Aliases for GABRG3 Gene
External Ids for GABRG3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRG3 Gene
This gene encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor. GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. GABA-A receptors are pentameric, consisting of proteins from several subunit classes: alpha, beta, gamma, delta and rho. The protein encoded by this gene is a gamma subunit, which contains the benzodiazepine binding site. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]
GeneCards Summary for GABRG3 Gene
GABRG3 (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor Gamma3 Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRG3 include Autistic Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Circadian entrainment. GO annotations related to this gene include chloride channel activity and GABA-A receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRG1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRG3 Gene
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
GABAA receptors are members of the Cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels and, along with GABAB receptors, are responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of five subunits belonging to different families.