracts the repression of Bcl-2 and NrF2 genes and the cell killing induced by imatinib in human Bcr-Abl(+) CML cells. (PubMed id 19806784)9 Bonovolias I.D. and Tsiftsoglou A.S. (Oncol. Res. 2009)
    534. Mechanism of thiol-supported arsenate reduction mediated by phosphorolytic-arsenolytic enzymes: II. Enzymatic formation of arsenylated products susceptible for reduction to arsenite by thiols. (PubMed id 19478237)9 Gregus Z....NAcmeti B. (Toxicol. Sci. 2009)
    535. Identification of novel alternative splice isoforms of circulating proteins in a mouse model of human pancreatic cancer. (PubMed id 19118015)9 Menon R....States D.J. (Cancer Res. 2009)
    536. Identification of endogenous reference genes for qRT-PCR analysis in normal matched breast tumor tissues. (PubMed id 19544972)9 Gur-Dedeoglu B....Yulug I.G. (Oncol. Res. 2009)
    537. Synthetic polymeric substrates as potent pro-oxidant versus anti-oxidant regulators of cytoskeletal remodeling and cell apoptosis. (PubMed id 19016472)9 Sung H.J....Kohn J. (J. Cell. Physiol. 2009)
    538. Significant correlation between maternal body mass index at delivery and in the second trimester, and second trimester circulating total cell-free DNA levels. (PubMed id 19087977)9 Lapaire O....Holzgreve W. (Reprod Sci 2009)
    539. Efficient non-viral transfection of primary human adult chondrocytes in a high-throughput format. (PubMed id 19056302)9 Haag J....Aigner T. (Osteoarthr. Cartil. 2009)
    540. Detection of stable reference genes for real-time PCR analysis in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. (PubMed id 19464249)9 Silberberg G....Navon R. (Anal. Biochem. 2009)
    541. Validation of suitable house keeping genes for hypoxia-cultured human chondrocytes. (PubMed id 19818117)9 Foldager C.B....Lind M. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2009)
    542. Identification of suitable reference genes for gene expression studies of human serous ovarian cancer by real-time polymerase chain reaction. (PubMed id 19622337)9 Li Y.L....Xie X. (Anal. Biochem. 2009)
    543. Improved methodology for assessment of mRNA levels in blood of patients with FMR1 related disorders. (PubMed id 19505339)9 Godler D.E....Choo K.H. (BMC Clin Pathol 2009)
    544. Cortical NMDA receptor expression in human chronic alcoholism: influence of the TaqIA allele of ANKK1. (PubMed id 19283474)9 Ridge J.P. and Dodd P.R. (Neurochem. Res. 2009)
    545. Accumulation of large protein fragments in prematurely senescent ARPE-19 cells. (PubMed id 19458325)9 Liao W.L. and Turko I.V. (amp 2009)
    546. Tetraspanin gene expression levels as potential biomarkers for malignancy of gingival squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 19330835)9 Hirano C....Takagi R. (Int. J. Cancer 2009)
    547. Upregulation of glycolytic enzymes in proteins secreted from human colon cancer cells with 5-fluorouracil resistance. (PubMed id 19582719)9 Shin Y.K....Park J.G. (Electrophoresis 2009)
    548. Identification of novel reference genes using multiplatform expression data and their validation for quantitative gene expression analysis. (PubMed id 19584937)9 Kwon M.J....Shin Y.K. (PLoS ONE 2009)
    549. MYC quantitation in cell-free plasma DNA by real-time PCR for gastric cancer diagnosis. (PubMed id 19302034)9 Park K.U....Lee H.S. (Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2009)
    550. Selection of reference genes for normalisation of real-time RT-PCR in brain-stem death injury in Ovis aries. (PubMed id 19624860)9 Passmore M....Fraser J.F. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2009)
    551. Stabilization and conformational isomerization of the cofactor during the catalysis in hydrolytic ALDHs. (PubMed id 19028478)9 Talfournier F....Branlant G. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 2009)
    552. 2-D PAGE-based comparison of proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in sensitive and resistant mantle cell lymphoma. (PubMed id 19309015)9 Weinkauf M....Dreyling M. (Electrophoresis 2009)
    553. Differential expression of proteins in Listeria monocytogenes under thermotolerance-inducing, heat shock, and prolonged heat shock conditions. (PubMed id 19694553)9 Agoston R....Pillai S.D. (Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 2009)
    554. Sex differences in NMDA receptor expression in human alcoholics. (PubMed id 19736238)9 Ridge J.P....Dodd P.R. (Alcohol Alcohol. 2009)
    555. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is required for extracellular polysaccharide production and full virulence. (PubMed id 19372163)9 Lu G.T....Tang J.L. (Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 2009)
    556. Early alterations in protein and gene expression in rat kidney following bromate exposure. (PubMed id 19425233)9 Ahlborn G.J....Winnik W.M. (Food Chem. Toxicol. 2009)
    557. DNA damage after phototherapy in wounded fibroblast cells irradiated with 16 J/cm(2). (PubMed id 19101162)9 Mbene A.B....Abrahamse H. (J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 2009)
    558. Expression-based network biology identifies alteration in key regulatory pathways of type 2 diabetes and associated risk/complications. (PubMed id 19997558)9 Sengupta U....Agrawal S. (PLoS ONE 2009)
    559. Sensitivity of DCSR3/GAPDH ratio using quantitative real-time PCR in the rapid prenatal diagnosis for down syndrome. (PubMed id 19439973)9 Helmy S.M....Gaber K.R. (Fetal. Diagn. Ther. 2009)
    560. MEK mediates the novel cross talk between TNFR2 and TGF-EGFR in enhancing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion from human mesenchymal stem cells. (PubMed id 19628074)9 Wang Y....Meldrum D.R. (Surgery 2009)
    561. Nicotinamide enhances mitochondria quality through autophagy activation in human cells. (PubMed id 19473119)9 Kang H.T. and Hwang E.S. (Aging Cell 2009)
    562. Inhibition of glycolysis modulates prednisolone resistance in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. (PubMed id 18978206)9 Hulleman E....Den Boer M.L. (Blood 2009)
    563. Mechanism of thiol-supported arsenate reduction mediated by phosphorolytic-arsenolytic enzymes: I. The role of arsenolysis. (PubMed id 19474219)9 NAcmeti B. and Gregus Z. (Toxicol. Sci. 2009)
    564. Methods for the determination and quantification of the reactive thiol proteome. (PubMed id 19527783)9 Hill B.G....Landar A. (amp 2009)
    565. Chromatin-associated proteins HMGB1/2 and PDIA3 trigger cellular response to chemotherapy-induced DNA damage. (PubMed id 19372559)9 Krynetskaia N.F....Krynetskiy E.Y. (Mol. Cancer Ther. 2009)
    566. Comparative proteomic analysis of lung cancer cell line and lung fibroblast cell line. (PubMed id 19657000)9 Rubporn A....Sangvanich P. (amp 2009)
    567. Identification and validation of suitable endogenous reference genes for gene expression studies in human peripheral blood. (PubMed id 19656400)9 Stamova B.S....Sharp F.R. (BMC Med Genomics 2009)
    568. Inhibition of energy-producing pathways of HepG2 cells by 3-bromopyruvate. (PubMed id 18945211)9 Pereira da Silva A.P....Galina A. (Biochem. J. 2009)
    569. Experimental immunological infertility effect of anti-GAPDH-2 antibodies on the fertility of female mice. (PubMed id 18980760)9 Wang Y....Wang L. (Fertil. Steril. 2009)
    570. Trypanosoma cruzi targets for new chemotherapeutic approaches. (PubMed id 19063710)9 Soeiro M.N. and de Castro S.L. (Expert Opin. Ther. Targets 2009)
    571. Systematic comparison of RNA extraction techniques from frozen and fresh lung tissues: checkpoint towards gene expression studies. (PubMed id 19317905)9 Muyal J.P....Fehrenbach H. (Diagn Pathol 2009)
    572. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction: description of a RIN-based algorithm for accurate data normalization. (PubMed id 19368728)9 Ho-Pun-Cheung A....Lopez-Crapez E. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2009)
    573. Identification of major S-nitrosylated proteins in murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. (PubMed id 19405105)9 Bizzozero O.A. and Zheng J. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2009)
    574. DD3(PCA3) gene expression in cancer and prostatic hyperplasia. (PubMed id 20003831)9 Floriano-SA!nchez E....Lara-Padilla E. (Clin Invest Med 2009)
    575. Increased oxidation of certain glycolysis and energy metabolism enzymes in the frontal cortex in Lewy body diseases. (PubMed id 18855937)9 GA^mez A. and Ferrer I. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2009)
    576. Expression profiling of stationary and migratory intestinal epithelial cells after in vitro wounding: restitution is accompanied by cell differentiation. (PubMed id 19590200)9 Znalesniak E.B....Hoffmann W. (Cell. Physiol. Biochem. 2009)
    577. [Correlation of quantification of major bcr-abl mRNA between TMA (transcription mediated amplification) method and real-time quantitative PCR]. (PubMed id 19571508)9 Yagasaki F....Miyamura K. (Rinsho Ketsueki 2009)
    578. Complex antibody profile changes in an experimental autoimmune glaucoma animal model. (PubMed id 19458332)9 Joachim S.C....Wax M.B. (amp 2009)
    579. Involvement of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in rotenone-induced cell apoptosis: relevance to protein misfolding and aggregation. (PubMed id 19445904)9 Huang J....Wang T. (Brain Res. 2009)
    580. Expression of four housekeeping proteins in elderly patients with schizophrenia. (PubMed id 19139805)9 Bauer D.E....Meador-Woodruff J.H. (J Neural Transm 2009)
    581. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, a glycolytic intermediate, plays a key role in controlling cell fate via inhibition of caspase activity. (PubMed id 19937139)9 Jang M....Park S.G. (Mol. Cells 2009)
    582. Comparison of serum VEGF and its soluble receptor sVEGFR1 with serum cell-free DNA in patients with breast tumor. (PubMed id 18691902)9 El Tarhouny S....Zhong X.Y. (Cytokine 2008)
    583. Fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules: proteomic analysis to identify cancer biomarkers. (PubMed id 18665625)9 Giusti L....Lucacchini A. (J. Proteome Res. 2008)
    584. Molecular diagnosis of sentinel lymph node metastases in cervical cancer using squamous cell carcinoma antigen. (PubMed id 18765550)9 Yuan S.H....Zeng Y.X. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2008)
    585. On the mechanism of phenotypic conversion of human cervical adenocarcinoma HeLa cells surviving infection by influenza B virus: potential implications for biological management of adenocarcinomas. (PubMed id 18291599)9 Sioutopoulou D.O....Vamvakopoulos N.C. (Pathol. Res. Pract. 2008)
    586. Nitroxyl inhibits breast tumor growth and angiogenesis. (PubMed id 18076071)9 Norris A.J....Brooks M.N. (Int. J. Cancer 2008)
    587. Gene expression in hair follicle dermal papilla cells after treatment with stanozolol. (PubMed id 19652758)9 Reiter M....Meyer H.H. (Biomark Insights 2008)
    588. The high-affinity niacin receptor HM74A is decreased in the anterior cingulate cortex of individuals with schizophrenia. (PubMed id 18639743)9 Miller C.L. and Dulay J.R. (Brain Res. Bull. 2008)
    589. Parallel assessment of circulatory cell-free DNA by PCR and nucleosomes by ELISA in breast tumors. (PubMed id 18629778)9 Seefeld M....Zhong X.Y. (Int. J. Biol. Markers 2008)
    590. Fetal corticotrophin-releasing hormone mRNA, but not phosphatidylserine-exposing microparticles, in maternal plasma are associated with factor VII activity in pre-eclampsia. (PubMed id 18182033)9 Freeman D.J....Greer I.A. (J. Thromb. Haemost. 2008)
    591. Unique proteomic features induced by a potential antiglioma agent, Nordy (dl-nordihydroguaiaretic acid), in glioma cells. (PubMed id 18232056)9 Bian X.W....Wang J.M. (Proteomics 2008)
    592. The expression of NMDA receptor subunit mRNA in human chronic alcoholics. (PubMed id 18991843)9 Ridge J.P....Dodd P.R. (Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2008)
    593. Glycolytic enzyme expression in human granulosa cells. (PubMed id 18456264)9 Gillott D.J....Grudzinskas J.G. (Fertil. Steril. 2008)
    594. Quantitative Real-Time PCR detection of TRPV1-4 gene expression in human leukocytes from healthy and hyposensitive subjects. (PubMed id 18983665)9 Spinsanti G....Aloisi A.M. (Mol Pain 2008)
    595. Myocardial gene expression in heart failure patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy responders versus nonresponders. (PubMed id 18191736)9 Vanderheyden M....Bartunek J. (J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2008)
    596. An hypothesis to account for the renewal of outer segments in rod and cone photoreceptor cells: renewal as a surrogate antioxidant. (PubMed id 18660422)9 Winkler B.S. (amp 2008)
    597. Quantitative gene expression analysis in a brain slice model: influence of temperature and incubation media. (PubMed id 18424251)9 Dos-Anjos S....FernA!ndez-LA^pez A. (Anal. Biochem. 2008)
    598. GAPDH, 18S rRNA and YWHAZ are suitable endogenous reference genes for relative gene expression studies in placental tissues from human idiopathic fetal growth restriction. (PubMed id 18684503)9 Murthi P....Kalionis B. (Placenta 2008)
    599. Validation of internal control genes for expression studies: effects of the neurotrophin BDNF on hippocampal neurons. (PubMed id 18655199)9 Santos A.R. and Duarte C.B. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2008)
    600. A bioluminescent cytotoxicity assay for assessment of membrane integrity using a proteolytic biomarker. (PubMed id 18400464)9 Cho M.H....Xia M. (Toxicol In Vitro 2008)
    601. Decreased expression of cytochromes P450 1A2, 2E1, and 3A4 and drug transporters Na+-taurocholate-cotransporting polypeptide, organic cation transporter 1, and organic anion-transporting peptide-C correlates with the progression of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients. (PubMed id 18515332)9 Nakai K....Ohno Y. (Drug Metab. Dispos. 2008)
