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Aliases for GAPDH Gene

Aliases for GAPDH Gene

  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase 2 3 5
  • Peptidyl-Cysteine S-Nitrosylase GAPDH 3 4
  • EC 1.2.1.12 4 63
  • GAPD 3 4
  • Epididymis Secretory Sperm Binding Protein Li 162eP 3
  • Aging-Associated Gene 9 Protein 3
  • HEL-S-162eP 3
  • EC 2.6.99.- 4
  • EC 1.2.1 63
  • G3PD 3

External Ids for GAPDH Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GAPDH Gene

  • GAPD

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GAPDH Gene

  • GC12P006514
  • GC12P006643

Summaries for GAPDH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GAPDH Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase protein family. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. The product of this gene catalyzes an important energy-yielding step in carbohydrate metabolism, the reversible oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD). The encoded protein has additionally been identified to have uracil DNA glycosylase activity in the nucleus. Also, this protein contains a peptide that has antimicrobial activity against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and C. albicans. Studies of a similar protein in mouse have assigned a variety of additional functions including nitrosylation of nuclear proteins, the regulation of mRNA stability, and acting as a transferrin receptor on the cell surface of macrophage. Many pseudogenes similar to this locus are present in the human genome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for GAPDH Gene

GAPDH (Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GAPDH include parainfluenza virus type 3 and morgagni cataract. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Glycosaminoglycan metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and NAD binding. An important paralog of this gene is GAPDHS.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDH Gene

  • Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Modulates the organization and assembly of the cytoskeleton. Facilitates the CHP1-dependent microtubule and membrane associations through its ability to stimulate the binding of CHP1 to microtubules (By similarity). Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate. Component of the GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma treatment assembles into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3-UTR of diverse inflammatory mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation.

Gene Wiki entry for GAPDH Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GAPDH Gene

Genomics for GAPDH Gene

Regulatory Elements for GAPDH Gene

Promoters for GAPDH Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around GAPDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GAPDH Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
6,533,927 bp from pter
End:
6,538,375 bp from pter
Size:
4,449 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for GAPDH Gene

Genes around GAPDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GAPDH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GAPDH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GAPDH Gene

Proteins for GAPDH Gene

  • Protein details for GAPDH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P04406-G3P_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
    Protein Accession:
    P04406
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E7EUT4
    • P00354
    • Q53X65

    Protein attributes for GAPDH Gene

    Size:
    335 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    36053 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer. Interacts with TPPP; the interaction is direct. Interacts (when S-nitrosylated) with SIAH1; leading to nuclear translocation. Interacts with RILPL1/GOSPEL, leading to prevent the interaction between GAPDH and SIAH1 and prevent nuclear translocation. Interacts with CHP1; the interaction increases the binding of CHP1 with microtubules. Associates with microtubules (By similarity). Interacts with EIF1AD, USP25, PRKCI and WARS. Interacts with phosphorylated RPL13A; inhibited by oxidatively-modified low-densitity lipoprotein (LDL(ox)). Component of the GAIT complex. Interacts with FKBP6; leading to inhibit GAPDH catalytic activity.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GAPDH Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GAPDH Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GAPDH Gene

Proteomics data for GAPDH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GAPDH Gene

  • ISGylated.
  • Oxidative stress can promote the formation of high molecular weight disulfide-linked GAPDH aggregates, through a process called nucleocytoplasmic coagulation. Such aggregates can be observed in vivo in the affected tissues of patients with Alzheimer disease or alcoholic liver cirrhosis, or in cell cultures during necrosis. Oxidation at Met-46 may play a pivotal role in the formation of these insoluble structures. This modification has been detected in vitro following treatment with free radical donor (+/-)-(E)-4-ethyl-2-[(E)-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-3-hexenamide. It has been proposed to destabilize nearby residues, increasing the likelihood of secondary oxidative damages, including oxidation of Tyr-45 and Met-105. This cascade of oxidations may augment GAPDH misfolding, leading to intermolecular disulfide cross-linking and aggregation.
  • S-nitrosylation of Cys-152 leads to interaction with SIAH1, followed by translocation to the nucleus (By similarity). S-nitrosylation of Cys-247 is induced by interferon-gamma and LDL(ox) implicating the iNOS-S100A8/9 transnitrosylase complex and seems to prevent interaction with phosphorylated RPL13A and to interfere with GAIT complex activity.
  • Sulfhydration at Cys-152 increases catalytic activity.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 5, Lys 61, Lys 66, Lys 86, Lys 107, Lys 145, Lys 162, Lys 194, Lys 219, Lys 227, and Lys 263
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Assay Products

