Aliases for FAM21C Gene
External Ids for FAM21C Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FAM21C Gene
GeneCards Summary for FAM21C Gene
FAM21C (Family With Sequence Similarity 21, Member C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FAM21C include vaccinia. Among its related pathways are Endocytosis. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate binding and phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate binding. An important paralog of this gene is FAM21A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FAM21C Gene
Acts at least in part as component of the WASH core complex whose assembly at the surface of endosomes inhibits WASH nucleation-promoting factor (NPF) activity in recruiting and activating the Arp2/3 complex to induce actin polymerization and is involved in the fission of tubules that serve as transport intermediates during endosome sorting. Mediates the recruitment of the WASH core complex to endosome membranes via binding to phospholipids and VPS35 of the retromer CSC. Mediates the recruitment of the F-actin-capping protein dimer to the WASH core complex probably promoting localized F-actin polymerization needed for vesicle scission (PubMed:19922874, PubMed:20498093, PubMed:22513087, PubMed:23331060). Via its C-terminus binds various phospholipids, most strongly phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns-(4)P), phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate (PtdIns-(5)P) and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns-(3,5)P2). Involved in the endosome-to-plasma membrane trafficking and recycling of SNX27-retromer-dependent cargo proteins, such as GLUT1 (PubMed:25278552). Required for the association of DNAJC13, SDCCAG3, ANKRD50 with retromer CSC subunit VPS35 (PubMed:24980502). Required for the endosomal recruitment of CCC complex subunits COMMD1, CCDC93 AND C16orf62 (PubMed:25355947). Plays a role in fluid-phase endocytosis, a process exploited by vaccinia intracellular mature virus (IMV) to enter cells. As a result, may facilitate the penetration of IMV into cells (PubMed:18550675).