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Aliases for DUX4 Gene

Aliases for DUX4 Gene

  • Double Homeobox 4 2 3 5
  • Double Homeobox Protein 10 3 4
  • Double Homeobox Protein 4/10 3
  • Double Homeobox 4-Like 3
  • DUX4L 3
  • DUX10 4

External Ids for DUX4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DUX4 Gene

  • GC04P192017
  • GC10P134609
  • GC04P191585
  • GC04P191697
  • GC04P191683
  • GC04P191376
  • GC04P191232
  • GC04P191240
  • GC04P191251
  • GC04P191254
  • GC04P191257
  • GC04P191260
  • GC04P191005

Summaries for DUX4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DUX4 Gene

  • This gene is located within a D4Z4 repeat array in the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q. The D4Z4 repeat is polymorphic in length; a similar D4Z4 repeat array has been identified on chromosome 10. Each D4Z4 repeat unit has an open reading frame (named DUX4) that encodes two homeoboxes; the repeat-array and ORF is conserved in other mammals. The encoded protein has been reported to function as a transcriptional activator of paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 1 (PITX1; GeneID 5307). Contraction of the macrosatellite repeat causes autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]

GeneCards Summary for DUX4 Gene

DUX4 (Double Homeobox 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DUX4 include Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy 1 and Muscular Dystrophy. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is DUXA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DUX4 Gene

  • Involved in transcriptional regulation. May regulate microRNA (miRNA) expression.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DUX4 Gene

Genomics for DUX4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DUX4 Gene

Enhancers for DUX4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around DUX4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DUX4 Gene

Chromosome:
4
Start:
190,173,669 bp from pter
End:
190,185,942 bp from pter
Size:
12,274 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for DUX4 Gene

Genes around DUX4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DUX4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DUX4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DUX4 Gene

Proteins for DUX4 Gene

  • Protein details for DUX4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9UBX2-DUX4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Double homeobox protein 4
    Protein Accession:
    Q9UBX2

    Protein attributes for DUX4 Gene

    Size:
    424 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    44940 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • May exist as a monomer or a dimer.
    Miscellaneous:
    • DUX genes are present in 3.3-kilobase elements, a tandem repeat family scattered in the genome found on the short arms of all acrocentric chromosomes as well as on several other chromosomes.

neXtProt entry for DUX4 Gene

Proteomics data for DUX4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DUX4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for DUX4 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DUX4 Gene

Domains & Families for DUX4 Gene

Protein Domains for DUX4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DUX4 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9UBX2

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DUX4_HUMAN :
  • Both homeobox domains confer nuclear targeting.
  • Belongs to the paired homeobox family.
Domain:
  • Both homeobox domains confer nuclear targeting.
  • Contains 2 homeobox DNA-binding domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the paired homeobox family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DUX4: view

No data available for Gene Families for DUX4 Gene

Function for DUX4 Gene

Molecular function for DUX4 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
double homeo box protein 4 in the partially deleted D4Z4 locus (FSHD)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in transcriptional regulation. May regulate microRNA (miRNA) expression.

Phenotypes for DUX4 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for DUX4:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DUX4: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DUX4 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DUX4 Gene

Localization for DUX4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DUX4 Gene

Nucleus. Note=Actively transported through the nuclear pore complex (NPC).

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for DUX4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DUX4 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DUX4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031965 nuclear membrane IDA 17588759
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DUX4: view

Pathways & Interactions for DUX4 Gene

SuperPathways for DUX4 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for DUX4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DUX4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IDA 17588759
GO:0045944 positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 17984056
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DUX4: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for DUX4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DUX4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for DUX4 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DUX4 Gene

(6) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DUX4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DUX4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DUX4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DUX4

Expression for DUX4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DUX4 Gene

