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Aliases for DNAH12 Gene

Aliases for DNAH12 Gene

  • Dynein Axonemal Heavy Chain 12 2 3 5
  • Dynein Heavy Chain Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • Dynein, Axonemal, Heavy Polypeptide 12 2 3
  • Axonemal Beta Dynein Heavy Chain 12 3 4
  • Ciliary Dynein Heavy Chain 12 3 4
  • DNAH12L 3 4
  • DNAH7L 3 4
  • DNAHC3 3 4
  • DNHD2 3 4
  • DLP12 3 4
  • HDHC3 3 4
  • DHC3 3 4
  • HL19 3 4
  • Axonemal Dynein Heavy Chain 12-Like Protein 4
  • Axonemal Dynein Heavy Chain 7-Like Protein 4
  • Dynein, Axonemal, Heavy Chain 12-Like 2
  • Dynein, Axonemal, Heavy Chain 7-Like 2
  • Axonemal Dynein Heavy Chain Isotype3 3
  • Dynein Heavy Chain 7-Like, Axonemal 4
  • Dynein Heavy Chain 12, Axonemal 3
  • Dynein Heavy Chain Domain 2 2
  • Dynein Heavy Domain 2 2
  • Dynein, Heavy Chain-5 3
  • DNAHC12 3
  • HL-19 3
  • DLP3 3

External Ids for DNAH12 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DNAH12 Gene

  • DNHD2
  • DNAH12L
  • DNAH7L

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DNAH12 Gene

  • GC03M056215
  • GC03M056785
  • GC03M057285
  • GC03M057406
  • GC03U900611
  • GC03M057432

Summaries for DNAH12 Gene

GeneCards Summary for DNAH12 Gene

DNAH12 (Dynein Axonemal Heavy Chain 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DNAH12 include Rectum Adenocarcinoma and Papillary Craniopharyngioma. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins.. GO annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity and microtubule motor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH12 Gene

  • Force generating protein of respiratory cilia. Produces force towards the minus ends of microtubules. Dynein has ATPase activity; the force-producing power stroke is thought to occur on release of ADP. Involved in sperm motility; implicated in sperm flagellar assembly (By similarity).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DNAH12 Gene

Genomics for DNAH12 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DNAH12 Gene

Enhancers for DNAH12 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH03G057450 1 ENCODE 16.5 +93.0 93005 2.5 FOXA2 ATF1 MLX ARID4B TCF12 SLC30A9 GATA2 FOS DEK SP5 DNAH12 DENND6A RNU6-1181P ASB14 LOC101929159 ARF4 SLMAP GC03P057493
GH03G057158 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.2 +383.8 383770 4.0 CTCF KLF1 TEAD4 FEZF1 ZNF384 CHD7 ZIC2 RAD21 ETS1 GATA2 IL17RD APPL1 HESX1 ASB14 DNAH12 SLMAP LOC105377101
GH03G057127 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.4 +414.2 414236 5.4 ARNT ZSCAN4 ARID4B SIN3A RAD21 ETS1 ZEB1 GLIS2 SCRT2 ZNF263 IL17RD ARHGEF3 HESX1 APPL1 ASB14 DNAH12 SLMAP RPL19P2 PIR43010
GH03G057149 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.8 +392.4 392350 4.4 CTCF PKNOX1 TEAD4 SIN3A CEBPG ZNF384 GATA2 SCRT2 ZBTB20 RNF2 IL17RD HESX1 APPL1 ARHGEF3 ASB14 DNAH12 SLMAP LOC105377101 RPL19P2
GH03G057706 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 8.8 -162.3 -162272 1.0 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 SLMAP DENND6A FLNB-AS1 DNAH12 ASB14 ACOX2 GC03P057753
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DNAH12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DNAH12 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000153085 44 201 TFAP4 MXI1 SAP130 MAX ARID4B SIN3A RBBP5 BMI1 ZIC2 FOS

