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Aliases for EZH2 Gene

Aliases for EZH2 Gene

  • Enhancer Of Zeste 2 Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Subunit 2 3 5
  • Lysine N-Methyltransferase 6 3 4
  • Enhancer Of Zeste Homolog 2 3 4
  • EC 2.1.1.43 4 58
  • ENX-1 3 4
  • KMT6 3 4
  • Enhancer Of Zeste (Drosophila) Homolog 2 2
  • Enhancer Of Zeste Homolog 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase EZH2 3
  • EC 2.1.1 58
  • EZH2b 3
  • KMT6A 3
  • ENX1 3
  • WVS2 3
  • WVS 3

External Ids for EZH2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EZH2 Gene

  • GC07M146751
  • GC07M147819
  • GC07M147896
  • GC07M147942
  • GC07M148135
  • GC07M148504
  • GC07M142583

Summaries for EZH2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for EZH2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the Polycomb-group (PcG) family. PcG family members form multimeric protein complexes, which are involved in maintaining the transcriptional repressive state of genes over successive cell generations. This protein associates with the embryonic ectoderm development protein, the VAV1 oncoprotein, and the X-linked nuclear protein. This protein may play a role in the hematopoietic and central nervous systems. Multiple alternatively splcied transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

CIViC summary for EZH2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for EZH2 Gene

EZH2 (Enhancer Of Zeste 2 Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EZH2 include Weaver Syndrome and Ezh2-Related Overgrowth. Among its related pathways are Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 and Chromatin organization. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is EZH1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EZH2 Gene

  • Polycomb group (PcG) protein. Catalytic subunit of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, which methylates Lys-9 (H3K9me) and Lys-27 (H3K27me) of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. Able to mono-, di- and trimethylate Lys-27 of histone H3 to form H3K27me1, H3K27me2 and H3K27me3, respectively. Displays a preference for substrates with less methylation, loses activity when progressively more methyl groups are incorporated into H3K27, H3K27me0 > H3K27me1 > H3K27me2 (PubMed:22323599). Compared to EZH1-containing complexes, it is more abundant in embryonic stem cells and plays a major role in forming H3K27me3, which is required for embryonic stem cell identity and proper differentiation. The PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex may also serve as a recruiting platform for DNA methyltransferases, thereby linking two epigenetic repression systems. Genes repressed by the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex include HOXC8, HOXA9, MYT1, CDKN2A and retinoic acid target genes. EZH2 can also methylate non-histone proteins such as the transcription factor GATA4 and the nuclear receptor RORA. Regulates the circadian clock via histone methylation at the promoter of the circadian genes. Essential for the CRY1/2-mediated repression of the transcriptional activation of PER1/2 by the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer; involved in the di and trimethylation of Lys-27 of histone H3 on PER1/2 promoters which is necessary for the CRY1/2 proteins to inhibit transcription.

Tocris Summary for EZH2 Gene

  • Lysine methyltransferases are enyzmes that catalyze the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to the lysine residues on histones, particularly histones H3 and H4. The dysregulation of this methylation is critical in the development of cancer.

Gene Wiki entry for EZH2 Gene

Additional gene information for EZH2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EZH2 Gene

Genomics for EZH2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for EZH2 Gene

Enhancers for EZH2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH07H148912 1.5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.5 -29.5 -29515 2 PKNOX1 FEZF1 TCF12 GLIS2 FOS ATF7 RUNX3 JUNB REST SMARCA4 EZH2 C7orf33 GC07P148916 GC07M148898
GH07H148940 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE 12.4 -57.1 -57052 2 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF783 ZNF398 ZNF777 ENSG00000271664 ZNF767P LOC155060 ZNF212 ZNF282 ZNF786 CUL1
GH07H148982 1.1 ENCODE 12.1 -99.1 -99149 1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF143 FOS DEK SP3 ZNF777 ZNF783 ENSG00000271664 ZNF398 ZNF212 LOC155060 PDIA4 EZH2 ZNF767P ZNF282
GH07H148962 1.1 ENCODE 11.7 -79.2 -79249 2 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YBX1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF777 ZNF398 ZNF786 ENSG00000271664 ZNF783 ZNF212 LOC155060 ZNF282 ZNF767P EZH2
GH07H148847 0.9 ENCODE 12.2 +36.3 36259 0 HDAC1 FOXA2 TBL1XR1 ARNT RFX5 CHAMP1 TCF12 GATA2 RCOR1 ZBTB2 EZH2 GC07P148823 ENSG00000275586
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around EZH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for EZH2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000219562 349 3200 HNRNPUL1 PKNOX1 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766

