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Aliases for GALNT9 Gene

Aliases for GALNT9 Gene

  • Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 2 3 5
  • Polypeptide GalNAc Transferase 9 2 3 4
  • UDP-N-Acetyl-Alpha-D-Galactosamine:Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 (GalNAc-T9) 2 3
  • UDP-GalNAc:Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 3 4
  • Protein-UDP Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 3 4
  • Pp-GaNTase 9 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • GALNAC-T9 3 4
  • UDP-GalNAc: Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 3
  • GalNAc Transferase 9 3
  • GALNACT9 3

External Ids for GALNT9 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GALNT9 Gene

  • GC00U990692
  • GC12U900004
  • GC12M132561
  • GC12M131176
  • GC12M131177
  • GC12M131347
  • GC12M132680
  • GC12M129565

Summaries for GALNT9 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GALNT9 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc-T) family of enzymes. GalNAc-Ts initiate mucin-type O-linked glycosylation in the Golgi apparatus by catalyzing the transfer of GalNAc to serine and threonine residues on target proteins. They are characterized by an N-terminal transmembrane domain, a stem region, a lumenal catalytic domain containing a GT1 motif and Gal/GalNAc transferase motif, and a C-terminal ricin/lectin-like domain. GalNAc-Ts have different, but overlapping, substrate specificities and patterns of expression. This gene is expressed specifically in the brain, with highest expression in the cerebellum. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GALNT9 Gene

GALNT9 (Polypeptide N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and O-linked glycosylation. GO annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is WBSCR17.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GALNT9 Gene

  • Catalyzes the initial reaction in O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis, the transfer of an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residue to a serine or threonine residue on the protein receptor. Does not glycosylate ap.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GALNT9 Gene

Genomics for GALNT9 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GALNT9 Gene

Enhancers for GALNT9 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around GALNT9 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GALNT9 Gene

132,196,372 bp from pter
132,329,349 bp from pter
132,978 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GALNT9 Gene

Genes around GALNT9 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GALNT9 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GALNT9 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GALNT9 Gene

Proteins for GALNT9 Gene

  • Protein details for GALNT9 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q52LR8
    • Q6NT54
    • Q8NFR1

    Protein attributes for GALNT9 Gene

    603 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    D Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for GALNT9 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GALNT9 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GALNT9 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 460
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GALNT9 Gene

Domains & Families for GALNT9 Gene

Gene Families for GALNT9 Gene

Protein Domains for GALNT9 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GALNT9: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GALNT9 Gene

Function for GALNT9 Gene

Molecular function for GALNT9 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the initial reaction in O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis, the transfer of an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residue to a serine or threonine residue on the protein receptor. Does not glycosylate ap.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GALNT9 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GALNT9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004653 polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity NAS,TAS --
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GALNT9: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GALNT9: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GALNT9 Gene

Localization for GALNT9 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GALNT9 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GALNT9 gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
extracellular 3
cytosol 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GALNT9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane TAS --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GALNT9: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GALNT9 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GALNT9 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GALNT9: view

Pathways by source for GALNT9 Gene

Interacting Proteins for GALNT9 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GALNT9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006493 protein O-linked glycosylation NAS 10978536
GO:0016266 O-glycan processing TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GALNT9: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GALNT9 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GALNT9 Gene

(3) Drugs for GALNT9 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Manganese Approved Nutra 33
Uridine-5'-Diphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
calcium Nutra 0

(3) Additional Compounds for GALNT9 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 2-Amino-2-deoxy-4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose
  • 2-Amino-2-deoxy-4-O-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl-delta-glucose
  • beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose
  • beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucosamine
  • beta-delta-Galactopyranosyl-(1->4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-delta-glucose
Uridine diphosphate-N-acetylgalactosamine
  • UDP-N-Acetyl-D-galactosamine
  • UDP-N-Acetyl-delta-galactosamine
  • UDP-N-Acetylgalactosamine
  • Uridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetylgalactosamine
  • Uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GALNT9: view

Transcripts for GALNT9 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GALNT9 Gene

UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 9 (GalNAc-T9):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GALNT9 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b · 13c · 13d ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18a · 18b · 18c
SP1: - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for GALNT9 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GALNT9 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GALNT9 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GALNT9 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (x10.9), Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x10.2), Brain - Cortex (x6.8), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x5.1), and Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x4.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GALNT9 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for GALNT9 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GALNT9 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GALNT9 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GALNT9 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GALNT9: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GALNT9 Gene

