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Aliases for ELL Gene

Aliases for ELL Gene

  • Elongation Factor For RNA Polymerase II 2 3 5
  • Protein Phosphatase 1, Regulatory Subunit 68 2 3
  • Eleven-Nineteen Lysine-Rich Leukemia Protein 3 4
  • Elongation Factor RNA Polymerase II 2 3
  • C19orf17 3 4
  • ELL Gene (11-19 Lysine-Rich Leukemia Gene) 3
  • Eleven-Nineteen Lysine-Rich Leukemia Gene 2
  • RNA Polymerase II Elongation Factor ELL 3
  • Chromosome 19 Open Reading Frame 17 2
  • PPP1R68 3
  • ELL1 3
  • MEN 3

External Ids for ELL Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ELL Gene

  • C19orf17

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ELL Gene

  • GC19M019048
  • GC19M018947
  • GC19M018399
  • GC19M018415
  • GC19M018416
  • GC19M018553
  • GC19M018116

Summaries for ELL Gene

GeneCards Summary for ELL Gene

ELL (Elongation Factor For RNA Polymerase II) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ELL include Leukemia, Acute Myeloid. Among its related pathways are HIV Life Cycle and Transcription-Coupled Nucleotide Excision Repair (TC-NER). GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatase binding. An important paralog of this gene is ELL2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ELL Gene

  • Elongation factor component of the super elongation complex (SEC), a complex required to increase the catalytic rate of RNA polymerase II transcription by suppressing transient pausing by the polymerase at multiple sites along the DNA. Elongation factor component of the little elongation complex (LEC), a complex required to regulate small nuclear RNA (snRNA) gene transcription by RNA polymerase II and III (PubMed:22195968, PubMed:23932780). Specifically required for stimulating the elongation step of RNA polymerase II- and III-dependent snRNA gene transcription (PubMed:23932780). ELL also plays an early role before its assembly into in the SEC complex by stabilizing RNA polymerase II recruitment/initiation and entry into the pause site. Required to stabilize the pre-initiation complex and early elongation.

Gene Wiki entry for ELL Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ELL Gene

Genomics for ELL Gene

Regulatory Elements for ELL Gene

Enhancers for ELL Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19F018492 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 21 +20.7 20729 18.8 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 SP5 NFYC ELL SSBP4 FKBP8 UBA52 CRTC1 KXD1 C19orf60 ARRDC2 JUND IL12RB1
GH19F018512 1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 19.7 +4.3 4319 10.5 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ELL SSBP4 FKBP8 ENSG00000268030 LRRC25 PGPEP1 IL12RB1 JUND KXD1 UPF1
GH19F018472 1.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 14.4 +40.7 40741 16.8 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC KXD1 IFI30 ENSG00000268030 SSBP4 ELL ENSG00000268938 UBA52 UPF1 CRTC1 C19orf60
GH19F018401 1.2 FANTOM5 ENCODE 14.2 +119.4 119433 2.8 HDGF ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS SP5 ENSG00000268030 UPF1 MVB12A ENSG00000268938 ELL COLGALT1 ENSG00000269191 SSBP4 RPL18A LRRC25
GH19F018289 1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 12.5 +229.9 229893 6.1 CREB3L1 ZFP64 YBX1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 SP3 TBX21 MEF2D ENSG00000268030 UPF1 ENSG00000268938 MVB12A COLGALT1 KIAA1683 JUND ELL ENSG00000268199 ENSG00000269191
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around ELL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for ELL Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001418326 529 2801 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143

Genomic Location for ELL Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
18,442,663 bp from pter
End:
18,522,129 bp from pter
Size:
79,467 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for ELL Gene

Genes around ELL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ELL Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ELL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ELL Gene

Proteins for ELL Gene

  • Protein details for ELL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P55199-ELL_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    RNA polymerase II elongation factor ELL
    Protein Accession:
    P55199

    Protein attributes for ELL Gene

    Size:
    621 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    68265 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the super elongation complex (SEC), at least composed of EAF1, EAF2, CDK9, MLLT3/AF9, AFF (AFF1 or AFF4), the P-TEFb complex and ELL (ELL, ELL2 or ELL3). Component of the little elongation complex (LEC), at least composed of ELL (ELL, ELL2 or ELL3), ZC3H8, ICE1 and ICE2. Interacts with AFF4; the interaction is direct. Interacts with EAF1 and EAF2. Interacts with ICE1 (via N-terminus domain). Interacts with ICE2.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ELL Gene

neXtProt entry for ELL Gene

Post-translational modifications for ELL Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ELL Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ELL Gene

Domains & Families for ELL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ELL Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P55199

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ELL_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the ELL/occludin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the ELL/occludin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ELL: view

