Aliases for FGFR1 Gene
External Ids for FGFR1 Gene
Previous Symbols for FGFR1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family, where amino acid sequence is highly conserved between members and throughout evolution. FGFR family members differ from one another in their ligand affinities and tissue distribution. A full-length representative protein consists of an extracellular region, composed of three immunoglobulin-like domains, a single hydrophobic membrane-spanning segment and a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domain. The extracellular portion of the protein interacts with fibroblast growth factors, setting in motion a cascade of downstream signals, ultimately influencing mitogenesis and differentiation. This particular family member binds both acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors and is involved in limb induction. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Pfeiffer syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, osteoglophonic dysplasia, and autosomal dominant Kallmann syndrome 2. Chromosomal aberrations involving this gene are associated with stem cell myeloproliferative disorder and stem cell leukemia lymphoma syndrome. Alternatively spliced variants which encode different protein isoforms have been described; however, not all variants have been fully characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for FGFR1 Gene
FGFR1 (Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FGFR1 include hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 2 with or without anosmia and osteoglophonic dysplasia. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and PI-3K cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and heparin binding. An important paralog of this gene is FGFR3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FGFR1 Gene
Tyrosine-protein kinase that acts as cell-surface receptor for fibroblast growth factors and plays an essential role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Required for normal mesoderm patterning and correct axial organization during embryonic development, normal skeletogenesis and normal development of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal system. Phosphorylates PLCG1, FRS2, GAB1 and SHB. Ligand binding leads to the activation of several signaling cascades. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Phosphorylation of FRS2 triggers recruitment of GRB2, GAB1, PIK3R1 and SOS1, and mediates activation of RAS, MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1 and the MAP kinase signaling pathway, as well as of the AKT1 signaling pathway. Promotes phosphorylation of SHC1, STAT1 and PTPN11/SHP2. In the nucleus, enhances RPS6KA1 and CREB1 activity and contributes to the regulation of transcription. FGFR1 signaling is down-regulated by IL17RD/SEF, and by FGFR1 ubiquitination, internalization and degradation.
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) (FGF1 - 10 and 16 - 23) are mitogenic signaling molecules that have roles in angiogenesis, wound healing, cell migration, neural outgrowth and embryonic development. FGFs bind heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans (HSGAGs), which facilitates dimerization (activation) of FGF receptors (FGFRs). FGFRs are transmembrane catalytic receptors that have intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. There are four human genes encoding FGFRs, which produce seven different receptors (FGFR1b, FGFR1c, FGFR2b, FGFR2c, FGFR3b, FGFR3c and FGFR4) due to alternative splicing events occurring both in the extracellular and intracellular regions. The alternative splice isoforms are generally tissue specific: the b isoform is expressed in epithelial tissue, whereas the c isoform is expressed in mesenchymal tissue. HSGAG-FGF-FGFR binding initiates FGFR dimerization, enabling the cytoplasmic kinase domains to transphosphorylate tyrosine residues and become activated. HSGAGs also function to stabilize FGF-FGFR binding and prevent FGF degradation. FGFRs couple to the PLCgamma, MAPK and PI3-K/Akt intracellular signaling cascades and there is evidence of cross talk with the Notch signaling pathway. In addition, some activated FGF-FGFR complexes are endocytosed and function directly in the cytosol and/or nucleus of the cell. Mutations in FGFR genes are the cause of several human developmental disorders characterized by skeletal abnormalities such as achondroplasia, and upregulation of FGFR expression may lead to cell transformation and cancer.