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Aliases for DYRK3 Gene

Aliases for DYRK3 Gene

  • Dual-Specificity Tyrosine-(Y)-Phosphorylation Regulated Kinase 3 2 3
  • Regulatory Erythroid Kinase 2 3 4
  • Dual-Specificity Tyrosine-(Y)-Phosphorylation Regulated Kinase 5 2 3
  • Protein Kinase Dyrk3 2 3
  • EC 4 64
  • REDK 3 4
  • Dual Specificity Tyrosine-Phosphorylation-Regulated Kinase 3 3
  • EC 2.7.12 64
  • HYAK3-2 3
  • DYRK5 3
  • RED 3

External Ids for DYRK3 Gene

Summaries for DYRK3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DYRK3 Gene

  • This gene product belongs to the DYRK family of dual-specificity protein kinases that catalyze autophosphorylation on serine/threonine and tyrosine residues. The members of this family share structural similarity, however, differ in their substrate specificity, suggesting their involvement in different cellular functions. The encoded protein has been shown to autophosphorylate on tyrosine residue and catalyze phosphorylation of histones H3 and H2B in vitro. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DYRK3 Gene

DYRK3 (Dual-Specificity Tyrosine-(Y)-Phosphorylation Regulated Kinase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include protein serine/threonine kinase activity and protein kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DYRK1B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DYRK3 Gene

  • Negative regulator of EPO-dependent erythropoiesis, may place an upper limit on red cell production during stress erythropoiesis. Inhibits cell death due to cytokine withdrawal in hematopoietic progenitor cells. May act by regulating CREB/CRE signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for DYRK3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DYRK3 Gene

Genomics for DYRK3 Gene

Genomic Location for DYRK3 Gene

206,635,536 bp from pter
206,684,419 bp from pter
48,884 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DYRK3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DYRK3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DYRK3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DYRK3 Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the DYRK3 gene promoter:

Proteins for DYRK3 Gene

  • Protein details for DYRK3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • D3DT79
    • Q7Z752
    • Q9HBY6
    • Q9HBY7

    Protein attributes for DYRK3 Gene

    588 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65714 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for DYRK3 Gene


neXtProt entry for DYRK3 Gene

Proteomics data for DYRK3 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DYRK3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DYRK3 Gene

Other Protein References for DYRK3 Gene

Domains for DYRK3 Gene


  • Contains 1 protein kinase domain.:
    • O43781
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. MNB/DYRK subfamily.:
    • O43781
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DYRK3: view

Function for DYRK3 Gene

Molecular function for DYRK3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: dual-specificity tyrosine-(Y)-phosphorylation regulated kinase 3,expressed in fetal brain,phosphorylating histone H2B
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: Inhibited by harmine, leucettamine B and leucettine L41
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Negative regulator of EPO-dependent erythropoiesis, may place an upper limit on red cell production during stress erythropoiesis. Inhibits cell death due to cytokine withdrawal in hematopoietic progenitor cells. May act by regulating CREB/CRE signaling.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: By EPO/erythropoietin.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DYRK3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DYRK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IDA 10779429
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IDA 10779429
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004712 protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004713 protein tyrosine kinase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DYRK3: view

Phenotypes for DYRK3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DYRK3: view

Animal Models for DYRK3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DYRK3:

miRNA for DYRK3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DYRK3

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for DYRK3 Gene

Localization for DYRK3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DYRK3 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DYRK3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DYRK3 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DYRK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 10779429
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DYRK3: view

Pathways for DYRK3 Gene

SuperPathways for DYRK3 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for DYRK3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DYRK3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IDA 10779429
GO:0018108 peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0030218 erythrocyte differentiation IDA 10779429
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DYRK3: view

No data available for Pathways by source for DYRK3 Gene

Compounds for DYRK3 Gene

(3) HMDB Compounds for DYRK3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Adenosine triphosphate
  • 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate) Adenosine
  • adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Magnesium
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DYRK3: view

Transcripts for DYRK3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DYRK3 Gene

Dual-specificity tyrosine-(Y)-phosphorylation regulated kinase 3:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DYRK3 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d · 7e · 7f
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - -

Relevant External Links for DYRK3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DYRK3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DYRK3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DYRK3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (8.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DYRK3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DYRK3 Gene Hs.164267

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DYRK3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are highly expressed in testis and in hematopoietic tissue such as fetal liver, and bone marrow. Isoform 2 is the predominant form in testis. Isoform 1 is the predominant form in fetal liver and bone marrow. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are present at low levels in heart, pancreas, lymph node, and thymus.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DYRK3: view

Orthologs for DYRK3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DYRK3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DYRK3 36
  • 99.72 (n)
  • 99.49 (a)
DYRK3 37
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DYRK3 36
  • 89.95 (n)
  • 92.84 (a)
DYRK3 37
  • 93 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DYRK3 36
  • 91.82 (n)
  • 95.06 (a)
DYRK3 37
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dyrk3 36
  • 85.32 (n)
  • 89.93 (a)
Dyrk3 16
Dyrk3 37
  • 90 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DYRK3 37
  • 87 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dyrk3 36
  • 85.67 (n)
  • 91.13 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DYRK3 36
  • 71.88 (n)
  • 73.45 (a)
DYRK3 37
  • 71 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DYRK3 37
  • 75 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dyrk3 36
  • 67.02 (n)
  • 69.57 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii DYRK3 37
  • 64 (a)
zgc:172180 36
  • 63.98 (n)
  • 65.15 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dyrk3 37
  • 35 (a)
smi35A 38
  • 50 (a)
Dyrk3 38
  • 66 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mbk-2 37
  • 35 (a)
C36B7.2 38
  • 29 (a)
C36B7.1 38
  • 32 (a)
mbk-2 38
  • 67 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 37
  • 65 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DYRK3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DYRK3 Gene

Gene Tree for DYRK3 (if available)
Gene Tree for DYRK3 (if available)

Paralogs for DYRK3 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for DYRK3 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DYRK3: view

Variants for DYRK3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DYRK3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1129431 -- 206,648,250(+) TTCAA(C/T)CAAGG reference, missense
rs1129432 -- 206,648,384(+) GTTTT(C/G)GCTGC missense, reference
rs3813963 -- 206,648,224(-) TTCAG(A/G)AGAAT reference, synonymous-codon
rs3813964 -- 206,635,347(-) GGCGA(A/G)GAGCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs3813965 -- 206,634,569(-) AAGAA(C/T)CAGTC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DYRK3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv873128 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2675844 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for DYRK3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

Disorders for DYRK3 Gene

No disorders were found for DYRK3 Gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DYRK3 Gene

Publications for DYRK3 Gene

  1. Sequence characteristics, subcellular localization, and substrate specificity of DYRK-related kinases, a novel family of dual specificity protein kinases. (PMID: 9748265) Becker W. … Joost H.-G. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 2 3 4
  2. REDK, a novel human regulatory erythroid kinase. (PMID: 10779429) Lord K.A. … Dillon S.B. (Blood 2000) 3 4 23
  3. DYRK3 activation, engagement of protein kinase A/cAMP response element-binding protein, and modulation of progenitor cell survival. (PMID: 12356771) Li K. … Wojchowski D.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 3 23
  4. DYRK gene structure and erythroid-restricted features of DYRK3 gene expression. (PMID: 15607427) Zhang D. … Wojchowski D.M. (Genomics 2005) 3 23
  5. DYRK1A and DYRK3 promote cell survival through phosphorylation and activation of SIRT1. (PMID: 20167603) Guo X. … Li X. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 23

Products for DYRK3 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for DYRK3

Sources for DYRK3 Gene

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