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Aliases for EDN2 Gene

Aliases for EDN2 Gene

  • Endothelin 2 2 3 5
  • PPET2 3 4
  • ET-2 3 4
  • Preproendothelin 2 3
  • Preproendothelin-2 4
  • ET2 3

External Ids for EDN2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EDN2 Gene

  • GC01M041972
  • GC01M040948
  • GC01M041407
  • GC01M041357
  • GC01M041613
  • GC01M041717
  • GC01M040063
  • GC01M041944

Summaries for EDN2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for EDN2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the endothelin protein family of secretory vasoconstrictive peptides. The preproprotein is processed to a short mature form which functions as a ligand for the endothelin receptors that initiate intracellular signaling events. This gene product is involved in a wide range of biological processes, such as hypertension and ovulation. Altered expression of this gene is implicated in tumorigenesis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

GeneCards Summary for EDN2 Gene

EDN2 (Endothelin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EDN2 include Aortic Disease and Streptococcal Meningitis. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is EDN3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EDN2 Gene

  • Endothelins are endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptides.

Tocris Summary for EDN2 Gene

  • The endothelin family consists of highly potent vasoconstrictive peptides. Three endogenous isoforms are known to exist - ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3. Due to their physiological role as vasoactive peptides, endothelins have been linked to certain cardiac, vascular and renal diseases; endothelin antagonists may therefore play an important role in the treatment of these conditions. Two distinct endothelin receptors have so far been cloned in mammals, classified as ETA and ETB receptors.

Gene Wiki entry for EDN2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EDN2 Gene

Genomics for EDN2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for EDN2 Gene

Enhancers for EDN2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around EDN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for EDN2 Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
41,478,775 bp from pter
End:
41,484,683 bp from pter
Size:
5,909 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for EDN2 Gene

Genes around EDN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EDN2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EDN2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EDN2 Gene

Proteins for EDN2 Gene

  • Protein details for EDN2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P20800-EDN2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Endothelin-2
    Protein Accession:
    P20800
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5T1R3

    Protein attributes for EDN2 Gene

    Size:
    178 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    19960 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for EDN2 Gene

Proteomics data for EDN2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for EDN2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for EDN2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for EDN2 Gene

Domains & Families for EDN2 Gene

Gene Families for EDN2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for EDN2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P20800

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

EDN2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the endothelin/sarafotoxin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the endothelin/sarafotoxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EDN2: view

Function for EDN2 Gene

Molecular function for EDN2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
endothelin 2 (vaso-constrictor/pressor peptide),involved in vascular remodeling,commonly expressed in right atrial tissue,susceptibility gene for essential hypertension
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Endothelins are endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptides.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EDN2: view

Animal Models for EDN2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for EDN2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for EDN2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EDN2 Gene

Localization for EDN2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EDN2 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for EDN2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EDN2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EDN2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for EDN2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with EDN2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EDN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001516 prostaglandin biosynthetic process IDA 9492062
GO:0001659 temperature homeostasis IEA --
GO:0002690 positive regulation of leukocyte chemotaxis IDA 9696419
GO:0003058 hormonal regulation of the force of heart contraction TAS 1652300
GO:0003100 regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure by endothelin IDA 2649896
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EDN2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for EDN2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for EDN2 Gene

(26) Drugs for EDN2 Gene - From: Tocris and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
sarafotoxin S6b Pharma Full agonist, Agonist Endothelin receptor agonist; non-selective 0

(17) Additional Compounds for EDN2 Gene - From: Novoseek and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Endothelin 1 (human, porcine)
117399-94-7
Endothelin 2 (human)
122879-69-0
Endothelin 3 (human, rat)
117399-93-6
Sarafotoxin S6a
126738-34-9

