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Aliases for ECE1 Gene

Aliases for ECE1 Gene

  • Endothelin Converting Enzyme 1 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • ECE-1 3 4
  • Endothelin-Converting Enzyme 1 3
  • EC 3.4.24 63
  • ECE 3

External Ids for ECE1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for ECE1 Gene

  • ECE

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ECE1 Gene

  • GC01M021116
  • GC01M020581
  • GC01M020692
  • GC01M021015
  • GC01M021290
  • GC01M021417
  • GC01M021543
  • GC01M019789

Summaries for ECE1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ECE1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is involved in proteolytic processing of endothelin precursors to biologically active peptides. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hirschsprung disease, cardiac defects and autonomic dysfunction. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GeneCards Summary for ECE1 Gene

ECE1 (Endothelin Converting Enzyme 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ECE1 include hirschsprung disease, cardiac defects, and autonomic dysfunction and ece1-related hirschsprung disease. Among its related pathways are PEDF Induced Signaling and Corticotropin-releasing hormone. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MME.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECE1 Gene

  • Converts big endothelin-1 to endothelin-1.

Gene Wiki entry for ECE1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ECE1 Gene

Genomics for ECE1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ECE1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ECE1 Gene

21,217,247 bp from pter
21,345,541 bp from pter
128,295 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ECE1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ECE1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ECE1 Gene

Proteins for ECE1 Gene

  • Protein details for ECE1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Endothelin-converting enzyme 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K3P1
    • B4E291
    • Q14217
    • Q17RN5
    • Q2Z2K8
    • Q58GE7
    • Q5THM5
    • Q5THM7
    • Q5THM8
    • Q9UJQ6
    • Q9UPF4
    • Q9UPM4
    • Q9Y501

    Protein attributes for ECE1 Gene

    770 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    87164 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked.
    • Sequence=AAX35820.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA84548.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ECE1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for ECE1 Gene


neXtProt entry for ECE1 Gene

Proteomics data for ECE1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for ECE1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys676
  • Glycosylation at Asn166, Asn187, Asn210, Asn270, Asn316, Asn362, Asn383, Asn539, Asn632, and Asn651
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

Domains for ECE1 Gene

Gene Families for ECE1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P42892
  • Belongs to the peptidase M13 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ECE1: view

Function for ECE1 Gene

Molecular function for ECE1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
endothelin converting enzyme 1,converting the precursor big ET-1 to mature ET-1 (EDN1),metallopeptidase,neutral endopeptidase family,homolog to MME,including four isoforms ECE1A,ECE1B,ECE1C,ECE1D,diverging in their N terminal sequence and displaying different patterns of subcellular localization
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hydrolysis of the 21-Trp- -Val-22 bond in big endothelin to form endothelin 1
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Inhibited by phosphoramidon
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Converts big endothelin-1 to endothelin-1.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ECE1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ECE1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004175 endopeptidase activity IDA 18039931
GO:0004222 metalloendopeptidase activity ISS 8062389
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0017046 peptide hormone binding IC 7864876
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IPI 7805846
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECE1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ECE1: view

Animal Models for ECE1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ECE1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ECE1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ECE1

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ECE1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ECE1 Gene

Localization for ECE1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECE1 Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ECE1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ECE1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endosome 4
extracellular 2
cytosol 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ECE1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane IDA 17897319
GO:0005768 endosome IDA 18039931
GO:0005769 early endosome IDA 18039931
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA 18039931
GO:0009897 external side of plasma membrane IDA 9449382
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECE1: view

Pathways for ECE1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ECE1: view

Pathways by source for ECE1 Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for ECE1 Gene
1 R&D Systems pathway for ECE1 Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ECE1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001921 positive regulation of receptor recycling IMP 18039931
GO:0003100 regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure by endothelin IC 7805846
GO:0006508 proteolysis --
GO:0007507 heart development IMP 9915973
GO:0010814 substance P catabolic process IDA 18039931
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECE1: view

Compounds for ECE1 Gene

(1) Drugbank Compounds for ECE1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs

(1) IUPHAR Ligand for ECE1 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
SM19712 Inhibitor Inhibition

(24) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ECE1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
phosphoramidon 92.6 60
thiorphan 89.2 13
thermolysin 44.1 4
prostacyclin 42.3 3
zinc 41.1 15
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ECE1: view

Transcripts for ECE1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ECE1 Gene

Endothelin converting enzyme 1:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ECE1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ECE1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b · 15c · 15d · 15e ^ 16 ^ 17 ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: -
SP6: -

ExUns: 18 ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20a · 20b · 20c
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for ECE1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ECE1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ECE1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for ECE1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (18.9) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ECE1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ECE1 Gene Hs.195080

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ECE1 Gene

Tissue specificity: All isoforms are expressed in umbilical vein endothelial cells, polynuclear neutrophils, fibroblasts, atrium cardiomyocytes and ventricles. Isoforms A, B and C are also expressed in placenta, lung, heart, adrenal gland and phaeochromocytoma; isoforms A and C in liver, testis and small intestine; isoform B, C and D in endothelial cells and umbilical vein smooth muscle cells; isoforms C and D in saphenous vein cells, and isoform C in kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ECE1: view

Expression partners for ECE1 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for ECE1 Gene

