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Aliases for FECH Gene

Aliases for FECH Gene

  • Ferrochelatase 2 3
  • Protoheme Ferro-Lyase 3 4
  • Protoporphyria 2 3
  • Heme Synthase 3 4
  • EC 4.99.1.1 4 64
  • FCE 3 6
  • Ferrochelatase (Protoporphyria) 2
  • Ferrochelatase, Mitochondrial 3
  • Heme Synthetase 3
  • EPP 3

External Ids for FECH Gene

Summaries for FECH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FECH Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is localized to the mitochondrion, where it catalyzes the insertion of the ferrous form of iron into protoporphyrin IX in the heme synthesis pathway. Mutations in this gene are associated with erythropoietic protoporphyria. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 3.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for FECH Gene

FECH (Ferrochelatase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FECH include x-linked protoporphyria and protoporphyria, erythropoietic, autosomal recessive. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include heme binding and ferrous iron binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FECH Gene

  • Catalyzes the ferrous insertion into protoporphyrin IX

Gene Wiki entry for FECH Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FECH Gene

Genomics for FECH Gene

Genomic Location for FECH Gene

Start:
57,544,841 bp from pter
End:
57,586,772 bp from pter
Size:
41,932 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for FECH Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for FECH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FECH Gene

Regulatory Elements for FECH Gene

Proteins for FECH Gene

  • Protein details for FECH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P22830-HEMH_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ferrochelatase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    P22830
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8KA72
    • Q8IXN1
    • Q8NAN0

    Protein attributes for FECH Gene

    Size:
    423 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47862 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=[2Fe-2S] cluster; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:49601; Note=Binds 1 [2Fe-2S] cluster.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for FECH Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for FECH Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for FECH Gene

Proteomics data for FECH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for FECH Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys57 and Lys106

Other Protein References for FECH Gene

Domains for FECH Gene

Protein Domains for FECH Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

HEMH_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the ferrochelatase family.:
    • P22830
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FECH: view

No data available for Gene Families for FECH Gene

Function for FECH Gene

Molecular function for FECH Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: ferrochelatase,inner mitochondrial membrane,catalyzing heme formation,from protoporphyrin
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Protoheme + 2 H(+) = protoporphyrin + Fe(2+)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: Inhibited by nitric oxide (NO). The 2Fe-2S cluster could act as a NO sensor
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Catalyzes the ferrous insertion into protoporphyrin IX

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for FECH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FECH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004325 ferrochelatase activity TAS --
GO:0005506 iron ion binding --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15123683
GO:0008198 ferrous iron binding TAS 1729699
GO:0020037 heme binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FECH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FECH: view

Animal Models for FECH Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FECH:

miRNA for FECH Gene

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for FECH Gene

Localization for FECH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FECH Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Matrix side.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for FECH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FECH gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
chloroplast 2
cytosol 1
extracellular 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FECH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IBA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FECH: view

Pathways for FECH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FECH: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P22830-HEMH_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism; protoheme biosynthesis; protoheme from protoporphyrin-IX: step 1/1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FECH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006091 generation of precursor metabolites and energy TAS 1729699
GO:0006778 porphyrin-containing compound metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006779 porphyrin-containing compound biosynthetic process --
GO:0006783 heme biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0008203 cholesterol metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FECH: view

Compounds for FECH Gene

(3) HMDB Compounds for FECH Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Formyl-CoA
  • Formyl coenzyme A
13131-49-2
Heme
  • (protoporphyrinato)iron
14875-96-8
Protoporphyrin IX
  • 3,3'-(3,7,12,17-tetramethyl-8,13-divinyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-diyl)-bis-propionate
553-12-8

(1) Drugbank Compounds for FECH Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Cholic Acid
81-25-4 target

(36) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for FECH Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
protoporphyrin ix 96.2 120
n-methylmesoporphyrin 90.3 6
ppix 86.9 17
haem 86.6 39
mesoporphyrin 85.7 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FECH: view

Transcripts for FECH Gene

Unigene Clusters for FECH Gene

Ferrochelatase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FECH Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for FECH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
FECH
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
FECH

Expression for FECH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for FECH Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for FECH Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FECH Gene Hs.365365

