Subcategory (RNA class) for FFAR1 Gene
Aliases for FFAR1 Gene
External Ids for FFAR1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for FFAR1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FFAR1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the GP40 family of G protein-coupled receptors that are clustered together on chromosome 19. The encoded protein is a receptor for medium and long chain free fatty acids and may be involved in the metabolic regulation of insulin secretion. Polymorphisms in this gene may be associated with type 2 diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]
GeneCards Summary for FFAR1 Gene
FFAR1 (Free Fatty Acid Receptor 1) is a Protein Coding gene, and is affiliated with the lncRNA class. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GPR132.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FFAR1 Gene
G-protein coupled receptor for medium and long chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids that plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. Fatty acid binding increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and may also enhance the secretion of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). May also play a role in bone homeostasis; receptor signaling activates pathways that inhibit osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Ligand binding leads to a conformation change that triggers signaling via G-proteins that activate phospholipase C, leading to an increase of the intracellular calcium concentration. Seems to act through a G(q) and G(i)-mediated pathway.
Free Fatty Acid (FFA) receptors are a group of Gq/11 protein-coupled receptors that are currently divided into FFA1, FFA2 and FFA3 subtypes. FFA receptors are concentrated in the pancreatic islet cells (particularly FFA1) and in the brain.