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Aliases for DUSP4 Gene

Aliases for DUSP4 Gene

  • Dual Specificity Phosphatase 4 2 3 5
  • MAP Kinase Phosphatase 2 2 3 4
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphatase 2 3 4
  • Dual Specificity Protein Phosphatase HVH2 3 4
  • VH1 Homologous Phosphatase 2 2 3
  • MKP-2 3 4
  • MKP2 3 4
  • Serine/Threonine Specific Protein Phosphatase 3
  • EC 4
  • EC 4
  • HVH2 3
  • TYP 3
  • VH2 4

External Ids for DUSP4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DUSP4 Gene

  • GC08M028766
  • GC08M029698
  • GC08M029014
  • GC08M029215
  • GC08M029249
  • GC08M027737
  • GC08M029190

Summaries for DUSP4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DUSP4 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the dual specificity protein phosphatase subfamily. These phosphatases inactivate their target kinases by dephosphorylating both the phosphoserine/threonine and phosphotyrosine residues. They negatively regulate members of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily (MAPK/ERK, SAPK/JNK, p38), which are associated with cellular proliferation and differentiation. Different members of the family of dual specificity phosphatases show distinct substrate specificities for various MAP kinases, different tissue distribution and subcellular localization, and different modes of inducibility of their expression by extracellular stimuli. This gene product inactivates ERK1, ERK2 and JNK, is expressed in a variety of tissues, and is localized in the nucleus. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants, encoding distinct isoforms, have been observed for this gene. In addition, multiple polyadenylation sites have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DUSP4 Gene

DUSP4 (Dual Specificity Phosphatase 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DUSP4 include Vaccinia and Chronic Laryngitis. Among its related pathways are Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling and MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane. GO annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and protein tyrosine/serine/threonine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SSH1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DUSP4 Gene

  • Regulates mitogenic signal transduction by dephosphorylating both Thr and Tyr residues on MAP kinases ERK1 and ERK2.

Gene Wiki entry for DUSP4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DUSP4 Gene

Genomics for DUSP4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DUSP4 Gene

Enhancers for DUSP4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around DUSP4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DUSP4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around DUSP4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DUSP4 Gene

29,333,062 bp from pter
29,350,750 bp from pter
17,689 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DUSP4 Gene

Genes around DUSP4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DUSP4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DUSP4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DUSP4 Gene

Proteins for DUSP4 Gene

  • Protein details for DUSP4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dual specificity protein phosphatase 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBU5
    • D3DSU4
    • G5E930
    • Q13524

    Protein attributes for DUSP4 Gene

    394 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    42953 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Hollow spherical complex composed of 24 subunits with pseudooctahedral symmetry, has a tetramer as the basic unit.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for DUSP4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for DUSP4 Gene


neXtProt entry for DUSP4 Gene

Proteomics data for DUSP4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DUSP4 Gene

  • Phosphorylation in the C-terminus by ERK1/2 inhibits proteasomal degradation and stabilizes the protein.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for DUSP4 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DUSP4 Gene

Domains & Families for DUSP4 Gene

Gene Families for DUSP4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DUSP4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 rhodanese domain.
  • Belongs to the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. Non-receptor class dual specificity subfamily.
  • Contains 1 rhodanese domain.
  • Contains 1 tyrosine-protein phosphatase domain.
  • Belongs to the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. Non-receptor class dual specificity subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DUSP4: view

Function for DUSP4 Gene

Molecular function for DUSP4 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
dual specificity (tyr/thr) phosphatase 4,vaccinia virus phosphatase VH1-like 2,expressed in placenta,pancreas,involved in signal transduction
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Protein tyrosine phosphate + H(2)O = protein tyrosine + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
[a protein]-serine/threonine phosphate + H(2)O = [a protein]-serine/threonine + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Regulates mitogenic signal transduction by dephosphorylating both Thr and Tyr residues on MAP kinases ERK1 and ERK2.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DUSP4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DUSP4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008330 protein tyrosine/threonine phosphatase activity TAS 7535768
GO:0017017 MAP kinase tyrosine/serine/threonine phosphatase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DUSP4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DUSP4: view

Animal Models for DUSP4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DUSP4:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for DUSP4

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DUSP4 Gene

Localization for DUSP4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DUSP4 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DUSP4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DUSP4 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
chloroplast 1
extracellular 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DUSP4 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for DUSP4 Gene

SuperPathways for DUSP4 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling
2 MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane
3 MAPK targets/ Nuclear events mediated by MAP kinases
4 MAPK signaling pathway
5 Developmental Biology
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DUSP4: view

