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Aliases for FURIN Gene

Aliases for FURIN Gene

  • Furin, Paired Basic Amino Acid Cleaving Enzyme 2 3
  • Furin (Paired Basic Amino Acid Cleaving Enzyme) 2 3 5
  • Paired Basic Amino Acid Residue-Cleaving Enzyme 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • PCSK3 3 4
  • PACE 3 4
  • FUR 3 4
  • Paired Basic Amino Acid Cleaving Enzyme (Furin, Membrane Associated Receptor Protein) 2
  • Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 3 3
  • Furin, Membrane Associated Receptor Protein 3
  • Dibasic Processing Enzyme 3
  • Dibasic-Processing Enzyme 4
  • FES Upstream Region 3
  • EC 3.4.21 63
  • SPC1 3

External Ids for FURIN Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for FURIN Gene

  • PCSK3
  • FUR
  • PACE

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FURIN Gene

  • GC15P084851
  • GC15P088999
  • GC15P089141
  • GC15P089212
  • GC15P091411
  • GC15P067523

Summaries for FURIN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FURIN Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. It encodes a type 1 membrane bound protease that is expressed in many tissues, including neuroendocrine, liver, gut, and brain. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the ER and then sorts to the trans-Golgi network through endosomes where a second autocatalytic event takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. The product of this gene is one of the seven basic amino acid-specific members which cleave their substrates at single or paired basic residues. Some of its substrates include proparathyroid hormone, transforming growth factor beta 1 precursor, proalbumin, pro-beta-secretase, membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase, beta subunit of pro-nerve growth factor and von Willebrand factor. It is also thought to be one of the proteases responsible for the activation of HIV envelope glycoproteins gp160 and gp140 and may play a role in tumor progression. This gene is located in close proximity to family member proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 6 and upstream of the FES oncogene. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GeneCards Summary for FURIN Gene

FURIN (Furin, Paired Basic Amino Acid Cleaving Enzyme) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FURIN include avian influenza and dementia, familial british. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PCSK1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FURIN Gene

  • Furin is likely to represent the ubiquitous endoprotease activity within constitutive secretory pathways and capable of cleavage at the RX(K/R)R consensus motif.

Gene Wiki entry for FURIN Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FURIN Gene

Genomics for FURIN Gene

Regulatory Elements for FURIN Gene

Promoters for FURIN Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around FURIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for FURIN Gene

90,868,592 bp from pter
90,883,458 bp from pter
14,867 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for FURIN Gene

Genes around FURIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FURIN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FURIN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FURIN Gene

Proteins for FURIN Gene

  • Protein details for FURIN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14336
    • Q6LBS3
    • Q9UCZ5

    Protein attributes for FURIN Gene

    794 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    86678 Da
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with FLNA (By similarity). Binds to PACS1 which mediates TGN localization and connection to clathrin adapters.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for FURIN Gene

neXtProt entry for FURIN Gene

Proteomics data for FURIN Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for FURIN Gene

  • Phosphorylation is required for TGN localization of the endoprotease. In vivo, exists as di-, mono- and non-phosphorylated forms.
  • The inhibition peptide, which plays the role of an intramolecular chaperone, is autocatalytically removed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and remains non-covalently bound to furin as a potent autoinhibitor. Following transport to the trans Golgi, a second cleavage within the inhibition propeptide results in propeptide dissociation and furin activation.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 748
  • Glycosylation at Asn 387, Asn 440, and Asn 553
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

Domains & Families for FURIN Gene

Gene Families for FURIN Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FURIN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains a cytoplasmic domain responsible for its TGN localization and recycling from the cell surface.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S8 family. Furin subfamily.
  • Contains a cytoplasmic domain responsible for its TGN localization and recycling from the cell surface.
  • Contains 1 peptidase S8 domain.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S8 family. Furin subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FURIN: view

Function for FURIN Gene

Molecular function for FURIN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Release of mature proteins from their proproteins by cleavage of -Arg-Xaa-Yaa-Arg- -Zaa- bonds, where Xaa can be any amino acid and Yaa is Arg or Lys. Releases albumin, complement component C3 and von Willebrand factor from their respective precursors.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Could be inhibited by the not secondly cleaved propeptide.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Furin is likely to represent the ubiquitous endoprotease activity within constitutive secretory pathways and capable of cleavage at the RX(K/R)R consensus motif.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for FURIN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FURIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002020 protease binding IPI 14744861
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FURIN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FURIN: view

Animal Models for FURIN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FURIN:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FURIN Gene

Localization for FURIN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FURIN Gene

Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Shuttles between the trans-Golgi network and the cell surface. Propeptide cleavage is a prerequisite for exit of furin molecules out of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). A second cleavage within the propeptide occurs in the trans Golgi network (TGN), followed by the release of the propeptide and the activation of furin.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for FURIN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FURIN gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
golgi apparatus 5
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 4
nucleus 3
cytosol 2
endosome 2
lysosome 2
vacuole 2
chloroplast 1
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FURIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 NOT extracellular space IDA 10567353
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0030140 trans-Golgi network transport vesicle IDA 15078902
GO:0031985 Golgi cisterna IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FURIN: view