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DUX4 Gene

Q9UBX2-DUX4_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Does not seem to be expressed in normal muscle, but is detected in muscle of individuals with FSHD, and also in testis (at protein level) (PubMed:21060811). Does not seem to be expressed in normal muscle, but in muscle of individuals with FSHD, where it may be toxic to cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DUX4: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for DUX4 Gene

Orthologs for DUX4 Gene

Evolution for DUX4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DUX4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DUX4 (if available)

No data available for Orthologs for DUX4 Gene

Paralogs for DUX4 Gene

Paralogs for DUX4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DUX4: view

Variants for DUX4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DUX4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2975228 -- 190,175,869(+) gtgat(C/G)agtgc downstream-variant-500B
rs2975229 -- 190,175,918(+) aattg(A/G)tttac downstream-variant-500B
rs71271247 -- 190,176,319(+) GAGCT(G/T)AGACA downstream-variant-500B
rs71271248 -- 190,176,337(+) CATCA(C/T)CTGGG downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DUX4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428243 CNV Gain 18775914
esv28562 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
nsv8752 CNV Gain+Loss 18304495
nsv896428 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv442214 CNV CNV 18776908
dgv4n31 CNV Duplication 19718026
nsv471357 CNV Duplication 19718026
nsv482152 CNV Gain 20164927
nsv10641 CNV Loss 18304495
nsv471487 CNV Duplication 19718026
esv23426 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Variation tolerance and Relevant External Links for DUX4 Gene

Disorders for DUX4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for DUX4 Gene - From: GeneTests, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 1
  • facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
muscular dystrophy
  • muscular dystrophies
muscle tissue disease
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DUX4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

DUX4_HUMAN
  • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 1 (FSHD1) [MIM:158900]: A degenerative muscle disease characterized by slowly progressive weakness of the muscles of the face, upper-arm, and shoulder girdle. The onset of symptoms usually occurs in the first or second decade of life. Affected individuals usually present with impairment of upper extremity elevation. This tends to be followed by facial weakness, primarily involving the orbicularis oris and orbicularis oculi muscles. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10433963, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19320656}. Note=The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. The disease is caused by deletion of an integral number of units of a 3.3-kb tandem repeats, termed D4Z4 macrosatellite, located on chromosome 4q35. In unaffected subjects, the D4Z4 array consists of 11-150 repeats, while in FSHD1 patients, the array is reduced to 1-10 repeats (PubMed:19320656). DUX4 is located in D4Z4 macrosatellite which is epigenetically repressed in somatic tissues. D4Z4 chromatin relaxation in FSHD1 results in inefficient epigenetic repression of DUX4 and a variegated pattern of DUX4 protein expression in a subset of skeletal muscle nuclei. Ectopic expression of DUX4 in skeletal muscle activates the expression of stem cell and germline genes, and, when overexpressed in somatic cells, DUX4 can ultimately lead to cell death. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19320656}.

Relevant External Links for DUX4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
DUX4
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
DUX4
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
DUX4
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DUX4: view

No data available for Genatlas for DUX4 Gene

Publications for DUX4 Gene

  1. Defective regulation of microRNA target genes in myoblasts from facioscapulohumeral dystrophy patients. (PMID: 24145033) Dmitriev P. … Vassetzky Y.S. (J. Biol. Chem. 2013) 3 4 67
  2. A unifying genetic model for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. (PMID: 20724583) Lemmers R.J. … van der Maarel S.M. (Science 2010) 2 3
  3. Homologous Transcription Factors DUX4 and DUX4c Associate with Cytoplasmic Proteins during Muscle Differentiation. (PMID: 26816005) Ansseau E. … CoppAce F. (PLoS ONE 2016) 3
  4. Direct interplay between two candidate genes in FSHD muscular dystrophy. (PMID: 25326393) Ferri G. … Gabellini D. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2015) 3
  5. A feedback loop between nonsense-mediated decay and the retrogene DUX4 in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. (PMID: 25564732) Feng Q. … Bradley R.K. (Elife 2015) 3

Products for DUX4 Gene

Sources for DUX4 Gene

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