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Aliases for GADD45G Gene

Aliases for GADD45G Gene

  • Growth Arrest And DNA Damage Inducible Gamma 2 3 5
  • Growth Arrest And DNA-Damage-Inducible, Gamma 2 3
  • DNA Damage-Inducible Transcript 2 Protein 3 4
  • Cytokine-Responsive Protein CR6 3 4
  • DDIT-2 3 4
  • DDIT2 3 4
  • CR6 3 4
  • Growth Arrest And DNA-Damage-Inducible Gamma 2
  • Gadd-Related Protein, 17 KD 3
  • Gadd-Related Protein 2
  • GADD45-Gamma 3
  • GADD45gamma 3
  • 17 KD 2
  • GRP17 3

External Ids for GADD45G Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GADD45G Gene

  • GC09P083195
  • GC09P084099
  • GC09P085804
  • GC09P087711
  • GC09P089449
  • GC09P091409
  • GC09P092219
  • GC09P062051

Summaries for GADD45G Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GADD45G Gene

  • This gene is a member of a group of genes whose transcript levels are increased following stressful growth arrest conditions and treatment with DNA-damaging agents. The protein encoded by this gene responds to environmental stresses by mediating activation of the p38/JNK pathway via MTK1/MEKK4 kinase. The GADD45G is highly expressed in placenta. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GADD45G Gene

GADD45G (Growth Arrest And DNA Damage Inducible Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Chks in Checkpoint Regulation and BRCA1 Pathway. An important paralog of this gene is GADD45B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GADD45G Gene

  • Involved in the regulation of growth and apoptosis. Mediates activation of stress-responsive MTK1/MEKK4 MAPKKK.

Gene Wiki entry for GADD45G Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GADD45G Gene

Genomics for GADD45G Gene

Regulatory Elements for GADD45G Gene

Enhancers for GADD45G Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around GADD45G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for GADD45G Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around GADD45G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GADD45G Gene

89,605,012 bp from pter
89,606,555 bp from pter
1,544 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GADD45G Gene

Genes around GADD45G on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GADD45G Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GADD45G Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GADD45G Gene

Proteins for GADD45G Gene

  • Protein details for GADD45G Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein GADD45 gamma
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5VZ87
    • Q9C076

    Protein attributes for GADD45G Gene

    159 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    17121 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Undergoes concentration-dependent homodimerization, which is required for growth inhibititory activity and enhances interaction with PCNA. Interacts with GADD45GIP1. Interacts with PCNA.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GADD45G Gene

neXtProt entry for GADD45G Gene

Proteomics data for GADD45G Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GADD45G Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for GADD45G Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GADD45G Gene

Domains & Families for GADD45G Gene

Protein Domains for GADD45G Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Two central helices mediate homodimerization through parallel packing.
  • Belongs to the GADD45 family.
  • Two central helices mediate homodimerization through parallel packing.
  • Belongs to the GADD45 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GADD45G: view

No data available for Gene Families for GADD45G Gene

Function for GADD45G Gene

Molecular function for GADD45G Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible,gamma,involved in negative control of cell growth
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the regulation of growth and apoptosis. Mediates activation of stress-responsive MTK1/MEKK4 MAPKKK.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GADD45G: view

Animal Models for GADD45G Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GADD45G:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GADD45G Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GADD45G

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GADD45G Gene

Localization for GADD45G Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GADD45G Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GADD45G gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
extracellular 2
cytosol 1
mitochondrion 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GADD45G Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GADD45G Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GADD45G: view

Pathways by source for GADD45G Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GADD45G Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000185 activation of MAPKKK activity IDA 9827804
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0006950 response to stress IEA --
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0046330 positive regulation of JNK cascade IDA 9827804
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GADD45G: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GADD45G Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GADD45G Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GADD45G Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GADD45G Gene

Unigene Clusters for GADD45G Gene

Growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, gamma:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GADD45G Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d
SP2: -
SP3: -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for GADD45G Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GADD45G Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GADD45G Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GADD45G Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x5.6), Heart - Atrial Appendage (x5.6), and Artery - Tibial (x4.2).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GADD45G Gene Hs.9701

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GADD45G: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for GADD45G Gene

Orthologs for GADD45G Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GADD45G Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GADD45G 35
  • 89.1 (n)
  • 95.6 (a)
GADD45G 36
  • 68 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GADD45G 35
  • 88.89 (n)
  • 96.23 (a)
GADD45G 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gadd45g 35
  • 88.26 (n)
  • 96.86 (a)
Gadd45g 16
Gadd45g 36
  • 67 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GADD45G 35
  • 99.58 (n)
  • 99.37 (a)
GADD45G 36
  • 68 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gadd45g 35
  • 88.26 (n)
  • 96.23 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GADD45G 36
  • 55 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GADD45B 35
  • 76.1 (n)
  • 77.99 (a)
GADD45 36
  • 55 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GADD45G 36
  • 49 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gadd45g 35
  • 70.23 (n)
  • 76.73 (a)
Str.6981 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.11828 35
gadd45g 35
  • 67.3 (n)
  • 67.09 (a)
gadd45g 36
  • 47 (a)
GADD45G (1 of 3) 36
  • 49 (a)
GADD45G (3 of 3) 36
  • 30 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GADD45G:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GADD45G Gene

Gene Tree for GADD45G (if available)
Gene Tree for GADD45G (if available)

Paralogs for GADD45G Gene

Paralogs for GADD45G Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for GADD45G Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GADD45G: view

Variants for GADD45G Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GADD45G Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_018888 -
rs541424179 -- 89,606,962(+) ATTGC(C/T)TTCTG downstream-variant-500B
rs3138511 -- 89,606,985(+) TTTGT(C/G)GTCCC downstream-variant-500B
rs144758335 -- 89,606,947(+) TCCTG(A/C)ACAAT downstream-variant-500B
rs147908166 -- 89,607,010(+) GACTG(C/T)TCCTG downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GADD45G Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv29434 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
nsv893558 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv469563 CNV Complex 16826518
nsv471662 CNV Gain+Loss 15918152
nsv509309 CNV Insertion 20534489

Variation tolerance for GADD45G Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 67.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.76; 33.30% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for GADD45G Gene

Disorders for GADD45G Gene

Relevant External Links for GADD45G

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for GADD45G Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GADD45G Gene

Publications for GADD45G Gene

  1. A family of stress-inducible GADD45-like proteins mediate activation of the stress-responsive MTK1/MEKK4 MAPKKK. (PMID: 9827804) Takekawa M. … Saito H. (Cell 1998) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Molecular cloning, expression, and mapping of a novel human cDNA, GRP17, highly homologous to human gadd45 and murine MyD118. (PMID: 10496071) Suzuki M. … Tanigami A. (J. Hum. Genet. 1999) 2 3 23
  3. A novel pathway involving melanoma differentiation associated gene-7/interleukin-24 mediates nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced apoptosis and growth arrest of cancer cells. (PMID: 17178890) Zerbini L.F. … Libermann T.A. (Cancer Res. 2006) 3 23
  4. GADD45gamma, down-regulated in 65% hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from 23 chinese patients, inhibits cell growth and induces cell cycle G2/M arrest for hepatoma Hep-G2 cell lines. (PMID: 14672412) Sun L. … Yu L. (Mol. Biol. Rep. 2003) 3 23
  5. Interaction of CR6 (GADD45gamma ) with proliferating cell nuclear antigen impedes negative growth control. (PMID: 11022036) Azam N. … Liebermann D.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 23

Products for GADD45G Gene

Sources for GADD45G Gene