Pathways & Interactions for FURIN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FURIN: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for FURIN Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FURIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006465 signal peptide processing IDA,TAS --
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0007179 transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0007219 Notch signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0016032 viral process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FURIN: view

Drugs & Compounds for FURIN Gene

(26) Drugs for FURIN Gene - From: Novoseek, DGIdb, DrugBank, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
decanoic acid Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Target 118
Pirfenidone Investigational Pharma Target TGF-β production inhibitor, Antifibrotic agent; regulates cytokine levels in vivo 42
calcium Nutra 0

(24) Additional Compounds for FURIN Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FURIN: view

Transcripts for FURIN Gene

Unigene Clusters for FURIN Gene

Furin (paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FURIN Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15

Relevant External Links for FURIN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FURIN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for FURIN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for FURIN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x7.4) and Whole Blood (x5.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for FURIN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (37.9), Salivary gland (12.3), Skin (8.6), and Placenta (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for FURIN Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FURIN Gene Hs.513153

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for FURIN Gene

Tissue specificity: Seems to be expressed ubiquitously.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with FURIN: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for FURIN Gene

Orthologs for FURIN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for FURIN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FURIN 36
  • 100 (a)
  • 99.5 (n)
  • 99.75 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FURIN 35
  • 89.76 (n)
  • 93.83 (a)
  • 95 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FURIN 36
  • 96 (a)
  • 90.79 (n)
  • 95.83 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Furin 36
  • 94 (a)
Furin 16
Furin 35
  • 88.52 (n)
  • 93.95 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FURIN 36
  • 85 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FURIN 36
  • 58 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Furin 35
  • 89.28 (n)
  • 93.82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FURIN 35
  • 77.58 (n)
  • 80.82 (a)
  • 80 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia FURIN 36
  • 69 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC397747 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia furin 35
  • 67.31 (n)
  • 70.9 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii furina 35
  • 66.19 (n)
  • 68.1 (a)
furina 36
  • 64 (a)
furinb 36
  • 63 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP001330 35
  • 60.01 (n)
  • 60.8 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea kpc-1 35
  • 56.61 (n)
  • 61.06 (a)
Species with no ortholog for FURIN:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for FURIN Gene

Gene Tree for FURIN (if available)
Gene Tree for FURIN (if available)

Paralogs for FURIN Gene

Paralogs for FURIN Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for FURIN Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FURIN: view

Variants for FURIN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FURIN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs6224 -- 90,880,313(+) CCGCC(C/G/T)CCTCT intron-variant
rs6225 -- 90,880,109(+) AAACG(G/T)CTCGA reference, synonymous-codon
rs6226 -- 90,881,344(+) CCAGG(C/G/T)TTCGC reference, synonymous-codon
rs6227 -- 90,882,002(+) GACTG(C/T)TTCCC utr-variant-3-prime
rs6228 -- 90,882,265(+) TCCAG(A/G)CAGTC utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FURIN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833089 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv515661 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv2436n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv22296 CNV Loss 19812545

Variation tolerance for FURIN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 17.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.07; 50.72% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for FURIN Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FURIN Gene

Disorders for FURIN Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for FURIN Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
avian influenza
  • avian flu
dementia, familial british
  • dementia familial british
smith-mccort dysplasia
  • smith mccort dysplasia
ectodermal dysplasia 10b, hypohidrotic/hair/tooth type, autosomal recessive
  • hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia
  • corynebacterium infection
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search FURIN in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for FURIN

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FURIN: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for FURIN Gene

Publications for FURIN Gene

  1. Expression of a human proprotein processing enzyme: correct cleavage of the von Willebrand factor precursor at a paired basic amino acid site. (PMID: 2251280) Wise R.J. … Kaufman R.J. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1990) 2 3 4 67
  2. A study of human furin specificity using synthetic peptides derived from natural substrates, and effects of potassium ions. (PMID: 19477160) Izidoro M.A. … Juliano L. (Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2009) 3 23
  3. Effect of ultraviolet radiation on the expression of pp38MAPK and furin in human keratinocyte-derived cell lines. (PMID: 19152512) Huynh T.T. … Piva T.J. (Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2009) 3 23
  4. Leukotriene D4 up-regulates furin expression through CysLT1 receptor signaling. (PMID: 18323532) Thompson C. … Rola-Pleszczynski M. (Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2008) 3 23
  5. Thyroid hormone promotes cell invasion through activation of furin expression in human hepatoma cell lines. (PMID: 18467449) Chen R.N. … Lin K.H. (Endocrinology 2008) 3 23

Products for FURIN Gene

Sources for FURIN Gene

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