Orthologs for ECE1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for ECE1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ECE1 35
  • 89.71 (n)
  • 94.1 (a)
ECE1 36
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ECE1 35
  • 91.26 (n)
  • 95.7 (a)
ECE1 36
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ece1 35
  • 88.98 (n)
  • 95.88 (a)
Ece1 16
Ece1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ECE1 35
  • 98.73 (n)
  • 98.82 (a)
ECE1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ece1 35
  • 89.6 (n)
  • 95.35 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ECE1 36
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ECE1 36
  • 65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ECE1 35
  • 78.65 (n)
  • 82.96 (a)
ECE-1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ECE1 36
  • 65 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia ece1-prov 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ece1 35
  • 68 (n)
  • 67.64 (a)
ece1 36
  • 64 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta BcDNA:GH07188 37
  • 28 (a)
CG14523 37
  • 23 (a)
CG14527 37
  • 27 (a)
CG14528 37
  • 26 (a)
CG14529 37
  • 24 (a)
CG15485 37
  • 24 (a)
CG4721 37
  • 23 (a)
CG4725 37
  • 22 (a)
CG5527 37
  • 25 (a)
CG6265 37
  • 48 (a)
CG8358 37
  • 26 (a)
Nep1 37
  • 40 (a)
Nep2 37
  • 38 (a)
Nep3 37
  • 47 (a)
Nep4 37
  • 38 (a)
Nep3 35
  • 54.83 (n)
  • 46.19 (a)
Nep3 36
  • 44 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP007796 35
  • 55.99 (n)
  • 48.12 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C49D10.10 37
  • 24 (a)
F18A12.1 37
  • 23 (a)
F18A12.6 37
  • 25 (a)
F26G1.6 37
  • 31 (a)
F39E9.4 37
  • 29 (a)
F54F11.2 37
  • 28 (a)
K02F6.9 37
  • 22 (a)
T05A8.4 37
  • 36 (a)
T16A9.4 37
  • 31 (a)
T25B6.2 37
  • 26 (a)
nep-10 36
  • 20 (a)
nep-12 36
  • 30 (a)
nep-13 36
  • 21 (a)
nep-18 36
  • 19 (a)
nep-20 36
  • 16 (a)
nep-21 36
  • 29 (a)
nep-22 36
  • 21 (a)
nep-23 36
  • 18 (a)
nep-24 36
  • 18 (a)
nep-3 36
  • 23 (a)
nep-5 36
  • 17 (a)
nep-6 36
  • 21 (a)
nep-7 36
  • 18 (a)
nep-8 36
  • 18 (a)
nep-9 36
  • 17 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 41 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ECE1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ECE1 Gene

Gene Tree for ECE1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ECE1 (if available)

Paralogs for ECE1 Gene

Paralogs for ECE1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ECE1 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ECE1: view

Variants for ECE1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ECE1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs14171 -- 21,217,684(+) GAGGG(A/G)ACACA utr-variant-3-prime
rs84657 -- 21,278,547(+) CCGCA(C/T)TGGAT intron-variant
rs84853 -- 21,315,029(-) CTACT(A/G)GGGAT intron-variant
rs115071 -- 21,256,510(+) cagat(C/T)gtgcg intron-variant
rs126686 -- 21,320,504(+) AATAA(A/G)TAGAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ECE1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834380 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv871876 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv870456 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv871179 CNV Loss 21882294
esv1006358 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv2109865 CNV Deletion 18987734
nsv515620 CNV Loss 19592680
esv23912 CNV Loss 19812545

Relevant External Links for ECE1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECE1 Gene

Disorders for ECE1 Gene

(2) OMIM Diseases for ECE1 Gene (600423)


  • Hirschsprung disease cardiac defects and autonomic dysfunction (HSCRCDAD) [MIM:613870]: A disorder characterized by skip-lesions Hirschsprung disease, craniofacial abnormalities and other dysmorphic features, cardiac defects including ductus arteriosus, small subaortic ventricular septal defect, small atrial septal defect, and autonomic dysfunction. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:9915973}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for ECE1 Gene

(43) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ECE1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
hirschsprung disease 55.5 3
cerebral vasospasm 45.7 2
heart failure 42.3 9
hypertension pulmonary 40.6 3
atherosclerosis 39.4 16

Relevant External Links for ECE1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ECE1: view

No data available for Genatlas for ECE1 Gene

Publications for ECE1 Gene

  1. Cloning and sequencing of a human endothelin converting enzyme in renal adenocarcinoma (ACHN) cells producing endothelin-2. (PMID: 7695628) Yorimitsu K. … Kimura S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1995) 3 4 23
  2. Organization of the gene encoding the human endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE-1). (PMID: 8530372) Valdenaire O. … Mattei M.-G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1995) 3 4 23
  3. Human endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE-1): three isoforms with distinct subcellular localizations. (PMID: 9396733) Schweizer A. … Loeffler B.-M. (Biochem. J. 1997) 3 4 23
  4. A loss-of-function mutation in the endothelin-converting enzyme 1 (ECE-1) associated with Hirschsprung disease, cardiac defects, and autonomic dysfunction. (PMID: 9915973) Hofstra R.M.W. … Buys C.H.C.M. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 1999) 3 4 23
  5. Risk of coronary artery disease as influenced by variants of the human endothelin and endothelin-converting enzyme genes. (PMID: 17264805) BA1hler K. … Cascorbi I. (Pharmacogenet. Genomics 2007) 3 23 48

Products for ECE1 Gene

Sources for ECE1 Gene

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