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Aliases for GABRA6 Gene

Aliases for GABRA6 Gene

  • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) A Receptor, Alpha 6 2 3
  • GABA(A) Receptor Subunit Alpha-6 4
  • GABA(A) Receptor 2
  • Alpha 6 2

External Ids for GABRA6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRA6 Gene

  • GC05P161230
  • GC05P161048
  • GC05P161093
  • GC05P161045
  • GC05P156205

Summaries for GABRA6 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GABRA6 Gene

  • GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GABRA6 Gene

GABRA6 (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) A Receptor, Alpha 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRA6 include heroin dependence and antisocial personality disorder. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and Apoptosis Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include chloride channel activity and GABA-A receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRA4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRA6 Gene

  • GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel

Tocris Summary for GABRA6 Gene

  • GABAA receptors are members of the cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA alongside GABAB and GABAC receptors. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of 5 subunits belonging to different families (alpha1-6, beta1-3, gamma1-3, delta, pi, epsilon, rho, theta). The most abundant GABAA receptor in the mammalian brain consist of two copies each of alpha1 and beta2 with a single gamma2 subunits. GABAA receptors contain an integral chloride channel, and have modulatory sites for benzodiazepines, barbiturates, neurosteroids and ethanol.

Gene Wiki entry for GABRA6 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GABRA6 Gene

Genomics for GABRA6 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GABRA6 Gene

Genomic Location for GABRA6 Gene

161,547,063 bp from pter
161,702,593 bp from pter
155,531 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GABRA6 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GABRA6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GABRA6 Gene

Proteins for GABRA6 Gene

  • Protein details for GABRA6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K096
    • Q4VAV2

    Protein attributes for GABRA6 Gene

    453 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    51024 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds UBQLN1 (By similarity). Generally pentameric. There are five types of GABA(A) receptor chains: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and rho.

neXtProt entry for GABRA6 Gene

Proteomics data for GABRA6 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GABRA6 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn31, Asn128, and Asn141
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GABRA6 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for GABRA6 (GABA-A R alpha 6)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GABRA6 Gene

Domains for GABRA6 Gene

Gene Families for GABRA6 Gene

  • GABR :GABA receptors
  • GABRA :Ligand-gated ion channels / GABA(A) receptors

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GABRA6 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q16445
  • Belongs to the ligand-gated ion channel (TC 1.A.9) family. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (TC 1.A.9.5) subfamily. GABRA6 sub-subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GABRA6: view

Function for GABRA6 Gene

Molecular function for GABRA6 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor,ionotropic,alpha 6,subunit,component of a pentameric receptor mediating inhibitory neurotransmission,expressed in the cerebellar granule cells and the related cells of cochlear nucleus
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GABRA6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004890 GABA-A receptor activity IEA --
GO:0005230 extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity IEA --
GO:0005254 chloride channel activity IEA --
GO:0008503 benzodiazepine receptor activity TAS 8632757
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRA6: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GABRA6: view

Animal Models for GABRA6 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GABRA6:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for GABRA6 Gene

Localization for GABRA6 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRA6 Gene

Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GABRA6 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GABRA6 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GABRA6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 8632757
GO:0016020 membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane --
GO:0030054 cell junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRA6: view

Pathways for GABRA6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GABRA6: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Interacting Proteins for GABRA6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GABRA6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport TAS 8632757
GO:0006811 ion transport --
GO:0006821 chloride transport --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 8632757
GO:0007214 gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GABRA6: view

Compounds for GABRA6 Gene

(5) Tocris Compounds for GABRA6 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
L-655,708 Selective for alpha5-containing GABAA receptors [130477-52-0]
(-)-Bicuculline methiodide Water-soluble GABAA antagonist [40709-69-1]
(-)-Bicuculline methochloride Water-soluble GABAA antagonist [53552-05-9]
Muscimol Potent GABAA agonist [2763-96-4]
SR 95531 hydrobromide Selective, competitive GABAA receptor antagonist [104104-50-9]

(2) HMDB Compounds for GABRA6 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Cl2
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid
  • 3-Carboxypropylamine

(32) Drugbank Compounds for GABRA6 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
28981-97-7 target potentiator
57-43-2 target potentiator
77-02-1 target potentiator
57-44-3 target potentiator
Barbituric acid derivative
target potentiator