Orthologs for GALNT9 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GALNT9 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GALNT9 34
  • 85.68 (n)
  • 86.9 (a)
  • 36 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Galnt9 34
  • 86.01 (n)
  • 91.54 (a)
Galnt9 16
Galnt9 35
  • 38 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Galnt9 34
  • 85.71 (n)
  • 91.53 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia WBSCR17 35
  • 36 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GALNT9 35
  • 41 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GALNT9 35
  • 77 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GALNT9 35
  • 98 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GALNT9 34
  • 79.38 (n)
  • 90.22 (a)
  • 36 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GALNT9 35
  • 31 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia galnt9 34
  • 74.07 (n)
  • 87.73 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii galnt9 34
  • 75.23 (n)
  • 83.58 (a)
  • 33 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7304 36
  • 32 (a)
CG7579 35
  • 11 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea gly-8 35
  • 8 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
Species where no ortholog for GALNT9 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GALNT9 Gene

Gene Tree for GALNT9 (if available)
Gene Tree for GALNT9 (if available)

Paralogs for GALNT9 Gene

Paralogs for GALNT9 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GALNT9: view

Variants for GALNT9 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GALNT9 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11246996 -- 132,206,034(+) TGGCA(A/C)ACTGG upstream-variant-2KB
rs11246997 -- 132,206,139(+) TCCTC(A/G)GGCCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs11246998 -- 132,207,932(+) CCTCG(A/C/T)GCAAG upstream-variant-2KB
rs76607064 -- 132,196,051(+) TGTGC(A/G)TGCAG downstream-variant-500B
rs77604987 -- 132,196,677(+) CGGCC(A/G)CAAGT utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GALNT9 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv103n21 CNV loss 19592680
dgv215e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv216e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv217e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv3019n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv3022n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv3023n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv3024n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv3025n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv3026n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv910n106 CNV insertion 24896259
dgv912n106 CNV deletion 24896259
esv1002994 CNV insertion 20482838
esv1160630 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1257970 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1462855 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1766304 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1994448 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2473849 CNV deletion 19546169
esv25270 CNV loss 19812545
esv26563 CNV gain 19812545
esv2658877 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2665547 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2670347 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2673626 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2746924 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746925 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746926 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746927 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746928 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746931 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746932 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746933 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746934 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746935 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746936 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746937 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746938 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746939 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746940 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746942 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746943 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746944 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746945 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746946 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746948 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746950 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746951 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2746953 CNV deletion 23290073
esv27874 CNV loss 19812545
esv2911272 CNV insertion 24192839
esv29785 CNV gain 19812545
esv3328809 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3379583 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3550080 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3550081 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3580551 CNV loss 25503493
esv3631288 CNV gain 21293372
esv3631290 CNV gain 21293372
esv3631291 CNV gain 21293372
esv3631292 CNV loss 21293372
esv3631293 CNV gain 21293372
esv3892285 CNV gain 25118596
esv991305 CNV insertion 20482838
esv996584 CNV deletion 20482838
esv998915 CNV loss 20482838
nsv1041402 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1070154 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1071076 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1078202 CNV insertion 25765185
nsv1113540 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1118256 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1142823 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1152646 CNV insertion 26484159
nsv428285 CNV gain 18775914
nsv470333 CNV loss 18288195
nsv475548 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479452 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv512300 CNV loss 21212237
nsv512301 CNV loss 21212237
nsv520897 CNV loss 19592680
nsv52579 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv528119 CNV loss 19592680
nsv52990 CNV insertion 16902084
nsv53189 CNV insertion 16902084
nsv560966 CNV gain 21841781
nsv560980 CNV loss 21841781
nsv560988 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv560996 CNV loss 21841781
nsv560997 CNV loss 21841781
nsv560998 CNV loss 21841781
nsv826563 CNV gain 20364138
nsv826565 CNV gain+loss 20364138
nsv826566 CNV gain 20364138
nsv952512 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for GALNT9 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 70.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.00; 60.20% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GALNT9 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GALNT9 Gene

Disorders for GALNT9 Gene

Relevant External Links for GALNT9

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for GALNT9 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GALNT9 Gene

Publications for GALNT9 Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of a new human UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D- galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, designated pp-GalNAc-T13, that is specifically expressed in neurons and synthesizes GalNAc alpha-serine/threonine antigen. (PMID: 12407114) Zhang Y. … Narimatsu H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 2 3 4 65
  2. Brain-specific expression of a novel human UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N- acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc-T9). (PMID: 10978536) Toba S. … Kurosaka A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2000) 2 3 4 65
  3. GALNT9 gene expression is a prognostic marker in neuroblastoma patients. (PMID: 23136245) Berois N. … Osinaga E. (Clin. Chem. 2013) 3 65
  4. Diversification of transcriptional modulation: large-scale identification and characterization of putative alternative promoters of human genes. (PMID: 16344560) Kimura K. … Sugano S. (Genome Res. 2006) 3 65
  5. Identification of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma related genes by comparison with normal liver tissues using expressed sequence tags. (PMID: 16712791) Wang A.G. … Kim N.S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2006) 3 65

Products for GALNT9 Gene

Sources for GALNT9 Gene

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