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Aliases for DRAXIN Gene

Aliases for DRAXIN Gene

  • Dorsal Inhibitory Axon Guidance Protein 2 3 4 5
  • Dorsal Repulsive Axon Guidance Protein 2 3 4
  • Neural Tissue-Specific Cysteine-Rich Protein 2 3
  • C1orf187 3 4
  • Neucrin 3 4
  • Chromosome 1 Open Reading Frame 187 2
  • AGPA3119 3
  • UNQ3119 3
  • Draxin 3

External Ids for DRAXIN Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DRAXIN Gene

  • C1orf187

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DRAXIN Gene

  • GC01P011753

Summaries for DRAXIN Gene

GeneCards Summary for DRAXIN Gene

DRAXIN (Dorsal Inhibitory Axon Guidance Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Wnt Signaling Pathways: beta-Catenin-dependent Wnt Signaling.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRAXIN Gene

  • Chemorepulsive axon guidance protein required for the development of spinal cord and forebrain commissures. Acts as a chemorepulsive guidance protein for commissural axons during development. Able to inhibit or repel neurite outgrowth from dorsal spinal cord. Inhibits the stabilization of cytosolic beta-catenin (CTNNB1) via its interaction with LRP6, thereby acting as an antagonist of Wnt signaling pathway.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DRAXIN Gene

Genomics for DRAXIN Gene

Regulatory Elements for DRAXIN Gene

Enhancers for DRAXIN Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F011718 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 12.6 +33.0 33024 2.3 ZNF48 ZNF2 ZNF121 GLIS2 ZNF143 REST ZNF623 MEF2D SMARCA4 GLIS1 MAD2L2 DRAXIN GC01P011722
GH01F011735 1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 12 +50.2 50240 3.4 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT MLX CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 AGTRAP TNFRSF1B MAD2L2 DRAXIN EXOSC10 C1orf127 MTHFR CLCN6 TNFRSF8 FBXO6
GH01F011738 0.3 FANTOM5 12 +52.3 52316 0.2 HDGF CTCF BCOR ATF1 CREB3L1 NFRKB BACH1 CDC5L ZBTB40 RELA TNFRSF1B MAD2L2 DRAXIN C1orf127 CLCN6 MTHFR FBXO6 AGTRAP TNFRSF8 MFN2
GH01F011670 0.5 ENCODE 10.3 -15.2 -15225 2.4 HDGF PKNOX1 SIN3A ARID4B YY1 KLF13 SP5 MXD4 TBX21 MEF2D MAD2L2 DRAXIN FBXO6 PIR43631
GH01F010777 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10 -906.8 -906822 3.8 BCOR YBX3 TSC22D4 NFXL1 CDC5L ZIC2 E2F1 ZNF121 ZFHX2 FOS DRAXIN CASZ1 GC01P010673
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DRAXIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DRAXIN Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
11,686,647 bp from pter
End:
11,725,857 bp from pter
Size:
39,211 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for DRAXIN Gene

Genes around DRAXIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DRAXIN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DRAXIN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DRAXIN Gene

Proteins for DRAXIN Gene

  • Protein details for DRAXIN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q8NBI3-DRAXI_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Draxin
    Protein Accession:
    Q8NBI3
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B6EV15
    • Q5SNX0
    • Q6UWK8

    Protein attributes for DRAXIN Gene

    Size:
    349 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    38650 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with LRP6.

neXtProt entry for DRAXIN Gene

Post-translational modifications for DRAXIN Gene

  • Glycosylation at Thr 84 and Asn 264
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DRAXIN Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DRAXIN Gene

Domains & Families for DRAXIN Gene

Protein Domains for DRAXIN Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DRAXIN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q8NBI3

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DRAXI_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the draxin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the draxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DRAXIN: view

