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Aliases for DSE Gene

Aliases for DSE Gene

  • Dermatan Sulfate Epimerase 2 3
  • SART2 3 4 6
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma Antigen Recognized By T-Cells 2 3 4
  • Chondroitin-Glucuronate 5-Epimerase 3 4
  • DS Epimerase 3 4
  • EDSMC2 3 6
  • SART-2 3 4
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma Antigen Recognized By T Cells 2 2
  • Dermatan-Sulfate Epimerase 3
  • EC 4
  • DSEPI 3
  • DSEP 3

External Ids for DSE Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DSE Gene

  • SART2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DSE Gene

  • GC06P116708
  • GC06P116603
  • GC06P114181
  • GC06P116578
  • GC06P116581
  • GC06P116582
  • GC06P116583
  • GC06P116584
  • GC06P116585

Summaries for DSE Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DSE Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a tumor-rejection antigen. This antigen possesses tumor epitopes capable of inducing HLA-A24-restricted and tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in cancer patients and may be useful for specific immunotherapy. This gene product is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DSE Gene

DSE (Dermatan Sulfate Epimerase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DSE include ehlers-danlos syndrome, musculocontractural type 2 and ehlers-danlos syndrome, musculocontractural type 1. Among its related pathways are Disease and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include chondroitin-glucuronate 5-epimerase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DSEL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSE Gene

  • Converts D-glucuronic acid to L-iduronic acid (IdoUA) residues.

Gene Wiki entry for DSE Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DSE Gene

Genomics for DSE Gene

Regulatory Elements for DSE Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for DSE Gene

116,254,173 bp from pter
116,441,261 bp from pter
187,089 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DSE Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DSE Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DSE Gene

Proteins for DSE Gene

  • Protein details for DSE Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dermatan-sulfate epimerase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5R3K6

    Protein attributes for DSE Gene

    958 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    109773 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for DSE Gene

Proteomics data for DSE Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DSE Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn642
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DSE Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DSE Gene

Domains for DSE Gene

Protein Domains for DSE Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the dermatan-sulfate isomerase family.
  • Belongs to the dermatan-sulfate isomerase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DSE: view

No data available for Gene Families for DSE Gene

Function for DSE Gene

Molecular function for DSE Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Chondroitin D-glucuronate = dermatan L-iduronate
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Converts D-glucuronic acid to L-iduronic acid (IdoUA) residues.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DSE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DSE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0047757 chondroitin-glucuronate 5-epimerase activity IDA 16505484
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSE: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DSE: view

Animal Models for DSE Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DSE:

miRNA for DSE Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DSE

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DSE Gene

Localization for DSE Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSE Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DSE Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DSE gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 4
golgi apparatus 4
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DSE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane TAS --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 10679095
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 10679095
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSE: view

Pathways for DSE Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DSE: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9UL01-DSE_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Glycan metabolism; chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis
  • Pathway: Glycan metabolism; heparan sulfate biosynthesis

Interacting Proteins for DSE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DSE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0015012 heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0030203 glycosaminoglycan metabolic process TAS --
GO:0030204 chondroitin sulfate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0030206 chondroitin sulfate biosynthetic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSE: view

Drugs for DSE Gene

(7) HMDB Compounds for DSE Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • (2R,3R,4S)-2-[(2R,3R,4R,5R,6R)-3-acetamido-2,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-4-yl]oxy-3,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran-6-carboxylic acid
Chondroitin D-glucuronate
  • b-Heparin
dermatan L-iduronate
D-Glucuronic acid
  • alpha-D-Glucopyranuronic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DSE: view

Transcripts for DSE Gene

Unigene Clusters for DSE Gene

Dermatan sulfate epimerase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DSE Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for DSE Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DSE Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DSE Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for DSE Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (28.8), Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (17.3), Prostate (11.9), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DSE Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DSE Gene Hs.458358

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DSE Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with higher expression in kidney and ovary and lower expression in brain, colon and thymus. Also expressed in renal cell carcinomas, brain tumors, and in a part of melanomas and adenocarcinomas from organs other than the breast. Expressed in squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), glioma, and some adenocarcinoma cell lines, but not in breast cancer cell lines or any normal tissues (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DSE: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Expression partners for DSE Gene

Orthologs for DSE Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DSE Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DSE 35
  • 90.99 (n)
  • 95.09 (a)
DSE 36
  • 95 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DSE 35
  • 91.61 (n)
  • 96.14 (a)
DSE 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dse 35
  • 87.43 (n)
  • 93.94 (a)
Dse 16
Dse 36
  • 94 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DSE 35
  • 99.41 (n)
  • 99.16 (a)
DSE 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dse 35
  • 88.82 (n)
  • 94.15 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DSE 36
  • 88 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DSE 36
  • 80 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DSE 35
  • 78.78 (n)
  • 85.18 (a)
DSE 36
  • 83 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DSE 36
  • 83 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101731195 35
  • 73.12 (n)
  • 77.33 (a)
Str.3710 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dse 35
  • 65.29 (n)
  • 65.96 (a)
dse 36
  • 66 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 30 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DSE:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DSE Gene

Gene Tree for DSE (if available)
Gene Tree for DSE (if available)

Paralogs for DSE Gene

Paralogs for DSE Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for DSE Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DSE: view

Variants for DSE Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DSE Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs3053 -- 116,358,588(+) ACCTC(A/T)GGTGC intron-variant
rs361516 -- 116,358,528(+) CTCCA(G/T)ATCAA intron-variant
rs471134 -- 116,437,494(+) AGGAA(C/T)GTGGA utr-variant-3-prime
rs472762 -- 116,437,632(+) AGTCT(A/G)TTTTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs473484 -- 116,396,008(-) AACAC(A/G)TATGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DSE Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv523972 CNV Gain 19592680
esv2732604 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2732605 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv524705 CNV Loss 19592680
esv2504683 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv1982590 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2732607 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv348791 CNV Loss 16902084
esv5754 CNV Loss 19470904

Relevant External Links for DSE Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSE Gene

Disorders for DSE Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for DSE Gene (605942)


  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, musculocontractural type 2 (EDSMC2) [MIM:615539]: A form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome characterized by progressive multisystem manifestations, including joint dislocations and deformities, skin hyperextensibility, skin bruisability and fragility with recurrent large subcutaneous hematomas, cardiac valvular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and ophthalmologic complications. Motor developmental delay is associated with muscle hypoplasia, muscle weakness, and an abnormal muscle fiber pattern in histology in adulthood. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23704329}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(6) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for DSE Gene

Relevant External Links for DSE

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DSE: view

No data available for Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for DSE Gene

Publications for DSE Gene

  1. Expression of tumor rejection antigens in colorectal carcinomas. (PMID: 11920522) Sasatomi T. … Shirouzu K. (Cancer 2002) 2 3 23
  2. Biosynthesis of dermatan sulfate: chondroitin-glucuronate C5- epimerase is identical to SART2. (PMID: 16505484) Maccarana M. … Malmstroem A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 2 3 4
  3. Identification of a gene coding for a new squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by the CTL. (PMID: 10679095) Nakao M. … Itoh K. (J. Immunol. 2000) 3 4
  4. Expression of tumor-rejection antigens in gynecologic cancers. (PMID: 11092984) Tanaka S. … Itoh K. (Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 2000) 3 23
  5. Loss of dermatan sulfate epimerase (DSE) function results in musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. (PMID: 23704329) MA1ller T. … Janecke A.R. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2013) 3 4

Products for DSE Gene

Sources for DSE Gene

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