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Aliases for EFNA2 Gene

Aliases for EFNA2 Gene

  • Ephrin A2 2 3 5
  • HEK7 Ligand 3 4
  • Ephrin-A2 2 3
  • HEK7-L 3 4
  • LERK-6 3 4
  • EPLG6 3 4
  • LERK6 3 4
  • Eph-Related Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Ligand 6 3
  • EPH-Related Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Ligand 6 4
  • ELF-1 3

External Ids for EFNA2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for EFNA2 Gene

  • EPLG6

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EFNA2 Gene

  • GC19P001344
  • GC19P001226
  • GC19P001237
  • GC19P001070

Summaries for EFNA2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for EFNA2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the ephrin family. The protein is composed of a signal sequence, a receptor-binding region, a spacer region, and a hydrophobic region. The EPH and EPH-related receptors comprise the largest subfamily of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases and have been implicated in mediating developmental events, particularly in the nervous system. Based on their structures and sequence relationships, ephrins are divided into the ephrin-A (EFNA) class, which are anchored to the membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage, and the ephrin-B (EFNB) class, which are transmembrane proteins. Posttranslational modifications determine whether this protein localizes to the nucleus or the cytoplasm. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for EFNA2 Gene

EFNA2 (Ephrin A2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are EPHA forward signaling and EPH-Ephrin signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include ephrin receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is EFNA5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFNA2 Gene

  • Cell surface GPI-bound ligand for Eph receptors, a family of receptor tyrosine kinases which are crucial for migration, repulsion and adhesion during neuronal, vascular and epithelial development. Binds promiscuously Eph receptors residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. With the EPHA2 receptor may play a role in bone remodeling through regulation of osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for EFNA2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EFNA2 Gene

Genomics for EFNA2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for EFNA2 Gene

Enhancers for EFNA2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19F001236 1.6 FANTOM5 ENCODE 12.7 -29.3 -29296 41.1 MLX CREB3L1 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF416 ZNF143 ZNF263 SF3A2 TMEM259 LOC100288123 C19orf24 MIER2 ENSG00000267317 MIDN CIRBP MUM1 RPS15
GH19F001283 1.3 FANTOM5 ENCODE 12.9 -1.6 -1620 2.5 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 SLC30A9 GLIS2 SP5 PPARG ZNF623 EFNA2 C19orf24 REEP6 GAMT ONECUT3
GH19F001324 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 12.8 +39.0 38988 1.6 ATF1 ZFP64 ARID4B FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF48 ZNF121 GLIS2 KLF7 SP5 ENSG00000267372 MUM1 EFNA2 GC19P001326
GH19F001372 1 ENCODE 13.3 +87.8 87774 2.1 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 SLC30A9 SP5 MXD4 PPARG KAT8 RPS15P9 EFNA2 MUM1 ENSG00000279488 GC19P001362
GH19F001353 1 ENCODE 13.1 +69.2 69165 2.9 HDGF ATF1 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 RPS15P9 EFNA2 SF3A2 MUM1 C19orf24 GC19P001362
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around EFNA2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for EFNA2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001815145 46 1201 CTCF ZIC2 E2F1 ZNF335 HIC1 GLIS2 PATZ1 PRDM10 KLF8 EZH2

Genomic Location for EFNA2 Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
1,286,154 bp from pter
End:
1,301,431 bp from pter
Size:
15,278 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for EFNA2 Gene

Genes around EFNA2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EFNA2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EFNA2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EFNA2 Gene

Proteins for EFNA2 Gene

  • Protein details for EFNA2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O43921-EFNA2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Ephrin-A2
    Protein Accession:
    O43921
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O76020

    Protein attributes for EFNA2 Gene

    Size:
    213 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    23878 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds to the receptor tyrosine kinases EPHA3, EPHA4 and EPHA5. Interacts with EPHA8; activates EPHA8.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for EFNA2 Gene

neXtProt entry for EFNA2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for EFNA2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 42, Asn 174, and Asn 188
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for EFNA2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for EFNA2 Gene

Domains & Families for EFNA2 Gene

Gene Families for EFNA2 Gene

Protein Domains for EFNA2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for EFNA2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O43921

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

EFNA2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 ephrin RBD (ephrin receptor-binding) domain.
  • Belongs to the ephrin family.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 ephrin RBD (ephrin receptor-binding) domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the ephrin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EFNA2: view

Function for EFNA2 Gene

Molecular function for EFNA2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
ephrin A2,EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinase,class A,ligand expressed in fetal brain and intestin,in adult lung and intestine
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Cell surface GPI-bound ligand for Eph receptors, a family of receptor tyrosine kinases which are crucial for migration, repulsion and adhesion during neuronal, vascular and epithelial development. Binds promiscuously Eph receptors residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. With the EPHA2 receptor may play a role in bone remodeling through regulation of osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for EFNA2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0046875 ephrin receptor binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFNA2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EFNA2: view