    602. Sulphurous mineral water oral therapy: effects on erythrocyte metabolism. (PubMed id 18775465)9 Albertini M.C....DachA M. (Food Chem. Toxicol. 2008)
    603. [Breast cancer diagnostics based on extracellular DNA and RNA circulating in blood]. (PubMed id 18421914)9 Rykova E.I.u....Laktionov P.P. (Biomed Khim 2008)
    604. Novel transcript profiling of diffuse alveolar damage induced by hyperoxia exposure in mice: normalization by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 18301909)9 Shimada I....Matsuki T. (Int. J. Legal Med. 2008)
    605. The interleukin-4 expression in patients with severe sepsis. (PubMed id 19056016)9 Wu H.P....Chuang D.Y. (J Crit Care 2008)
    606. Abnormal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase binding and glycolytic flux in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease after a mild oxidative stress. (PubMed id 18923744)9 Dioudis C....West I.C. (Hippokratia 2008)
    607. Glycolysis module activated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha is related to the aggressive phenotype of hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 18813785)9 Hamaguchi T....Oka M. (Int. J. Oncol. 2008)
    608. Covalent modification of proteins by green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate through autoxidation. (PubMed id 18771724)9 Ishii T....Akagawa M. (amp 2008)
    609. Differential liquid phase proteomic analysis of the effect of selenium supplementation in LNCaP cells. (PubMed id 18329347)9 Roveri A....Ursini F. (J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 2008)
    610. Evaluation of splicing efficiency in lymphoblastoid cell lines from patients with splicing-factor retinitis pigmentosa. (PubMed id 19096719)9 Ivings L....Inglehearn C.F. (Mol. Vis. 2008)
    611. Calcium-dependent production of reactive oxygen species is involved in neuronal damage induced during glycolysis inhibition in cultured hippocampal neurons. (PubMed id 18293416)9 HernA!ndez-Fonseca K....Massieu L. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2008)
    612. Gymnemic acid interacts with mammalian glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 18080092)9 Ishijima S....Izutani Y. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2008)
    613. The development of an immobilized enzyme reactor containing glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Trypanosoma cruzi: the effect of species' specific differences on the immobilization. (PubMed id 18087619)9 Cardoso C.L....Cass Q.B. (Analyst 2008)
    614. Glucose metabolism is accelerated by exposure to t-butylhydroperoxide during NADH consumption in human erythrocytes. (PubMed id 18706836)9 Ogasawara Y....Ishii K. (amp 2008)
    615. PSMB2 and RPL32 are suitable denominators to normalize gene expression profiles in bronchoalveolar cells. (PubMed id 18671841)9 Kriegova E....Petrek M. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2008)
    616. Reference genes for normalization of gene expression studies in human osteoarthritic articular cartilage. (PubMed id 18226276)9 Pombo-Suarez M....Gonzalez A. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2008)
    617. A shared binding site for NAD+ and coenzyme A in an acetaldehyde dehydrogenase involved in bacterial degradation of aromatic compounds. (PubMed id 18537268)9 Lei Y....Powlowski J. (Biochemistry 2008)
    618. Identification of genes for normalization of real-time RT-PCR data in breast carcinomas. (PubMed id 18211679)9 Lyng M.B....Ditzel H.J. (BMC Cancer 2008)
    619. The secretome of the filarial parasite, Brugia malayi: proteomic profile of adult excretory-secretory products. (PubMed id 18439691)9 Hewitson J.P....Maizels R.M. (Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 2008)
    620. Exercise induced stress in horses: selection of the most stable reference genes for quantitative RT-PCR normalization. (PubMed id 18489742)9 Cappelli K....Supplizi A.V. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2008)
    621. Stability of placental RNA using dried maternal blood spots. (PubMed id 18983758)9 Jorgez C.J. and Bischoff F.Z. (Reprod. Biomed. Online 2008)
    622. Assessment of CcpA-mediated catabolite control of gene expression in Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579. (PubMed id 18416820)9 van der Voort M....Abee T. (BMC Microbiol. 2008)
    623. Technique for quantitative RT-PCR analysis directly from single muscle fibers. (PubMed id 18467545)9 Wacker M.J....Gallagher P.M. (J. Appl. Physiol. 2008)
    624. Apoptosis-inducing high (.)NO concentrations are not sustained either in nascent or in developed cancers. (PubMed id 18759245)9 Heller A. (ChemMedChem 2008)
    625. [Establishment of the pipeline for RNA quality assessment from the cells obtained by laser capture microdissection]. (PubMed id 19073563)9 Yang Y.Q....Zhang Q.H. (Yi Chuan 2008)
    626. A novel gene signature for molecular diagnosis of human prostate cancer by RT-qPCR. (PubMed id 18974881)9 Rizzi F....Bettuzzi S. (PLoS ONE 2008)
    627. Identification of valid reference genes for the normalization of RT qPCR gene expression data in human brain tissue. (PubMed id 18460208)9 Coulson D.T....Johnston J.A. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2008)
    628. Human skin keloid fibroblasts display bioenergetics of cancer cells. (PubMed id 17943178)9 Vincent A.S....Wong K.P. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2008)
    629. The cytotoxic ribonuclease onconase targets RNA interference (siRNA). (PubMed id 18927512)9 Zhao H....Darzynkiewicz Z. (Cell Cycle 2008)
    630. Variations in platelet protein associated with arterial thrombosis. (PubMed id 18417195)9 Arias-Salgado E.G....Ayuso M.S. (Thromb. Res. 2008)
    631. Comparison of messenger RNA distribution for 60 proteins in fat cells vs the nonfat cells of human omental adipose tissue. (PubMed id 18555844)9 Fain J.N....Madan A.K. (Metab. Clin. Exp. 2008)
    632. Proteomic analysis of climatic keratopathy droplets. (PubMed id 18378572)9 Menegay M....Bhattacharya S.K. (amp 2008)
    633. Identification of non-Alzheimer's disease tauopathies-related proteins by proteomic analysis. (PubMed id 18647502)9 Yang G....Xu D. (Neurol. Res. 2008)
    634. Validation of putative reference genes for gene expression studies in human hepatocellular carcinoma using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. (PubMed id 19036168)9 Cicinnati V.R....Beckebaum S. (BMC Cancer 2008)
    635. Quantitative detection of circulating epithelial cells by Q-RT-PCR. (PubMed id 17347775)9 Iakovlev V.V....Done S.J. (Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2008)
    636. Inactivation of chosen dehydrogenases by the products of water radiolysis and secondary albumin and haemoglobin radicals. (PubMed id 17852555)9 Kowalczyk A....PuchaA8a M. (Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 2008)
    637. Characterization of glycolytic enzyme interactions with murine erythrocyte membranes in wild-type and membrane protein knockout mice. (PubMed id 18698006)9 Campanella M.E....Low P.S. (Blood 2008)
    638. Proteomic identification of brain proteins in the canine model of human aging following a long-term treatment with antioxidants and a program of behavioral enrichment: relevance to Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 17055614)9 Opii W.O....Butterfield D.A. (Neurobiol. Aging 2008)
    639. Expression analysis and clinical utility of L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) in prostate cancer. (PubMed id 18586020)9 Avgeris M....Scorilas A. (Clin. Biochem. 2008)
    640. Gene expression profile of sprinter's muscle. (PubMed id 17614033)9 Yoshioka M....St-Amand J. (Int J Sports Med 2007)
    641. Paraquat-induced oxidative stress and dysfunction of cellular redox systems including antioxidative defense enzymes glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase. (PubMed id 17055214)9 Takizawa M....Yonaha M. (Toxicol In Vitro 2007)
    642. Short-term in vitro effects of low frequency ultrasound on odontoblast-like cells. (PubMed id 17531373)9 Scheven B.A....Smith A.J. (amp 2007)
    643. Efficiency of interleukin-4 expression in patients with tuberculosis and nontubercular pneumonia. (PubMed id 17961771)9 Wu H.P....Chuang D.Y. (Hum. Immunol. 2007)
    644. Cell-free synthesis of proteins that require disulfide bonds using glucose as an energy source. (PubMed id 17154312)9 Knapp K.G....Swartz J.R. (Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2007)
    645. Activation of NUDT5, an ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase, by nitric oxide-mediated ADP-ribosylation. (PubMed id 17261271)9 Yu H.N....Kim J.S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007)
    646. Proteomic investigation of glucose metabolism in the butyrate-producing gut anaerobe Fusobacterium varium. (PubMed id 17464938)9 Potrykus J....Bearne S.L. (Proteomics 2007)
    647. Clinical relevance of the expression of mRNA of MMP-7, MMP-9, TIMP-1, TIMP-2 and CEA tissue samples from colorectal liver metastases. (PubMed id 17992052)9 Sutnar A....Holubec L. (Tumour Biol. 2007)
    648. DNA degradation test predicts success in whole-genome amplification from diverse clinical samples. (PubMed id 17690213)9 Wang F....Makrigiorgos G.M. (J Mol Diagn 2007)
    649. IgG antibody patterns in aqueous humor of patients with primary open angle glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. (PubMed id 17893658)9 Joachim S.C....Grus F.H. (Mol. Vis. 2007)
    650. Inactivation of metabolic enzymes by photo-treatment with zinc meta N-methylpyridylporphyrin. (PubMed id 17884296)9 Al-Mutairi D.A....Benov L.T. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2007)
    651. Alterations in prodynorphin, proenkephalin, and GAD67 mRNA levels in the aged human putamen: correlation with Parkinson's disease. (PubMed id 17203488)9 BAockman C.M....Tomac A.C. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2007)
    652. Identification of novel universal housekeeping genes by statistical analysis of microarray data. (PubMed id 17394773)9 Lee S....Kim S. (J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 2007)
    653. Estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) mRNA copy numbers in immunohistochemically ER alpha-positive-, and negative breast cancer tissues. (PubMed id 17391528)9 Poola I. and Yue Q. (BMC Cancer 2007)
    654. Proteomics analysis of hypothalamic response to energy restriction in dairy cows. (PubMed id 17907270)9 Kuhla B....Metges C.C. (Proteomics 2007)
    655. Selection of reliable reference genes for qPCR studies on chondroprotective action. (PubMed id 17324259)9 Toegel S....Viernstein H. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2007)
    656. Correcting false gene expression measurements from degraded RNA using RTQ-PCR. (PubMed id 17471157)9 Port M....Abend M. (Diagn. Mol. Pathol. 2007)
    657. Evidence based selection of housekeeping genes. (PubMed id 17878933)9 de Jonge H.J....ter Elst A. (PLoS ONE 2007)
    658. Eukaryotic initiation factor 4E variants alter the morphology, proliferation, and colony-formation properties of MDA-MB-435 cancer cells. (PubMed id 17091471)9 Goldson T.M....Hagedorn C.H. (Mol. Carcinog. 2007)
    659. Computational study of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Entamoeba histolytica: implications for structure-based drug design. (PubMed id 17676935)9 Kundu S. and Roy D. (amp 2007)
    660. A novel in vivo model to study endochondral bone formation; HIF-1alpha activation and BMP expression. (PubMed id 16979964)9 Emans P.J....Kuijer R. (Bone 2007)
    661. Lactoferrin, a glycoprotein with immunomodulatory and mast cell stabilising properties, in skin of horses suffering from Culicoides hypersensitivity. (PubMed id 17222435)9 Kolm G....Klein D. (Res. Vet. Sci. 2007)
    662. Identification of the major protein components of rice egg cells. (PubMed id 17558543)9 Uchiumi T....Okamoto T. (J. Plant Res. 2007)
    663. Intracellular sugars improve survival of human red blood cells cryopreserved at -80 degrees C in the presence of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and human serum albumin. (PubMed id 17522728)9 Quan G....Han Y. (Cryo Letters 2007)
    664. Successful downstream application of the Paxgene Blood RNA system from small blood samples in paediatric patients for quantitative PCR analysis. (PubMed id 17850649)9 Carrol E.D....Day P. (BMC Immunol. 2007)
    665. High level of ezrin mRNA expression in an osteosarcoma biopsy sample with lung metastasis. (PubMed id 17609619)9 Ogino W....Matsuo M. (J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 2007)
    666. Degradation of HNE-modified proteins--possible role of ubiquitin. (PubMed id 17263912)9 Botzen D. and Grune T. (Redox Rep. 2007)
    667. Validation of endogenous controls for quantitative gene expression analysis: application on brain cortices of human chronic alcoholics. (PubMed id 17188656)9 Johansson S....EkstrAPm T.J. (Brain Res. 2007)
    668. Neomycin and puromycin affect gene expression in Giardia lamblia stable transfection. (PubMed id 17765984)9 Su L.H....Sun C.H. (Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 2007)
    669. Sustained metabolic inhibition induces an increase in the content and phosphorylation of the NR2B subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and a decrease in glutamate transport in the rat hippocampus in vivo. (PubMed id 17331654)9 Camacho A....Massieu L. (Neuroscience 2007)
    670. Antioxidant and prooxidant effects of quercetin on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 17559999)9 Schmalhausen E.V....Muronetz V.I. (Food Chem. Toxicol. 2007)
    671. Expression of glycolytic enzymes is increased in pancreatic cancerous tissues as evidenced by proteomic profiling by two-dimensional electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. (PubMed id 17332923)9 Mikuriya K....Nakamura K. (Int. J. Oncol. 2007)