Genomic Location for EZH2 Gene

Chromosome:
7
Start:
148,807,372 bp from pter
End:
148,884,349 bp from pter
Size:
76,978 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for EZH2 Gene

Genes around EZH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EZH2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EZH2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EZH2 Gene

Proteins for EZH2 Gene

  • Protein details for EZH2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q15910-EZH2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase EZH2
    Protein Accession:
    Q15910
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RAQ1
    • B3KS30
    • B7Z1D6
    • B7Z7L6
    • Q15755
    • Q75MG3
    • Q92857
    • Q96FI6

    Protein attributes for EZH2 Gene

    Size:
    746 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    85363 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds ATRX via the SET domain (Probable). Component of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, which includes EED, EZH2, SUZ12, RBBP4 and RBBP7 and possibly AEBP2. The minimum components required for methyltransferase activity of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex are EED, EZH2 and SUZ12. The PRC2 complex may also interact with DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B and PHF1 via the EZH2 subunit and with SIRT1 via the SUZ12 subunit. Interacts with HDAC1 and HDAC2. Interacts with PRAME. Interacts with CDYL. Interacts with CLOCK, ARNTL/BMAL1 and CRY1 (By similarity). Interacts with DNMT3L; the interaction is direct (By similarity).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAS07448.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for EZH2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for EZH2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for EZH2 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for EZH2 Gene

Q15910:
  • DYRYSQADALKYVGIERE
  • SSSEANSRCQTP
  • VKSEYMRLRQLKR
  • CQNRFPGCRCK
  • VSCKNCSIQRG
  • HCRKIQLKKD
  • NYDGKVHG
  • KSEKGPVCWR
  • KDTDSDRE
  • TFIEELI
  • EELKEKYKELTEQQLPGALPPECTPNIDG
  • TPPRKKK
  • SSNHVYNY
  • GDHRIGIFAKRAIQ
  • CFKYDCFLHPFHATPN
  • ATPNTYKRKN
  • KKHLLLAPSDVAGWG
  • SFLFNLN
  • GEELFFDY
  • ELKEKYKE
  • QVIPLKTL
  • QNFCEKFC
  • QCNTKQCPCYLAVRECDPDLCLTCGA
  • VSSLRGTREC
  • TKTCRQVYEF
  • ISQDEADRRGKVYDKYM
  • ERTEILNQEWKQRRIQPVHI
  • PNCYAKV

Post-translational modifications for EZH2 Gene

  • Glycosylated: O-GlcNAcylation at Ser-75 by OGT increases stability of EZH2 and facilitates the formation of H3K27me3 by the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex.
  • Phosphorylated by AKT1. Phosphorylation by AKT1 reduces methyltransferase activity. Phosphorylation at Thr-345 by CDK1 and CDK2 promotes maintenance of H3K27me3 levels at EZH2-target loci, thus leading to epigenetic gene silencing.
  • Sumoylated.
  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=2, 3, 4, 561 and posLast=569569
  • Glycosylation at posLast=7575
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Assay Products

Domains & Families for EZH2 Gene

Gene Families for EZH2 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for EZH2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q15910

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

EZH2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the class V-like SAM-binding methyltransferase superfamily. Histone-lysine methyltransferase family. EZ subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the class V-like SAM-binding methyltransferase superfamily. Histone-lysine methyltransferase family. EZ subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EZH2: view