Animal Models for EFNA2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for EFNA2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for EFNA2

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EFNA2 Gene

Localization for EFNA2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFNA2 Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EFNA2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 1
endosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EFNA2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IBA,TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0031225 anchored component of membrane IEA --
GO:0031594 neuromuscular junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFNA2: view

Pathways & Interactions for EFNA2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with EFNA2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for EFNA2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EFNA2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007267 cell-cell signaling TAS 9826538
GO:0007411 axon guidance IBA --
GO:0021772 olfactory bulb development IEA --
GO:0030316 osteoclast differentiation ISS --
GO:0046849 bone remodeling ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFNA2: view

Drugs & Compounds for EFNA2 Gene

(1) Drugs for EFNA2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with EFNA2: view

Transcripts for EFNA2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for EFNA2 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(0) Additional mRNA sequences :
-
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for EFNA2 Gene

Ephrin-A2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EFNA2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for EFNA2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
EFNA2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
EFNA2

Expression for EFNA2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for EFNA2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for EFNA2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Transverse (x15.1), Liver (x12.6), and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x7.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for EFNA2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for EFNA2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of EFNA2 Gene:

EFNA2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EFNA2 Gene:

Hs.741510
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EFNA2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for EFNA2 Gene

Orthologs for EFNA2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for EFNA2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EFNA2 34 35
  • 99.6 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EFNA2 34 35
  • 92.18 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia EFNA2 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Efna2 34 16 35
  • 86.12 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Efna2 34
  • 85.49 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia EFNA2 35
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves EFNA2 34
  • 80.48 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EFNA2 35
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia efna2 34
  • 69.33 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100332852 34
  • 66.27 (n)
EFNA2 (2 of 2) 35
  • 58 (a)
OneToMany
efna2 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for EFNA2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for EFNA2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for EFNA2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for EFNA2 (if available)

Paralogs for EFNA2 Gene

Paralogs for EFNA2 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for EFNA2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with EFNA2: view

Variants for EFNA2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EFNA2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10404537 -- 1,289,553(+) TGGAC(A/G)CAGGG intron-variant
rs10417091 -- 1,287,388(+) CCCCC(A/C)CACTC intron-variant
rs10417817 -- 1,296,831(+) CTTGG(C/G)GATAG intron-variant
rs10423344 -- 1,293,824(+) TGAGG(C/T)GCAAG intron-variant
rs10424501 -- 1,297,503(+) TTCTA(A/G)GGGGC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EFNA2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv9662 CNV gain 18304495
nsv953941 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv470104 CNV loss 18288195
nsv470103 CNV gain 18288195
nsv1160555 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv1144851 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1060536 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1055164 CNV gain 25217958
esv3643391 CNV gain 21293372
esv3643390 CNV loss 21293372
esv3643389 CNV gain 21293372
esv2758743 CNV gain+loss 17122850
dgv136n111 CNV deletion 26073780

Variation tolerance for EFNA2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.17; 3.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for EFNA2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
EFNA2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFNA2 Gene

Disorders for EFNA2 Gene

Relevant External Links for EFNA2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
EFNA2

No disorders were found for EFNA2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for EFNA2 Gene

Publications for EFNA2 Gene

  1. Characterization of the genes for mouse LERK-3/Ephrin-A3 (Epl3), mouse LERK-4/Ephrin-A4 (Epl4), and human LERK-6/Ephrin-A2 (EPLG6): conservation of intron/exon structure. (PMID: 9465306) Cerretti D.P. … Nelson N. (Genomics 1998) 3 4 22 64
  2. Cloning, chromosomal mapping, and tissue expression of the gene encoding the human Eph-family kinase ligand ephrin-A2. (PMID: 9826538) Aasheim H.-C. … Logtenberg T. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998) 3 4 22 64
  3. Elf-1 binds to GGAA elements on the FcRgamma promoter and represses its expression. (PMID: 17878388) Juang Y.T. … Tsokos G.C. (J. Immunol. 2007) 3 22 64
  4. The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. (PMID: 15057824) Grimwood J. … Lucas S.M. (Nature 2004) 3 4 64
  5. Defective production of functional 98-kDa form of Elf-1 is responsible for the decreased expression of TCR zeta-chain in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. (PMID: 12421992) Juang Y.T. … Tsokos G.C. (J. Immunol. 2002) 3 22 64

Products for EFNA2 Gene

Sources for EFNA2 Gene

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