    672. Validation of endogenous control genes in human adipose tissue: relevance to obesity and obesity-associated type 2 diabetes mellitus. (PubMed id 17611901)9 CatalA!n V....FrA1hbeck G. (Horm. Metab. Res. 2007)
    673. Selection of DDX5 as a novel internal control for Q-RT-PCR from microarray data using a block bootstrap re-sampling scheme. (PubMed id 17540040)9 Su L.J....Huang C.Y. (BMC Genomics 2007)
    674. Evaluation and validation of candidate endogenous control genes for real-time quantitative PCR studies of breast cancer. (PubMed id 18042273)9 McNeill R.E....Kerin M.J. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2007)
    675. Optimization of ribonucleic acid detection from archival Guinea pig temporal bone specimens. (PubMed id 16983313)9 Hall K.L....Megerian C.A. (amp 2007)
    676. Higher tumor to benign ratio of the androgen receptor mRNA expression associates with prostate cancer progression after radical prostatectomy. (PubMed id 18158066)9 Rosner I.L....Petrovics G. (Urology 2007)
    677. [Rapid diagnosis of Down's syndrome by multiplex real-time fluorescence relative quantitative PCR]. (PubMed id 17681920)9 Gao B....Liu J.Z. (Yi Chuan 2007)
    678. Removal of acetaldehyde from the body. (PubMed id 17590985)9 Deitrich R.A....Vasiliou V. (Novartis Found. Symp. 2007)
    679. Proteome map of Aspergillus nidulans during osmoadaptation. (PubMed id 17258477)9 Kim Y....Marten M.R. (amp 2007)
    680. Proteomic analysis of phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea as a potential tool for identifying pathogenicity factors, therapeutic targets and for basic research. (PubMed id 17124592)9 FernA!ndez-Acero F.J....Cantoral J.M. (Arch. Microbiol. 2007)
    681. Microtubule-associated protein 1B binds glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 17521179)9 Cueille N....Riederer B.M. (J. Proteome Res. 2007)
    682. Localization of immunoreactive HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha in neuroendocrine cells of both benign and malignant prostate glands. (PubMed id 17562539)9 Monsef N....PAYhlman S. (Prostate 2007)
    683. Structural considerations for designing adenosine analogs as selective inhibitors of Trichomonas sp. glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 18467771)9 Kundu S. and Roy D. (In Silico Biol. (Gedrukt) 2007)
    684. Crucial role of antioxidant proteins and hydrolytic enzymes in pathogenicity of Penicillium expansum: analysis based on proteomics approach. (PubMed id 17194899)9 Qin G....Li B. (amp 2007)
    685. Entamoeba histolytica: ADP-ribosylation of secreted glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 17586498)9 Alvarez A.H....Avila E.E. (Exp. Parasitol. 2007)
    686. Prognostic significance of homozygous deletions and multiple duplications at the CDKN2A (p16INK4a)/ARF (p14ARF) locus in urinary bladder cancer. (PubMed id 17060081)9 Berggren de Verdier P.J....Hemminki K. (Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol. 2006)
    687. [Quantitative analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor mRNA in laryngeal carcinoma by reverse transcription-real time polymerase chain reaction with TagMan probe]. (PubMed id 17190429)9 Chen J....Cao J. (Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2006)
    688. Identification of nitrated proteins in Alzheimer's disease brain using a redox proteomics approach. (PubMed id 16378731)9 Sultana R....Butterfield D.A. (Neurobiol. Dis. 2006)
    689. Akt and Mammalian target of rapamycin regulate separate systems of proteolysis in renal tubular cells. (PubMed id 16885413)9 Shen W....Franch H.A. (J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 2006)
    690. Proteomic analysis of autoantibodies in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 16767786)9 Takashima M....Nakamura K. (Proteomics 2006)
    691. Transcription factor ETS1 is critical for human uterine decidualization. (PubMed id 16455618)9 Kessler C.A....Handwerger S. (Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2006)
    692. Two-dimensional electrophoresis protein profile of the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. (PubMed id 16544282)9 FernA!ndez-Acero F.J....JorrA-n J. (Proteomics 2006)
    693. Molecular mechanism of the relation of monoamine oxidase B and its inhibitors to Parkinson's disease: possible implications of glial cells. (PubMed id 17447416)9 Nagatsu T. and Sawada M. (J. Neural Transm. Suppl. 2006)
    694. Selection of housekeeping genes for gene expression studies in human reticulocytes using real-time PCR. (PubMed id 17026756)9 Silver N....Thein S.L. (BMC Mol. Biol. 2006)
    695. Cross reactivity between many anti-human antibodies for their hamster homologs provide the tools to study the signal transduction pathway activated by asbestos and SV40 in the malignant mesothelioma model. (PubMed id 16649249)9 Kroczynska B. and Carbone M. (Mol. Carcinog. 2006)
    696. A novel approach for screening the proteome for changes in protein conformation. (PubMed id 16503663)9 Pierce A....Chaudhuri A. (Biochemistry 2006)
    697. Increased interleukin-1beta mRNA expression in skin biopsies of horses with Culicoides hypersensitivity following challenge with Culicoides nubeculosus extract. (PubMed id 16797083)9 Kolm G....Klein D. (Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 2006)
    698. Reliability and discriminant validity of HER2 gene quantification and chromosome 17 aneusomy analysis by real-time PCR in primary breast cancer. (PubMed id 16711510)9 Lamy P.J....Martin P.M. (Int. J. Biol. Markers 2006)
    699. [Expression of fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor 1 in placenta of pre-eclampsia]. (PubMed id 17327029)9 Hou X.H....Yao Y.Q. (Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2006)
    700. [New approaches to molecular diagnosis of prostatic cancer]. (PubMed id 17444146)9 Kovalev L.I....Grachev S.V. (Urologiia 2006)
    701. Changes in cod muscle proteins during frozen storage revealed by proteome analysis and multivariate data analysis. (PubMed id 16429459)9 KjaersgAYrd I.V....Jessen F. (Proteomics 2006)
    702. Invariant Thr244 is essential for the efficient acylation step of the non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus mutans. (PubMed id 16958622)9 Pailot A....Branlant G. (Biochem. J. 2006)
    703. Messenger molecules and cell death: therapeutic implications. (PubMed id 16391220)9 Sedlak T.W. and Snyder S.H. (JAMA 2006)
    704. Flow injection analysis with diode array absorbance detection and dynamic surface tension detection for studying denaturation and surface activity of globular proteins. (PubMed id 16438927)9 Bramanti E....Synovec R.E. (Anal. Biochem. 2006)
    705. Identification and validation of suitable endogenous reference genes for gene expression studies of human bladder cancer. (PubMed id 16600798)9 Ohl F....Jung K. (J. Urol. 2006)
    706. Progresses in the field of drug design to combat tropical protozoan parasitic diseases. (PubMed id 16475941)9 LiA+ares G.E....Rodriguez J.B. (Curr. Med. Chem. 2006)
    707. Nuclear beta-catenin and Ki-67 expression in choriocarcinoma and its pre-malignant form. (PubMed id 16467170)9 Wong S.C....Lo Y.M. (J. Clin. Pathol. 2006)
    708. Utility of molecular genetic signatures in the delineation of gastric neoplasia. (PubMed id 16502410)9 Kidd M....Zikusoka M.N. (Cancer 2006)
    709. Real-time RT-PCR quantitative assays and postmortem degradation profiles of erythropoietin, vascular endothelial growth factor and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha mRNA transcripts in forensic autopsy materials. (PubMed id 16337823)9 Zhao D....Maeda H. (Leg Med (Tokyo) 2006)
    710. Utility of proteomics to assess pollutant response of clams from the DoA+ana bank of Guadalquivir Estuary (SW Spain). (PubMed id 16544285)9 Romero-Ruiz A....LA^pez-Barea J. (Proteomics 2006)
    711. Mass spectrometric identification of human prostate cancer-derived proteins in serum of xenograft-bearing mice. (PubMed id 16714762)9 van den Bemd G.J....Jenster G. (amp 2006)
    712. S-(2-Succinyl)cysteine: a novel chemical modification of tissue proteins by a Krebs cycle intermediate. (PubMed id 16624247)9 Alderson N.L....Baynes J.W. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2006)
    713. Src-dependent protein kinase C iota/lambda (aPKCiota/lambda) tyrosine phosphorylation is required for aPKCiota/lambda association with Rab2 and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase on pre-Golgi intermediates. (PubMed id 16452474)9 Tisdale E.J. and Artalejo C.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006)
    714. [The role of small molecules in regulation of activity of cytoplasmatic dehydrogenases]. (PubMed id 17288250)9 Gil'miiarova F.N....Spiridonova N.V. (Biomed Khim 2006)
    715. Mapping of glycolytic enzyme-binding sites on human erythrocyte band 3. (PubMed id 16836485)9 Chu H. and Low P.S. (Biochem. J. 2006)
    716. Quantitative multi-gene expression profiling of primary prostate cancer. (PubMed id 16921506)9 Schmidt U....Meye A. (Prostate 2006)
    717. Dissociation between tumor shrinkage and hormonal response during somatostatin analog treatment in an acromegalic patient: preferential expression of somatostatin receptor subtype 3. (PubMed id 17114915)9 Casarini A.P....Bronstein M.D. (J. Endocrinol. Invest. 2006)
    718. Reduced plasma RNA integrity in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. (PubMed id 16638860)9 Wong B.C....Lo Y.M. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2006)
    719. Effects of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor (HDACi); Trichostatin-A (TSA) on the expression of housekeeping genes. (PubMed id 16326072)9 Mogal A. and Abdulkadir S.A. (Mol. Cell. Probes 2006)
    720. Novel differential neuroproteomics analysis of traumatic brain injury in rats. (PubMed id 16801361)9 Kobeissy F.H....Wang K.K. (amp 2006)
    721. [Selection and quantitative detection of target genes in oral squamous cell carcinoma]. (PubMed id 17074177)9 Duan L.Q....Yan M. (Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2006)
    722. Quantification of total plasma cell-free DNA in ovarian cancer using real-time PCR. (PubMed id 17108216)9 Kamat A.A....Bischoff F.Z. (Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2006)
    723. Differential protein expression in the prefrontal white matter of human alcoholics: a proteomics study. (PubMed id 16172612)9 Alexander-Kaufman K....Matsumoto I. (Mol. Psychiatry 2006)
    724. Study of housekeeping gene expression in human keratinocytes using OLISA, a long-oligonucleotide microarray and q RT-PCR. (PubMed id 16581563)9 Bonnet-Duquennoy M....KurfA1rst R. (Eur J Dermatol 2006)
    725. The redox switch/redox coupling hypothesis. (PubMed id 16530294)9 CerdA!n S....GarcA-a-MartA-n M.L. (Neurochem. Int. 2006)
    726. Histological and cell biological characterization of dissected cartilage fragments in human osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle. (PubMed id 16738926)9 Aurich M....Mollenhauer J. (Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2006)
    727. Expression of the spermatogenic cell-specific glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDS) in rat testis. (PubMed id 16700075)9 Welch J.E....O'Brien D.A. (Mol. Reprod. Dev. 2006)
    728. High glucose protects single beating adult cardiomyocytes against hypoxia. (PubMed id 16412383)9 JovanoviA8 S....JovanoviA8 A. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2006)
    729. Development and characterization of an immobilized enzyme reactor (IMER) based on human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase for on-line enzymatic studies. (PubMed id 16297925)9 Cardoso C.L....Cass Q.B. (J Chromatogr A 2006)
    730. Susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy is related to dicarbonyl and oxidative stress. (PubMed id 16249455)9 Beisswenger P.J....Mauer M. (Diabetes 2005)
    731. Assembly and regulation of a glycolytic enzyme complex on the human erythrocyte membrane. (PubMed id 15701694)9 Campanella M.E....Low P.S. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005)
    732. Role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications: endothelial dysfunction, as a common underlying theme. (PubMed id 16356120)9 Pacher P. and SzabA^ C. (amp 2005)
    733. Proteomic analysis of the expression of proteins related to rice quality during caryopsis development and the effect of high temperature on expression. (PubMed id 15852341)9 Lin S.K....Lur H.S. (Proteomics 2005)
    734. Quantification of C13orf19/P38IP mRNA expression by quantitative real-time PCR in patients with urological malignancies. (PubMed id 15978328)9 Schmidt U....Wirth M.P. (Cancer Lett. 2005)
    735. Regulation of photosynthetic GAPDH dissected by mutants. (PubMed id 16055685)9 Sparla F....Trost P. (Plant Physiol. 2005)
    736. Validation of pharmacodynamic assays to evaluate the clinical efficacy of an antisense compound (AEG 35156) targeted to the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein XIAP. (PubMed id 15685240)9 Cummings J....Dive C. (Br. J. Cancer 2005)
    737. [Significance of dynamic detection of WT1 expression on monitoring minimal residual disease in leukemia patients following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation]. (PubMed id 15854547)9 Gu W.Y....Qian J. (Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2005)
    738. mRNA expression levels of (co)chaperone molecules of the glucocorticoid receptor are not involved in glucocorticoid resistance in pediatric ALL. (PubMed id 15759037)9 Tissing W.J....Pieters R. (Leukemia 2005)
    739. Housekeeping proteins: a preliminary study illustrating some limitations as useful references in protein expression studies. (PubMed id 15627964)9 Ferguson R.E....Banks R.E. (Proteomics 2005)
    740. Gene expression studies in prostate cancer tissue: which reference gene should be selected for normalization? (PubMed id 16211407)9 Ohl F....Jung K. (J. Mol. Med. 2005)