No data available for Gene Families for DRAXIN Gene

Function for DRAXIN Gene

Molecular function for DRAXIN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Chemorepulsive axon guidance protein required for the development of spinal cord and forebrain commissures. Acts as a chemorepulsive guidance protein for commissural axons during development. Able to inhibit or repel neurite outgrowth from dorsal spinal cord. Inhibits the stabilization of cytosolic beta-catenin (CTNNB1) via its interaction with LRP6, thereby acting as an antagonist of Wnt signaling pathway.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DRAXIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 26190107
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DRAXIN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DRAXIN: view

Animal Models for DRAXIN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DRAXIN:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for DRAXIN Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DRAXIN

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DRAXIN Gene

Localization for DRAXIN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRAXIN Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for DRAXIN Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DRAXIN gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DRAXIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DRAXIN: view

Pathways & Interactions for DRAXIN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DRAXIN: view

Pathways by source for DRAXIN Gene

1 R&D Systems pathway for DRAXIN Gene

Interacting Proteins for DRAXIN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DRAXIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007411 axon guidance ISS,IBA --
GO:0016055 Wnt signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0021516 dorsal spinal cord development ISS,IBA --
GO:0021528 commissural neuron differentiation in spinal cord ISS,IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DRAXIN: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DRAXIN Gene

Transcripts for DRAXIN Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DRAXIN Gene

Unigene Clusters for DRAXIN Gene

Dorsal inhibitory axon guidance protein:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DRAXIN Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8
SP1: -
SP2:

Relevant External Links for DRAXIN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DRAXIN
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DRAXIN

Expression for DRAXIN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for DRAXIN Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DRAXIN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x5.1), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x5.0), Brain - Cerebellum (x4.5), Brain - Amygdala (x4.4), and Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DRAXIN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal Brain (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for DRAXIN Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for DRAXIN Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DRAXIN Gene:

DRAXIN

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DRAXIN Gene:

Hs.632364
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DRAXIN: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DRAXIN Gene

Orthologs for DRAXIN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DRAXIN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DRAXIN 34 35
  • 99.62 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia C16H1orf187 34
  • 86.73 (n)
DRAXIN 35
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DRAXIN 34 35
  • 85.63 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Draxin 34 16 35
  • 80.7 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Draxin 34
  • 79.86 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DRAXIN 35
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DRAXIN 35
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves C21H1ORF187 34
  • 65.31 (n)
DRAXIN 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia draxin 34
  • 56 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii draxin 35
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
DRAXIN (2 of 2) 35
  • 33 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for DRAXIN was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DRAXIN Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DRAXIN (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DRAXIN (if available)

Paralogs for DRAXIN Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for DRAXIN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DRAXIN: view

No data available for Paralogs for DRAXIN Gene

Variants for DRAXIN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DRAXIN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10458476 -- 11,710,879(+) atcac(A/G)ccact intron-variant
rs10864531 -- 11,720,613(+) AAAAA(A/G)GCACA downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime
rs111203732 -- 11,702,517(+) CACAC(A/C)CATGC intron-variant
rs11121796 -- 11,684,740(+) CTAAG(A/G)TTCCC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs11121799 -- 11,697,438(+) TGTAT(C/T)TACCC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DRAXIN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1076104 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv832758 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for DRAXIN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 89.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.18; 75.91% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DRAXIN Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
DRAXIN

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRAXIN Gene

Disorders for DRAXIN Gene

Relevant External Links for DRAXIN

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
DRAXIN

No disorders were found for DRAXIN Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DRAXIN Gene

Publications for DRAXIN Gene

  1. Draxin, a repulsive guidance protein for spinal cord and forebrain commissures. (PMID: 19150847) Islam S.M. … Tanaka H. (Science 2009) 2 3 64
  2. Neucrin is a novel neural-specific secreted antagonist to canonical Wnt signaling. (PMID: 19857465) Miyake A. … Itoh N. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2009) 3 4 64
  3. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4 64
  4. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3 4 64
  5. Signal peptide prediction based on analysis of experimentally verified cleavage sites. (PMID: 15340161) Zhang Z. … Henzel W.J. (Protein Sci. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for DRAXIN Gene

Sources for DRAXIN Gene

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