Aliases for DMPK Gene
External Ids for DMPK Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for DMPK Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DMPK Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a serine-threonine kinase that is closely related to other kinases that interact with members of the Rho family of small GTPases. Substrates for this enzyme include myogenin, the beta-subunit of the L-type calcium channels, and phospholemman. The 3' untranslated region of this gene contains 5-37 copies of a CTG trinucleotide repeat. Expansion of this unstable motif to 50-5,000 copies causes myotonic dystrophy type I, which increases in severity with increasing repeat element copy number. Repeat expansion is associated with condensation of local chromatin structure that disrupts the expression of genes in this region. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DMPK Gene
DMPK (Dystrophia Myotonica-Protein Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DMPK include myotonic dystrophy 1 and myotonic dystrophy. Among its related pathways are G-protein signaling RAC1 in cellular process. GO annotations related to this gene include protein serine/threonine kinase activity and myosin phosphatase regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is STK38L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DMPK Gene
Non-receptor serine/threonine protein kinase which is necessary for the maintenance of skeletal muscle structure and function. May play a role in myocyte differentiation and survival by regulating the integrity of the nuclear envelope and the expression of muscle-specific genes. May also phosphorylate PPP1R12A and inhibit the myosin phosphatase activity to regulate myosin phosphorylation. Also critical to the modulation of cardiac contractility and to the maintenance of proper cardiac conduction activity probably through the regulation of cellular calcium homeostasis. Phosphorylates PLN, a regulator of calcium pumps and may regulate sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium uptake in myocytes. May also phosphorylate FXYD1/PLM which is able to induce chloride currents. May also play a role in synaptic plasticity.