Function for EZH2 Gene

Molecular function for EZH2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
Drosophila enhancer of zeste homolog 2,polycomb group,PcG
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + L-lysine-[histone] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(6)-methyl-L-lysine-[histone].
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Polycomb group (PcG) protein. Catalytic subunit of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, which methylates Lys-9 (H3K9me) and Lys-27 (H3K27me) of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. Able to mono-, di- and trimethylate Lys-27 of histone H3 to form H3K27me1, H3K27me2 and H3K27me3, respectively. Displays a preference for substrates with less methylation, loses activity when progressively more methyl groups are incorporated into H3K27, H3K27me0 > H3K27me1 > H3K27me2 (PubMed:22323599). Compared to EZH1-containing complexes, it is more abundant in embryonic stem cells and plays a major role in forming H3K27me3, which is required for embryonic stem cell identity and proper differentiation. The PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex may also serve as a recruiting platform for DNA methyltransferases, thereby linking two epigenetic repression systems. Genes repressed by the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex include HOXC8, HOXA9, MYT1, CDKN2A and retinoic acid target genes. EZH2 can also methylate non-histone proteins such as the transcription factor GATA4 and the nuclear receptor RORA. Regulates the circadian clock via histone methylation at the promoter of the circadian genes. Essential for the CRY1/2-mediated repression of the transcriptional activation of PER1/2 by the CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1 heterodimer; involved in the di and trimethylation of Lys-27 of histone H3 on PER1/2 promoters which is necessary for the CRY1/2 proteins to inhibit transcription.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Expression is induced by E2F1, E2F2 and E2F3. Expression is reduced in cells subject to numerous types of stress including UV-, IR- and bleomycin-induced DNA damage and by activation of p53/TP53.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for EZH2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for EZH2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for EZH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000975 regulatory region DNA binding IEA --
GO:0000979 RNA polymerase II core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0001047 core promoter binding ISS --
GO:0003677 DNA binding TAS 8954776
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IDA 20154697
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EZH2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EZH2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for EZH2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for EZH2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for EZH2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for EZH2

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for EZH2
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for EZH2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EZH2 Gene

Localization for EZH2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EZH2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EZH2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 1
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EZH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin IDA 19734898
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 19144645
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0035098 ESC/E(Z) complex IDA 15385962
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EZH2: view

Pathways & Interactions for EZH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with EZH2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for EZH2 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EZH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 20154697
GO:0001932 regulation of protein phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0006306 DNA methylation IEA --
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS 8921387
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EZH2: view

Drugs & Compounds for EZH2 Gene

(15) Drugs for EZH2 Gene - From: ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Lysine Approved Nutra Full agonist, Agonist 0
s-adenosylhomocysteine Experimental Pharma 0
EI1 Pharma EZH2 inhibitor 0
EPZ-6438 Pharma EZH2 inhibitor,potent and selective 0
GSK126 Pharma EZH2 inhibitor 0

(3) Additional Compounds for EZH2 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
s-adenosylmethionine
  • (3S)-5'-[(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)methylsulfonio]-5'-deoxyadenosine
  • 2-S-Adenosyl-L-methionine
  • 5'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-L-methionine disulfate ditosylate
  • 5'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-L-methionine disulphate ditosylate
  • Active methionine
29908-03-0

(13) ApexBio Compounds for EZH2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
3-Deazaneplanocin A (DZNep) hydrochloride SAHH and ENZ2 inhibitor 120964-45-6
3-Deazaneplanocin,DZNep Cell-permeable histone methyltransferase inhibitor 102052-95-9
CPI-169 EZH2 inhibitor 1450655-76-1
CPI-169 R-enantiomer
CPI-169 S-enantiomer
EI1 EZH2 inhibitor 1418308-27-6
EPZ005687 EZH2 inhibitor,potent and selective 1396772-26-1
EPZ-6438 EZH2 inhibitor,potent and selective 1403254-99-8
GSK126 EZH2 inhibitor 1346574-57-9
GSK343 EZH2 inhibitor,potent,selective and cell permeable 1346704-33-3
GSK503 EZH2 inhibitor 1346572-63-1
UNC 2400 negative control of UNC1999 1433200-49-7
UNC1999 EZH2 inhibitor 1431612-23-5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with EZH2: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for EZH2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for EZH2 Gene

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for EZH2
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for EZH2
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EZH2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for EZH2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
EZH2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
EZH2

Expression for EZH2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for EZH2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for EZH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x5.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for EZH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (41.3) and Serum (8.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for EZH2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of EZH2 Gene:

EZH2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EZH2 Gene:

Hs.444082

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for EZH2 Gene:

Q15910-EZH2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in many tissues. Overexpressed in numerous tumor types including carcinomas of the breast, colon, larynx, lymphoma and testis.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for EZH2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Pancreas(4.2)
  • Lymph node(2.6)
  • Blood(2.5)
  • Bone marrow(2.5)
  • Intestine(2.2)
  • Lung(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for EZH2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cheek
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • lip
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • tooth
  • vocal cord
Thorax:
  • breast
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
Abdomen:
  • abdominal wall
  • intestine
Pelvis:
  • pelvis
  • testicle
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • hair
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EZH2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for EZH2 Gene

Orthologs for EZH2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for EZH2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EZH2 33 34
  • 99.82 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 99 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 95 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 94 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia EZH2 34
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ezh2 33
  • 92.85 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ezh2 33 16 34
  • 92.49 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia EZH2 33 34
  • 92.02 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EZH2 33 34
  • 90.01 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves EZH2 33 34
  • 85.57 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EZH2 34
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ezh2 33
  • 80.21 (n)
Str.1297 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.19136 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ezh2 33 34
  • 75.72 (n)
Dr.3788 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9957 33
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012516 33
  • 59.71 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta E(z) 35 33 34
  • 56.56 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mes-2 34
  • 26 (a)
OneToMany
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.508 33
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.44686 33
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1039 33
Species where no ortholog for EZH2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for EZH2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for EZH2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for EZH2 (if available)

Paralogs for EZH2 Gene

Paralogs for EZH2 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for EZH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with EZH2: view

Variants for EZH2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EZH2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs193921147 Pathogenic, Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590] 148,809,340(-) CAAAT(C/T)ATTCG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs193921148 Pathogenic, Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590] 148,829,818(-) ACATT(C/T)CTTAT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs397515547 Pathogenic, Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590] 148,809,376(-) TGGAT(A/G)CAACC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs397515548 Pathogenic, Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590] 148,807,669(-) GCATC(A/G)AAAGA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs587783625 Pathogenic, Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590] 148,811,696(-) CTGAC(A/G)TGGCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EZH2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3990e59 CNV tandem duplication 20981092
esv1004063 CNV insertion 20482838
esv3361481 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3542623 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3572292 CNV loss 25503493
nsv1128373 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv522305 CNV loss 19592680
nsv831183 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for EZH2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 12.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.37; 70.97% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for EZH2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
EZH2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
EZH2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EZH2 Gene

Disorders for EZH2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(20) MalaCards diseases for EZH2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search EZH2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

EZH2_HUMAN
  • Weaver syndrome (WVS) [MIM:277590]: A syndrome of accelerated growth and osseous maturation, unusual craniofacial appearance, hoarse and low-pitched cry, and hypertonia with camptodactyly. Distinguishing features of Weaver syndrome include broad forehead and face, ocular hypertelorism, prominent wide philtrum, micrognathia, deep horizontal chin groove, and deep-set nails. In addition, carpal bone development is advanced over the rest of the hand. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22177091, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22190405, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23239504, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26694085, ECO:0000269 PubMed:28229514}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for EZH2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
EZH2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
EZH2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
EZH2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with EZH2: view

No data available for Genatlas for EZH2 Gene

Publications for EZH2 Gene

  1. Cloning of a human homolog of the Drosophila enhancer of zeste gene (EZH2) that maps to chromosome 21q22.2. (PMID: 8954776) Chen H … Antonarakis SE (Genomics 1996) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Somatic mutations altering EZH2 (Tyr641) in follicular and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of germinal-center origin. (PMID: 20081860) Morin RD … Marra MA (Nature genetics 2010) 3 4 22 60
  3. Genetic polymorphisms in the polycomb group gene EZH2 and the risk of lung cancer. (PMID: 19901851) Yoon KA … Lee JS (Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2010) 3 22 45 60
  4. Ezh2 requires PHF1 to efficiently catalyze H3 lysine 27 trimethylation in vivo. (PMID: 18285464) Sarma K … Reinberg D (Molecular and cellular biology 2008) 3 4 22 60
  5. Histone deacetylase inhibitors deplete enhancer of zeste 2 and associated polycomb repressive complex 2 proteins in human acute leukemia cells. (PMID: 17172412) Fiskus W … Bhalla K (Molecular cancer therapeutics 2006) 2 3 22 60

Products for EZH2 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for EZH2

Sources for EZH2 Gene

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