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with FECH: view

Orthologs for FECH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for FECH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FECH 36
  • 99.37 (n)
  • 99.05 (a)
FECH 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FECH 36
  • 86.14 (n)
  • 87.26 (a)
FECH 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FECH 36
  • 88.95 (n)
  • 90.89 (a)
FECH 37
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Fech 36
  • 86.9 (n)
  • 88.7 (a)
Fech 16
Fech 37
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 84 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 79 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FECH 37
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Fech 36
  • 87.28 (n)
  • 88.39 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FECH 36
  • 76.76 (n)
  • 83.72 (a)
FECH 37
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia FECH 37
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398014 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia fech 36
  • 75.46 (n)
  • 85.71 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii fech 36
  • 72.39 (n)
  • 79.56 (a)
fech 37
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003719 36
  • 59.04 (n)
  • 57.34 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta ferrochelatase 36
  • 59.23 (n)
  • 56.21 (a)
ferrochelatase 37
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
ferrochelatase 38
  • 55 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AGR272W 36
  • 55.92 (n)
  • 53.43 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HEM15 36
  • 55.13 (n)
  • 52.37 (a)
HEM15 37
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
HEM15 39
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F20141g 36
  • 54.73 (n)
  • 51.29 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons FC2 36
  • 49.79 (n)
  • 45.22 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0361200 36
  • 49.15 (n)
  • 45.19 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU08291 36
  • 58.26 (n)
  • 57.26 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes hem15 36
  • 52.23 (n)
  • 49.57 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8424 36
Species with no ortholog for FECH:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for FECH Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for FECH (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for FECH (if available)

Paralogs for FECH Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for FECH Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for FECH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FECH: view

No data available for Paralogs for FECH Gene

Variants for FECH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FECH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs8339 -- 57,550,464(-) TCCAT(C/T)AGGAC utr-variant-3-prime
rs13271 -- 57,549,820(-) ATTAT(C/T)TTATA utr-variant-3-prime
rs13732 -- 57,545,084(-) CCCTG(A/C)GGGTC utr-variant-3-prime
rs317805 -- 57,582,307(+) attgg(A/T)gcatt intron-variant
rs317806 -- 57,583,032(+) ATGTC(C/T)TACTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FECH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2751777 CNV Gain 17911159
nsv458086 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv909663 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv833663 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv909664 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for FECH Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
FECH
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
FECH

Disorders for FECH Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for FECH Gene (612386)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

HEMH_HUMAN
  • Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) [MIM:177000]: A form of porphyria. Porphyrias are inherited defects in the biosynthesis of heme, resulting in the accumulation and increased excretion of porphyrins or porphyrin precursors. They are classified as erythropoietic or hepatic, depending on whether the enzyme deficiency occurs in red blood cells or in the liver. Erythropoietic protoporphyria is marked by excessive protoporphyrin in erythrocytes, plasma, liver and feces, and by widely varying photosensitive skin changes ranging from a burning or pruritic sensation to erythema, edema and wheals. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10942404, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11375302, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12063482, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12601550, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1376018, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15286165, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17196862, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1755842, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7910885, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8757534, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9585598, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9740232}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(21) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for FECH Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
protoporphyria erythropoietic 98.5 129
skin photosensitivity 86.9 12
porphyria 82.7 4
porphyria, congenital erythropoietic 82.2 9
porphyria variegate 75.8 1

Relevant External Links for FECH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
FECH
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
FECH
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FECH: view

Publications for FECH Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of cDNA encoding human ferrochelatase. (PMID: 2260980) Nakahashi Y. … Tokunaga R. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1990) 3 4 23
  2. Human erythropoietic protoporphyria: two point mutations in the ferrochelatase gene. (PMID: 1755842) Lamoril J. … Deybach J.-C. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1991) 3 4 23
  3. Recessive inheritance of erythropoietic protoporphyria with liver failure. (PMID: 7910885) Sarkany R.P.E. … Cox T.M. (Lancet 1994) 3 4 23
  4. Mammalian ferrochelatase. Expression and characterization of normal and two human protoporphyric ferrochelatases. (PMID: 8276824) Dailey H.A. … Dailey T.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1994) 3 4 23
  5. A novel mutation in the ferrochelatase gene associated with erythropoietic protoporphyria. (PMID: 8757534) Imoto S. … Oka Y. (Br. J. Haematol. 1996) 3 4 23

Products for FECH Gene

Sources for FECH Gene

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