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Aliases for GABRE Gene

Aliases for GABRE Gene

  • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) A Receptor, Epsilon 2 3
  • GABA(A) Receptor Subunit Epsilon 4
  • GABA(A) Receptor 2
  • Epsilon 2

External Ids for GABRE Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRE Gene

  • GC0XM145456
  • GC0XM147779
  • GC0XM148869
  • GC0XM149739
  • GC0XM150792
  • GC0XM150873
  • GC0XM151121
  • GC0XM139977

Summaries for GABRE Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GABRE Gene

  • The product of this gene belongs to the ligand-gated ionic channel (TC 1.A.9) family. It encodes the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor which is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes an epsilon subunit. It is mapped to chromosome Xq28 in a cluster comprised of genes encoding alpha 3, beta 4 and theta subunits of the same receptor. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified, but only one is thought to encode a protein. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GABRE Gene

GABRE (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) A Receptor, Epsilon) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and Apoptosis Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include chloride channel activity and GABA-A receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRA4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRE Gene

  • GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel

Tocris Summary for GABRE Gene

  • GABAA receptors are members of the cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA alongside GABAB and GABAC receptors. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of 5 subunits belonging to different families (alpha1-6, beta1-3, gamma1-3, delta, pi, epsilon, rho, theta). The most abundant GABAA receptor in the mammalian brain consist of two copies each of alpha1 and beta2 with a single gamma2 subunits. GABAA receptors contain an integral chloride channel, and have modulatory sites for benzodiazepines, barbiturates, neurosteroids and ethanol.

Gene Wiki entry for GABRE Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GABRE Gene

Genomics for GABRE Gene

Regulatory Elements for GABRE Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for GABRE Gene

151,953,124 bp from pter
151,974,680 bp from pter
21,557 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GABRE Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GABRE Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GABRE Gene

Proteins for GABRE Gene

  • Protein details for GABRE Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilon
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E7ET93
    • O15345
    • O15346
    • Q6PCD2
    • Q99520

    Protein attributes for GABRE Gene

    506 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57972 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Generally pentameric. Associates with alpha and beta subunits

    Alternative splice isoforms for GABRE Gene


neXtProt entry for GABRE Gene

Proteomics data for GABRE Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GABRE Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn134 and Asn252
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GABRE Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GABRE Gene

Domains for GABRE Gene

Gene Families for GABRE Gene

  • GABR :GABA receptors
  • GABRA :Ligand-gated ion channels / GABA(A) receptors

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P78334
  • Belongs to the ligand-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.9) family. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (TC 1.A.9.5) subfamily. GABRE sub-subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GABRE: view

Function for GABRE Gene

Molecular function for GABRE Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor,ionotropic,epsilon,predominantly expressed in adult brain,subunit,component of a pentameric receptor mediating inhibitory neurotransmission,clustered with GABRA3 and GABRB4
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GABRE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004890 GABA-A receptor activity IEA --
GO:0005230 extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IEA --
GO:0005254 chloride channel activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRE: view

miRNA for GABRE Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GABRE

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GABRE

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GABRE Gene

Localization for GABRE Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRE Gene

Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GABRE Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GABRE gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GABRE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 9039914
GO:0016020 membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA --
GO:0034707 chloride channel complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRE: view

Pathways for GABRE Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GABRE: view

Pathways by source for GABRE Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Interacting Proteins for GABRE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GABRE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport TAS 9039914
GO:0006811 ion transport --
GO:0007214 gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway TAS 9039914
GO:1902476 chloride transmembrane transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRE: view

Compounds for GABRE Gene

(5) Tocris Compounds for GABRE Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(-)-Bicuculline methiodide Water-soluble GABAA antagonist [40709-69-1]
(-)-Bicuculline methochloride Water-soluble GABAA antagonist [53552-05-9]
L-655,708 Selective for alpha5-containing GABAA receptors [130477-52-0]
Muscimol Potent GABAA agonist [2763-96-4]
SR 95531 hydrobromide Selective, competitive GABAA receptor antagonist [104104-50-9]