Domains & Families for GAPDH Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P04406

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

G3P_HUMAN :
  • The [IL]-x-C-x-x-[DE] motif is a proposed target motif for cysteine S-nitrosylation mediated by the iNOS-S100A8/A9 transnitrosylase complex.
  • Belongs to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
Domain:
  • The [IL]-x-C-x-x-[DE] motif is a proposed target motif for cysteine S-nitrosylation mediated by the iNOS-S100A8/A9 transnitrosylase complex.
Family:
  • Belongs to the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GAPDH: view

No data available for Gene Families for GAPDH Gene

Function for GAPDH Gene

Molecular function for GAPDH Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD(+) = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities, thereby playing a role in glycolysis and nuclear functions, respectively. Participates in nuclear events including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis. Nuclear functions are probably due to the nitrosylase activity that mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of nuclear target proteins such as SIRT1, HDAC2 and PRKDC. Modulates the organization and assembly of the cytoskeleton. Facilitates the CHP1-dependent microtubule and membrane associations through its ability to stimulate the binding of CHP1 to microtubules (By similarity). Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in glycolysis that catalyzes the first step of the pathway by converting D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) into 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate. Component of the GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma treatment assembles into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3-UTR of diverse inflammatory mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GAPDH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GAPDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016620 oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GAPDH: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GAPDH Gene

Localization for GAPDH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDH Gene

Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Membrane. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Translocates to the nucleus following S-nitrosylation and interaction with SIAH1, which contains a nuclear localization signal (By similarity). Postnuclear and Perinuclear regions. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GAPDH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GAPDH gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 5
chloroplast 3
mitochondrion 3
endoplasmic reticulum 2
peroxisome 2
vacuole 2
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GAPDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm ISS --
GO:0015630 microtubule cytoskeleton ISS --
GO:0043231 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA --
GO:0048471 perinuclear region of cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDH: view

Pathways & Interactions for GAPDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GAPDH: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P04406-G3P_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 1/5.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GAPDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006094 gluconeogenesis TAS --
GO:0016241 regulation of macroautophagy TAS 26626483
GO:0035606 peptidyl-cysteine S-trans-nitrosylation ISS --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0051402 neuron apoptotic process ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GAPDH: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GAPDH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GAPDH Gene

(61) Drugs for GAPDH Gene - From: Novoseek, DrugBank, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
4-(2-AMINOETHYL)BENZENESULFONYL FLUORIDE Experimental Pharma Target 0
Adenosine-5-Diphosphoribose Experimental Pharma Target 0
Thionicotinamide-Adenine-Dinucleotide Experimental Pharma Target 0
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Experimental Pharma 0
NADH Nutra Target 0

(100) Additional Compounds for GAPDH Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
nadph
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • 2'-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate) 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) P'-5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide
  • b-NADPH
53-57-6
Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphate
  • 1,3-Biphosphoglycerate
  • 1,3-Biphosphoglyceric acid
  • 1,3-Bis-phosphoglycerate
  • 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate
  • 1,3-Diphosphateglycerate
1981-49-3
Hydrogen Ion
  • Hydrogen cation
  • Hydron
  • Proton
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-NADP
  • b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
  • b-TPN
  • beta-NADP
53-59-8
Phosphate
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
14265-44-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GAPDH: view