    741. Proteomic analysis of cellular response to osmotic stress in thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TALH) cells. (PubMed id 15975915)9 Dihazi H....MA1ller G.A. (amp 2005)
    742. Persistence of multiple tumor-specific T-cell clones is associated with complete tumor regression in a melanoma patient receiving adoptive cell transfer therapy. (PubMed id 15614045)9 Zhou J....Robbins P.F. (J. Immunother. 2005)
    743. Comparative proteomic analysis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 15986332)9 Qi Y....He Q.Y. (Proteomics 2005)
    744. Prooxidant action of hinokitiol: hinokitiol-iron dependent generation of reactive oxygen species. (PubMed id 16364055)9 Murakami K....Yoshino M. (amp 2005)
    745. Susceptibility of actin to modification by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal. (PubMed id 15886073)9 Ozeki M....Toyokuni S. (J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci. 2005)
    746. [A preliminary proteomic analysis of tauopathies]. (PubMed id 16009011)9 Yang G.F....Wang Q.S. (Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2005)
    747. Chlorine transfer between glycine, taurine, and histamine: reaction rates and impact on cellular reactivity. (PubMed id 15693173)9 Peskin A.V....Winterbourn C.C. (amp 2005)
    748. The role of Akt on arsenic trioxide suppression of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. (PubMed id 15916724)9 Wang Z.X....Chen Q. (Cell Res. 2005)
    749. Is the nephritogenic antigen in post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B) or GAPDH? (PubMed id 16105042)9 Batsford S.R....RodrA-guez-Iturbe B. (Kidney Int. 2005)
    750. Alternative splicing generates a CaM kinase IIbeta isoform in myocardium that targets the sarcoplasmic reticulum through a putative alphaKAP and regulates GAPDH. (PubMed id 15792370)9 Singh P....Tuana B.S. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2005)
    751. High-resolution mapping of genomic imbalance and identification of gene expression profiles associated with differential chemotherapy response in serous epithelial ovarian cancer. (PubMed id 16036111)9 Bernardini M....Macgregor P.F. (Neoplasia 2005)
    752. Proteomic detection of hydrogen peroxide-sensitive thiol proteins in Jurkat cells. (PubMed id 15801906)9 Baty J.W....Winterbourn C.C. (Biochem. J. 2005)
    753. Altered expression of CLC, DSG3, EMP3, S100A2, and SLPI in corneal epithelium from keratoconus patients. (PubMed id 16015083)9 Nielsen K....Orntoft T.F. (Cornea 2005)
    754. Phylogenetic relationships among ammonia-oxidizing bacteria as revealed by gene sequences of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and phosphoglycerate kinase. (PubMed id 16233833)9 Ida T....Tokuyama T. (J. Biosci. Bioeng. 2005)
    755. Translational regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in renal epithelial cells by angiotensin II. (PubMed id 15572520)9 Feliers D....Kasinath B.S. (Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 2005)
    756. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor/GAPDH complex augments Ca2+ release via locally derived NADH. (PubMed id 15677321)9 Patterson R.L....Snyder S.H. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005)
    757. Evaluation of reference genes for studies of gene expression in human adipose tissue. (PubMed id 15897472)9 Gabrielsson B.G....Carlsson L.M. (Obes. Res. 2005)
    758. Serum glucose concentration and ACP1 genotype in healthy adult subjects. (PubMed id 15988697)9 Iannaccone U....Gloria-Bottini F. (Metab. Clin. Exp. 2005)
    759. Transcriptome analysis of human gastric cancer. (PubMed id 16341674)9 Oh J.H.... Kim N.S. (Mamm. Genome 2005)
    760. Alterations in myocardial tissue factor expression and cellular localization in dilated cardiomyopathy. (PubMed id 15808768)9 Szotowski B....Rauch U. (J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2005)
    761. Multifaceted roles of glycolytic enzymes. (PubMed id 15752986)9 Kim J.W. and Dang C.V. (Trends Biochem. Sci. 2005)
    762. Pathogen elicitor-induced changes in the maize extracellular matrix proteome. (PubMed id 16281185)9 Chivasa S....Slabas A.R. (Proteomics 2005)
    763. Accumulation and nuclear import of HIF1 alpha during high and low oxygen concentration in skeletal muscle cells in primary culture. (PubMed id 15967517)9 Kubis H.P....Gros G. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2005)
    764. Normalization of gene expression measurements in tumor tissues: comparison of 13 endogenous control genes. (PubMed id 15543203)9 de Kok J.B....Span P.N. ( a journal of technical methods and pathology 2005)
    765. Glycolysis in Entamoeba histolytica. Biochemical characterization of recombinant glycolytic enzymes and flux control analysis. (PubMed id 15794763)9 Saavedra E....Moreno-SA!nchez R. (FEBS J. 2005)
    766. Evaluation of ST13 gene expression in colorectal cancer patients. (PubMed id 16358374)9 Dong Q.H....Ding J.Y. (J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2005)
    767. Reduction of cysteine sulfinic acid by sulfiredoxin is specific to 2- cys peroxiredoxins. (PubMed id 15590625)9 Woo H.A....Rhee S.G. (J. Biol. Chem. 2005)
    768. Proteome analysis of skeletal muscle from obese and morbidly obese women. (PubMed id 15855311)9 Hittel D.S....Houmard J.A. (Diabetes 2005)
    769. Disruption of endoplasmic reticulum calcium stores is involved in neuronal death induced by glycolysis inhibition in cultured hippocampal neurons. (PubMed id 16175570)9 HernA!ndez-Fonseca K. and Massieu L. (J. Neurosci. Res. 2005)
    770. Quantitation of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene messenger RNA in gliomas by means of real-time RT-PCR and clinical response to nitrosoureas. (PubMed id 16392037)9 Tanaka S....Kakimoto A. (Cell. Mol. Neurobiol. 2005)
    771. Rab2 purification and interaction with protein kinase C iota/lambda and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 16473604)9 Tisdale E.J. (Meth. Enzymol. 2005)
    772. The pathogenesis of diabetic complications: the role of DNA injury and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation in peroxynitrite-mediated cytotoxicity. (PubMed id 15962096)9 Kiss L. and SzabA^ C. (Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 2005)
    773. A novel CRM1-mediated nuclear export signal governs nuclear accumulation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase following genotoxic stress. (PubMed id 14617633)9 Brown V.M....Evans W.E. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    774. Real-time RT-PCR analysis of housekeeping genes in human skeletal muscle following acute exercise. (PubMed id 15161965)9 Mahoney D.J....Tarnopolsky M.A. (Physiol. Genomics 2004)
    775. Revival of inactive glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human cataract lenses by reduction. (PubMed id 15183105)9 Rachdan D....Harding J.J. (Exp. Eye Res. 2004)
    776. In situ-RT and immunolaser microdissection for mRNA analysis of individual cells isolated from epilepsy-associated glioneuronal tumors. (PubMed id 15311215)9 Fassunke J....Becker A.J. ( a journal of technical methods and pathology 2004)
    777. In vitro protective effect of Rhodiola rosea extract against hypochlorous acid-induced oxidative damage in human erythrocytes. (PubMed id 15665385)9 De Sanctis R....DachA M. (Biofactors 2004)
    778. Nitric oxide-induced oxidant stress in endothelial cells: amelioration by ascorbic acid. (PubMed id 15288814)9 May J.M. and Qu Z.C. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2004)
    779. Statistical modeling for selecting housekeeper genes. (PubMed id 15287981)9 Szabo A....Bernard P.S. (Genome Biol. 2004)
    780. Knock down of cytosolic phospholipase A2: an antisense oligonucleotide having a nuclear localization binds a C-terminal motif of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 15164760)9 Laktionov P....Tomasi V. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2004)
    781. Upregulated inducible co-stimulator (ICOS) and ICOS-ligand in inclusion body myositis muscle: significance for CD8+ T cell cytotoxicity. (PubMed id 15047591)9 Schmidt J....Dalakas M.C. (Brain 2004)
    782. Beneficial effects of chronic low-frequency stimulation of thigh muscles in patients with advanced chronic heart failure. (PubMed id 14720530)9 Nuhr M.J....Pacher R. (Eur. Heart J. 2004)
    783. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-S, a sperm-specific glycolytic enzyme, is required for sperm motility and male fertility. (PubMed id 15546993)9 Miki K....O'Brien D.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2004)
    784. Abnormal cell cycle regulation in primary human uveal melanoma cultures. (PubMed id 15660415)9 Pardo M....Capeans C. (J. Cell. Biochem. 2004)
    785. Evolutionary relatedness between glycolytic enzymes most frequently occurring in genomes. (PubMed id 15259764)9 OslancovA! A. and Janecek S. (Folia Microbiol. (Praha) 2004)
    786. A proteomic approach to identify early molecular targets of oxidative stress in human epithelial lens cells. (PubMed id 14678012)9 Paron I....Tell G. (Biochem. J. 2004)
    787. Chlorine transfer between glycine, taurine, and histamine: reaction rates and impact on cellular reactivity. (PubMed id 15477013)9 Peskin A.V....Winterbourn C.C. (amp 2004)
    788. IL-6 plays a critical role in the synergistic induction of human serum amyloid A (SAA) gene when stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines as analyzed with an SAA isoform real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay system. (PubMed id 14733913)9 Hagihara K....Yoshizaki K. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2004)
    789. Construction of human liver cancer vascular endothelium cDNA expression library and screening of the endothelium-associated antigen genes. (PubMed id 15133843)9 Zhong X....Yang Z.H. (World J. Gastroenterol. 2004)
    790. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a GABAA receptor kinase linking glycolysis to neuronal inhibition. (PubMed id 15342727)9 Laschet J.J....Pumain R. (J. Neurosci. 2004)
    791. Formation of amyloid fibers triggered by phosphatidylserine-containing membranes. (PubMed id 15301528)9 Zhao H....Kinnunen P.K. (Biochemistry 2004)
    792. [Molecular pathophysiology of late complications diabetes mellitus--hyperglycemia-induced changes]. (PubMed id 15633931)9 KankovA! K. (Vnitr Lek 2004)
    793. Histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate suppresses GAPDH mRNA expression in glioma cells. (PubMed id 15138583)9 Appelskog I.B....EkstrAPm T.J. (Int. J. Oncol. 2004)
    794. The cell wall subproteome of Listeria monocytogenes. (PubMed id 15378750)9 Schaumburg J....KAorst U. (Proteomics 2004)
    795. Quantitation of metalloproteinase gene expression in rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis synovial tissue distal and proximal to the cartilage-pannus junction. (PubMed id 15229943)9 Kane D....Fitzgerald O. (J. Rheumatol. 2004)
    796. PolyA PCR amplification of cDNA from RNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. (PubMed id 15322425)9 Byers R....Hoyland J. (Diagn. Mol. Pathol. 2004)
    797. Brownian dynamics of interactions between glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mutants and F-actin. (PubMed id 15048777)9 Waingeh V.F....Thomasson K.A. (Biopolymers 2004)
    798. Expression analysis of neuregulin-1 in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 14569272)9 Hashimoto R....Weinberger D.R. (Mol. Psychiatry 2004)
    799. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates causing hospital outbreaks in northern Italy belong to the multilocus sequence typing C1 lineage. (PubMed id 15256026)9 Bonora M.G....Fontana R. (Microb. Drug Resist. 2004)
    800. TPPP/p25: from unfolded protein to misfolding disease: prediction and experiments. (PubMed id 15567525)9 Orosz F....OvA!di J. (Biol. Cell 2004)
    801. Maldi-TOF analysis of portal sera of pancreatic cancer patients: identification of diabetogenic and antidiabetogenic peptides. (PubMed id 15115683)9 Valerio A....Plebani M. ( international journal of clinical chemistry 2004)
    802. Identification of major proteins in maize egg cells. (PubMed id 15564524)9 Okamoto T....Kranz E. (amp 2004)
    803. Housekeeping genes as internal standards in cancer research. (PubMed id 15527325)9 Janssens N....Bakker A. (Mol. Diagn. 2004)
    804. Identification of proteins in activated human neutrophils susceptible to tyrosyl radical attack. A proteomic study using a tyrosylating fluorophore. (PubMed id 15274135)9 Avram D....Wirtz K.W. (Proteomics 2004)
    805. 20S proteasome prevents aggregation of heat-denatured proteins without PA700 regulatory subcomplex like a molecular chaperone. (PubMed id 15244466)9 Yano M....Kido H. (Biomacromolecules 2004)
    806. Glycolytic enzymes associated with the cell surface of Streptococcus pneumoniae are antigenic in humans and elicit protective immune responses in the mouse. (PubMed id 15498039)9 Ling E....Mizrachi-Nebenzahl Y. (Clin. Exp. Immunol. 2004)
    807. A putative mitochondrial mechanism for antioxidative cytoprotection by 17beta-estradiol. (PubMed id 15051475)9 Moor A.N....Cammarata P.R. (Exp. Eye Res. 2004)
    808. Clinical significance of the loss of KiSS-1 and orphan G-protein- coupled receptor (hOT7T175) gene expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 14977840)9 Ikeguchi M.... Kaibara N. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2004)
    809. Glutathione-dependent reduction of arsenate in human erythrocytes--a process independent of purine nucleoside phosphorylase. (PubMed id 15470234)9 NAcmeti B. and Gregus Z. (Toxicol. Sci. 2004)
    810. Real time PCR for monitoring regulation of host gene expression in herpes simplex virus type 1-infected human diploid cells. (PubMed id 15081603)9 NystrAPm K....Olofsson S. (J. Virol. Methods 2004)
