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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

DNAAF2 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 44
GCID: GC14M050092

Dynein, Axonemal, Assembly Factor 2

(Previous name: chromosome 14 open reading frame 104)
(Previous symbol: C14orf104)
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Dynein, Axonemal, Assembly Factor 21 2     CILD102 5
C14orf1041 2 3 5     Chromosome 14 Open Reading Frame 1041
KTU2 3 5     PF132
kintoun1 2     Protein Kintoun2
Dynein Assembly Factor 2, Axonemal2 3     

External Ids:    HGNC: 201881   Entrez Gene: 551722   Ensembl: ENSG000001655067   OMIM: 6125175   UniProtKB: Q9NVR53   

Export aliases for DNAAF2 gene to outside databases


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for DNAAF2 Gene:
This gene encodes a highly conserved protein involved in the preassembly of dynein arm complexes which power
cilia. These complexes are found in some cilia and are assembled in the cytoplasm prior to transport for cilia
formation. Mutations in this gene have been associated with primary ciliary dyskinesia. Multiple transcript
variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.(provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009)

GeneCards Summary for DNAAF2 Gene: 
DNAAF2 (dynein, axonemal, assembly factor 2) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with DNAAF2 include ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 10, and primary ciliary dyskinesia10: dnaaf2-related primary ciliary dyskinesia.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: KTU_HUMAN, Q9NVR5
Function: Required for cytoplasmic pre-assembly of axonemal dyneins, thereby playing a central role in motility in
cilia and flagella. Involved in pre-assembly of dynein arm complexes in the cytoplasm before intraflagellar
transport loads them for the ciliary compartment

Gene Wiki entry for DNAAF2 (C14orf104) Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000014.8  NC_018925.2  NT_026437.12  
Regulatory elements:
   Search SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites for DNAAF2
         Other transcription factors

Browse SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmids
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for DNAAF2

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat DNAAF2


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 14q21.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  14q21.3   HGNC cytogenetic band: 14q21.3

DNAAF2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
DNAAF2 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 14         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC14M050092:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
50,091,892 bp from pter      End:
50,101,948 bp from pter
Size:
10,057 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: KTU_HUMAN, Q9NVR5 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Protein kintoun  
Size: 837 amino acids; 91114 Da
Subunit: Interacts with DNAI2 and HSPA1A (By similarity)
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm. Note=Localizes in the apical cytoplasm around the gamma-tubulin-positive
pericentriolar region, not in the cilia
Sequence caution: Sequence=BAA91684.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Sequence=CAD66572.1; Type=Erroneous initiation;
Secondary accessions: B9WS54 C0JAP7 Q86TR1 Q86TY8 Q969Z5
Alternative splicing: 2 isoforms:  Q9NVR5-1   Q9NVR5-2   (May be due to exon skipping)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for DNAAF2: NX_Q9NVR5

Explore proteomics data for DNAAF2 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q9NVR5

  • DNAAF2 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    DNAAF2 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001077377.1  NP_060609.2  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000298292   ENSP00000384862  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for DNAAF2: 
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    Novus Biologicals DNAAF2 Lysate
    Browse Sino Biological Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Proteins at Cloud-Clone Corp. 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005737cytoplasm IDA19052621

    DNAAF2 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR012981 PIH

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9NVR5

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9NVR5

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: KTU_HUMAN, Q9NVR5
    Similarity: Belongs to the PIH1 family. Kintoun subfamily


    DNAAF2 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: KTU_HUMAN, Q9NVR5
    Function: Required for cytoplasmic pre-assembly of axonemal dyneins, thereby playing a central role in motility in
    cilia and flagella. Involved in pre-assembly of dynein arm complexes in the cytoplasm before intraflagellar
    transport loads them for the ciliary compartment

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005515protein binding ----
         
    DNAAF2 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         2 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for DNAAF2:
     Decreased Wnt reporter activit  Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory 

         1 MGI phenotypic allele for Dnaaf2 (no phenotypes)

    DNAAF2 for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for DNAAF2 
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       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for DNAAF2 
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    miRNA
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    1 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNA that regulate DNAAF2:
    hsa-miR-590-3p
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    Inhib. RNA
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section



    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for DNAAF2

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0032526response to retinoic acid IEA--
    GO:0042221response to chemical stimulus ----
    GO:0060285ciliary cell motility IMP19052621
    GO:0070286axonemal dynein complex assembly IMP19052621

    DNAAF2 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for DNAAF2 (KTU)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about DNAAF2 / KTU

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for DNAAF2 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001083908.1  NM_018139.2  

    Unigene Cluster for DNAAF2:

    Dynein, axonemal, assembly factor 2
    Hs.231761  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_018139
    2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000298292(uc001wws.4) ENST00000406043(uc001wwt.4)
    miRNA
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    hsa-miR-590-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidDNAAF2 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK001425.1 BC011400.1 BC013322.1 BX248264.1 BX248765.1 FJ158843.1 

    7 DOTS entries:

    DT.100782792  DT.310557  DT.92430654  DT.95280786  DT.100702858  DT.92430650  DT.100696518 

    24/108 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 108):

    BC011400 BX248264 AA331943 CR619602 BM784552 T10804 BI821093 BG428211 
    BM927175 CB163897 BX248765 BG500408 CA453370 AI690556 BI789208 AK001425 
    NM_018139 BX389389 BQ889347 BX388688 BI962556 BX388582 AI816483 AI815543 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    2 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DNAAF2    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3
    SP1:                        
    SP2:              -         


