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Aliases for FDX2 Gene

Aliases for FDX2 Gene

  • Ferredoxin 2 2 5
  • FDX1L 3 4
  • Adrenodoxin-Like Protein, Mitochondrial 3
  • Ferredoxin-2, Mitochondrial 3
  • Ferredoxin-1-Like Protein 4
  • Adrenodoxin-Like Protein 4
  • Ferredoxin 1-Like 2
  • Ferredoxin 1 Like 3

External Ids for FDX2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for FDX2 Gene

  • FDX1L

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FDX2 Gene

  • GC00U990097

Summaries for FDX2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FDX2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the ferredoxin family. The encoded protein contains a 2Fe-2S ferredoxin-type domain and is essential for heme A and Fe/S protein biosynthesis. Mutation in FDX1L gene is associated with mitochondrial muscle myopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

GeneCards Summary for FDX2 Gene

FDX2 (Ferredoxin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type and Diseases of metabolism. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000167807.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FDX2 Gene

  • Essential for heme A and Fe/S protein biosynthesis.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FDX2 Gene

Genomics for FDX2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for FDX2 Gene

Enhancers for FDX2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19G010005 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE 10.6 +307.7 307703 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARNT AGO1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 FEZF1 ZNF2 COL5A3 LOC100419831 ZNF559 ZNF177 ZNF121 ZNF846 ENSG00000267510 YIPF2 ZNF562 TIMM29
GH19G010975 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 10.5 -660.6 -660624 3.1 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B YY1 SLC30A9 DEK SP5 MXD4 ZNF441 ZNF439 ZNF627 ILF3-AS1 ZNF763 EIF3G HNRNPA1P10 QTRT1 ENSG00000267274 FDX2
GH19G009862 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 +453.1 453050 1.7 ESRRA NR2F1 NR2C1 ZNF16 BCL11B ZNF404 ZNF177 FDX2 ZNF266 ZNF846 FBXL12 PIR54152 GC19P009927
GH19G010776 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 -461.2 -461150 1.4 RAD21 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF202 ZNF654 ZNF680 OVOL3 ZEB2 ZNF555 GLIS1 ZNF627 MIR199A1 YIPF2 ZNF846 KRI1 SLC44A2 TIMM29 CDKN2D FDX2 RPL18AP13
GH19G010700 1.2 ENCODE 10.1 -385.7 -385660 1.7 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF207 ILF3-AS1 LOC100996288 RPL18AP13 FDX2 ENSG00000200237 SLC44A2 QTRT1 DNM2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around FDX2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for FDX2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000106992 315 1001 HDGF FOXA2 MLX AGO1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF207 FOS

Genomic Location for FDX2 Gene

10,310,045 bp from pter
10,316,015 bp from pter
5,971 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for FDX2 Gene

Genes around FDX2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FDX2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FDX2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FDX2 Gene

Proteins for FDX2 Gene

  • Protein details for FDX2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Ferredoxin-2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N8B8

    Protein attributes for FDX2 Gene

    183 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19521 Da
    Name=[2Fe-2S] cluster; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:49601;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for FDX2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for FDX2 Gene


neXtProt entry for FDX2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for FDX2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for FDX2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for FDX2 Gene

Domains & Families for FDX2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FDX2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the adrenodoxin/putidaredoxin family.
  • Belongs to the adrenodoxin/putidaredoxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FDX2: view

No data available for Gene Families for FDX2 Gene

Function for FDX2 Gene

Molecular function for FDX2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential for heme A and Fe/S protein biosynthesis.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FDX2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity TAS,IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
GO:0051536 iron-sulfur cluster binding IEA --
GO:0051537 2 iron, 2 sulfur cluster binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FDX2: view

Phenotypes for FDX2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for FDX2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FDX2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for FDX2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target FDX2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FDX2 Gene

Localization for FDX2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FDX2 Gene

Mitochondrion. Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FDX2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FDX2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FDX2: view

Pathways & Interactions for FDX2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FDX2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FDX2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006700 C21-steroid hormone biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0016125 sterol metabolic process TAS --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FDX2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for FDX2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for FDX2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for FDX2 Gene

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FDX2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for FDX2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FDX2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of FDX2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for FDX2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed, with highest levels in testis, kidney and brain (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for FDX2 Gene

  • Intestine(4)
  • Liver(4)
  • Nervous system(4)

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in normal human tissues , mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for FDX2 Gene

Orthologs for FDX2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for FDX2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FDX1L 34 35
  • 98.91 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FDX1L 34 35
  • 86.89 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FDX1L 34 35
  • 86.7 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Fdx1l 34 16 35
  • 83.14 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Fdx1l 34
  • 82.18 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 81 (a)
-- 35
  • 48 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 69 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia fdx1l 34
  • 62.22 (n)
Str.7854 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii fdx1l 34 35
  • 71.61 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5955 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Fdxh 34 35
  • 63.31 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006799 34
  • 59.33 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea CELE_Y73F8A.27 34
  • 58.63 (n)
Y73F8A.27 35
  • 51 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFL169C 34
  • 55.45 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes YAH1 34 35
  • 53.94 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0B10307g 34
  • 48.18 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons MFDX1 34
  • 52.01 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os09g0437900 34
  • 52.87 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU07794 34
  • 52.05 (n)
Species where no ortholog for FDX2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for FDX2 Gene

Gene Tree for FDX2 (if available)
Gene Tree for FDX2 (if available)

Paralogs for FDX2 Gene

Paralogs for FDX2 Gene Pseudogenes for FDX2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FDX2: view

Variants for FDX2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FDX2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs587777600 Uncertain significance 10,315,996(+) GGCCA(A/T)GACAT downstream-variant-500B, reference, missense
rs1000881031 -- 10,316,684(+) CCCAG(C/G)GTGGA upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1001053147 -- 10,313,663(+) ATATA(-/TATG)TATAT intron-variant
rs1001116323 -- 10,313,535(+) TAGAC(C/T)AGGTC intron-variant
rs1001245362 -- 10,317,612(+) ACAGA(G/T)GGCAG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FDX2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2667969 CNV deletion 23128226
nsv470124 CNV gain 18288195

Variation tolerance for FDX2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 58.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.92; 35.66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for FDX2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FDX2 Gene

Disorders for FDX2 Gene

Relevant External Links for FDX2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for FDX2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for FDX2 Gene

Publications for FDX2 Gene

  1. Deleterious mutation in FDX1L gene is associated with a novel mitochondrial muscle myopathy. (PMID: 24281368) Spiegel R. … Elpeleg O. (Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 2013) 2 3 64
  2. Humans possess two mitochondrial ferredoxins, Fdx1 and Fdx2, with distinct roles in steroidogenesis, heme, and Fe/S cluster biosynthesis. (PMID: 20547883) Sheftel A.D. … Lill R. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010) 3 4 64
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network. (PMID: 25416956) Rolland T. … Vidal M. (Cell 2014) 3 64
  5. An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. (PMID: 24275569) Bian Y. … Zou H. (J. Proteomics 2014) 4 64

Products for FDX2 Gene

Sources for FDX2 Gene

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