    811. Validation of internal control genes for gene expression analysis in diabetic glomerulosclerosis. (PubMed id 15569320)9 Biederman J....Cortes P. (Kidney Int. 2004)
    812. Phosphoglycerate mutase-derived polypeptide inhibits glycolytic flux and induces cell growth arrest in tumor cell lines. (PubMed id 15181008)9 Engel M....Welter C. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    813. Identification of intracellular target proteins of the calcium-signaling protein S100A12. (PubMed id 15355353)9 Hatakeyama T....Kobayashi R. (Eur. J. Biochem. 2004)
    814. Activation of NFkappaB represents the central event in the neoplastic progression associated with Barrett's esophagus: a possible link to the inflammation and overexpression of COX-2, PPARgamma and growth factors. (PubMed id 15387324)9 Konturek P.C....MA1hldorfer S. (Dig. Dis. Sci. 2004)
    815. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as a target for small-molecule disease-modifying therapies in human neurodegenerative disorders. (PubMed id 15486605)9 Berry M.D. (amp 2004)
    816. Diphenyleneiodonium inhibits the cell redox metabolism and induces oxidative stress. (PubMed id 15358777)9 Riganti C....Ghigo D. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004)
    817. New aspects of altitude adaptation in Tibetans: a proteomic approach. (PubMed id 14734630)9 Gelfi C....Cerretelli P. (FASEB J. 2004)
    818. Hydrophobic interaction chromatography coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometric detection Effect of the denaturation on the determination of thiolic proteins. (PubMed id 18969444)9 Bramanti E....D'Ulivo A. (Talanta 2004)
    819. The bioenergetic signature of lung adenocarcinomas is a molecular marker of cancer diagnosis and prognosis. (PubMed id 14963017)9 Cuezva J.M....Beer D.G. (Carcinogenesis 2004)
    820. Disclosure of a pro-apoptotic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter: anti-dementia drugs depress its activation in apoptosis. (PubMed id 15094325)9 Tsuchiya K....Ishitani R. (Life Sci. 2004)
    821. Glyceraldehyde-derived advanced glycation end products in Alzheimer's disease. (PubMed id 15221334)9 Choei H....Saito T. (Acta Neuropathol. 2004)
    822. Inhibin, activin, follistatin, activin receptors and beta-glycan gene expression in the placental tissue of patients with pre-eclampsia. (PubMed id 12651901)9 Casagrandi D....Muttukrishna S. (Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2003)
    823. Using RNA interference to manipulate endogenous gene expression in Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts. (PubMed id 12742587)9 Boyle J.P....Yoshino T.P. (Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 2003)
    824. New insights on oxidative stress and diabetic complications may lead to a &quot;causal&quot; antioxidant therapy. (PubMed id 12716823)9 Ceriello A. (Diabetes Care 2003)
    825. The role of reactive oxygen species in the anticancer activity of vitamin D. (PubMed id 12899535)9 Ravid A. and Koren R. (Recent Results Cancer Res. 2003)
    826. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and endothelin-1 immunoreactivity is associated with cerebral white matter damage in dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy. (PubMed id 12722924)9 Shiozawa M....Wada Y. (Neuropathology 2003)
    827. Identification and characterization of heme-interacting proteins in the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. (PubMed id 12748176)9 Campanale N....Tilley L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003)
    828. Glutathione-thiyl radical scavenging and transferase properties of human glutaredoxin (thioltransferase). Potential role in redox signal transduction. (PubMed id 12556467)9 Starke D.W....Mieyal J.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003)
    829. Neuroprotection by deprenyl and other propargylamines: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase rather than monoamine oxidase B. (PubMed id 12721812)9 Tatton W....Tatton N. (J Neural Transm 2003)
    830. Neuroprotective actions of Selegiline in inhibiting 1-methyl, 4-phenyl, pyridinium ion (MPP+)-induced apoptosis in SK-N-SH neurons. (PubMed id 14724376)9 Sharma S.K....Ebadi M. (J. Neurocytol. 2003)
    831. Optimization of quantitative real-time RT-PCR parameters for the study of lymphoid malignancies. (PubMed id 12682639)9 Lossos I.S....Levy R. (Leukemia 2003)
    832. mRNA-expression of often used house-keeping genes and the relation between RNA and DNA are sex steroid-dependent parameters in human myometrium and fibroids. (PubMed id 12904697)9 Wu X....Blanck A. (Gynecol. Obstet. Invest. 2003)
    833. Proteome analysis of lens epithelia, fibers, and the HLE B-3 cell line. (PubMed id 14578405)9 Wang-Su S.T....Wagner B.J. (amp 2003)
    834. [Apolipoprotein E gene expression in peripheral blood monocyte in children with obesity]. (PubMed id 14731357)9 Xiang W....Wang F.L. (Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2003)
    835. ALDH1 mRNA: presence in human dopamine neurons and decreases in substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease and in the ventral tegmental area in schizophrenia. (PubMed id 14678778)9 Galter D....Olson L. (Neurobiol. Dis. 2003)
    836. Structure of rabbit-muscle glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 14646080)9 Cowan-Jacob S.W....GrA1tter M.G. (Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. 2003)
    837. RT-PCR amplification of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded oral cancer sections: analysis of p53 pathway. (PubMed id 12926130)9 Tachibana M....Fujimori T. (Anticancer Res. 2003)
    838. Detecting homozygous deletions in the CDKN2A(p16(INK4a))/ARF(p14(ARF)) gene in urinary bladder cancer using real-time quantitative PCR. (PubMed id 12538475)9 Berggren P....Hemminki K. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2003)
    839. Therapeutic potential of superoxide dismutase mimetics as therapeutic agents in critical care medicine. (PubMed id 12544974)9 Salvemini D. and Cuzzocrea S. (Crit. Care Med. 2003)
    840. Alpha-oxoaldehyde metabolism and diabetic complications. (PubMed id 14641063)9 Beisswenger P.J....Szwergold B.S. (Biochem. Soc. Trans. 2003)
    841. Normalization of reverse transcription quantitative-PCR with housekeeping genes in rice. (PubMed id 14677714)9 Kim B.R....Chang Y.J. (Biotechnol. Lett. 2003)
    842. [Relationship between expressions of GATA-3 and interleukin-5 in nasal polyps]. (PubMed id 12930694)9 Li H.B....Liu Z.Y. (Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2003)
    843. Gene expression of nitric oxide synthase by human umbilical vein endothelial cells: the effect of fetal plasma from pregnancy with umbilical placental vascular disease. (PubMed id 12504936)9 Wang X....Trudinger B. (BJOG 2003)
    844. A model of phosphofructokinase and glycolytic oscillations in the pancreatic beta-cell. (PubMed id 12829470)9 Westermark P.O. and Lansner A. (Biophys. J. 2003)
    845. Molecular characterization of BCL6 breakpoints in primary diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of the central nervous system identifies GAPD as novel translocation partner. (PubMed id 14655758)9 Montesinos-Rongen M....Deckert M. (Brain Pathol. 2003)
    846. Ascorbate-induced oxidation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 12914777)9 Schmalhausen E.V....Muronetz V.I. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2003)
    847. Nitric oxide induces apoptosis via hydrogen peroxide, but necrosis via energy and thiol depletion. (PubMed id 14642394)9 Borutaite V. and Brown G.C. (amp 2003)
    848. Acceleration of glycolysis in the presence of the non-phosphorylating and the oxidized phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases. (PubMed id 12882642)9 Dan'shina P.V....Muronetz V.I. (Biochemistry Mosc. 2003)
    849. Evaluation of carcinoembryonic antigen mRNA in living, necrotic, and apoptotic gastric cancer cells by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. (PubMed id 14605956)9 Kojima N....Saji S. (Surg. Today 2003)
    850. Protein and gene expression of tumor-associated antigen RCAS1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 14534714)9 Ikeguchi M....Kaibara N. (Oncol. Rep. 2003)
    851. The treatment of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes with chloroquine leads to accumulation of ferriprotoporphyrin IX bound to particular parasite proteins and to the inhibition of the parasite's 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 12669348)9 Famin O. and Ginsburg H. (Parasite 2003)
    852. The possible physiological function of thioltransferase in cells. (PubMed id 12958160)9 Xing K. and Lou M.F. (FASEB J. 2003)
    853. Quantifying mRNA in postmortem human brain: influence of gender, age at death, postmortem interval, brain pH, agonal state and inter-lobe mRNA variance. (PubMed id 14559355)9 Preece P. and Cairns N.J. (Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 2003)
    854. Proapoptotic protein glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: a possible site of action of antiapoptotic drugs. (PubMed id 12657368)9 Ishitani R....Katsube N. (amp 2003)
    855. Multiple pathways of peroxynitrite cytotoxicity. (PubMed id 12676456)9 SzabA^ C. (Toxicol. Lett. 2003)
    856. Functional and biochemical properties of chronically stimulated human skeletal muscle. (PubMed id 12665986)9 Nuhr M....Pette D. (Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2003)
    857. Gene expression profiling of melanocytic lesions. (PubMed id 12544092)9 Seykora J.T....Elder D.E. (Am J Dermatopathol 2003)
    858. Distribution and phylogenies of enzymes of the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway from archaea and hyperthermophilic bacteria support a gluconeogenic origin of metabolism. (PubMed id 15803666)9 Ronimus R.S. and Morgan H.W. (Archaea 2003)
    859. Antioxidant metabolism during acclimation of Begonia x erythrophylla to high light levels. (PubMed id 12730064)9 Burritt D.J. and Mackenzie S. (Ann. Bot. 2003)
    860. Rapamycin induces Smad activity in prostate cancer cell lines. (PubMed id 12599018)9 van der Poel H.G....Simons J.W. (Urol. Res. 2003)
    861. Identification of genes differentially expressed in a newly isolated human metastasizing esophageal cancer cell line, T.Tn-AT1, by cDNA microarray. (PubMed id 12901795)9 Kawamata H....Fujimori T. (Cancer Sci. 2003)
    862. Temporal expression of CD44 during embryonic chick limb development and modulation of its expression with retinoic acid. (PubMed id 11827792)9 Rousche K.T. and Knudson C.B. (Matrix Biol. 2002)
    863. Mechanisms of endothelial survival under shear stress. (PubMed id 12200960)9 Desai S.Y....Janigro D. (Endothelium 2002)
    864. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction: normalization to rRNA or single housekeeping genes is inappropriate for human tissue biopsies. (PubMed id 12413463)9 Tricarico C....Orlando C. (Anal. Biochem. 2002)
    865. Pyruvate restores contractile function and antioxidant defenses of hydrogen peroxide-challenged myocardium. (PubMed id 12392891)9 Mallet R.T....Sun J. (J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 2002)
    866. High bad and bcl-xL gene expression and combined bad, bcl-xL, bax and bcl-2 mRNA levels: molecular predictors for survival of stage 2 soft tissue sarcoma patients. (PubMed id 12168836)9 KAPhler T....Taubert H. (Anticancer Res. 2002)
    867. [Lactate Dehydrogenase M subunit deficiency]. (PubMed id 12166075)9 Sudo K. (Rinsho Byori 2002)
    868. Monitoring of cDNA microarray with common primer target and hybridization specificity with selected targets. (PubMed id 11911655)9 Hu L....Zhang W. (BioTechniques 2002)
    869. [Expression of osteopontin mRNA and its protein in colorectal cancer and liver metastatic tissues]. (PubMed id 12181091)9 Ding L....Cao J. (Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2002)
    870. Leptin: a new growth factor for the small intestine. (PubMed id 11877642)9 Alavi K....Funanage V. (J. Pediatr. Surg. 2002)
    871. Fat depot origin affects adipogenesis in primary cultured and cloned human preadipocytes. (PubMed id 11959668)9 Tchkonia T....Kirkland J.L. (Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 2002)
    872. Differential alteration of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA in the central nervous system of hens treated with diisopropylphosphorofluoridate (DFP). (PubMed id 11792468)9 Damodaran T.V....Abou-Donia M.B. (Neurochem. Int. 2002)
    873. Effects of thermal denaturation on protein glycation. (PubMed id 12002523)9 Seidler N.W. and Yeargans G.S. (Life Sci. 2002)
    874. mRNA-specific reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from human tissue extracts. (PubMed id 12202248)9 Hurteau G.J. and Spivack S.D. (Anal. Biochem. 2002)
    875. RNA-protein interactions of the 3' untranslated regions of myosin heavy chain transcripts. (PubMed id 12416718)9 Kiri A. and Goldspink G. (J. Muscle Res. Cell. Motil. 2002)
    876. Clinical significance of thymidylate synthase expression in bladder cancer. (PubMed id 12165018)9 Nomura T....Nomura Y. (Int. J. Urol. 2002)
    877. Protein glutathionylation: coupling and uncoupling of glutathione to protein thiol groups in lymphocytes under oxidative stress and HIV infection. (PubMed id 11841837)9 Ghezzi P....Herzenberg L.A. (Mol. Immunol. 2002)
    878. Inactivation of cellular enzymes by carbonyls and protein-bound glycation/glycoxidation products. (PubMed id 12139975)9 Morgan P.E....Davies M.J. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2002)
    879. Enhanced gene expression in breast cancer cells in vitro and tumors in vivo. (PubMed id 12498774)9 Lu H....Templeton N.S. (Mol. Ther. 2002)
    880. Enhancement of glycolysis in cardiomyocytes elevates endothelin-1 expression through the transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha. (PubMed id 12193088)9 Kakinuma Y....Yamaguchi I. (Clin. Sci. 2002)
