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Aliases for DNAH2 Gene

Aliases for DNAH2 Gene

  • Dynein Axonemal Heavy Chain 2 2 3 5
  • Dynein Heavy Chain Domain-Containing Protein 3 3 4
  • Dynein, Axonemal, Heavy Polypeptide 2 2 3
  • Axonemal Beta Dynein Heavy Chain 2 3 4
  • Ciliary Dynein Heavy Chain 2 3 4
  • DNAHC2 3 4
  • DNHD3 3 4
  • Dynein Heavy Chain 2, Axonemal 3
  • Dynein Heavy Chain Domain 3 2
  • KIAA1503 4

External Ids for DNAH2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DNAH2 Gene

  • DNHD3

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DNAH2 Gene

  • GC17M008184
  • GC17M008551
  • GC17P007624
  • GC02P084826
  • GC17P007864
  • GC17P007604
  • GC17U900597
  • GC17P007565
  • GC17P007623
  • GC17P007518

Summaries for DNAH2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DNAH2 Gene

  • Dyneins are microtubule-associated motor protein complexes composed of several heavy, light, and intermediate chains. The axonemal dyneins, found in cilia and flagella, are components of the outer and inner dynein arms attached to the peripheral microtubule doublets. DNAH2 is an axonemal inner arm dynein heavy chain (Chapelin et al., 1997 [PubMed 9256245]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DNAH2 Gene

DNAH2 (Dynein Axonemal Heavy Chain 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DNAH2 include Papillary Craniopharyngioma and Adamantinous Craniopharyngioma. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.. GO annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity and microtubule motor activity. An important paralog of this gene is DNAH1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH2 Gene

  • Force generating protein of respiratory cilia. Produces force towards the minus ends of microtubules. Dynein has ATPase activity; the force-producing power stroke is thought to occur on release of ADP. Involved in sperm motility; implicated in sperm flagellar assembly (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DNAH2 Gene

Genomics for DNAH2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DNAH2 Gene

Enhancers for DNAH2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F007684 1.2 ENCODE 12.3 -30.6 -30569 5.5 PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 DVL2 SENP3 PFAS ZBTB4 LOC100996842 NEURL4 CYB5D1 CNTROB RPL26 DNAH2
GH17F007747 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 +30.7 30668 1.8 PKNOX1 NFRKB ZBTB40 ZNF121 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF366 RCOR1 EGR2 SP3 DVL2 DNAH2 EFNB3 WRAP53 PFAS ALOX15B CYB5D1 TMEM88 NAA38 RPL29P2
GH17F008055 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 10.1 +339.4 339358 3.0 ATF1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 ZNF2 ZNF121 ZNF143 PAF1 ENSG00000263427 LOC107985075 NAA38 GUCY2D ALOX12B KCNAB3 CNTROB TRAPPC1 SCARNA21 CHD3
GH17F007625 1.1 ENCODE 10.6 -89.1 -89131 5.8 PKNOX1 SIN3A ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF416 SP3 NFYC SAT2 CHRNB1 DVL2 TP53 WRAP53 EFNB3 SENP3 DNAH2 CNTROB KCNAB3
GH17F007676 1 ENCODE 11.3 -40.0 -40010 1.7 HDGF PKNOX1 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF263 ZNF488 REST KAT8 CREB3 SMARCA4 EFNB3 PFAS ENSG00000262067 ENSG00000271029 DVL2 SPEM1 SNORD10 RPL26 SNORA48 ATP1B2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DNAH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DNAH2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001340285 146 1401 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZNF302 ZNF263 SP3 REST KAT8 ZNF610

Genomic Location for DNAH2 Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
7,717,354 bp from pter
End:
7,833,744 bp from pter
Size:
116,391 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for DNAH2 Gene

Genes around DNAH2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DNAH2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DNAH2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DNAH2 Gene

Proteins for DNAH2 Gene

  • Protein details for DNAH2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9P225-DYH2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Dynein heavy chain 2, axonemal
    Protein Accession:
    Q9P225
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K992
    • B5MDX5
    • O15434
    • Q6PIH3
    • Q6ZR42

    Protein attributes for DNAH2 Gene

    Size:
    4427 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    507698 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Consists of at least two heavy chains and a number of intermediate and light chains.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AK128517; Type=Frameshift; Positions=3963; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA96027.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for DNAH2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DNAH2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DNAH2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DNAH2 Gene

Domains & Families for DNAH2 Gene

Gene Families for DNAH2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DNAH2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9P225

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DYH2_HUMAN :
  • Dynein heavy chains probably consist of an N-terminal stem (which binds cargo and interacts with other dynein components), and the head or motor domain. The motor contains six tandemly-linked AAA domains in the head, which form a ring. A stalk-like structure (formed by two of the coiled coil domains) protrudes between AAA 4 and AAA 5 and terminates in a microtubule-binding site. A seventh domain may also contribute to this ring; it is not clear whether the N-terminus or the C-terminus forms this extra domain. There are four well-conserved and two non-conserved ATPase sites, one per AAA domain. Probably only one of these (within AAA 1) actually hydrolyzes ATP, the others may serve a regulatory function (By similarity).
  • Belongs to the dynein heavy chain family.
  • Contains 5 TPR repeats.
Domain:
  • Dynein heavy chains probably consist of an N-terminal stem (which binds cargo and interacts with other dynein components), and the head or motor domain. The motor contains six tandemly-linked AAA domains in the head, which form a ring. A stalk-like structure (formed by two of the coiled coil domains) protrudes between AAA 4 and AAA 5 and terminates in a microtubule-binding site. A seventh domain may also contribute to this ring; it is not clear whether the N-terminus or the C-terminus forms this extra domain. There are four well-conserved and two non-conserved ATPase sites, one per AAA domain. Probably only one of these (within AAA 1) actually hydrolyzes ATP, the others may serve a regulatory function (By similarity).
Family:
  • Belongs to the dynein heavy chain family.
Similarity:
  • Contains 5 TPR repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DNAH2: view

