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Aliases for DSC3 Gene

Aliases for DSC3 Gene

  • Desmocollin 3 2 3 5
  • Cadherin Family Member 3 3 4
  • Desmocollin-4 3 4
  • CDHF3 3 4
  • HT-CP 3 4
  • DSC4 3 4
  • DSC1 3
  • DSC2 3
  • DSC 3

External Ids for DSC3 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DSC3 Gene

  • DSC4

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DSC3 Gene

  • GC18M028593
  • GC18M028389
  • GC18M026823
  • GC18M026825
  • GC18M025425

Summaries for DSC3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DSC3 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a calcium-dependent glycoprotein that is a member of the desmocollin subfamily of the cadherin superfamily. These desmosomal family members, along with the desmogleins, are found primarily in epithelial cells where they constitute the adhesive proteins of the desmosome cell-cell junction and are required for cell adhesion and desmosome formation. The desmosomal family members are arranged in two clusters on chromosome 18, occupying less than 650 kb combined. Mutations in this gene are a cause of hypotrichosis and recurrent skin vesicles disorder. The protein can act as an autoantigen in pemphigus diseases, and it is also considered to be a biomarker for some cancers. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

GeneCards Summary for DSC3 Gene

DSC3 (Desmocollin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DSC3 include Hypotrichosis And Recurrent Skin Vesicles and Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia 11. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and gamma-catenin binding. An important paralog of this gene is DSG2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC3 Gene

  • Component of intercellular desmosome junctions. Involved in the interaction of plaque proteins and intermediate filaments mediating cell-cell adhesion. May contribute to epidermal cell positioning (stratification) by mediating differential adhesiveness between cells that express different isoforms.

Gene Wiki entry for DSC3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DSC3 Gene

Genomics for DSC3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DSC3 Gene

Enhancers for DSC3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around DSC3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DSC3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around DSC3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DSC3 Gene

30,989,365 bp from pter
31,042,815 bp from pter
53,451 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DSC3 Gene

Genes around DSC3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DSC3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DSC3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DSC3 Gene

Proteins for DSC3 Gene

  • Protein details for DSC3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NN35
    • Q14200
    • Q9HAZ9

    Protein attributes for DSC3 Gene

    896 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    99969 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for DSC3 Gene


neXtProt entry for DSC3 Gene

Proteomics data for DSC3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DSC3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 180
  • Glycosylation at Asn 166, Asn 392, Asn 546, and Asn 629
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DSC3 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DSC3 Gene

Domains & Families for DSC3 Gene

Gene Families for DSC3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DSC3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Calcium may be bound by the cadherin-like repeats.
  • Calcium may be bound by the cadherin-like repeats.
  • Three calcium ions are usually bound at the interface of each cadherin domain and rigidify the connections, imparting a strong curvature to the full-length ectodomain.
  • Contains 5 cadherin domains.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DSC3: view

Function for DSC3 Gene

Molecular function for DSC3 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
desmocollin 3 (desmoglein related DGII/DGIII,desmosomal glycoprotein, cadherin superfamily of calcium dependent cell-adhesion molecule),expressed in basal/lower spinous layers of epidermis
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of intercellular desmosome junctions. Involved in the interaction of plaque proteins and intermediate filaments mediating cell-cell adhesion. May contribute to epidermal cell positioning (stratification) by mediating differential adhesiveness between cells that express different isoforms.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DSC3: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DSC3 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for DSC3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DSC3:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for DSC3 Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DSC3 Gene

Localization for DSC3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC3 Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell junction, desmosome.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DSC3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DSC3 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 3
cytoskeleton 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DSC3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSC3: view

Pathways & Interactions for DSC3 Gene

SuperPathways for DSC3 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DSC3 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for DSC3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DSC3 Gene

(1) Drugs for DSC3 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Nutra 0

(1) Additional Compounds for DSC3 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DSC3: view

Transcripts for DSC3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DSC3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DSC3 Gene