    881. S-glutathionylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: role of thiol oxidation and catalysis by glutaredoxin. (PubMed id 11885270)9 Cotgreave I.A....Lind C. (Meth. Enzymol. 2002)
    882. Identification of underexpressed genes in early- and late-stage primary ovarian tumors by suppression subtraction hybridization. (PubMed id 11782386)9 Shridhar V....Smith D.I. (Cancer Res. 2002)
    883. Control genes and variability: absence of ubiquitous reference transcripts in diverse mammalian expression studies. (PubMed id 11827948)9 Lee P.D....Hudson T.J. (Genome Res. 2002)
    884. Identification of an additional hypoxia responsive element in the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene promoter. (PubMed id 11955624)9 Lu S....Epner D.E. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2002)
    885. Upregulation of nerve growth factor expression by human airway smooth muscle cells in inflammatory conditions. (PubMed id 12212982)9 Freund V....Frossard N. (Eur. Respir. J. 2002)
    886. Interactions of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 11869830)9 Hayes J.P. and Tipton K.F. (Toxicol. Lett. 2002)
    887. Assessment and application of laser microdissection for analysis of gene expression in the rhesus monkey endometrium. (PubMed id 12297519)9 Torres M.S....Okulicz W.C. (Biol. Reprod. 2002)
    888. Acrylonitrile irreversibly inactivates glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by alkylating the catalytically active cysteine 149. (PubMed id 12204582)9 Campian E.C....Benz F.W. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 2002)
    889. Eutopic overexpression of vasopressin v1a receptor in adrenocorticotropin-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia. (PubMed id 12466375)9 Mune T....Yasuda K. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2002)
    890. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) mediates a delayed host shutoff independent of open reading frame (ORF) 17 expression. (PubMed id 11928988)9 Waterboer T....Wolff M.H. (Virus Genes 2002)
    891. Effect of H(2)O(2)on human lens epithelial cells and the possible mechanism for oxidative damage repair by thioltransferase. (PubMed id 11878824)9 Xing K.Y. and Lou M.F. (Exp. Eye Res. 2002)
    892. Inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by peptide and protein peroxides generated by singlet oxygen attack. (PubMed id 11952793)9 Morgan P.E....Davies M.J. (Eur. J. Biochem. 2002)
    893. Overexpression of osteopontin in hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 11940202)9 Gotoh M....Hirohashi S. (Pathol. Int. 2002)
    894. Syncytin, a novel human endogenous retroviral gene in human placenta: evidence for its dysregulation in preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome. (PubMed id 11854637)9 Knerr I....Rascher W. (Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2002)
    895. Propargylamines induce antiapoptotic new protein synthesis in serum- and nerve growth factor (NGF)-withdrawn, NGF-differentiated PC-12 cells. (PubMed id 11961082)9 Tatton W.G....Tatton N.A. (J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2002)
    896. Determination of galectin-3 messenger ribonucleic Acid overexpression in papillary thyroid cancer by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. (PubMed id 12364475)9 Bernet V.J....Ringel M.D. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2002)
    897. Co-existence of two regulatory NADP-glyceraldehyde 3-P dehydrogenase complexes in higher plant chloroplasts. (PubMed id 12423361)9 Scheibe R....Sauermann S.M. (Eur. J. Biochem. 2002)
    898. Monoamine oxidase expression and activity in human placentae from pre-eclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. (PubMed id 11945082)9 Sivasubramaniam S.D....Billett E.E. (Placenta 2002)
    899. Altered protein expression of Streptococcus oralis cultured at low pH revealed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. (PubMed id 11472910)9 Wilkins J.C....Beighton D. (Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2001)
    900. Iodoacetate protects hippocampal neurons against excitotoxic and oxidative injury: involvement of heat-shock proteins and Bcl-2. (PubMed id 11677264)9 Guo Z....Mattson M. (J. Neurochem. 2001)
    901. Variants of peroxiredoxins expression in response to hydroperoxide stress. (PubMed id 11295360)9 Mitsumoto A....Nakagawa Y. (amp 2001)
    902. Vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA synthesis by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction. (PubMed id 11690665)9 Sasaki Y....Dohi K. (Int. J. Cardiol. 2001)
    903. Mechanisms by which high-dose estrogen therapy produces anabolic skeletal effects in postmenopausal women: role of locally produced growth factors. (PubMed id 11557364)9 Bord S....Compston J.E. (Bone 2001)
    904. Vitamin D is a prooxidant in breast cancer cells. (PubMed id 11245448)9 Koren R....Ravid A. (Cancer Res. 2001)
    905. Engineered nonphosphorylating glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase at position 268 binds hydroxylamine and hydrazine as acyl acceptors. (PubMed id 11722561)9 Marchal S. and Branlant G. (Eur. J. Biochem. 2001)
    906. Effects of nicotinamide coenzymes on the stability of enzyme activities and proteins in niacin-deficient quail tissues against trypsin treatment. (PubMed id 11163309)9 Park I.K. and Koh Y.H. (amp 2001)
    907. Alterations of repeated sequences in 5' upstream and coding regions in colorectal tumors from patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and Turcot syndrome. (PubMed id 11526511)9 Miyaki M....Iwama T. (Oncogene 2001)
    908. A novel protein complex distinct from mismatch repair binds thioguanylated DNA. (PubMed id 11160874)9 Krynetski E.Y....Evans W.E. (Mol. Pharmacol. 2001)
    909. [Conformational flexibility of enzyme active sites]. (PubMed id 12545769)9 Zou C.L. (Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan 2001)
    910. Expression of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-responsive element binding protein and inducible-cAMP early repressor genes in growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas with or without mutations of the Gsalpha gene. (PubMed id 11344215)9 Peri A....Spada A. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001)
    911. Developmental sex differences in glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD(65)) and the housekeeping gene, GAPDH. (PubMed id 11743950)9 Perrot-Sinal T.S....McCarthy M.M. (Brain Res. 2001)
    912. Nitric oxide: one of the more conserved and widespread signaling molecules. (PubMed id 11578977)9 Torreilles J. (Front. Biosci. 2001)
    913. Thymidylate synthase gene expression in primary colorectal cancer and metastatic sites. (PubMed id 12450430)9 Yamada H....Hirayama R. (Clin Colorectal Cancer 2001)
    914. Nitric oxide: biologic effects on muscle and role in muscle diseases. (PubMed id 11525879)9 Kaminski H.J. and Andrade F.H. (Neuromuscul. Disord. 2001)
    915. Quantitative measurement of thyroglobulin mRNA in peripheral blood of patients after total thyroidectomy. (PubMed id 11437410)9 Takano T....Amino N. (Br. J. Cancer 2001)
    916. A retro-inverso peptide homologous to helix 1 of c-Myc is a potent and specific inhibitor of proliferation in different cellular systems. (PubMed id 11099487)9 Pescarolo M.P....Parodi S. (FASEB J. 2001)
    917. Analysis of the serologic response to systemic Candida albicans infection in a murine model. (PubMed id 11681208)9 Pitarch A....Nombela C. (Proteomics 2001)
    918. Molecular basis of neuroprotective activities of rasagiline and the anti-Alzheimer drug TV3326 [(N-propargyl-(3R)aminoindan-5-YL)-ethyl methyl carbamate]. (PubMed id 12043833)9 Youdim M.B. and Weinstock M. (Cell. Mol. Neurobiol. 2001)
    919. Gene expression of adrenomedullin, leptin, their receptors and neuropeptide Y in hormone-secreting and non-functioning pituitary adenomas, meningiomas and malignant intracranial tumours in humans. (PubMed id 11489141)9 Knerr I....Rascher W. (Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. 2001)
    920. Two-dimensional electrophoresis and characterization of antigens from Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. (PubMed id 11418327)9 da Fonseca C.A....Soares C.M. (Microbes Infect. 2001)
    921. The Rossmann fold of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a nuclear docking site for antisense oligonucleotides containing a TAAAT motif. (PubMed id 11341957)9 Griffoni C....Tomasi V. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2001)
    922. NO message from muscle. (PubMed id 11747089)9 Grozdanovic Z. (Microsc. Res. Tech. 2001)
    923. [The contribution of invertebrate study to the biology of nitric oxide]. (PubMed id 11938558)9 Torreilles J. and GuAcrin M.C. (J. Soc. Biol. 2001)
    924. Eotaxin-3 but not eotaxin gene expression is upregulated in asthmatics 24 hours after allergen challenge. (PubMed id 11415932)9 Berkman N....Breuer R. (Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2001)
    925. Extra c-myc oncogene copies in high risk cutaneous malignant melanoma and melanoma metastases. (PubMed id 11139316)9 Kraehn G.M....Peter R.U. (Br. J. Cancer 2001)
    926. Novel effect of leptin on small intestine adaptation. (PubMed id 11341798)9 Pearson P.Y....Schwartz M.Z. (J. Surg. Res. 2001)
    927. Bim-23244, a somatostatin receptor subtype 2- and 5-selective analog with enhanced efficacy in suppressing growth hormone (GH) from octreotide-resistant human GH-secreting adenomas. (PubMed id 11231991)9 Saveanu A....Jaquet P. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2001)
    928. A disubstituted NAD+ analogue is a nanomolar inhibitor of trypanosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 11206479)9 Kennedy K.J....Gelb M.H. (amp 2001)
    929. Ribosomal 18S RNA prevails over glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and beta-actin genes as internal standard for quantitative comparison of mRNA levels in invasive and noninvasive human melanoma cell subpopulations. (PubMed id 11476540)9 Goidin D....Berthier-Vergnes O. (Anal. Biochem. 2001)
    930. Zinc and disease of the brain. (PubMed id 11831557)9 Koh J.Y. (Mol. Neurobiol. 2001)
    931. Degranulation influences heparin-associated inhibition of RT-PCR in human lung mast cells. (PubMed id 11678865)9 Glaum M.C....Schulman E.S. (Clin. Exp. Allergy 2001)
    932. Influence of DNA target melting behavior on real-time PCR quantification. (PubMed id 11067807)9 Wilhelm J....Pingoud A. (Clin. Chem. 2000)
    933. Enzymes and membrane proteins of ADSOL-preserved red blood cells. (PubMed id 10772695)9 Leonart M.S....Barretto O.C. (Sao Paulo Med J 2000)
    934. Fructose induced deactivation of antioxidant enzymes: preventive effect of pyruvate. (PubMed id 10826918)9 Zhao W....Varma S.D. (Free Radic. Res. 2000)
    935. H2O2-induced block of glycolysis as an active ADP-ribosylation reaction protecting cells from apoptosis. (PubMed id 11053248)9 Colussi C....Ghibelli L. (FASEB J. 2000)
    936. Overexpression of phospholipase Cbeta-1 protects NIH3T3 cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death. (PubMed id 10968412)9 Lee Y.H....Kim J.H. (Life Sci. 2000)
    937. Expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the failing human heart: comparison of recent-onset and end-stage congestive heart failure. (PubMed id 11008069)9 Kubota T....McNamara D.M. (J. Heart Lung Transplant. 2000)
    938. Thiol regulation in the lens. (PubMed id 10803424)9 Lou M.F. (J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2000)
    939. Production of Sm37-GAPDH, a major therapeutical target in human schistosomiasis. (PubMed id 10712729)9 Argiro L....Romette J.L. (Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2000)
    940. Decreased expression of corticotropin-releasing factor-binding protein mRNA in ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas. (PubMed id 10768834)9 Dieterich K.D. and Lehnert H. (amp 2000)
    941. Genes upregulated in the human trabecular meshwork in response to elevated intraocular pressure. (PubMed id 10670462)9 Gonzalez P....BorrA!s T. (amp 2000)
    942. The NAD+ precursors, nicotinic acid and nicotinamide protect cells against apoptosis induced by a multiple stress inducer, deoxycholate. (PubMed id 10745276)9 Crowley C.L....Roe D. (Cell Death Differ. 2000)
    943. Human glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-2 gene is expressed specifically in spermatogenic cells. (PubMed id 10714828)9 Welch J.E.... Eddy E.M. (J. Androl. 2000)
    944. Epigenetic regulation of gene expression in cervical cancer cells by the tumor microenvironment. (PubMed id 10690527)9 Denko N.C....Giaccia A.J. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2000)
    945. Increased caspase 3 and Bax immunoreactivity accompany nuclear GAPDH translocation and neuronal apoptosis in Parkinson's disease. (PubMed id 11031081)9 Tatton N.A. (Exp. Neurol. 2000)
    946. Cytokine profiles in eye muscle tissue and orbital fat tissue from patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. (PubMed id 10720061)9 Hiromatsu Y....Inoue Y. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2000)
    947. Mitochondrial ATP synthase 6 as an endogenous control in the quantitative RT-PCR analysis of clinical cancer samples. (PubMed id 10837088)9 Gerard C.J....Macina R.A. (Mol. Diagn. 2000)
    948. Nitric oxide inactivates glyoxalase I in cooperation with glutathione. (PubMed id 11011147)9 Mitsumoto A....Nakagawa Y. (J. Biochem. 2000)
    949. Oxidative stress and S-nitrosylation of proteins in cells. (PubMed id 10696095)9 BeltrA!n B....Moncada S. (Br. J. Pharmacol. 2000)
    950. Methylglyoxal-induced apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma: potential modality for prostate cancer treatment. (PubMed id 10828676)9 Milanesa D.M....Konno S. (Eur. Urol. 2000)