Function for DNAH2 Gene

Molecular function for DNAH2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
dynein,axonemal,motor protein interacting with microtubules,heavy chain 2,inner arm,primarily expressed in trachea and testis,involved in intracellular movement of organelles and vesicles or in the orientation of the mitotic spindle apparatus,with ATPase activity
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Force generating protein of respiratory cilia. Produces force towards the minus ends of microtubules. Dynein has ATPase activity; the force-producing power stroke is thought to occur on release of ADP. Involved in sperm motility; implicated in sperm flagellar assembly (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DNAH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003774 motor activity IEA --
GO:0003777 microtubule motor activity NAS 9256245
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016887 ATPase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH2: view

Phenotypes for DNAH2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for DNAH2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DNAH2: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DNAH2 Gene

Localization for DNAH2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH2 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium axoneme.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DNAH2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
plasma membrane 3
peroxisome 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DNAH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005858 axonemal dynein complex NAS 9256245
GO:0005874 microtubule IEA --
GO:0005929 cilium IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH2: view

Pathways & Interactions for DNAH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DNAH2: view

Pathways by source for DNAH2 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for DNAH2 Gene

Interacting Proteins for DNAH2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DNAH2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007018 microtubule-based movement IEA --
GO:0060285 cilium-dependent cell motility NAS 9256245
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DNAH2 Gene

Transcripts for DNAH2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DNAH2 Gene

(11) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(6) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for DNAH2 Gene

Dynein, axonemal, heavy chain 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DNAH2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DNAH2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DNAH2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DNAH2

Expression for DNAH2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for DNAH2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DNAH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x7.7), Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.8), and Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DNAH2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (34.4) and Pancreas (25.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DNAH2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DNAH2 Gene:

DNAH2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DNAH2 Gene:

Hs.367649

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DNAH2 Gene:

Q9P225-DYH2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed primarily in trachea and testis, 2 tissues containing axonemal structures. Also expressed in lung.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DNAH2: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for DNAH2 Gene

Orthologs for DNAH2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DNAH2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DNAH2 34 35
  • 99.43 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DNAH2 34 35
  • 89.05 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DNAH2 34 35
  • 87.71 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dnah2 34
  • 86.86 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dnah2 34 16 35
  • 86.43 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DNAH2 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 35
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DNAH2 35
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dnah2 34
  • 70.71 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii AL935046.1 35
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
LOC556023 34
  • 67.84 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta kl-2 34 35
  • 30.26 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.13463 34
Species where no ortholog for DNAH2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DNAH2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DNAH2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DNAH2 (if available)

Paralogs for DNAH2 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for DNAH2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DNAH2: view

Variants for DNAH2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DNAH2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1007448 -- 7,795,032(-) AAAAA(A/T)GTGAG intron-variant
rs10153304 -- 7,818,613(+) TGACA(A/G)CCCCT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B
rs10852892 -- 7,829,639(+) AGTTG(A/C)ACGTA intron-variant
rs1105813 -- 7,818,224(-) CGACT(C/T)AGCCT intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1106826 -- 7,818,503(-) CTCTT(A/C)CTGCT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DNAH2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv962252 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv833351 CNV loss 17160897
nsv518326 CNV gain 19592680
esv3639874 CNV loss 21293372
esv3582513 CNV loss 25503493
esv3451999 CNV insertion 20981092
esv2715603 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2715602 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2662285 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2520895 CNV deletion 19546169
dgv886e212 CNV loss 25503493

Variation tolerance for DNAH2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 1.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 17.36; 98.16% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DNAH2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
DNAH2
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
DNAH2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH2 Gene

Disorders for DNAH2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for DNAH2 Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
papillary craniopharyngioma
  • craniopharyngioma, papillary
adamantinous craniopharyngioma
  • adamantinous rathke's pouch tumor
central nervous system organ benign neoplasm
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DNAH2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for DNAH2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
DNAH2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
DNAH2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DNAH2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DNAH2 Gene

Publications for DNAH2 Gene

  1. Isolation of several human axonemal dynein heavy chain genes: genomic structure of the catalytic site, phylogenetic analysis and chromosomal assignment. (PMID: 9256245) Chapelin C. … Amselem S. (FEBS Lett. 1997) 2 3 4 64
  2. Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis find that over 40 loci affect risk of type 1 diabetes. (PMID: 19430480) Barrett J.C. … Rich S.S. (Nat. Genet. 2009) 3 46 64
  3. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. XVII. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 10819331) Nagase T. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 2000) 3 4 64
  4. Identification of proteins associated with ligand-activated estrogen receptor I+ in human breast cancer cell nuclei by tandem affinity purification and nano LC-MS/MS. (PMID: 21182205) Tarallo R. … Weisz A. (Proteomics 2011) 3 64
  5. Dynamics of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase network revealed by systematic quantitative proteomics. (PMID: 21145461) Bennett E.J. … Harper J.W. (Cell 2010) 3 64

Products for DNAH2 Gene

Sources for DNAH2 Gene

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