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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

DND1 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 47
GCID: GC05M140030

DND MicroRNA-Mediated Repression Inhibitor 1

(Previous name: dead end homolog 1 (zebrafish))
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
DND MicroRNA-Mediated Repression Inhibitor 11 2
RBMS42 3
RNA-Binding Motif, Single-Stranded-Interacting Protein 42 3
Dead End Homolog 1 (Zebrafish)1
Dead End Homolog 12
Dead End Protein Homolog 12

External Ids:    HGNC: 237991   Entrez Gene: 3738632   Ensembl: ENSG000002564537   OMIM: 6093855   UniProtKB: Q8IYX43   

Export aliases for DND1 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC05U900202 GC05M140079 GC05M135195


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for DND1 Gene:
This gene encodes a protein that binds to microRNA-targeting sequences of mRNAs, inhibiting microRNA-mediated
repression. Reduced expression of this gene has been implicated in tongue squamous cell carcinoma. Two
pseudogenes of this gene are located on the long arm of chromosome 17. (provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010)

GeneCards Summary for DND1 Gene: 
DND1 (DND microRNA-mediated repression inhibitor 1) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with DND1 include squamous cell carcinoma, and germ cell tumors. GO annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and miRNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is SYNCRIP.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DND1_HUMAN, Q8IYX4
Function: RNA-binding factor that positively regulates gene expression by prohibiting miRNA-mediated gene
suppression. Relieves miRNA repression in germline cells (By similarity). Prohibits the function of several
miRNAs by blocking the accessibility of target mRNAs. Sequence-specific RNA-binding factor that binds
specifically to U-rich regions (URRs) in the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of several mRNAs. Does not bind to
miRNAs. May play a role during primordial germ cell (PGC) survival (By similarity). However, does not seem to be
essential for PGC migration (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000005.9  NC_018916.2  NT_029289.11  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the DND1 gene promoter:
         AML1a   p53   Lmo2   NF-E2 p45   YY1   PPAR-alpha   AREB6   FOXJ2   NF-E2   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidDND1 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for DND1

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat DND1


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 5q31.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  5q31.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 5q31.3

DND1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
DND1 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 5         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC05M140030:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
140,050,379 bp from pter      End:
140,053,171 bp from pter
Size:
2,793 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DND1_HUMAN, Q8IYX4 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Dead end protein homolog 1  
Size: 353 amino acids; 38687 Da
Subunit: Interacts with APOBEC3 (By similarity)
Subcellular location: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Perinuclear germ granules, also called germ plasm or chromatoid
body. Colocalizes in perinuclear sites with APOBEC3 (By similarity)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for DND1: NX_Q8IYX4

Explore proteomics data for DND1 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q8IYX4

  • DND1 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    DND1 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_919225.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000445366  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for DND1: 
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    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for DND1 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005634nucleus IDA18155131
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IDA18155131

    DND1 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    RBM: RNA binding motif (RRM) containing

    2 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR000504 RRM_dom
     IPR012677 Nucleotide-bd_a/b_plait

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q8IYX4

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q8IYX4

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB000504 RNA-binding region RNP-1 (RNA recognition motif)

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DND1_HUMAN, Q8IYX4
    Similarity: Contains 2 RRM (RNA recognition motif) domains


    DND1 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: DND1_HUMAN, Q8IYX4
    Function: RNA-binding factor that positively regulates gene expression by prohibiting miRNA-mediated gene
    suppression. Relieves miRNA repression in germline cells (By similarity). Prohibits the function of several
    miRNAs by blocking the accessibility of target mRNAs. Sequence-specific RNA-binding factor that binds
    specifically to U-rich regions (URRs) in the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of several mRNAs. Does not bind to
    miRNAs. May play a role during primordial germ cell (PGC) survival (By similarity). However, does not seem to be
    essential for PGC migration (By similarity)

         Gene Ontology (GO): 5 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0000166nucleotide binding IEA--
    GO:0003676nucleic acid binding ----
    GO:0005515protein binding ----
    GO:0017091AU-rich element binding IDA18155131
    GO:0035198NOT miRNA binding IDA18155131
         
    DND1 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         3 MGI mutant phenotypes (inferred from 1 allele(MGI details for Dnd1):
     endocrine/exocrine gland  reproductive system  tumorigenesis 

    DND1 for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for DND1 
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    miRNA
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    miRTarBase miRNAs that target DND1:
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    8 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate DND1:
    hsa-miR-634 hsa-miR-324-3p hsa-miR-3155 hsa-miR-484 hsa-miR-370 hsa-miR-889 hsa-miR-24 hsa-miR-3155b
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidDND1 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for DND1


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section



    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for DND1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0007275multicellular organismal development IEA--
    GO:0007281germ cell development IEA--
    GO:0060965negative regulation of gene silencing by miRNA IDA18155131

    DND1 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for DND1

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about DND1

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for DND1 gene: 
    NM_194249.2  

    Unigene Cluster for DND1:

    Dead end homolog 1 (zebrafish)
    Hs.591262  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_194249
    1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000542735(uc003lgt.3)
    miRNA
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    8 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate DND1:
    hsa-miR-634 hsa-miR-324-3p hsa-miR-3155 hsa-miR-484 hsa-miR-370 hsa-miR-889 hsa-miR-24 hsa-miR-3155b
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidDND1 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
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    Primer
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat DND1
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat DND1

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AY321065.1 BC033496.1 

    7 DOTS entries:

    DT.100682955  DT.120887657  DT.456090  DT.95171401  DT.100783761  DT.91719427  DT.91725590 

    24/26 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 26):