(5) Tocris Compounds for EDN2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Endothelin 1 (human, porcine) Potent vasoconstrictor peptide 117399-94-7
Endothelin 2 (human) ETA/ETB agonist 122879-69-0
Endothelin 3 (human, rat) Potent vasoconstrictor 117399-93-6
Sarafotoxin S6a Endothelin receptor agonist 126738-34-9
Sarafotoxin S6b Endothelin receptor agonist; non-selective 116303-65-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with EDN2: view

Transcripts for EDN2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for EDN2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for EDN2 Gene

Endothelin 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EDN2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - - -

Relevant External Links for EDN2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
EDN2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
EDN2

Expression for EDN2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for EDN2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for EDN2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix - Ectocervix (x9.4), Vagina (x7.6), Esophagus - Mucosa (x6.9), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x4.7), and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x4.4).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EDN2 Gene Hs.1407

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for EDN2 Gene

P20800-EDN2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in lung, but not in placental stem villi vessels or cultured placental villi smooth muscle cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EDN2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for EDN2 Gene

Orthologs for EDN2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for EDN2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EDN2 35
  • 84 (n)
  • 76 (a)
EDN2 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia EDN2 35
  • 79.88 (n)
  • 68.05 (a)
EDN2 36
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Edn2 35
  • 78.23 (n)
  • 68.79 (a)
Edn2 16
Edn2 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EDN2 35
  • 99.81 (n)
  • 99.44 (a)
EDN2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Edn2 35
  • 76.95 (n)
  • 68 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia EDN2 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves EDN2 35
  • 55.62 (n)
  • 47.59 (a)
EDN2 36
  • 42 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EDN2 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia edn2 35
  • 53.7 (n)
  • 51.59 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii edn2 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for EDN2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for EDN2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for EDN2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for EDN2 (if available)

Paralogs for EDN2 Gene

Paralogs for EDN2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for EDN2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with EDN2: view

Variants for EDN2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EDN2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11572371 - 41,479,443(-) GGAGC(C/T)TCGGT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs5798 - 41,481,147(-) ACGTG(C/T)TCCAG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs5799 -- 41,479,439(-) CCTCG(A/G)TCCAC nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs5800 -- 41,479,019(-) TGGAG(A/G)CTGGA nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs581588 -- 41,485,274(+) AAATG(C/T)CCCCC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EDN2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv508171 CNV Loss 20534489
nsv871918 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870508 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870806 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870871 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv633 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv525172 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv461350 CNV Loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for EDN2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 87.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.64; 72.69% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for EDN2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
EDN2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EDN2 Gene

Disorders for EDN2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for EDN2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
aortic disease
  • aortic disorder
streptococcal meningitis
hypertension, essential
  • hypertension, essential 3
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search EDN2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for EDN2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
EDN2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
EDN2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
EDN2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with EDN2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for EDN2 Gene

Publications for EDN2 Gene

  1. cDNA cloning and chromosomal assignment of the endothelin 2 gene: vasoactive intestinal contractor peptide is rat endothelin 2. (PMID: 1840558) Bloch K.D. … Quertermous T. (Genomics 1991) 3 4 23 67
  2. Endothelin-3 growth factor levels decreased in cervical cancer compared with normal cervical epithelial cells. (PMID: 17445867) Sun d.e. .J. … Deisseroth A. (Hum. Pathol. 2007) 3 23
  3. A985G polymorphism of the endothelin-2 gene and atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. (PMID: 18037749) Nagai T. … Higaki J. (Circ. J. 2007) 3 23
  4. Endothelin-2/vasoactive intestinal contractor: regulation of expression via reactive oxygen species induced by CoCl2, and Biological activities including neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. (PMID: 16493522) Kotake-Nara E. … Saida K. (ScientificWorldJournal 2006) 3 23
  5. Fifteen polymorphisms in endothelin-1, endothelin-2 and endothelin-receptor-A genotyped by four duplex assays and seven simple assays on a LightCycler using hybridization probes. (PMID: 16879056) Arjomand-Nahad F. … Roots I. (Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2006) 3 23

Products for EDN2 Gene

Sources for EDN2 Gene

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