Aliases for EIF2S3 Gene
External Ids for EIF2S3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for EIF2S3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EIF2S3 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is the largest subunit of a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein involved in the recruitment of methionyl-tRNA(i) to the 40 S ribosomal subunit. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]
GeneCards Summary for EIF2S3 Gene
EIF2S3 (Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 2 Subunit Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EIF2S3 include Mental Retardation, X-Linked, Syndromic, Borck Type and Mental Retardation, Epileptic Seizures, Hypogonadism And Hypogenitalism, Microcephaly, And Obesity. Among its related pathways are Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S and Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and translation initiation factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is LOC255308.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EIF2S3 Gene
As a subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2), involved in the early steps of protein synthesis. In the presence of GTP, eIF2 forms a ternary complex with initiator tRNA Met-tRNAi and then recruits the 40S ribosomal complex, a step that determines the rate of protein translation. This step is followed by mRNA binding to form the 43S pre-initiation complex. Junction of the 60S ribosomal subunit to form the 80S initiation complex is preceded by hydrolysis of the GTP bound to eIF2 and release of an eIF2-GDP binary complex. In order for eIF2 to recycle and catalyze another round of initiation, the GDP bound to eIF2 must exchange with GTP by way of a reaction catalyzed by eIF2B (By similarity). Along with its paralog on chromosome Y, may contribute to spermatogenesis up to the round spermatid stage (By similarity).