    951. Glutamine synthetase, hemoglobin alpha-chain, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor binding to amyloid beta-protein: their identification in rat brain by a novel affinity chromatography and in Alzheimer's disease brain by immunoprecipitation. (PubMed id 11004532)9 Oyama R....Titani K. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2000)
    952. Modulation of lens glycolytic pathway by thioltransferase. (PubMed id 10843779)9 Qiao F....Lou M.F. (Exp. Eye Res. 2000)
    953. Gene expression profiles in thyroid carcinomas. (PubMed id 11076659)9 Takano T....Amino N. (Br. J. Cancer 2000)
    954. Hyperinducibility of hypoxia-responsive genes without p53/p21-dependent checkpoint in aggressive prostate cancer. (PubMed id 11059752)9 Salnikow K....Blagosklonny M.V. (Cancer Res. 2000)
    955. Novel application of S-nitrosoglutathione-Sepharose to identify proteins that are potential targets for S-nitrosoglutathione-induced mixed-disulphide formation. (PubMed id 10880356)9 Klatt P....Lamas S. (Biochem. J. 2000)
    956. Tryptophan phosphorescence as a monitor of protein conformation in molecular films. (PubMed id 11419643)9 Strambini E.G. and Strambini G.B. (amp 2000)
    957. Oxygen and acrylamide quenching of protein phosphorescence: correlation with protein dynamics. (PubMed id 11036966)9 Cioni P. (Biophys. Chem. 2000)
    958. Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in a rodent model with the intestinal growth factor glucagon-like peptide-2. (PubMed id 10873024)9 Alavi K....Prasad R. (J. Pediatr. Surg. 2000)
    959. Nitric oxide modifies glycolytic pathways in cultured human synoviocytes. (PubMed id 10805962)9 Borderie D....Hernvann A. (Cell Biol. Int. 2000)
    960. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha exerts dual effects on human adipose leptin synthesis and release. (PubMed id 10687854)9 Zhang H.H....Eggo M.C. (Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 2000)
    961. Living with a killer: the effects of hypochlorous acid on mammalian cells. (PubMed id 11327319)9 Pullar J.M....Winterbourn C.C. (IUBMB Life 2000)
    962. Sequence and characterization of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Mycobacterium avium: correlation with an epidermal growth factor binding protein. (PubMed id 10702355)9 Parker A.E. and Bermudez L.E. (Microb. Pathog. 2000)
    963. Split gene origin and periodic introns. (PubMed id 11093833)9 Elder D. (J. Theor. Biol. 2000)
    964. Rapid screening of specific changes in mRNA in thyroid carcinomas by sequence specific-differential display: decreased expression of acid ceramidase mRNA in malignant and benign thyroid tumors. (PubMed id 10328219)9 Maeda I....Amino N. (Int. J. Cancer 1999)
    965. Inactivation of creatine kinase induced by dopa and dopamine in the presence of ferrylmyoglobin. (PubMed id 10597901)9 Miura T....Fujimoto Y. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 1999)
    966. Down-regulation of L-type calcium channel and sarcoplasmic reticular Ca(2+)-ATPase mRNA in human atrial fibrillation without significant change in the mRNA of ryanodine receptor, calsequestrin and phospholamban: an insight into the mechanism of atrial electrical remodeling. (PubMed id 10193721)9 Lai L.P....Lien W.P. (J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 1999)
    967. Vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor mRNA expression in patients with chronic hepatitis C and hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 9917513)9 Shimoda K....Barnard G.F. (Int. J. Oncol. 1999)
    968. Overexpression and simple purification of human superoxide dismutase (SOD1) in yeast and its resistance to oxidative stress. (PubMed id 10036768)9 Yoo H.Y....Rho H.M. (J. Biotechnol. 1999)
    969. Distinct glycolysis inhibitors determine retinal cell sensitivity to glutamate-mediated injury. (PubMed id 10215508)9 Rego A.C....Oliveira C.R. (Neurochem. Res. 1999)
    970. Mechanism of metabolite transfer in coupled two-enzyme reactions involving aldolase. (PubMed id 10336621)9 Pettersson H. and Pettersson G. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1999)
    971. Clinical strains of Candida albicans express the surface antigen glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in vitro and in infected tissues. (PubMed id 10219595)9 Gil M.L....MartA-nez J.P. (FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 1999)
    972. Approaches to post-testicular contraception. (PubMed id 11225901)9 Cooper T.G. and Yeung C.H. (Asian J. Androl. 1999)
    973. Inhibition of select mitochondrial enzymes in PC12 cells exposed to S-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl)-L-cysteine. (PubMed id 10535746)9 Park L.C....Cooper A.J. (Biochem. Pharmacol. 1999)
    974. Reduced mRNA expression of the DNA demethylase, MBD2, in human colorectal and stomach cancers. (PubMed id 10544038)9 Kanai Y....Hirohashi S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1999)
    975. Gene expression of proteins influencing the calcium homeostasis in patients with persistent and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. (PubMed id 10533580)9 Brundel B.J....Crijns H.J. (Cardiovasc. Res. 1999)
    976. Simultaneous in vivo quantitation of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA splice variants. (PubMed id 10213909)9 Renner W. and Pilger E. (J. Vasc. Res. 1999)
    977. Autoantibodies to La/SSB in patients with primary SjAPgren's syndrome (pSS) are associated with upregulation of La/SSB mRNA in minor salivary gland biopsies (MSGs). (PubMed id 10585759)9 Tzioufas A.G....Moutsopoulos H.M. (J. Autoimmun. 1999)
    978. Increased glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase levels in the brain of patients with Down's syndrome. (PubMed id 10025719)9 Lubec G....Fountoulakis M. (Neurosci. Lett. 1999)
    979. Pro-oxidating properties of melatonin in the in vitro interaction with the singlet oxygen. (PubMed id 10596722)9 Medina-Navarro R....Hicks J.J. (Endocr. Res. 1999)
    980. Can correction of sub-optimal coenzyme Q status improve beta-cell function in type II diabetics? (PubMed id 10416946)9 McCarty M.F. (Med. Hypotheses 1999)
    981. [Influence of transforming growth factor-beta1 on actin in cultured human trabecular cells]. (PubMed id 11835802)9 Zhong L. and Li M. (Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 1999)
    982. A comparison of various &quot;housekeeping&quot; probes for northern analysis of normal and osteoarthritic articular cartilage RNA. (PubMed id 10772538)9 Matyas J.R....Adams M.E. (Connect. Tissue Res. 1999)
    983. Histone deacetylase inhibition selectively alters the activity and expression of cell cycle proteins leading to specific chromatin acetylation and antiproliferative effects. (PubMed id 10574969)9 Sambucetti L.C....Cohen D. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999)
    984. Direct comparison of GAPDH, beta-actin, cyclophilin, and 28S rRNA as internal standards for quantifying RNA levels under hypoxia. (PubMed id 10364451)9 Zhong H. and Simons J.W. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1999)
    985. Identification and expression of delta-isoforms of the multifunctional Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase in failing and nonfailing human myocardium. (PubMed id 10189359)9 Hoch B.... Karczewski P. (Circ. Res. 1999)
    986. Application of mercury cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry to the characterization of mercury-accessible -SH groups in native proteins. (PubMed id 10527512)9 Bramanti E....Raspi G. (Anal. Biochem. 1999)
    987. Photodynamically induced effects in colon carcinoma cells (WiDr) by endogenous photosensitizers generated by incubation with 5-aminolaevulinic acid. (PubMed id 10392465)9 Gederaas O.A....Dubbelman T.M. (J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 1999)
    988. Norepinephrine, tri-iodothyronine and insulin upregulate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA during Brown adipocyte differentiation. (PubMed id 10427161)9 Barroso I....Santisteban P. (Eur. J. Endocrinol. 1999)
    989. Progressive association of a &quot;soluble&quot; glycolytic enzyme with the detergent-insoluble cytoskeleton during in vitro morphogenesis of MDCK epithelial cells. (PubMed id 10506748)9 Cao F....Burke J.M. (Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton 1999)
    990. Sensitivity to extrinsically supplied interferon and the endogenous expression of interferon in melanoma cell lines. (PubMed id 10596911)9 Hanson C....Stierner U. (Melanoma Res. 1999)
    991. Regulation of cation transport pathways and glycolytic enzyme activity by alterations in red cell volume. (PubMed id 10377953)9 Kaloyianni M....Boukla A. (Cell Biochem. Funct. 1999)
    992. Glyoxalase I is a novel nitric-oxide-responsive protein. (PubMed id 10585871)9 Mitsumoto A....Nakagawa Y. (Biochem. J. 1999)
    993. High cell density induces vascular endothelial growth factor expression via protein tyrosine phosphorylation. (PubMed id 9572397)9 Mukhopadhyay D....Sukhatme V.P. (Gene Expr. 1998)
    994. Brain glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in human trinucleotide repeat disorders. (PubMed id 9779656)9 Kish S.J....DiStefano L. (Arch. Neurol. 1998)
    995. Trypanosoma cruzi glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: structure, catalytic mechanism and targeted inhibitor design. (PubMed id 9580189)9 Souza D.H....Oliva G. (FEBS Lett. 1998)
    996. Semiquantitative determination of human cytokine mRna expression using TaqMan RT-PCR. (PubMed id 17657627)9 Lang R. and Heeg K. (Inflammopharmacology 1998)
    997. Quantitation of estrogen receptor mRNA copy numbers in breast cancer cell lines and tumors. (PubMed id 9570831)9 Poola I....Hankins W.D. (Anal. Biochem. 1998)
    998. Differential expression of the MT-1E gene in estrogen-receptor-positive and -negative human breast cancer cell lines. (PubMed id 9422519)9 Friedline J.A....Sens D.A. (Am. J. Pathol. 1998)
    999. Detection and quantitation of circulating cancer cells in the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients. (PubMed id 9661888)9 Peck K....Yang P.C. (Cancer Res. 1998)
    1000. Effect of methylglyoxal on Bufo bufo embryo development: morphological and biochemical aspects. (PubMed id 9839630)9 Amicarelli F....Miranda M. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 1998)
    1001. [The precise characterization and the crucial mechanism of NO-induced cytotoxicity]. (PubMed id 9793073)9 Okuma Y....Nomura Y. (Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi 1998)
    1002. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA expression in hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 9472111)9 Yamagata M....Barnard G.F. (Int. J. Oncol. 1998)
    1003. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and Nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate kinase A. Two old enzymes combine for the novel Nm23 protein phosphotransferase function. (PubMed id 9685345)9 Engel M....Welter C. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998)
    1004. Selective tight binding inhibitors of trypanosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase via structure-based drug design. (PubMed id 9822549)9 Aronov A.M....Gelb M.H. (J. Med. Chem. 1998)
    1005. Binding of a burst-phase intermediate formed in the folding of denatured D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by chaperonin 60 and 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulphonic acid. (PubMed id 9531491)9 Li X.L....Tsou C.L. (Biochem. J. 1998)
    1006. Hypoxic regulation of endothelial glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 9486123)9 Graven K.K....Farber H.W. (Am. J. Physiol. 1998)
    1007. Adaptive response of human melanoma cells to methylglyoxal injury. (PubMed id 9525289)9 Amicarelli F....Miranda M. (Carcinogenesis 1998)
    1008. Mycobacterial DNA not detected in liver sections from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. (PubMed id 9551681)9 O'Donohue J....McFadden J. (J. Hepatol. 1998)
    1009. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase abnormality in metabolically stressed Huntington disease fibroblasts. (PubMed id 9778585)9 Cooper A.J....Blass J.P. (Dev. Neurosci. 1998)
    1010. Modulation of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and bone morphogenetic protein-4 gene expression in osteoblastic cell lines. (PubMed id 9874511)9 Virdi A.S....Triffitt J.T. (Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand) 1998)
    1011. Calcium/calmodulin kinase inhibitors and immunosuppressant macrolides rapamycin and FK506 inhibit progestin- and glucocorticosteroid receptor-mediated transcription in human breast cancer T47D cells. (PubMed id 9658403)9 Le Bihan S....Renoir J.M. (Mol. Endocrinol. 1998)
    1012. [Glycolytic enzyme defects and neurodegeneration]. (PubMed id 9871806)9 HollA!n S....Farkas T. (C. R. Seances Soc. Biol. Fil. 1998)
    1013. Differential expression of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in the failing human heart. (PubMed id 9788826)9 Li Y.Y....McTiernan C.F. (Circulation 1998)
    1014. The glycolytic pathway to coronary heart disease: a hypothesis. (PubMed id 9627362)9 Leyva F....Stevenson J.C. (Metab. Clin. Exp. 1998)
    1015. Multihormonal control of ob gene expression and leptin secretion from cultured human visceral adipose tissue: increased responsiveness to glucocorticoids in obesity. (PubMed id 9506746)9 Halleux C.M....Brichard S.M. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1998)
    1016. An operon encoding three glycolytic enzymes in Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, phosphoglycerate kinase and triosephosphate isomerase. (PubMed id 9579064)9 Branny P....Garel J.R. (Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 1998)
    1017. Expression of cytokine mRNA transcripts in renal cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 9723777)9 Olive C....Falk M.C. (Immunol. Cell Biol. 1998)