Function for ELL Gene

Molecular function for ELL Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
eleven-nineteen lysine-rich leukemia gene,fused with HRX(MLL) in t(11;19) acute lymphoblastic leukemia
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Elongation factor component of the super elongation complex (SEC), a complex required to increase the catalytic rate of RNA polymerase II transcription by suppressing transient pausing by the polymerase at multiple sites along the DNA. Elongation factor component of the little elongation complex (LEC), a complex required to regulate small nuclear RNA (snRNA) gene transcription by RNA polymerase II and III (PubMed:22195968, PubMed:23932780). Specifically required for stimulating the elongation step of RNA polymerase II- and III-dependent snRNA gene transcription (PubMed:23932780). ELL also plays an early role before its assembly into in the SEC complex by stabilizing RNA polymerase II recruitment/initiation and entry into the pause site. Required to stabilize the pre-initiation complex and early elongation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ELL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19389623
GO:0019902 phosphatase binding IDA 19389623
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ELL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ELL: view

Animal Models for ELL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ELL:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ELL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ELL

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ELL

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ELL Gene

Localization for ELL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ELL Gene

Nucleus. Nucleus speckle. Nucleus, Cajal body. Note=Colocalizes with EAF2 to nuclear speckles (PubMed:12446457). Colocalizes with coilin in subnuclear cajal and histone locus bodies (PubMed:12686606). Translocates in the LEC complex to cajal and histone locus bodies at snRNA genes in a ICE1-dependent manner. Associates to transcriptionally active chromatin at snRNA genes(PubMed:23932780). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12446457, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12686606, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23932780}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for ELL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ELL gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 4
plasma membrane 4
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ELL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA --
GO:0008023 transcription elongation factor complex IEA,IDA 22195968
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ELL: view

Pathways & Interactions for ELL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ELL: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for ELL Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ELL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001701 in utero embryonic development IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006366 transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA,TAS --
GO:0006368 transcription elongation from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ELL: view

Transcripts for ELL Gene

Unigene Clusters for ELL Gene

Elongation factor RNA polymerase II:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ELL

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ELL Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4:
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for ELL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ELL
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
ELL

Expression for ELL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ELL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ELL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x8.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ELL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (45.9) and Pancreatic juice (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for ELL Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ELL Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ELL Gene:

ELL

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ELL Gene:

Hs.515260

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ELL Gene:

P55199-ELL_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in all tissues tested. Highest levels found in placenta, skeletal muscle, testis and peripheral blood leukocytes.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ELL: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for ELL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ELL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ELL 35
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ELL 34 35
  • 87.93 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ELL 34 35
  • 86.19 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ell 34
  • 80.32 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ell 34 16 35
  • 80.31 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ELL 35
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 66 (a)
OneToMany
-- 35
  • 48 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ELL 34 35
  • 71.54 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ELL 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ell 34
  • 68.02 (n)
Str.3533 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ell 34 35
  • 64.07 (n)
wufc60b11 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Su(Tpl) 35
  • 16 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.1855 35
  • 24 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for ELL was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ELL Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ELL (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ELL (if available)

Paralogs for ELL Gene

Paralogs for ELL Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ELL Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ELL: view

Variants for ELL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ELL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10164319 -- 18,459,023(+) AGGTG(A/G)GCTAT intron-variant
rs10164323 -- 18,458,682(+) TTTTC(C/T)TTTTT intron-variant
rs10164338 -- 18,459,344(+) CAAAG(A/G)TGGAT intron-variant
rs10402322 -- 18,515,922(+) AACTT(C/G)CTCTC intron-variant
rs10403249 -- 18,494,132(+) TGAGG(C/T)AGGAG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ELL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2609171 CNV insertion 19546169
esv2657907 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3401601 CNV duplication 20981092
esv3643838 CNV loss 21293372
esv3643839 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1055794 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1061733 CNV gain 25217958
nsv952420 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for ELL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 36.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.36; 41.93% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for ELL Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ELL

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ELL Gene

Disorders for ELL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for ELL Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
leukemia, acute myeloid
  • leukemia, acute myeloid, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search ELL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

ELL_HUMAN
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving ELL is found in acute leukemias. Translocation t(11;19)(q23;p13.1) with KMT2A/MLL1. The result is a rogue activator protein. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:7991593}.

Relevant External Links for ELL

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
ELL
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ELL: view

No data available for Genatlas for ELL Gene

Publications for ELL Gene

  1. An RNA polymerase II elongation factor encoded by the human ELL gene. (PMID: 8596958) Shilatifard A. … Conaway J.W. (Science 1996) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. ELL-associated factors 1 and 2 are positive regulators of RNA polymerase II elongation factor ELL. (PMID: 16006523) Kong S.E. … Conaway R.C. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005) 3 4 22 64
  3. ELL-associated factor 2 (EAF2), a functional homolog of EAF1 with alternative ELL binding properties. (PMID: 12446457) Simone F. … Thirman M.J. (Blood 2003) 3 4 22 64
  4. Cloning of ELL, a gene that fuses to MLL in a t(11;19)(q23;p13.1) in acute myeloid leukemia. (PMID: 7991593) Thirman M.J. … Rowley J.D. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1994) 2 3 4 64
  5. The little elongation complex functions at initiation and elongation phases of snRNA gene transcription. (PMID: 23932780) Hu D. … Shilatifard A. (Mol. Cell 2013) 3 4 64

Products for ELL Gene

Sources for ELL Gene

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