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Aliases for FAR1 Gene

Aliases for FAR1 Gene

  • Fatty Acyl CoA Reductase 1 2 3
  • Male Sterility Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • EC 1.2.1.n2 4 63
  • MLSTD2 3 4
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 10E, Member 1 3
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 10E 2
  • Male Sterility Domain Containing 2 2
  • Fatty Acyl-CoA Reductase 1 3
  • Member 1 2
  • SDR10E1 3
  • PFCRD 3

External Ids for FAR1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for FAR1 Gene

  • MLSTD2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FAR1 Gene

  • GC11P013647
  • GC11P013370

Summaries for FAR1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for FAR1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is required for the reduction of fatty acids to fatty alcohols, a process that is required for the synthesis of monoesters and ether lipids. NADPH is required as a cofactor in this reaction, and 16-18 carbon saturated and unsaturated fatty acids are the preferred substrate. This is a peroxisomal membrane protein, and studies suggest that the N-terminus contains a large catalytic domain located on the outside of the peroxisome, while the C-terminus is exposed to the matrix of the peroxisome. Studies indicate that the regulation of this protein is dependent on plasmalogen levels. Mutations in this gene have been associated with individuals affected by severe intellectual disability, early-onset epilepsy, microcephaly, congenital cataracts, growth retardation, and spasticity (PMID: 25439727). A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 13. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]

GeneCards Summary for FAR1 Gene

FAR1 (Fatty Acyl CoA Reductase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FAR1 include peroxisomal fatty acyl-coa reductase 1 disorder. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include fatty-acyl-CoA reductase (alcohol-forming) activity and long-chain-fatty-acyl-CoA reductase activity. An important paralog of this gene is FAR2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the reduction of saturated fatty acyl-CoA with chain length C16 or C18 to fatty alcohols.

Gene Wiki entry for FAR1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for FAR1 Gene

Genomics for FAR1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for FAR1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for FAR1 Gene

13,668,659 bp from pter
13,732,346 bp from pter
63,688 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for FAR1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for FAR1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for FAR1 Gene

Proteins for FAR1 Gene

  • Protein details for FAR1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Fatty acyl-CoA reductase 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DQW8
    • Q5CZA3

    Protein attributes for FAR1 Gene

    515 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    59357 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts (via C-terminus) with PEX19, the interaction is required for targeting to peroxisomes.

neXtProt entry for FAR1 Gene

Proteomics data for FAR1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for FAR1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys29, Lys63, Lys208, Lys379, and Lys443
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for FAR1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains for FAR1 Gene

Gene Families for FAR1 Gene

  • SDRA :Short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily / Atypical members

Protein Domains for FAR1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for FAR1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q8WVX9
  • Belongs to the fatty acyl-CoA reductase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with FAR1: view

Function for FAR1 Gene

Molecular function for FAR1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hexadecanal + CoA + NADP(+) = hexadecanoyl-CoA + NADPH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the reduction of saturated fatty acyl-CoA with chain length C16 or C18 to fatty alcohols.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for FAR1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for FAR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0050062 long-chain-fatty-acyl-CoA reductase activity IEA --
GO:0050662 coenzyme binding --
GO:0080019 fatty-acyl-CoA reductase (alcohol-forming) activity IDA 15220348
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR1: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for FAR1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for FAR1 Gene

Localization for FAR1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAR1 Gene

Peroxisome membrane; Single-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for FAR1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for FAR1 gene
Compartment Confidence
peroxisome 5
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for FAR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005777 peroxisome IDA 20071337
GO:0005778 peroxisomal membrane IDA 21525035
GO:0005782 peroxisomal matrix TAS --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR1: view

Pathways for FAR1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with FAR1: view

Pathways by source for FAR1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for FAR1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008611 ether lipid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0009058 biosynthetic process --
GO:0010025 wax biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0035336 long-chain fatty-acyl-CoA metabolic process IDA 15220348
GO:0044255 cellular lipid metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with FAR1: view

Compounds for FAR1 Gene

(41) HMDB Compounds for FAR1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with FAR1: view

Transcripts for FAR1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for FAR1 Gene

Fatty acyl CoA reductase 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for FAR1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for FAR1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b · 9c · 9d ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c · 11d ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a ·
SP1: - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - -
SP8: - -

ExUns: 15b ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b · 17c

Relevant External Links for FAR1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for FAR1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for FAR1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for FAR1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (52.3) and Lung (12.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for FAR1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for FAR1 Gene Hs.501991

