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Aliases for FAR2 Gene

Aliases for FAR2 Gene

  • Fatty Acyl-CoA Reductase 2 2 3 5
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 10E, Member 2 2 3
  • Male Sterility Domain-Containing Protein 1 3 4
  • EC 1.2.1.n2 4 61
  • MLSTD1 3 4
  • Male Sterility Domain Containing 1 2
  • Epididymis Secretory Protein Li 81 3
  • HEL-S-81 3
  • SDR10E2 3

External Ids for FAR2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for FAR2 Gene

  • MLSTD1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FAR2 Gene

  • GC12P029268
  • GC12P029376
  • GC12P029302

Summaries for FAR2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FAR2 Gene

  • This gene belongs to the short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily. It encodes a reductase enzyme involved in the first step of wax biosynthesis wherein fatty acids are converted to fatty alcohols. The encoded peroxisomal protein utilizes saturated fatty acids of 16 or 18 carbons as preferred substrates. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 2, 14 and 22. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2012]

GeneCards Summary for FAR2 Gene

FAR2 (Fatty Acyl-CoA Reductase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Peroxisome. GO annotations related to this gene include NAD binding and coenzyme binding. An important paralog of this gene is FAR1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR2 Gene

  • Catalyzes the reduction of fatty acyl-CoA to fatty alcohols. The preferred substrates are C16, C18, C18:1 and C18:2 but low activity can be observed with C10-C14 substrates.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FAR2 Gene

Genomics for FAR2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for FAR2 Gene

Enhancers for FAR2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12F029240 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 22.7 +93.2 93198 4.0 HDAC1 PKNOX1 BMI1 FEZF1 RAD21 GATA2 ETV6 CEBPB JUNB ELF1 LOC100506606 FAR2 GC12P029213 ENSG00000275476
GH12F029228 1 ENCODE 18.1 +80.2 80233 1.5 ATF1 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 DMAP1 YY1 DEK NFYC ZHX2 REST TBX21 FAR2 GC12P029213 ENSG00000275476
GH12F029101 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.5 -45.4 -45435 3.9 ESRRA ETV1 DDX20 CEBPG CBX5 STAT2 EED ETV6 NR2F6 CREM FAR2 LOC100506606 GC12P029085 ENSG00000257258
GH12F029206 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.4 +59.2 59237 3.8 MAX ZSCAN29 EMSY MYC FAR2 LOC100506606 GC12P029213 PIR55591
GH12F029282 0.7 Ensembl 18.7 +133.5 133498 0.2 PKNOX1 L3MBTL2 HLF NFRKB NR2F1 POLR2H FOSL1 ZNF589 PBX2 MGA LOC100506606 FAR2 ENSG00000275476 GC12P029288
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around FAR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for FAR2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000428408 297 2201 TBP ZNF76 KLF17 BMI1 GLI4 RAD21 ZNF121 GLIS2 SCRT2 KLF7

Genomic Location for FAR2 Gene

29,149,003 bp from pter
29,340,980 bp from pter
191,978 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for FAR2 Gene

Genes around FAR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
FAR2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for FAR2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FAR2 Gene

Proteins for FAR2 Gene

  • Protein details for FAR2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Fatty acyl-CoA reductase 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • F8VV73
    • Q9H0D5
    • Q9NVW8

    Protein attributes for FAR2 Gene

    515 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    59438 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for FAR2 Gene


neXtProt entry for FAR2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for FAR2 Gene


Post-translational modifications for FAR2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for FAR2 Gene

Gene Families for FAR2 Gene

Protein Domains for FAR2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FAR2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the fatty acyl-CoA reductase family.
  • Belongs to the fatty acyl-CoA reductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FAR2: view

Function for FAR2 Gene

Molecular function for FAR2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hexadecanal + CoA + NADP(+) = hexadecanoyl-CoA + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the reduction of fatty acyl-CoA to fatty alcohols. The preferred substrates are C16, C18, C18:1 and C18:2 but low activity can be observed with C10-C14 substrates.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for FAR2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FAR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004028 3-chloroallyl aldehyde dehydrogenase activity IEA --
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity TAS --
GO:0016620 oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor IEA --
GO:0018472 1-hydroxy-2-naphthaldehyde dehydrogenase activity IEA --
GO:0018473 cis-2-methyl-5-isopropylhexa-2,5-dienal dehydrogenase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with FAR2: view

Animal Models for FAR2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for FAR2:
  • Far2 tm2b(KOMP)Wtsi

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for FAR2 Gene

Localization for FAR2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR2 Gene

Peroxisome membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Note=Peroxisome in cells expressing low levels of the protein. Peroxisome and endoplasmic reticulum in cells expressing high levels of the protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FAR2 gene
Compartment Confidence
peroxisome 5
endoplasmic reticulum 3
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
golgi apparatus 2
mitochondrion 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FAR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005777 peroxisome ISS --
GO:0005778 peroxisomal membrane IEA --
GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix TAS --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR2: view