Genomic Location for DNAH12 Gene

Chromosome:
3
Start:
57,293,699 bp from pter
End:
57,544,344 bp from pter
Size:
250,646 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for DNAH12 Gene

Genes around DNAH12 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DNAH12 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DNAH12 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DNAH12 Gene

Proteins for DNAH12 Gene

  • Protein details for DNAH12 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q6ZR08-DYH12_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Dynein heavy chain 12, axonemal
    Protein Accession:
    Q6ZR08
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NGI2
    • Q6ZTR8
    • Q8N7R9
    • Q8WXK2
    • Q92816

    Protein attributes for DNAH12 Gene

    Size:
    3092 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    356942 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Consists of at least two heavy chains and a number of intermediate and light chains.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAB09729.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1211, 1213, 1215; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for DNAH12 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DNAH12 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DNAH12 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DNAH12 Gene

Domains & Families for DNAH12 Gene

Gene Families for DNAH12 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DNAH12 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q6ZR08

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DYH12_HUMAN :
  • Dynein heavy chains probably consist of an N-terminal stem (which binds cargo and interacts with other dynein components), and the head or motor domain. The motor contains six tandemly-linked AAA domains in the head, which form a ring. A stalk-like structure (formed by two of the coiled coil domains) protrudes between AAA 4 and AAA 5 and terminates in a microtubule-binding site. A seventh domain may also contribute to this ring; it is not clear whether the N-terminus or the C-terminus forms this extra domain. There are four well-conserved and two non-conserved ATPase sites, one per AAA domain. Probably only one of these (within AAA 1) actually hydrolyzes ATP, the others may serve a regulatory function (By similarity).
  • Belongs to the dynein heavy chain family.
Domain:
  • Dynein heavy chains probably consist of an N-terminal stem (which binds cargo and interacts with other dynein components), and the head or motor domain. The motor contains six tandemly-linked AAA domains in the head, which form a ring. A stalk-like structure (formed by two of the coiled coil domains) protrudes between AAA 4 and AAA 5 and terminates in a microtubule-binding site. A seventh domain may also contribute to this ring; it is not clear whether the N-terminus or the C-terminus forms this extra domain. There are four well-conserved and two non-conserved ATPase sites, one per AAA domain. Probably only one of these (within AAA 1) actually hydrolyzes ATP, the others may serve a regulatory function (By similarity).
Family:
  • Belongs to the dynein heavy chain family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DNAH12: view

Function for DNAH12 Gene

Molecular function for DNAH12 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
dynein,axonemal,motor protein interacting with microtubules,heavy chain 12,predominantly expressed in trachea and testis,involved in intracellular movement of organelles and vesicles or in the orientation of the mitotic spindle apparatus,with ATPase activity
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Force generating protein of respiratory cilia. Produces force towards the minus ends of microtubules. Dynein has ATPase activity; the force-producing power stroke is thought to occur on release of ADP. Involved in sperm motility; implicated in sperm flagellar assembly (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DNAH12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003774 motor activity IEA --
GO:0003777 microtubule motor activity IEA --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016887 ATPase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH12: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DNAH12: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DNAH12 Gene

Localization for DNAH12 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH12 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium axoneme.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DNAH12 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DNAH12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005874 microtubule IEA --
GO:0005929 cilium IEA --
GO:0030286 dynein complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH12: view

Pathways & Interactions for DNAH12 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DNAH12: view

Pathways by source for DNAH12 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for DNAH12 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DNAH12 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007018 microtubule-based movement IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DNAH12: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DNAH12 Gene

Transcripts for DNAH12 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DNAH12 Gene

Dynein, axonemal, heavy chain 12:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DNAH12 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DNAH12 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DNAH12
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DNAH12

Expression for DNAH12 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DNAH12 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DNAH12 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x14.2), Fallopian Tube (x6.7), Lung (x4.9), and Cervix - Endocervix (x4.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DNAH12 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (24.4), Plasma (16.2), and Blymphocyte (15.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DNAH12 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DNAH12 Gene:

DNAH12

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DNAH12 Gene:

Hs.201378
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DNAH12: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DNAH12 Gene

Orthologs for DNAH12 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DNAH12 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DNAH12 35
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
LOC101057013 34
  • 97.84 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC100847355 34
  • 90.34 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DNAH12 34
  • 90.08 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dnah12 34 16
  • 86.34 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dnah12 34
  • 85.4 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DNAH12 35
  • 40 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DNAH12 34
  • 73.32 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dnah12 34
  • 69.13 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dnah12 34
  • 66.58 (n)
Dr.21649 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5532 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011441 34
  • 51.36 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dhc62B 34
  • 50.63 (n)
Species where no ortholog for DNAH12 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DNAH12 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DNAH12 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DNAH12 (if available)

Paralogs for DNAH12 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DNAH12: view

No data available for Paralogs for DNAH12 Gene

Variants for DNAH12 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DNAH12 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000013510 -- 57,402,456(+) CTACT(A/C)AGACA intron-variant
rs1000037265 -- 57,359,013(+) GCTTG(A/G)CCTCA intron-variant
rs1000046305 -- 57,514,446(+) AGAGT(A/G)TCTAC intron-variant
rs1000046472 -- 57,354,305(+) ACATG(C/G)ACACA intron-variant
rs1000050778 -- 57,527,801(+) GGTAG(C/T)TTGCA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DNAH12 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv286n21 CNV loss 19592680
dgv8337n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1245160 OTHER inversion 17803354
esv1990047 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2470376 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2517054 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2658591 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2673906 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2725309 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3575575 CNV gain 25503493
esv3596228 CNV loss 21293372
esv3596230 CNV loss 21293372
esv3596231 CNV loss 21293372
esv3596233 CNV loss 21293372
esv3893699 CNV loss 25118596
nsv1008684 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1123654 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1123655 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1127961 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1129694 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1131701 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv3836 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv460558 CNV loss 19166990
nsv474059 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv474169 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv474341 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv474589 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv475279 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv475523 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv475531 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv476860 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477218 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477794 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477993 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479108 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479109 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479477 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479717 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479758 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479860 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv479868 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480078 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480098 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480337 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480456 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480462 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480481 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480618 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480759 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480905 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv480962 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481092 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481279 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481311 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481403 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481422 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481544 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv481591 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv508931 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv515675 CNV loss 19592680
nsv590364 CNV loss 21841781
nsv590367 CNV loss 21841781
nsv590368 CNV gain 21841781
nsv822100 CNV gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for DNAH12 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 91.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 18.49; 98.58% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DNAH12 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
DNAH12
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
DNAH12

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNAH12 Gene

Disorders for DNAH12 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for DNAH12 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
rectum adenocarcinoma
  • adenocarcinoma of rectum
papillary craniopharyngioma
  • craniopharyngioma, papillary
adamantinous craniopharyngioma
  • adamantinous rathke's pouch tumor
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for DNAH12

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
DNAH12
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
DNAH12
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
DNAH12
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DNAH12: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DNAH12 Gene

Publications for DNAH12 Gene

  1. Mammalian cells express three distinct dynein heavy chains that are localized to different cytoplasmic organelles. (PMID: 8666668) Vaisberg E.A. … McIntosh J.R. (J. Cell Biol. 1996) 2 3 4 64
  2. A genome-wide search for loci interacting with known prostate cancer risk-associated genetic variants. (PMID: 22219177) Tao S. … Sun J. (Carcinogenesis 2012) 3 46 64
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Molecular reclassification of Crohn's disease by cluster analysis of genetic variants. (PMID: 20886065) Cleynen I. … Vermeire S. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  5. The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3. (PMID: 16641997) Muzny D.M. … Gibbs R.A. (Nature 2006) 3 4 64

Products for DNAH12 Gene

Sources for DNAH12 Gene

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