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Aliases for DSC2 Gene

Aliases for DSC2 Gene

  • Desmocollin 2 2 3
  • DSC3 3 4 6
  • Cadherin Family Member 2 3 4
  • ARVD11 3 6
  • CDHF2 3 4
  • Desmosomal Glycoprotein II/III 3
  • Desmosomal Glycoprotein III 4
  • Desmosomal Glycoprotein II 4
  • Desmocollin-3 4
  • Desmocollin-2 3
  • DGII/III 3
  • DG2 3

External Ids for DSC2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DSC2 Gene

  • DSC3

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DSC2 Gene

  • GC18M028670
  • GC18M028466
  • GC18M026899
  • GC18M026897
  • GC18M026900
  • GC18M025501

Summaries for DSC2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DSC2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the desmocollin protein subfamily. Desmocollins, along with desmogleins, are cadherin-like transmembrane glycoproteins that are major components of the desmosome. Desmosomes are cell-cell junctions that help resist shearing forces and are found in high concentrations in cells subject to mechanical stress. This gene is found in a cluster with other desmocollin family members on chromosome 18. Mutations in this gene are associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia-11, and reduced protein expression has been described in several types of cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

GeneCards Summary for DSC2 Gene

DSC2 (Desmocollin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DSC2 include arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 11 and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy11. Among its related pathways are Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is CDH13.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC2 Gene

  • Component of intercellular desmosome junctions. Involved in the interaction of plaque proteins and intermediate filaments mediating cell-cell adhesion. May contribute to epidermal cell positioning (stratification) by mediating differential adhesiveness between cells that express different isoforms

Gene Wiki entry for DSC2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DSC2 Gene

Genomics for DSC2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DSC2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for DSC2 Gene

31,058,840 bp from pter
31,102,425 bp from pter
43,586 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DSC2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DSC2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DSC2 Gene

Proteins for DSC2 Gene

  • Protein details for DSC2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for DSC2 Gene

    901 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    99962 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with DSP, PKP2 and JUP.
    • Sequence=CAA40141.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA40142.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for DSC2 Gene


neXtProt entry for DSC2 Gene

Proteomics data for DSC2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DSC2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys890
  • Glycosylation at Asn34, Asn166, Asn392, Asn546, and Asn629
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DSC2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DSC2 Gene

Domains for DSC2 Gene

Gene Families for DSC2 Gene

  • MCDH :Cadherins / Major cadherins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DSC2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q02487
  • Calcium may be bound by the cadherin-like repeats.
  • Three calcium ions are usually bound at the interface of each cadherin domain and rigidify the connections, imparting a strong curvature to the full-length ectodomain.
  • Contains 5 cadherin domains.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DSC2: view

Function for DSC2 Gene

Molecular function for DSC2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
desmocollin 2 (desmoglein related,desmosomal glycoprotein,cadherin superfamily of calcium dependent cell-adhesion molecule) intercellular adhesion molecule,widely expressed
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of intercellular desmosome junctions. Involved in the interaction of plaque proteins and intermediate filaments mediating cell-cell adhesion. May contribute to epidermal cell positioning (stratification) by mediating differential adhesiveness between cells that express different isoforms

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21062920
GO:0086083 cell adhesive protein binding involved in bundle of His cell-Purkinje myocyte communication IC 23863954
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSC2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for DSC2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DSC2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for DSC2 Gene

Localization for DSC2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC2 Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell junction, desmosome.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DSC2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DSC2 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA 23863954
GO:0005913 cell-cell adherens junction IEA --
GO:0014704 intercalated disc IDA 21062920
GO:0016020 membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSC2: view

Pathways for DSC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DSC2: view

Pathways by source for DSC2 Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DSC2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007155 cell adhesion TAS 2037591
GO:0007156 homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules IEA --
GO:0009267 cellular response to starvation IEA --
GO:0086005 ventricular cardiac muscle cell action potential --
GO:0086042 cardiac muscle cell-cardiac muscle cell adhesion IMP 21062920
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSC2: view