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for DNAAF2

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    DNAAF2 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GGGGAAATTG
    DNAAF2 Expression
    About this image


    See DNAAF2 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for DNAAF2

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.231761
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for DNAAF2
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for DNAAF2

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for DNAAF2 gene from 5/11 species (see all 11)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Dnaaf21 , 5 RIKEN cDNA 1110034A24 gene5
    dynein, axonemal assembly factor 21
    77.13(n)1
    67.62(a)1
      12 (28.73 cM)5
    1090651  NM_027269.31  NP_081545.31 
     691890875 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves DNAAF21 dynein, axonemal, assembly factor 2 52.12(n)
    39.6(a)
      423566  XM_421456.3  XP_421456.3 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia DNAAF26
    Uncharacterized protein
    57(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    GL343560.1(53385-53954)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii dnaaf21 dynein, axonemal, assembly factor 2 52.73(n)
    39.19(a)
      606664  NM_001033100.1  NP_001028272.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta Nop17l6
    Nop17 like
    20(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    2R(3688286-3693904)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for DNAAF2 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for DNAAF2 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for DNAAF2 gene
    1 SIMAP similar gene for DNAAF2 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     KTU_HUMAN:
    C14orf104

    DNAAF2 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/351 SNPs in DNAAF2 are shown (see all 351)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 14 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1831854521,2
    --31074706(+) TGTTTC/TAATAT 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs105681291,2
    C--31074814(+) TAGTTTGTG/-  
            
    TGACA
    2 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- -:0.50NA 2
    rs21477121,2
    C,F,O,A--31074843(-) TAGTAT/CTTTTC 2 -- ds500111Minor allele frequency- C:0.47NA WA CSA EA 509
    rs1867114351,2
    --31074855(+) ATTTTA/GTCTGG 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs1911690461,2
    --31074873(+) GTATCA/GTAATT 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs1467991031,2
    --31074877(+) CGTAAC/TTGTTT 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs1840058991,2
    --31074963(+) CTGAGA/GAACAG 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs1405992111,2
    --31074987(+) CCCCCA/CACACA 2 -- ds50010--------
    rs121601,2
    C,F,A--31075091(-) GTTAAT/ATTTTG 2 -- ut3110Minor allele frequency- A:0.48NA WA CSA EA 507
    rs2017533561,2
    --31075286(+) TGCAA-/TTTTTT 2 -- ut310--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for DNAAF2 (50091892 - 50101948 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for DNAAF2:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv28926CNV Gain+Loss19812545


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): DNAAF2
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing DNAAF2
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for DNAAF2

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 612517   
    OMIM disorders: 612518  
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: KTU_HUMAN, Q9NVR5
  • Primary ciliary dyskinesia 10 (CILD10) [MIM:612518]: A disorder characterized by abnormalities of motile
    cilia. Respiratory infections leading to chronic inflammation and bronchiectasis are recurrent, due to defects in
    the respiratory cilia; reduced fertility is often observed in male patients due to abnormalities of sperm tails.
    Half of the patients exhibit randomization of left-right body asymmetry and situs inversus, due to dysfunction of
    monocilia at the embryonic node. Primary ciliary dyskinesia associated with situs inversus is referred to as
    Kartagener syndrome. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry

  • 7 diseases for DNAAF2:    About MalaCards
    ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 10    primary ciliary dyskinesia10: dnaaf2-related primary ciliary dyskinesia    primary ciliary dyskinesia    kartagener syndrome
    situs inversus    bronchiectasis    acne


    DNAAF2 for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Export disorders for DNAAF2 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for DNAAF2 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 13):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with DNAAF2)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Ktu/PF13 is required for cytoplasmic pre-assembly of axonemal dyneins. (PubMed id 19052621)1, 2 Omran H....Takeda H. (2008)
    2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (2004)
    4. The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14. (PubMed id 12508121)1, 2 Heilig R.... Weissenbach J. (2003)
    5. Interactions of pathological hallmark proteins: tubul in polymerization promoting protein/p25, beta-amyloid, and alpha-synuclein. (PubMed id 21832049)1 OlA!h J....OvA!di J. (2011)
    6. A proteome-wide, quantitative survey of in vivo ubiqui tylation sites reveals widespread regulatory roles. (PubMed id 21890473)1 Wagner S.A....Choudhary C. (2011)
    7. Quantitative phosphoproteomics reveals widespread full phosphorylation site occupancy during mitosis. (PubMed id 20068231)2 Olsen J.V....Mann M. (2010)
    8. Comparison of substrate specificity of the ubiquitin ligases Nedd4 and Nedd4-2 using proteome arrays. (PubMed id 19953087)1 Persaud A....Rotin D. (2009)
    9. Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of T cell receptor signaling reveals system-wide modulation of protein-protein interactions. (PubMed id 19690332)2 Mayya V.... Han D.K. (2009)
    10. Kinase-selective enrichment enables quantitative phosphoproteomics of the kinome across the cell cycle. (PubMed id 18691976)2 Daub H.... Mann M. (2008)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
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    Aliases
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    NCBI Bookshelf
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 55172 HGNC: 20188 AceView: C14orf104 Ensembl:ENSG00000165506 euGenes: HUgn55172
    ECgene: DNAAF2 H-InvDB: DNAAF2

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for DNAAF2 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for DNAAF2 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving DNAAF2

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Animal models from inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway)
    About This Section

     
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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