Aliases for GABRR2 Gene
External Ids for GABRR2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRR2 Gene
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the rho subunit family and is a component of the GABA type A receptor complex. This gene exists on chromosome 6q next to the gene encoding the rho 1 subunit of the GABA type A receptor, in a region thought to be associated with susceptibility for psychiatric disorders and epilepsy. Polymorphisms in this gene may also be associated with alcohol dependence, and general cognitive ability. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]
GeneCards Summary for GABRR2 Gene
GABRR2 (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor Rho2 Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRR2 include Alcohol Dependence and Retinitis Pigmentosa. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Circadian entrainment. GO annotations related to this gene include protein domain specific binding and extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRR1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRR2 Gene
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. Rho-2 GABA receptor could play a role in retinal neurotransmission.
GABAA-rho receptors, previously known as GABAC receptors, are Cys-loop ionotropic ligand-gated ion channels mediating the fast synaptic inhibitory effects of GABA. Despite differing in pharmacology, physiology and biochemistry, they are viewed as a subclass of GABAA receptors.