Compounds for DSC2 Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for DSC2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Ca
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DSC2: view

Transcripts for DSC2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DSC2 Gene

Desmocollin 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for DSC2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DSC2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for DSC2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DSC2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DSC2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DSC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Mucosa (15.6), Vagina (8.7), Cervix - Ectocervix (6.5), and Minor Salivary Gland (5.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for DSC2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (26.8) and Saliva (13.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for DSC2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DSC2 Gene Hs.95612

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DSC2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in epithelia, myocardium and lymph nodes
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DSC2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Expression partners for DSC2 Gene

Orthologs for DSC2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DSC2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DSC2 35
  • 82.18 (n)
  • 77.68 (a)
DSC2 36
  • 77 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DSC2 35
  • 84.89 (n)
  • 82 (a)
DSC2 36
  • 81 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dsc2 35
  • 78.79 (n)
  • 76.57 (a)
Dsc2 16
Dsc2 36
  • 75 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DSC2 35
  • 99.11 (n)
  • 98.67 (a)
DSC2 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dsc2 35
  • 76.43 (n)
  • 72.48 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DSC2 36
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 64 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DSC2 35
  • 61.14 (n)
  • 52.57 (a)
-- 36
  • 50 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 46 (a)
-- 36
  • 46 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dsc3 35
  • 54.84 (n)
  • 45.9 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dsc2l 36
  • 35 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DSC2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DSC2 Gene

Gene Tree for DSC2 (if available)
Gene Tree for DSC2 (if available)

Paralogs for DSC2 Gene

Paralogs for DSC2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DSC2: view

Variants for DSC2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DSC2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs981406 -- 31,086,174(+) gattt(C/T)tagca intron-variant
rs981407 -- 31,086,187(+) TGATT(A/G)AAAAT intron-variant
rs1260745 -- 31,084,678(+) ttttt(C/T)ccata intron-variant
rs1271707 -- 31,097,279(+) cgaga(A/C/T)tcagt intron-variant
rs1550237 -- 31,088,737(+) CACCC(C/G)CTACC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DSC2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv2244 CNV Loss 18451855
esv2665597 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for DSC2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSC2 Gene

Disorders for DSC2 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for DSC2 Gene (125645)


  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 11 (ARVD11) [MIM:610476]: A congenital heart disease characterized by infiltration of adipose and fibrous tissue into the right ventricle and loss of myocardial cells, resulting in ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17033975, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19863551, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21062920}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for DSC2 Gene

(4) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for DSC2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 86.1 6
cardiomyopathy 53.4 2
carcinoma squamous cell 19.1 2
tumors 0 1

Relevant External Links for DSC2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DSC2: view

No data available for Genatlas for DSC2 Gene

Publications for DSC2 Gene

  1. A missense variant in desmoglein-2 predisposes to dilated cardiomyopathy. (PMID: 18678517) Posch M.G. … Ozcelik C. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2008) 3 4 23 48
  2. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy associated with mutations in the desmosomal gene desmocollin-2. (PMID: 17033975) Syrris P. … McKenna W.J. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2006) 3 4 23
  3. Desmoglein-2 and desmocollin-2 mutations in dutch arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomypathy patients: results from a multicenter study. (PMID: 20031616) Bhuiyan Z.A. … van Tintelen J.P. (Circ Cardiovasc Genet 2009) 3 23 48
  4. Role of genetic testing in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia. (PMID: 19863551) Barahona-Dussault C. … Brugada R. (Clin. Genet. 2010) 3 4 48
  5. Comprehensive desmosome mutation analysis in North Americans with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. (PMID: 20031617) den Haan A.D. … Judge D.P. (Circ. Cardiovasc. Genet. 2009) 3 4 48

Products for DSC2 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for DSC2

Sources for DSC2 Gene

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