Pathways & Interactions for FAR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FAR2: view

Pathways by source for FAR2 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for FAR2 Gene

Interacting Proteins for FAR2 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: Q96K12-FACR2_HUMAN ENSP00000182377 for FAR2 Gene via IID STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FAR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006086 acetyl-CoA biosynthetic process from pyruvate IEA --
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0010025 wax biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0035336 long-chain fatty-acyl-CoA metabolic process IDA 15220348
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for FAR2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for FAR2 Gene

(4) Drugs for FAR2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Isopropyl alcohol Approved Pharma 0
Hexadecanal Experimental Pharma 0
Propionyl-CoA Experimental Pharma 0
Coenzyme A Nutra 0

(46) Additional Compounds for FAR2 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoic acid
  • 2,3-trans-Octenoyl coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA.
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FAR2: view

Transcripts for FAR2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for FAR2 Gene

Fatty acyl CoA reductase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FAR2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15
SP2: -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for FAR2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FAR2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for FAR2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for FAR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x8.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for FAR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (56.8) and Platelet (12.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for FAR2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for FAR2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of FAR2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FAR2 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with FAR2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for FAR2 Gene

Orthologs for FAR2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for FAR2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FAR2 34 35
  • 99.61 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FAR2 34 35
  • 91.33 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FAR2 34 35
  • 88.93 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Far2 34 16 35
  • 84.01 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Far2 34
  • 83.43 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FAR2 35
  • 79 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FAR2 35
  • 49 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FAR2 34 35
  • 67.96 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 62 (a)
-- 35
  • 52 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii FAR2 35
  • 61 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG5065 34 35
  • 48.37 (n)
CG12268 35
  • 34 (a)
CG14893 35
  • 34 (a)
CG17560 35
  • 33 (a)
CG4020 35
  • 33 (a)
CG10096 35
  • 32 (a)
CG10097 35
  • 32 (a)
CG17562 35
  • 32 (a)
CG13091 35
  • 31 (a)
CG1441 35
  • 31 (a)
CG30427 35
  • 31 (a)
CG8306 35
  • 31 (a)
CG1443 35
  • 30 (a)
CG18031 35
  • 28 (a)
CG4770 35
  • 28 (a)
CG34342 35
  • 26 (a)
CG8303 35
  • 25 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009690 34
  • 39.47 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea fard-1 34 35
  • 48.99 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons MS2 34
  • 45.34 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0167600 34
  • 44.59 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 34 (a)
-- 35
  • 34 (a)
CSA.10130 35
  • 33 (a)
-- 35
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for FAR2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for FAR2 Gene

Gene Tree for FAR2 (if available)
Gene Tree for FAR2 (if available)

Paralogs for FAR2 Gene

Paralogs for FAR2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for FAR2 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FAR2: view

Variants for FAR2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FAR2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10047547 -- 29,294,264(+) gaaat(A/G)cctat intron-variant
rs10047562 -- 29,255,759(+) AGCTC(A/G)GATTA intron-variant
rs1006409 -- 29,282,742(-) TACCA(C/T)AAAAG intron-variant
rs1006410 -- 29,282,682(-) TTTTG(A/G)TCACA intron-variant
rs10082744 -- 29,221,920(+) TTGGC(C/T)CACTA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FAR2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv975465 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv951345 CNV duplication 24416366
nsv819469 CNV gain 19587683
nsv477212 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv437739 CNV loss 16327808
nsv1113470 CNV deletion 24896259
esv33218 CNV gain 17666407
esv33168 CNV gain 17666407
esv2762969 CNV loss 21179565

Variation tolerance for FAR2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.56; 30.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for FAR2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR2 Gene

Disorders for FAR2 Gene

Genatlas disease for FAR2 Gene

familial amyloidosis,renal,Ostertag type (lysozyme deposit)

Relevant External Links for FAR2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FAR2: view

No data available for MalaCards and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR2 Gene

Publications for FAR2 Gene

  1. Mammalian wax biosynthesis: I. Identification of two fatty acyl- coenzyme A reductases with different substrate specificities and tissue distributions. (PMID: 15220348) Cheng J.B. … Russell D.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 2 3 4 64
  2. New gene functions in megakaryopoiesis and platelet formation. (PMID: 22139419) Gieger C. … Soranzo N. (Nature 2011) 3 46 64
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 64
  4. The SDR (short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase and related enzymes) nomenclature initiative. (PMID: 19027726) Persson B. … Oppermann U. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 2009) 2 3 64
  5. Mammalian wax biosynthesis. II. Expression cloning of wax synthase cDNAs encoding a member of the acyltransferase enzyme family. (PMID: 15220349) Cheng J.B. … Russell D.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 2 3 64

Products for FAR2 Gene

Sources for FAR2 Gene

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