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Aliases for EFHD1 Gene

Aliases for EFHD1 Gene

  • EF-Hand Domain Family Member D1 2 3 5
  • Swiprosin-2 2 3 4
  • EF-Hand Domain-Containing Protein 1 3 4
  • SWS2 3 4
  • EF-Hand Domain-Containing Protein D1 3
  • EF Hand Domain Containing 1 2
  • MSTP133 3
  • MST133 3
  • PP3051 3

External Ids for EFHD1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EFHD1 Gene

  • GC02P233700
  • GC02P233323
  • GC02P233206
  • GC02P233470
  • GC02P225321

Summaries for EFHD1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for EFHD1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the EF-hand super family of calcium binding proteins, which are involved in a variety of cellular processes including mitosis, synaptic transmission, and cytoskeletal rearrangement. The protein encoded by this gene is composed of an N-terminal disordered region, proline-rich elements, two EF-hands, and a C-terminal coiled-coil domain. This protein has been shown to associate with the mitochondrial inner membrane, and in HeLa cells, acts as a novel mitochondrial calcium ion sensor for mitochondrial flash activation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]

GeneCards Summary for EFHD1 Gene

EFHD1 (EF-Hand Domain Family Member D1) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is EFHD2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFHD1 Gene

  • Acts as a calcium sensor for mitochondrial flash (mitoflash) activation, an event characterized by stochastic bursts of superoxide production (PubMed:26975899). May play a role in neuronal differentiation (By similarity).

Additional gene information for EFHD1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EFHD1 Gene

Genomics for EFHD1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for EFHD1 Gene

Enhancers for EFHD1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH02H232654 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.9 +50.0 50033 2.9 FOXA2 ZNF687 HLF MAX REST YY1 FOXA1 JUND ATF3 MTA1 GIGYF2 EFHD1 LOC105373929 RPL28P2 LOC100422710 KCNJ13 ECEL1 RN7SL359P
GH02H232632 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.5 +27.8 27797 3.1 ZSCAN9 ZNF121 GLIS2 CBX5 EGR1 EGR2 SP3 ZHX2 NFYC ZEB2 LOC105373929 GIGYF2 EFHD1 RN7SL359P
GH02H232628 0.9 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 5.2 +23.0 22952 0.6 MNT GIGYF2 EFHD1 NEU2 LOC105373929 RN7SL359P
GH02H232899 1 FANTOM5 dbSUPER 2.9 +293.2 293249 0.4 SOX6 TRIM22 MNT YBX1 PLRG1 FOXA1 SP1 IKZF1 NBN ZNF24 NGEF ENSG00000251485 C2orf82 LOC101928881 TIGD1 EFHD1 PIR45244
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around EFHD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for EFHD1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000131965 143 801 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF121 ZNF143 ZNF207 MXD4

Genomic Locations for EFHD1 Gene

Genomic Locations for EFHD1 Gene
76,725 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for EFHD1 Gene

Genes around EFHD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EFHD1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EFHD1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EFHD1 Gene

Proteins for EFHD1 Gene

  • Protein details for EFHD1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    EF-hand domain-containing protein D1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RD83
    • E9PFH3
    • Q9BTF8
    • Q9H8I2
    • Q9HBQ0

    Protein attributes for EFHD1 Gene

    239 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    26928 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAG17248.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=72; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for EFHD1 Gene


neXtProt entry for EFHD1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for EFHD1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for EFHD1 Gene

Domains & Families for EFHD1 Gene

Gene Families for EFHD1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for EFHD1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for EFHD1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EFHD1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFHD1 Gene

Function for EFHD1 Gene

Molecular function for EFHD1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Acts as a calcium sensor for mitochondrial flash (mitoflash) activation, an event characterized by stochastic bursts of superoxide production (PubMed:26975899). May play a role in neuronal differentiation (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for EFHD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for EFHD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFHD1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EFHD1: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for EFHD1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target EFHD1

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EFHD1 Gene

Localization for EFHD1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFHD1 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EFHD1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 3
cytosol 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (3)
  • Nucleoli fibrillar center (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EFHD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFHD1: view

Pathways & Interactions for EFHD1 Gene

SuperPathways for EFHD1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EFHD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031175 neuron projection development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFHD1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for EFHD1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for EFHD1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for EFHD1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for EFHD1 Gene

EF-hand domain family, member D1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EFHD1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for EFHD1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for EFHD1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for EFHD1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for EFHD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x4.4) and Artery - Tibial (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for EFHD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (15.5), Liver, secretome (8.7), and Breast (7.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for EFHD1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of EFHD1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EFHD1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for EFHD1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Eye(4.6)
  • Heart(4.3)
  • Liver(4.2)
  • Lung(4.2)
  • Kidney(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EFHD1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for EFHD1 Gene

Orthologs for EFHD1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for EFHD1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EFHD1 33 34
  • 99.72 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia EFHD1 33 34
  • 88.65 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EFHD1 33 34
  • 88.42 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia EFHD1 34
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Efhd1 33 16 34
  • 82.34 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Efhd1 33
  • 82.34 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 75 (a)
-- 34
  • 71 (a)
-- 34
  • 61 (a)
-- 34
  • 59 (a)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
-- 34
  • 58 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves EFHD1 33 34
  • 82.2 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EFHD1 34
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia efhd1 33
  • 74.87 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii efhd1 33 34
  • 70.63 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10641 34
  • 53 (a)
CG14861 34
  • 16 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea efhd-1 34
  • 15 (a)
Species where no ortholog for EFHD1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for EFHD1 Gene

Gene Tree for EFHD1 (if available)
Gene Tree for EFHD1 (if available)

Paralogs for EFHD1 Gene

Paralogs for EFHD1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for EFHD1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with EFHD1: view

Variants for EFHD1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EFHD1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs370357320 Likely benign 232,633,949(+) CTACA(C/T)GGAGT intron-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1000006919 -- 232,607,754(+) ATCTC(-/A)AAAAA intron-variant
rs1000040665 -- 232,635,072(+) CCTCT(C/G/T)CCTCC intron-variant
rs1000117442 -- 232,646,963(+) ACTGC(C/T)GAGAG intron-variant
rs1000129451 -- 232,643,410(+) TTTGT(A/G)TTTTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EFHD1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1123438 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1002306 CNV gain 25217958
esv3594662 CNV loss 21293372
esv3594661 CNV gain 21293372
esv3594659 CNV gain 21293372
esv3561158 CNV deletion 23714750

Variation tolerance for EFHD1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 80.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.20; 84.87% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for EFHD1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFHD1 Gene

Disorders for EFHD1 Gene

Relevant External Links for EFHD1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for EFHD1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for EFHD1 Gene

Publications for EFHD1 Gene

  1. Identification of EFHD1 as a novel Ca(2+) sensor for mitoflash activation. (PMID: 26975899) Hou T … Wang X (Cell calcium 2016) 3 4 60
  2. Fraternal twins: Swiprosin-1/EFhd2 and Swiprosin-2/EFhd1, two homologous EF-hand containing calcium binding adaptor proteins with distinct functions. (PMID: 21244694) Dütting S … Mielenz D (Cell communication and signaling : CCS 2011) 2 3 60
  3. Genome-wide association study identifies loci influencing concentrations of liver enzymes in plasma. (PMID: 22001757) Chambers JC … Kooner JS (Nature genetics 2011) 3 45 60
  4. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 45 60
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60

Products for EFHD1 Gene

Sources for EFHD1 Gene

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