    AY321065 N46447 AA995373 NM_194249 AI699627 BC033496 BI830859 AW301097 
    BF736582 AA689572 AI207183 BI825641 BQ446051 AI359508 AI949010 AW615108 
    AW090043 BF223894 AA586603 BF880840 BF879982 AA665559 BF849692 AA177054 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    DND1 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      DND1 embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GCATTCTGGT
    DND1 Expression
    About this image


    DND1 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/3 selected tissues (see all 3) fully expand
     
     Gonad (Reproductive System)    fully expand to see all 2 entries
             Primordial Germ Cells Primitive Gonad
     
     Testis (Reproductive System)
             sperm   
     
     Placenta (Extraembryonic Tissues)
             Primordial Germ Cells Allantois

    See DND1 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for DND1

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.591262
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for DND1
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for DND1

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for DND1 gene from 6/10 species (see all 10)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Dnd11 , 5 dead end homolog 1 (zebrafish)1, 5 84.37(n)1
    86.65(a)1
      18 (19.46 cM)5
    2132361  NM_173383.21  NP_775559.21 
     367636715 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves DND11 dead end homolog 1 (zebrafish) 64.51(n)
    56.17(a)
      425270  XM_423051.3  XP_423051.3 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia DND16
    dead end homolog 1 (zebrafish)
    44(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    4(77767628-77776052)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii dnd6
    dead end
    30(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    14(7366001-7377476)
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta CG178386
    --
    11(a)
    1 → many
    3R(16582451-16631963)
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea hrp-26
    Protein HRP-2, isoform a
    10(a)
    1 → many
    I(12060276-12064899)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for DND1 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for DND1 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for DND1 gene
    SYNCRIP2  RBM472  RBM462  A1CF2  HNRNPR2  
    3 SIMAP similar genes for DND1 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     DND1_HUMAN:
    A1CF    RBM46    RBM47

    DND1 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    5 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for DND1
    PGOHUM00000237092 PGOHUM00000237411 PGOHUM00000247395 PGOHUM00000247398 PGOHUM00000247404


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/51 SNPs in DND1 are shown (see all 51)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 5 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs2016924471,2
    --140051115(+) CACTTC/GGTGAG 2 T syn10--------
    rs1858347061,2
    C--140051174(+) AGCCCA/GAGCCC 2 R W mis10--------
    rs1497776191,2
    C,F--140051190(+) AACCCT/CAACTT 2 /L syn12Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NA EU 3403
    rs1456786691,2
    C,F--140051239(+) GGGACC/TGCAAG 2 Q R mis11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00NA 3376
    rs1437034341,2
    F--140051266(+) GCTGGC/TGAAGT 2 H R mis11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00NA 3738
    rs1413367651,2
    C--140051304(+) TCCACA/GGCCAC 2 A syn11Minor allele frequency- G:0.00NA 3662
    rs747427941,2
    C,F--140051343(+) GTAGGA/GAAAAT 1 -- int14Minor allele frequency- G:0.05CSA WA 123
    rs732715731,2
    C,F--140051394(+) CAGGTG/TGTGAG 1 -- int16Minor allele frequency- T:0.11WA CSA 126
    rs1167555281,2
    C--140051496(+) TCCATT/CATTTG 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- C:0.01NA 120
    rs1914820291,2
    --140051598(+) GGCTAA/GTCTTT 1 -- int10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for DND1 (140050379 - 140053171 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for DND1:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv471435CNV Duplication19718026


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): DND1
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    Search QIAGEN SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing DND1
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for DND1

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 609385    OMIM disorders: --

    4 diseases for DND1:    About MalaCards
    squamous cell carcinoma    germ cell tumors    testicular cancer    teratoma

    2 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for DND1:
    Teratoma     Testicular cancer

    DND1 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): DND1
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: DND1 (2 documents)

    Export disorders for DND1 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for DND1 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 13):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with DND1)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Dead end, a novel vertebrate germ plasm component, is required for zebrafish primordial germ cell migration and survival. (PubMed id 12932328)1, 2, 3 Weidinger G.... Raz E. (2003)
    2. Screening for germline DND1 mutations in testicular c ancer patients. (PubMed id 20411342)1, 4 Sijmons R.H....Hoekstra H.J. (2010)
    3. Analysis of the DND1 gene in men with sporadic and familial testicular germ cell tumors. (PubMed id 18069663)1, 4 Linger R....Rapley E.A. (2008)
    4. RNA-binding protein Dnd1 inhibits microRNA access to target mRNA. (PubMed id 18155131)1, 2 Kedde M.... Agami R. (2007)
    5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    6. The Grainyhead transcription factor Grhl3/Get1 suppres ses miR-21 expression and tumorigenesis in skin: modulation of the miR-21 target MSH2 by RNA-binding protein DND1. (PubMed id 22614019)1 Bhandari A....Andersen B. (2013)
    7. Transcripts that associate with the RNA binding protei n, DEAD-END (DND1), in embryonic stem (ES) cells. (PubMed id 21851623)1 Zhu R....Matin A. (2011)
    8. MicroRNA-24 targeting RNA-binding protein DND1 in ton gue squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed id 20816961)1 Liu X....Zhou X. (2010)
    9. Interplay between microRNAs and RNA-binding proteins determines developmental processes. (PubMed id 18414021)1 Kedde M. and Agami R. (2008)
    10. A dead end for microRNAs. (PubMed id 18160032)1 Ketting R.F. (2007)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 373863 HGNC: 23799 AceView: DND1 Ensembl:ENSG00000256453 euGenes: HUgn373863
    ECgene: DND1 H-InvDB: DND1

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for DND1 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
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    Patent Information for DND1 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving DND1

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