Pathways by source for DUSP4 Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for DUSP4 Gene
2 BioSystems pathways for DUSP4 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for DUSP4 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for DUSP4 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for DUSP4 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DUSP4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade TAS 7535768
GO:0000188 inactivation of MAPK activity IEA --
GO:0001706 endoderm formation IBA --
GO:0002224 toll-like receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0002755 MyD88-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DUSP4: view

Drugs & Compounds for DUSP4 Gene

(2) Drugs for DUSP4 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Nutra 0

(7) Additional Compounds for DUSP4 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • NFB Orthophosphate
  • O-Phosphoric acid
  • Ortho-phosphate
  • Orthophosphate (PO43-)
  • Orthophosphate(3-)
phosphoric acid
  • Acide phosphorique (FRENCH)
  • Acido fosforico [Italian]
  • Acidum phosphoricum
  • Diphosphate tetrasodium
  • Fosforzuuroplossingen [Dutch]
  • Dihydrogen oxide
  • Steam
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DUSP4: view

Transcripts for DUSP4 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DUSP4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DUSP4 Gene

Dual specificity phosphatase 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DUSP4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DUSP4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DUSP4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DUSP4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DUSP4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (x5.3) and Breast - Mammary Tissue (x4.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for DUSP4 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DUSP4 Gene Hs.417962

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DUSP4: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for DUSP4 Gene

Orthologs for DUSP4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for DUSP4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DUSP4 35
  • 92.13 (n)
  • 96.19 (a)
DUSP4 36
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC482880 35
  • 92.64 (n)
  • 94.67 (a)
DUSP4 36
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dusp4 35
  • 89.26 (n)
  • 95.94 (a)
Dusp4 16
Dusp4 36
  • 96 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DUSP4 35
  • 99.07 (n)
  • 99.75 (a)
DUSP4 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dusp4 35
  • 89.68 (n)
  • 95.69 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DUSP4 36
  • 76 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 79 (a)
-- 36
  • 77 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DUSP4 35
  • 81.42 (n)
  • 85.29 (a)
DUSP4 36
  • 91 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DUSP4 36
  • 75 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dusp4 35
  • 73.89 (n)
  • 83.55 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dusp4 35
  • 71.12 (n)
  • 73.02 (a)
zgc55423 35
dusp4 36
  • 72 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons IBR5 35
  • 47.18 (n)
  • 40.14 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os02g0720300 35
  • 43 (n)
  • 37.28 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 33 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DUSP4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DUSP4 Gene

Gene Tree for DUSP4 (if available)
Gene Tree for DUSP4 (if available)

Paralogs for DUSP4 Gene

Paralogs for DUSP4 Gene

(8) SIMAP similar genes for DUSP4 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DUSP4: view

Variants for DUSP4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DUSP4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2056025 -- 29,342,039(-) GTTTT(G/T)GCAGG intron-variant
rs2230514 -- 29,338,454(-) GCCTA(C/T)CATGC reference, synonymous-codon
rs2280102 -- 29,348,336(-) TAGGC(C/T)ACCAG intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs2341674 -- 29,340,739(+) GATGT(C/T)CATTG intron-variant
rs7831728 -- 29,348,286(+) ATCTC(C/T)CCCAC intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime

Variation tolerance for DUSP4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 73.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.90; 18.70% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Relevant External Links for DUSP4 Gene

Disorders for DUSP4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for DUSP4 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
chronic laryngitis
epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 2b
  • epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 2a
neuronal intestinal dysplasia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DUSP4 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for DUSP4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DUSP4: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DUSP4 Gene

Publications for DUSP4 Gene

  1. Isolation and characterization of a novel dual specific phosphatase, HVH2, which selectively dephosphorylates the mitogen-activated protein kinase. (PMID: 7535768) Guan K.-L. … Butch E. (J. Biol. Chem. 1995) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Chromosomal localization of three human dual specificity phosphatase genes (DUSP4, DUSP6, and DUSP7). (PMID: 9205128) Smith A. … Ashworth A. (Genomics 1997) 2 3 23
  3. Differential regulation of MAP kinase activation by a novel splice variant of human MAP kinase phosphatase-2. (PMID: 19843478) Cadalbert L.C. … Plevin R. (Cell. Signal. 2010) 3 23
  4. Epigenetic downregulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase MKP-2 relieves its growth suppressive activity in glioma cells. (PMID: 20124482) Waha A. … Waha A. (Cancer Res. 2010) 3 23
  5. Crystal structure of the catalytic domain of human MKP-2 reveals a 24-mer assembly. (PMID: 19415758) Jeong D.G. … Kim S.J. (Proteins 2009) 3 23

Products for DUSP4 Gene

Sources for DUSP4 Gene