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Aliases for ENSA Gene

Aliases for ENSA Gene

  • Endosulfine Alpha 2 3
  • ARPP-19e 3 4
  • Alpha-Endosulfine 3

External Ids for ENSA Gene

Summaries for ENSA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ENSA Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a highly conserved cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein (ARPP) family. This protein was identified as an endogenous ligand for the sulfonylurea receptor, ABCC8/SUR1. ABCC8 is the regulatory subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel, which is located on the plasma membrane of pancreatic beta cells and plays a key role in the control of insulin release from pancreatic beta cells. This protein is thought to be an endogenous regulator of KATP channels. In vitro studies have demonstrated that this protein modulates insulin secretion through the interaction with KATP channel, and this gene has been proposed as a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes. At least eight alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ENSA Gene

ENSA (Endosulfine Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and protein phosphatase type 2A regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is ARPP19.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ENSA Gene

  • Protein phosphatase inhibitor that specifically inhibits protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) during mitosis. When phosphorylated at Ser-67 during mitosis, specifically interacts with PPP2R2D (PR55-delta) and inhibits its activity, leading to inactivation of PP2A, an essential condition to keep cyclin-B1-CDK1 activity high during M phase (By similarity). Also acts as a stimulator of insulin secretion by interacting with sulfonylurea receptor (ABCC8), thereby preventing sulfonylurea from binding to its receptor and reducing K(ATP) channel currents.

Gene Wiki entry for ENSA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ENSA Gene

Genomics for ENSA Gene

Genomic Location for ENSA Gene

Start:
150,600,851 bp from pter
End:
150,629,622 bp from pter
Size:
28,772 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ENSA Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ENSA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ENSA Gene

Regulatory Elements for ENSA Gene

Proteins for ENSA Gene

  • Protein details for ENSA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43768-ENSA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Alpha-endosulfine
    Protein Accession:
    O43768
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K1Z9
    • E9PB69
    • Q5T5H2
    • Q68D48
    • Q6FHW0
    • Q6IAM4
    • Q6NUL2
    • Q6VUC6
    • Q6VUC7
    • Q6VUC8
    • Q6VUC9
    • Q6VUD0
    • Q6VUD1
    • Q9NRZ0

    Protein attributes for ENSA Gene

    Size:
    121 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    13389 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts (when phosphorylated at Ser-67) with PPP2R2D (By similarity). Interacts with ABCC8. Interacts with SNCA; interaction is disrupted when phosphorylated at Ser-109.

    Alternative splice isoforms for ENSA Gene

neXtProt entry for ENSA Gene

Proteomics data for ENSA Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ENSA Gene

  • Phosphorylation at Ser-67 by GWL during mitosis is essential for interaction with PPP2R2D (PR55-delta) and subsequent inactivation of PP2A (By similarity). Phosphorylated by PKA.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys63 and Lys74

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ENSA Gene

Domains for ENSA Gene

Protein Domains for ENSA Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ENSA Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O43768

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ENSA_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the endosulfine family.:
    • O43768
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ENSA: view

No data available for Gene Families for ENSA Gene

Function for ENSA Gene

Molecular function for ENSA Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: alpha endosulfine,endogenous regulator of the beta-cell K (ATP) channel,inhibiting sulfonylurea binding to beta cell membranes and stimulating insulin secretion
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Protein phosphatase inhibitor that specifically inhibits protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) during mitosis. When phosphorylated at Ser-67 during mitosis, specifically interacts with PPP2R2D (PR55-delta) and inhibits its activity, leading to inactivation of PP2A, an essential condition to keep cyclin-B1-CDK1 activity high during M phase (By similarity). Also acts as a stimulator of insulin secretion by interacting with sulfonylurea receptor (ABCC8), thereby preventing sulfonylurea from binding to its receptor and reducing K(ATP) channel currents.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ENSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004864 protein phosphatase inhibitor activity IEA --
GO:0005102 receptor binding IDA 9653196
GO:0008200 ion channel inhibitor activity TAS 9653196
GO:0008601 protein phosphatase type 2A regulator activity ISS --
GO:0019212 phosphatase inhibitor activity ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ENSA: view

miRNA for ENSA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ENSA

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ENSA Gene

Localization for ENSA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ENSA Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ENSA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ENSA gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ENSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ENSA: view

Pathways for ENSA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ENSA: view

Pathways by source for ENSA Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for ENSA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ENSA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000086 G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle ISS --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0006810 transport TAS 9653196
GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division ISS --
GO:0007584 response to nutrient TAS 9653196
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ENSA: view

Transcripts for ENSA Gene

Unigene Clusters for ENSA Gene

Endosulfine alpha:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ENSA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d · 5e · 5f ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d
SP1: - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - -
SP10: - - -
SP11: - - - -
SP12: - - -

Relevant External Links for ENSA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ENSA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ENSA

Expression for ENSA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ENSA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ENSA Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ENSA Gene Hs.632456

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ENSA Gene

O43768-ENSA_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with high levels in skeletal muscle and brain and lower levels in the pancreas.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ENSA: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ENSA Gene

Orthologs for ENSA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ENSA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ENSA 35
  • 99.43 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ENSA 36
  • 71 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ENSA 35
  • 96.01 (n)
  • 99.15 (a)
ENSA 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ENSA 35
  • 97.72 (n)
  • 100 (a)
ENSA 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ensa 35
  • 96.01 (n)
  • 98.29 (a)
Ensa 16
Ensa 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ENSA 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ENSA 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ensa 35
  • 95.16 (n)
  • 98.29 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ENSA 35
  • 80.69 (n)
  • 89.72 (a)
ENSA 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ENSA 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68564 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ensa 35
  • 78.35 (n)
  • 86.32 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ensaa 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToMany
ensab 35
  • 73.51 (n)
  • 83.04 (a)
ensab 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta endos 36
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for ENSA:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ENSA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ENSA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ENSA (if available)

Paralogs for ENSA Gene

Paralogs for ENSA Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ENSA Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for ENSA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ENSA: view

Variants for ENSA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ENSA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs882 -- 150,623,388(+) GAAAC(C/T)GGCAA intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs883 -- 150,623,345(+) AATGA(C/T)CACTC intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs884 -- 150,623,418(+) TGTTT(G/T)CTTAG intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs885 -- 150,623,341(+) TTGGA(A/G)TGACC intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs886 -- 150,623,414(+) TGTTT(C/G)TTTTC intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ENSA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv24209 CNV Loss 19812545

Relevant External Links for ENSA Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
ENSA
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
ENSA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ENSA Gene

Disorders for ENSA Gene

Relevant External Links for ENSA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
ENSA
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ENSA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ENSA Gene

Publications for ENSA Gene

  1. Isolation, characterization, and chromosomal localization of the human ENSA gene that encodes alpha-endosulfine, a regulator of beta- cell K(ATP) channels. (PMID: 10480622) Heron L. … Bataille D. (Diabetes 1999) 3 4 23
  2. The transcribed endosulfine alpha gene is located within a type 2 diabetes-linked region on 1q: sequence and expression analysis in Pima Indians. (PMID: 14728987) Thameem F. … Prochazka M. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2004) 3 4 23
  3. Human alpha-endosulfine, a possible regulator of sulfonylurea- sensitive K(ATP) channel: molecular cloning, expression and biological properties. (PMID: 9653196) Heron L. … Bataille D. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1998) 2 3 4
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for ENSA Gene

Sources for ENSA Gene

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