(20) IUPHAR Ligand for GABRA6 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
gabazine Antagonist Antagonist
tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone Allosteric regulator Potentiation
TBPS Channel blocker None
piperidine-4-sulphonic acid Agonist Full agonist
5alpha-pregnan-3alpha-ol-20-one Allosteric regulator Potentiation
muscimol Agonist Full agonist
[35S]TBPS None None
[3H]CGS8216 None None
[3H]muscimol None None
isoguvacine Agonist Full agonist
isonipecotic acid Agonist Full agonist
[11C]flumazenil None None
flumazenil Allosteric regulator Partial agonist
[3H]gabazine None None
bretazenil Allosteric regulator Full agonist
[18F]fluoroethylflumazenil None None
[3H]Ro154513 None None
Ro154513 Allosteric regulator Full agonist
THIP Agonist Agonist
bicuculline Antagonist Antagonist

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for GABRA6 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
gaba 59 2

(3) PharmGKB related drug/compound annotations for GABRA6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GABRA6: view

Transcripts for GABRA6 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GABRA6 Gene

(7) Additional mRNA sequences :
(16) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(9) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GABRA6 Gene

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, alpha 6:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GABRA6

Clone Products

  • R&D Systems cDNA Clones for GABRA6 (GABA-A R alpha 6)

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GABRA6 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b
SP1: - - -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for GABRA6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GABRA6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GABRA6 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GABRA6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (29.7) and Brain - Cerebellum (22.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for GABRA6 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GABRA6 Gene Hs.90791

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with GABRA6: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GABRA6 Gene

Orthologs for GABRA6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GABRA6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GABRA6 35
  • 99.04 (n)
  • 99.34 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GABRA6 35
  • 91.32 (n)
  • 94.92 (a)
  • 95 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GABRA6 35
  • 92.64 (n)
  • 96.47 (a)
  • 75 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gabra6 35
  • 86.71 (n)
  • 91.98 (a)
Gabra6 16
Gabra6 36
  • 91 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GABRA6 36
  • 84 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GABRA6 36
  • 84 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gabra6 35
  • 86.12 (n)
  • 91.98 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GABRA6 35
  • 79.49 (n)
  • 84.34 (a)
  • 81 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GABRA6 36
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gabra6 35
  • 72.94 (n)
  • 77.78 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
gabra6b 35
  • 69.22 (n)
  • 76.26 (a)
gabra6b 36
  • 73 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000039 35
  • 51.25 (n)
  • 45.75 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8916 35
  • 53.11 (n)
  • 48.85 (a)
CG8916 37
  • 45 (a)
Grd 37
  • 52 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lgc-37 35
  • 46.02 (n)
  • 36.59 (a)
F11H8.2 37
  • 35 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GABRA6:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GABRA6 Gene

Gene Tree for GABRA6 (if available)
Gene Tree for GABRA6 (if available)

Paralogs for GABRA6 Gene

Paralogs for GABRA6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GABRA6: view

Variants for GABRA6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GABRA6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1992646 -- 161,684,255(-) ACAAC(G/T)TTTTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1992647 -- 161,684,168(-) TACCA(C/T)TCATC upstream-variant-2KB
rs3219151 -- 161,701,908(+) GCTTC(C/T)GTAAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs3811991 -- 161,701,403(-) TTTAT(G/T)GACGA intron-variant
rs3811992 -- 161,689,936(-) GCACC(C/T)GGTTG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GABRA6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv883074 CNV Loss 21882294
esv34078 CNV Loss 18971310
dgv6365n71 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for GABRA6 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRA6 Gene

Disorders for GABRA6 Gene

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for GABRA6 Gene

Relevant External Links for GABRA6

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GABRA6: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRA6 Gene

Publications for GABRA6 Gene

  1. Cloning of cDNAs encoding the human gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor alpha 6 subunit and characterization of the pharmacology of alpha 6-containing receptors. (PMID: 8632757) Hadingham K.L. … Whiting P.J. (Mol. Pharmacol. 1996) 3 4 23
  2. GABRA6 gene polymorphism and an attenuated stress response. (PMID: 15197399) Uhart M. … Wand G.S. (Mol. Psychiatry 2004) 3 23 48
  3. Association analysis of sequence variants of GABA(A) alpha6, beta2, and gamma2 gene cluster and alcohol dependence. (PMID: 10195814) Sander T. … Loh E.W. (Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. 1999) 23 48
  4. Further evidence for clustering of human GABAA receptor subunit genes: localization of the alpha 6-subunit gene (GABRA6) to distal chromosome 5q by linkage analysis. (PMID: 8020978) Hicks A.A. … Darlison M.G. (Genomics 1994) 2 3
  5. A multivariate analysis of 59 candidate genes in personality traits: the temperament and character inventory. (PMID: 11140838) Comings D.E. … MacMurray J.P. (Clin. Genet. 2000) 3 48

Products for GABRA6 Gene

Sources for GABRA6 Gene

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