Aliases for EGF Gene
External Ids for EGF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EGF Gene
This gene encodes a member of the epidermal growth factor superfamily. The encoded protein is synthesized as a large precursor molecule that is proteolytically cleaved to generate the 53-amino acid epidermal growth factor peptide. This protein acts a potent mitogenic factor that plays an important role in the growth, proliferation and differentiation of numerous cell types. This protein acts by binding the high affinity cell surface receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor. Defects in this gene are the cause of hypomagnesemia type 4. Dysregulation of this gene has been associated with the growth and progression of certain cancers. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
GeneCards Summary for EGF Gene
EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EGF include hypomagnesemia 4, renal and hypomagnesemia 6. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and PI-3K cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and epidermal growth factor receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is LRP1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EGF Gene
EGF stimulates the growth of various epidermal and epithelial tissues in vivo and in vitro and of some fibroblasts in cell culture. Magnesiotropic hormone that stimulates magnesium reabsorption in the renal distal convoluted tubule via engagement of EGFR and activation of the magnesium channel TRPM6. Can induce neurite outgrowth in motoneurons of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis in vitro (PubMed:10964941).
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a receptor tyrosine kinase of the ErbB family. Four members of the ErbB family have been identified; EGFR (ErbB1, HER1), ErbB2 (HER2), ErbB3 (HER3) and ErbB4 (HER4). EGFR signaling is initiated by ligand binding to the extracellular ligand binding domain. This initiates receptor homo-/hetero-dimerization and autophosphorylation by the intracellular kinase domain, resulting in receptor activation. Following activation, phosphorylation of cytoplasmic substrates occurs and a signaling cascade is initiated that drives many cellular responses, including changes in gene expression, cytoskeletal rearrangement, anti-apoptosis and increased cell proliferation.