(2) HMDB Compounds for GABRE Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Cl2
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid
  • 3-Carboxypropylamine

(23) Drugbank Compounds for GABRE Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
37115-32-5 target potentiator
28981-97-7 target potentiator
  • 7-Bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-3H-1,4-benzodiaxepin-2(1H)-one
1812-30-2 target potentiator
58-25-3 target potentiator
75696-02-5 target potentiator

(2) IUPHAR Ligand for GABRE Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
TBPS Channel blocker None
picrotoxin Channel blocker None
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GABRE: view

Transcripts for GABRE Gene

Unigene Clusters for GABRE Gene

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, epsilon:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GABRE

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GABRE Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b · 13c ^ 14a · 14b
SP1: - - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: -
SP8: - -
SP9: -
SP10: - -

Relevant External Links for GABRE Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GABRE Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GABRE Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GABRE Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Subcutaneous (4.0).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GABRE Gene Hs.22785

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GABRE Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in many tissues. Highest levels of expression in adult heart and placenta
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GABRE: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Expression partners for GABRE Gene

Orthologs for GABRE Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GABRE Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GABRE 35
  • 81.28 (n)
  • 73.57 (a)
  • 69 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GABRE 35
  • 85.45 (n)
  • 79.1 (a)
  • 79 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gabre 35
  • 81.02 (n)
  • 76.94 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gabre 16
Gabre 36
  • 39 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 47 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 33 (a)
-- 36
  • 54 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GABRE 36
  • 99 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GABRG4 36
  • 48 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 45 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CABZ01113152.1 36
  • 20 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8916 36
  • 24 (a)
Grd 36
  • 22 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F55D10.5 37
  • 31 (a)
T20B12.9 37
  • 26 (a)
Y71D11A.5 37
  • 26 (a)
lgc-36 36
  • 22 (a)
lgc-37 36
  • 29 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GABRE:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GABRE Gene

Gene Tree for GABRE (if available)
Gene Tree for GABRE (if available)

Paralogs for GABRE Gene

Paralogs for GABRE Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GABRE: view

Variants for GABRE Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GABRE Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs763539 -- 151,957,499(+) TTAAG(A/G)CACTT intron-variant
rs933204 -- 151,956,557(-) TGGGA(A/T)TGGCT intron-variant
rs933205 -- 151,956,480(-) CCAGA(A/G)TGCAG intron-variant
rs933206 -- 151,956,409(-) CCGGT(C/T)TTGAC intron-variant
rs933207 -- 151,956,366(-) TTTTG(C/G)CATCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GABRE Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv510867 CNV Loss 20534489
esv2668986 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for GABRE Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRE Gene

Disorders for GABRE Gene

Relevant External Links for GABRE

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator

No disorders were found for GABRE Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for GABRE Gene

Publications for GABRE Gene

  1. Investigation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptors genes and migraine susceptibility. (PMID: 19087248) Fernandez F. … Griffiths L.R. (BMC Med. Genet. 2008) 3 23 48
  2. Insensitivity to anaesthetic agents conferred by a class of GABA(A) receptor subunit. (PMID: 9039914) Davies P.A. … Kirkness E.F. (Nature 1997) 2 3 4
  3. An mRNA encoding a putative GABA-gated chloride channel is expressed in the human cardiac conduction system. (PMID: 9084408) Garret M. … Margolskee R.F. (J. Neurochem. 1997) 2 3 4
  4. A gene in human chromosome band Xq28 (GABRE) defines a putative new subunit class of the GABAA neurotransmitter receptor. (PMID: 9339354) Wilke K. … Poustka A. (Genomics 1997) 3 4
  5. Strong genetic evidence for a selective influence of GABAA receptors on a component of the bipolar disorder phenotype. (PMID: 19078961) Craddock N. … O'Donovan M.C. (Mol. Psychiatry 2010) 3 48

Products for GABRE Gene

Sources for GABRE Gene

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