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with FAR1: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Expression partners for FAR1 Gene

Orthologs for FAR1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for FAR1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia FAR1 35
  • 95.66 (n)
  • 98.45 (a)
FAR1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia FAR1 35
  • 96.18 (n)
  • 98.45 (a)
FAR1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Far1 35
  • 92.82 (n)
  • 98.06 (a)
Far1 16
Far1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia FAR1 35
  • 99.68 (n)
  • 99.81 (a)
FAR1 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Far1 35
  • 89.84 (n)
  • 92.23 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia FAR1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia FAR1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves FAR1 35
  • 82.65 (n)
  • 89.71 (a)
FAR1 36
  • 89 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 87 (a)
-- 36
  • 80 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia far1 35
  • 77.22 (n)
  • 85.63 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.20797 35
si:dkey-97m3.1 35
  • 66.41 (n)
  • 70.96 (a)
far1 36
  • 66 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011736 35
  • 47.31 (n)
  • 36.98 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1443 35
  • 45.48 (n)
  • 35.36 (a)
CG10096 36
  • 33 (a)
CG10097 36
  • 31 (a)
CG12268 36
  • 32 (a)
CG13091 36
  • 30 (a)
CG1441 36
  • 33 (a)
CG1443 36
  • 32 (a)
CG14893 36
  • 32 (a)
CG17560 36
  • 32 (a)
CG17562 36
  • 32 (a)
CG18031 36
  • 26 (a)
CG30427 36
  • 33 (a)
CG34342 36
  • 25 (a)
CG4020 36
  • 33 (a)
CG4770 36
  • 30 (a)
CG5065 36
  • 32 (a)
CG8303 36
  • 25 (a)
CG8306 36
  • 32 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea fard-1 36
  • 37 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons FAR5 35
  • 46.57 (n)
  • 30.86 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os04g0354600 35
  • 44.42 (n)
  • 33.96 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 35 (a)
-- 36
  • 37 (a)
-- 36
  • 36 (a)
CSA.10130 36
  • 33 (a)
Species with no ortholog for FAR1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for FAR1 Gene

Gene Tree for FAR1 (if available)
Gene Tree for FAR1 (if available)

Paralogs for FAR1 Gene

Paralogs for FAR1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for FAR1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins: Pseudogenes for FAR1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with FAR1: view

Variants for FAR1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for FAR1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs720192 -- 13,715,673(-) AGCTA(C/T)AACAA intron-variant
rs749829 -- 13,716,233(-) CAATG(C/T)GATGT intron-variant
rs1023770 -- 13,705,430(+) CACTT(C/G)TATGC intron-variant
rs1023771 -- 13,705,402(-) GCATC(C/T)GTACC intron-variant
rs1023772 -- 13,705,363(-) ACCCA(A/C)GTGAG intron-variant

Relevant External Links for FAR1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for FAR1 Gene

Disorders for FAR1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for FAR1 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) Diseases for FAR1 Gene including...


  • Peroxisomal fatty acyl-CoA reductase 1 disorder (PFCRD) [MIM:616154]: An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder clinically characterized by severe intellectual disability, early-onset epilepsy, microcephaly, congenital cataracts, growth retardation, and spasticity. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25439727}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for FAR1 Gene

familial amyloidosis,renal,Ostertag type (FGA deposit)
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with FAR1: view

No data available for OMIM , University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and External Links for FAR1 Gene

Publications for FAR1 Gene

  1. Mammalian wax biosynthesis: I. Identification of two fatty acyl- coenzyme A reductases with different substrate specificities and tissue distributions. (PMID: 15220348) Cheng J.B. … Russell D.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 2 3 4
  2. Mammalian wax biosynthesis. II. Expression cloning of wax synthase cDNAs encoding a member of the acyltransferase enzyme family. (PMID: 15220349) Cheng J.B. … Russell D.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 2 3
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. The SDR (short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase and related enzymes) nomenclature initiative. (PMID: 19027726) Persson B. … Oppermann U. (Chem. Biol. Interact. 2009) 2 3
  5. Posttranslational regulation of fatty acyl-CoA reductase 1, Far1, controls ether glycerophospholipid synthesis. (PMID: 20071337) Honsho M. … Fujiki Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 23

Products for FAR1 Gene

Sources for FAR1 Gene

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