Transcripts for GAPDH Gene

Unigene Clusters for GAPDH Gene

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GAPDH Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9
SP1:
SP2: -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: -
SP6:
SP7:

Relevant External Links for GAPDH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GAPDH
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GAPDH

Expression for GAPDH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GAPDH Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GAPDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GAPDH Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GAPDH Gene Hs.544577

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GAPDH: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GAPDH Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GAPDH Gene

Orthologs for GAPDH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GAPDH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GAPDH 35
  • 99.6 (n)
  • 100 (a)
GAPDH 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GAPDH 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
GAPDH 35
  • 90.86 (n)
  • 94.88 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GAPDH 35
  • 91.27 (n)
  • 95.18 (a)
GAPDH 36
  • 71 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gapdh 35
  • 89.56 (n)
  • 94.28 (a)
Gm12117 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
Gapdh-ps15 16
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 68 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gapdh 35
  • 89.66 (n)
  • 94.28 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GAPDH 35
  • 83.73 (n)
  • 92.17 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gapdh 35
  • 78.95 (n)
  • 85.32 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1292 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
gapdh 35
  • 77.91 (n)
  • 86.45 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009623 35
  • 71.11 (n)
  • 76.36 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gapdh1 35
  • 72.42 (n)
  • 76.67 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gpd-3 35
  • 70.86 (n)
  • 76.35 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TDH3 35
  • 62.11 (n)
  • 65.05 (a)
TDH1 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F20988g 35
  • 60.47 (n)
  • 64.02 (a)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.7665 35
soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.5505 35
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.22781 35
Os08g0126300 35
  • 67.76 (n)
  • 68.96 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01528 35
  • 72.34 (n)
  • 70.21 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes gpd3 35
  • 69.25 (n)
  • 72.24 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GAPDH:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GAPDH Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GAPDH (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GAPDH (if available)

Paralogs for GAPDH Gene

Paralogs for GAPDH Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for GAPDH Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GAPDH: view

Variants for GAPDH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GAPDH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs3199979 -- 6,534,554(+) CATCT(C/T)CTTTT upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime
rs3741915 -- 6,534,761(+) GCGTG(G/T)GTGTC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime
rs3741917 -- 6,534,973(+) TGTTC(C/T)CCGCA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs3741918 -- 6,535,090(+) CCTAG(A/T)CCCCA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs6489721 -- 6,534,150(+) AGTCG(C/T)TCCCA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GAPDH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv453e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv826208 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv8896 CNV Gain 18304495
esv2745477 CNV Deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for GAPDH Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 23.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.83; 17.46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GAPDH Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GAPDH
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GAPDH

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GAPDH Gene

Disorders for GAPDH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for GAPDH Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
parainfluenza virus type 3
  • human parainfluenza virus type 3
morgagni cataract
  • hypermature cataract
papillary hidradenoma
angiomatous meningioma
endocarditis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GAPDH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GAPDH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GAPDH
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GAPDH
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GAPDH
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GAPDH: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GAPDH Gene

Publications for GAPDH Gene

  1. Isolation and complete sequence of a functional human glyceraldehyde- 3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene. (PMID: 3170585) Ercolani L. … Alexander M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1988) 2 3 4 67
  2. Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase stimulates the nuclear localization of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in human diploid fibroblasts. (PMID: 20177150) Kwon H.J. … Yeo E.J. (Exp. Mol. Med. 2010) 3 23
  3. siah-1 Protein is necessary for high glucose-induced glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase nuclear accumulation and cell death in Muller cells. (PMID: 19940145) Yego E.C. … Mohr S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 23
  4. An aggregate-prone mutant of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase augments oxidative stress-induced cell death in SH-SY5Y cells. (PMID: 19874799) Nakajima H. … Takeuchi T. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2009) 3 23
  5. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase aggregate formation participates in oxidative stress-induced cell death. (PMID: 19837666) Nakajima H. … Takeuchi T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23

Products for GAPDH Gene

Sources for GAPDH Gene

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