Aliases for DGKZ Gene
External Ids for DGKZ Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DGKZ Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the eukaryotic diacylglycerol kinase family. It may attenuate protein kinase C activity by regulating diacylglycerol levels in intracellular signaling cascade and signal transduction. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for DGKZ Gene
DGKZ (Diacylglycerol Kinase, Zeta) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and p70S6K Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include protein C-terminus binding and NAD+ kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DGKI.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DGKZ Gene
Displays a strong preference for 1,2-diacylglycerols over 1,3-diacylglycerols, but lacks substrate specificity among molecular species of long chain diacylglycerols. Isoform 2 but not isoform 1 regulates RASGRP1 activity.
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of ten enzymes (DGKalpha, DGKbeta, DGKgamma, DGKdelta, DGKepsilon, DGKzeta, DGKeta, DGKtheta, DGKiota and DGKkappa) that metabolize 1,2,diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PA). They all contain a conserved C'-terminal catalytic domain, two cysteine-rich Zn2+-finger motifs that bind DAG and an ATP-binding site, whilst the regulatory domain varies. DGKs are widely distributed throughout mammalian tissues and different isozymes have different subcellular localizations; some are cytosolic (for example DGKalpha), some are membrane-bound (for example DGKgamma is associated with the Golgi membrane) and some are nuclear (for example DGKzeta. DGKs have diverse biological roles as they participate in signal transduction by modulating levels of DAG in a variety of cellular responses to extracellular stimuli.