Desmocollin 3:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DSC3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DSC3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DSC3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DSC3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DSC3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x15.7), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x15.4), Esophagus - Mucosa (x9.4), and Vagina (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DSC3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (39.5), Hair follicle (11.9), and Cervix (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for DSC3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DSC3 Gene Hs.41690

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DSC3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Epidermis, buccal mucosa, esophagus and cervix.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DSC3: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DSC3 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

Orthologs for DSC3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DSC3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DSC3 35
  • 84.87 (n)
  • 81.08 (a)
DSC3 36
  • 81 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DSC3 35
  • 86.48 (n)
  • 83.91 (a)
DSC3 36
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dsc3 35
  • 81.8 (n)
  • 80.52 (a)
Dsc3 16
Dsc3 36
  • 80 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DSC3 35
  • 99.22 (n)
  • 99 (a)
DSC3 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dsc3 35
  • 80.45 (n)
  • 79.95 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DSC3 36
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 58 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 48 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 45 (a)
-- 36
  • 44 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dsc2l 36
  • 34 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DSC3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DSC3 Gene

Gene Tree for DSC3 (if available)
Gene Tree for DSC3 (if available)

Paralogs for DSC3 Gene

Paralogs for DSC3 Gene

(8) SIMAP similar genes for DSC3 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DSC3: view

Variants for DSC3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DSC3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2852003 - 31,032,263(+) CACCA(G/T)CACGA reference, missense
rs276937 - 31,031,095(-) ATGGG(A/T)CAGTG reference, missense
rs276938 - 31,031,022(-) CAAAA(A/G)GAAAC reference, missense
rs35296997 - 31,025,852(+) TTCTT(G/T)ATCAA reference, missense
rs276921 - 31,025,795(-) GCACT(A/C/T)GGCCT reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DSC3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833613 CNV Gain+Loss 17160897
nsv909515 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv470414 CNV Loss 18288195

Variation tolerance for DSC3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 83.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.26; 85.07% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DSC3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC3 Gene

Disorders for DSC3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(14) MalaCards diseases for DSC3 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hypotrichosis and recurrent skin vesicles
  • hrsv
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 11
  • arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 11 with mild palmoplantar keratoderma and woolly hair
hereditary hypotrichosis with recurrent skin vesicles
subcorneal pustular dermatosis
  • sneddon-wilkinson disease or syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DSC3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Hypotrichosis and recurrent skin vesicles (HRSV) [MIM:613102]: A disorder characterized by hypotrichosis and the appearance of recurrent skin vesicle formation. Affected individuals show sparse and fragile hair on scalp, as well as absent eyebrows and eyelashes. Vesicles filled with thin, watery fluid are observed on the scalp and skin of most of the body. Mucosal vesicles are absent. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19765682}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for DSC3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DSC3: view

No data available for Genatlas for DSC3 Gene

Publications for DSC3 Gene

  1. The desmocollins of human foreskin epidermis: identification and chromosomal assignment of a third gene and expression patterns of the three isoforms. (PMID: 7665906) King I.A. … Buxton R.S. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1995) 3 4 23 67
  2. Assignment of the human genes for desmocollin 3 (DSC3) and desmocollin 4 (DSC4) to chromosome 18q12. (PMID: 7774948) Amagai M. … Shimizu N. (Genomics 1995) 2 3 23
  3. A homozygous nonsense mutation in the human desmocollin-3 (DSC3) gene underlies hereditary hypotrichosis and recurrent skin vesicles. (PMID: 19765682) Ayub M. … Ahmad W. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 23
  4. Desmocollin switching in colorectal cancer. (PMID: 17088906) Khan K. … Chidgey M. (Br. J. Cancer 2006) 3 23
  5. Epigenetic silencing of DSC3 is a common event in human breast cancer. (PMID: 16168112) Oshiro M.M. … Futscher B.W. (Breast Cancer Res. 2005) 3 23

Products for DSC3 Gene

Sources for DSC3 Gene