    1018. Stimulation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by oxyhemoglobin. (PubMed id 9369240)9 Brookes P.S....Heales S.J. (FEBS Lett. 1997)
    1019. Angiotensin receptor type 1 mRNA in human right ventricular endomyocardial biopsies: downregulation in heart failure. (PubMed id 9302352)9 Regitz-Zagrosek V....Fleck E. (Cardiovasc. Res. 1997)
    1020. Retinoic acid receptors alpha, beta and gamma, and cellular retinol binding protein-I expression in breast fibrocystic disease and cancer. (PubMed id 9368510)9 Pasquali D....Sinisi A.A. (Eur. J. Endocrinol. 1997)
    1021. The glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Candida albicans is a surface antigen. (PubMed id 9260938)9 Gil-Navarro I....Gozalbo D. (J. Bacteriol. 1997)
    1022. Regulation of the phosphorylation of human pharyngeal cell proteins by group A streptococcal surface dehydrogenase: signal transduction between streptococci and pharyngeal cells. (PubMed id 9362524)9 Pancholi V. and Fischetti V.A. (J. Exp. Med. 1997)
    1023. A very sensitive coupled luminescent assay for cytotoxicity and complement-mediated lysis. (PubMed id 9328585)9 Corey M.J....Vessella R.L. (J. Immunol. Methods 1997)
    1024. Inhibition by 5-fluorouracil of ERCC1 and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase messenger RNA expression in a cisplatin-resistant HST-1 human squamous carcinoma cell line. (PubMed id 9268987)9 Fujishima H....Niho Y. (Oncol. Res. 1997)
    1025. The maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY1) transcription factor HNF4alpha regulates expression of genes required for glucose transport and metabolism. (PubMed id 9371825)9 Stoffel M. and Duncan S.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1997)
    1026. T helper 1 cytokine mRNA is increased in spontaneously regressing primary melanomas. (PubMed id 9182821)9 Lowes M.A....Halliday G.M. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1997)
    1027. In vitro neurotoxicity of the antitumor agent 9-methoxy-N2-methylellipticinium acetate (MMEA): role of brain cytochrome P-450. (PubMed id 9215992)9 Sriram K....Ravindranath R. (Neurotoxicology 1997)
    1028. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal hardly affects glycolysis. (PubMed id 9215806)9 Miwa I....Sugiura M. (amp 1997)
    1029. Endogenous energy production by mature boar spermatozoa. (PubMed id 9462297)9 Jones A.R. and Milmlow D. (J. Reprod. Fertil. 1997)
    1030. Changes in calpain II mRNA in young rat lens during maturation and cataract formation. (PubMed id 9196396)9 Ma H....Shearer T.R. (Exp. Eye Res. 1997)
    1031. Formation of homo- and heterooligomeric supramolecular structures by D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase in reversed micelles of aerosol OT in octane. (PubMed id 9247710)9 Levashov A.V....Klyachko N.L. (Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 1997)
    1032. Peroxynitrite modulates tyrosine-dependent signal transduction pathway of human erythrocyte band 3. (PubMed id 9409547)9 Mallozzi C....Minetti M. (FASEB J. 1997)
    1033. Expression of steroid receptors and steroidogenic enzymes in the baboon (Papio anubis) corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle and early pregnancy. (PubMed id 9062513)9 Hild-Petito S. and Fazleabas A.T. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1997)
    1034. Decreased expression of keratinocyte growth factor receptor in a subset of human transitional cell bladder carcinomas. (PubMed id 9018118)9 Diez de Medina S.G....Radvanyi F. (Oncogene 1997)
    1035. Iodoacetate produces striatal excitotoxic lesions. (PubMed id 9202321)9 Matthews R.T....Beal M.F. (J. Neurochem. 1997)
    1036. Glutathione conjugates recognize the Rossmann fold of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 9099752)9 Puder M. and Soberman R.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997)
    1037. Molecular distances from dipolar coupled spin-labels: the global analysis of multifrequency continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance data. (PubMed id 9083690)9 Hustedt E.J....Beth A.H. (Biophys. J. 1997)
    1038. Expression of thromboxane synthase in kidney tissues from patients with IgA nephropathy. (PubMed id 9105763)9 Endoh M....Kurokawa K. (Clin. Nephrol. 1997)
    1039. Influence of hypoxia on vascular endothelial growth factor and chorionic gonadotrophin production in the trophoblast-derived cell lines: JEG, JAr and BeWo. (PubMed id 9250709)9 Taylor C.M....Wheeler T. (Placenta 1997)
    1040. An improved assay for UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase and other enzymes that have nucleotide products. (PubMed id 8698091)9 Duggleby R.G....Chang H.Y. (Experientia 1996)
    1041. Congenital 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) deficiency associated with chronic hemolytic anemia in a Spanish family. (PubMed id 8948658)9 Vives Corrons J.L....Aguilar i Bascompte J.L. (Am. J. Hematol. 1996)
    1042. Evidence of oxidant-induced injury to epithelial cells during inflammatory bowel disease. (PubMed id 8690784)9 McKenzie S.J....Doe W.F. (J. Clin. Invest. 1996)
    1043. Chondrocyte cultures express matrix metalloproteinase mRNA and immunoreactive protein; stromelysin-1 and 72 kDa gelatinase are localized in extracellular matrix vesicles. (PubMed id 8761942)9 Schmitz J.P....Boyan B.D. (J. Cell. Biochem. 1996)
    1044. Comparison of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and 28s-ribosomal RNA gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma. (PubMed id 8666326)9 Gong Y....Minuk G.Y. (Hepatology 1996)
    1045. A role for GAPDH in apoptosis and neurodegeneration. (PubMed id 8640541)9 Chuang D.M. and Ishitani R. (Nat. Med. 1996)
    1046. Retinoic acid increases hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase activity and mRNA in human Y-79 retinoblastoma cells. (PubMed id 8752109)9 Bernard M. and Klein D.C. (J. Neurochem. 1996)
    1047. Increased mRNA expression of metalloproteinase-9 in peripheral blood monocytes from patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy. (PubMed id 8712219)9 Koide H....Tomino Y. (Am. J. Kidney Dis. 1996)
    1048. The pathophysiological role of peroxynitrite in shock, inflammation, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. (PubMed id 8856840)9 SzabA^ C. (Shock 1996)
    1049. Bicarbonate versus lactate buffer in peritoneal dialysis solutions: the beneficial effect on RBC metabolism. (PubMed id 8914181)9 Buoncristiani U....Canestrari F. (Perit Dial Int 1996)
    1050. Inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in post-ischaemic myocardium. (PubMed id 9015404)9 Knight R.J....Buxton D.B. (Cardiovasc. Res. 1996)
    1051. c-Myc overexpression associated DHFR gene amplification in hamster, rat, mouse and human cell lines. (PubMed id 8570205)9 Mai S....Fluri M. (Oncogene 1996)
    1052. Activation-induced expression of vascular permeability factor by human peripheral T cells: a non-radioisotopic semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. (PubMed id 8841458)9 Iijima K....Nakamura H. (J. Immunol. Methods 1996)
    1053. Enzyme conformational alterations detected by partition column chromatography. (PubMed id 8798888)9 Wingren C. and Hansson U.B. (J. Chromatogr. B, Biomed. Appl. 1996)
    1054. Expression of ornithine decarboxylase mRNA in gastric carcinoma. (PubMed id 8608555)9 Mori M....Akiyoshi T. (Cancer 1996)
    1055. Phosphatidylserine directs differential phosphorylation of actin and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by protein kinase C: possible implications for regulation of actin polymerization. (PubMed id 8988331)9 Reiss N....Naor Z. (Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 1996)
    1056. Temporary ex vivo inhibition of the expression of the human oncogene HER2 (NEU) by a triple helix-forming oligonucleotide. (PubMed id 8564964)9 Porumb H....Taillandier E. (Cancer Res. 1996)
    1057. [Effect of erythrocyte membranes and tubulin on the activity of NAD-dependent dehydrogenases]. (PubMed id 8962925)9 Shcherbatova N.A....Muronets V.I. (Biokhimiia 1996)
    1058. Reactive oxygen species involved in the glutamate toxicity of C6 glioma cells via xc antiporter system. (PubMed id 8783242)9 Mawatari K....Kato S. (Neuroscience 1996)
    1059. The expression of a small fraction of cellular genes is changed in response to histone hyperacetylation. (PubMed id 8723390)9 Van Lint C....Verdin E. (Gene Expr. 1996)
    1060. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus-1 reverse transcriptase by heme and synthetic heme analogs. (PubMed id 8834064)9 Staudinger R....Kappas A. (Proc. Assoc. Am. Physicians 1996)
    1061. Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-selective stimulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors mediates hypoxic mobilization of calcium. (PubMed id 8604044)9 Kaplin A.I....Linden D.J. (J. Neurosci. 1996)
    1062. Glycolytic enzymes and assembly of microtubule networks. (PubMed id 8529027)9 Volker K.W....Knull H.R. (amp 1995)
    1063. Determination of triglycerides in lipoproteins separated by agarose gel electrophoresis. (PubMed id 7595104)9 Winkler K....Wieland H. (J. Lipid Res. 1995)
    1064. [Does nitric oxide stress exist?]. (PubMed id 8521087)9 Torreilles J. and GuAcrin M.C. (C. R. Seances Soc. Biol. Fil. 1995)
    1065. Alteration of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and messenger RNA content by androgen in human prostate carcinoma cells. (PubMed id 7671226)9 Ripple M.O. and Wilding G. (Cancer Res. 1995)
    1066. Expression of nitric oxide synthase in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and neutrophils. (PubMed id 9144076)9 Amin A.R....Abramson S.B. (J. Inflamm. 1995-1996)
    1067. Measurement of mRNA levels in tumor xenografts with quantitative autoradiography and in situ hybridization. (PubMed id 7781931)9 Wright P.S....Miller J.A. (FASEB J. 1995)
    1068. Expression of mdr-1 in refractory lymphoma: quantitation by polymerase chain reaction and validation of the assay. (PubMed id 7632959)9 Kang Y.K....Stetler-Stevenson M. (Blood 1995)
    1069. Differential gene regulation by estrogen and progesterone in the primate endometrium. (PubMed id 8674869)9 Ace C.I. and Okulicz W.C. (Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 1995)
    1070. Influence of ethacrynic acid on glutathione S-transferase pi transcript and protein half-lives in human colon cancer cells. (PubMed id 7488239)9 Shen H....Tew K.D. (Biochem. Pharmacol. 1995)
    1071. Inhibition of glycolysis in boar spermatozoa by 1,6-dichloro-1,6-dideoxy-D-fructose. (PubMed id 7766650)9 Jones A.R. and Morin C. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1995)
    1072. Orally administered gossypol has no effect on eight hamster erythrocytic enzymes. (PubMed id 8749602)9 GonzA!lez-Garza M.T....Said-FernA!ndez S. (Contraception 1995)
    1073. Molecular mimicry by Mycoplasma pneumoniae to evade the induction of adherence inhibiting antibodies. (PubMed id 7473675)9 Jacobs E....Schiltz E. (J. Med. Microbiol. 1995)
    1074. Lactate dehydrogenase M-subunit deficiencies: clinical features, metabolic background, and genetic heterogeneities. (PubMed id 7603529)9 Kanno T. and Maekawa M. (amp 1995)
    1075. The anti-glycolytic activity of 3-bromopyruvate on mature boar spermatozoa in vitro. (PubMed id 8585890)9 Jones A.R....Milmlow D. (Contraception 1995)
    1076. Characterization of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene family from Kluyveromyces marxianus--polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism as a tool for the study of multigenic families. (PubMed id 7668042)9 Fernandes P.A....Moradas-Ferreira P. (Yeast 1995)
    1077. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: a target for nitric oxide signaling. (PubMed id 8562445)9 BrA1ne B. and Lapetina E.G. (Adv. Pharmacol. 1995)
    1078. Calcium regulation of androgen receptor expression in the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. (PubMed id 7720667)9 Gong Y....Tindall D.J. (Endocrinology 1995)
    1079. Oxygen free radicals enhance the nitric oxide-induced covalent NAD(+)-linkage to neuronal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. (PubMed id 7639707)9 Marin P....PrAcmont J. (Biochem. J. 1995)
    1080. Free radicals induce reversible membrane-cytoplasm translocation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human erythrocytes. (PubMed id 7544096)9 Mallozzi C....Minetti M. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1995)
    1081. Mechanism of covalent modification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase at its active site thiol by nitric oxide, peroxynitrite and related nitrosating agents. (PubMed id 8034046)9 Mohr S....BrA1ne B. (FEBS Lett. 1994)
    1082. NADPH-oxidase activity of stimulated neutrophils is markedly increased by serum. (PubMed id 7843791)9 Theron A.J....Anderson R. (Inflammation 1994)
    1083. Molecular characterisation of the enolase gene from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Evidence for ancestry within a photosynthetic lineage. (PubMed id 8125109)9 Read M....Hyde J.E. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1994)
    1084. Human skeletal muscle adaptation in response to chronic low-frequency electrical stimulation. (PubMed id 7836213)9 ThAcriault R....Simoneau J.A. (J. Appl. Physiol. 1994)
    1085. Expression of human prostatic acid phosphatase and prostate specific antigen genes in neoplastic and benign tissues. (PubMed id 7524903)9 Sharief F.S....Li S.S. (Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 1994)
    1086. Inactivation precedes changes in allosteric properties and conformation of D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase during denaturation by guanidinium chloride. (PubMed id 7945247)9 Jiang R.F. and Tsou C.L. (Biochem. J. 1994)

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    Entrez Gene: 2597 HGNC: 4141 AceView: GAPD Ensembl:ENSG00000111640 euGenes: HUgn2597
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