Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for DKKL1 Gene

Aliases for DKKL1 Gene

  • Dickkopf Like Acrosomal Protein 1 2 3 5
  • Cancer/Testis Antigen 34 2 3 4
  • Dickkopf-Like 1 2 3
  • Protein Soggy-1 3 4
  • Soggy 2 3
  • SGY-1 3 4
  • CT34 3 4
  • SGY1 3 4
  • Testicular Secretory Protein Li 15 3
  • Dickkopf-Like Protein 1 3
  • Soggy-1 3
  • SGY 3

External Ids for DKKL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DKKL1 Gene

  • GC19P054559
  • GC19P049871
  • GC19P046243

Summaries for DKKL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DKKL1 Gene

  • The dickkopf protein family interacts with the Wnt signaling pathway and its members are characterized by two conserved cysteine-rich domains. This gene encodes a secreted protein that has low sequence similarity to the dickkopf-3 protein. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

GeneCards Summary for DKKL1 Gene

DKKL1 (Dickkopf Like Acrosomal Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include signal transducer activity.

Additional gene information for DKKL1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DKKL1 Gene

Genomics for DKKL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DKKL1 Gene

Enhancers for DKKL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19H049332 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 39.8 -25.1 -25136 5 HDAC1 TBP HDGF TBL1XR1 SIN3A YBX1 EGR1 ZNF143 ATF7 ETV6 DKKL1 CCDC155 CD37 ALDH16A1 BCL2L12 FLT3LG IRF3 SNRNP70 ENSG00000197813
GH19H049359 1.3 ENCODE dbSUPER 41.9 +1.8 1837 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A YY1 ZNF766 ZNF143 SP3 SP5 DKKL1 CCDC155 LOC400710 TEAD2
GH19H048958 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.9 -396.5 -396466 10.2 MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 ZC3H11A NFYC MEF2D NUP62 PRR12 ENSG00000269321 RUVBL2 PPP1R15A TSKS ENSG00000268047 IRF3 PIH1D1 CPT1C
GH19H049390 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 34.3 +30.8 30834 1.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B YBX1 ZNF2 ZNF143 ATF7 DEK SP3 CCDC155 DKKL1 BCL2L12 GC19P049399 PIR32242
GH19H048780 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 -578.8 -578785 2.9 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B ZNF766 ZNF143 FOS SP5 PRR12 SNRNP70 PIH1D1 GRWD1 SNORD35A CYTH2 IRF3 SNORD35B ENSG00000268093 KDELR1
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DKKL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DKKL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000110881 1505 2001 SIN3A YY1 GLIS2 SP3 SP5 REST ZNF610 ZNF184 GLIS1 MYNN

Genomic Locations for DKKL1 Gene

Genomic Locations for DKKL1 Gene
14,625 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DKKL1 Gene

Genes around DKKL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DKKL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DKKL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DKKL1 Gene

Proteins for DKKL1 Gene

  • Protein details for DKKL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dickkopf-like protein 1
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for DKKL1 Gene

    242 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27007 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for DKKL1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DKKL1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DKKL1 Gene

Domains & Families for DKKL1 Gene

Gene Families for DKKL1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for DKKL1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DKKL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains a N-terminal domain similar to that of the N-terminal section of DKK3.
  • Contains a N-terminal domain similar to that of the N-terminal section of DKK3.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DKKL1: view

Function for DKKL1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for DKKL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DKKL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004871 signal transducer activity TAS 10570958
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DKKL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DKKL1: view

Animal Models for DKKL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DKKL1:

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DKKL1 Gene

Localization for DKKL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DKKL1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DKKL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DKKL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001669 acrosomal vesicle IEA --
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space TAS 10570958
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DKKL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for DKKL1 Gene

SuperPathways for DKKL1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for DKKL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DKKL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007341 penetration of zona pellucida IEA --
GO:0009653 anatomical structure morphogenesis TAS 10570958
GO:0043065 positive regulation of apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0045600 positive regulation of fat cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DKKL1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for DKKL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DKKL1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for DKKL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DKKL1 Gene

(11) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(6) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for DKKL1 Gene

Dickkopf-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DKKL1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for DKKL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DKKL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DKKL1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DKKL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x51.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DKKL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DKKL1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DKKL1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DKKL1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DKKL1 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DKKL1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DKKL1 Gene

Orthologs for DKKL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for DKKL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DKKL1 33 34
  • 99.45 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DKKL1 33 34
  • 86.36 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DKKL1 33 34
  • 83.91 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dkkl1 33
  • 75.19 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dkkl1 33 16 34
  • 75.08 (n)
Species where no ortholog for DKKL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for DKKL1 Gene

Gene Tree for DKKL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for DKKL1 (if available)

Paralogs for DKKL1 Gene Pseudogenes for DKKL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DKKL1: view

No data available for Paralogs for DKKL1 Gene

Variants for DKKL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DKKL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000005557 -- 49,371,375(+) ATTTT(G/T)TAAAA intron-variant
rs1000176810 -- 49,371,707(+) GTGGT(A/T)TGCTG intron-variant
rs1000268053 -- 49,365,334(+) AGAGA(A/G)AATTC intron-variant
rs1000498711 -- 49,359,692(+) TGTGC(A/G)ACCAT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000551422 -- 49,375,355(+) TTGCT(A/T)TTTTT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DKKL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv9739 CNV gain+loss 18304495
esv3644622 CNV loss 21293372
dgv52n68 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for DKKL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 95.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 17.64; 98.28% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DKKL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DKKL1 Gene

Disorders for DKKL1 Gene

Relevant External Links for DKKL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for DKKL1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DKKL1 Gene

Publications for DKKL1 Gene

  1. Functional and structural diversity of the human Dickkopf gene family. (PMID: 10570958) Krupnik VE … McCarthy SA (Gene 1999) 2 3 4 60
  2. Genetic risk and a primary role for cell-mediated immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis. (PMID: 21833088) International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium … Compston A (Nature 2011) 3 45 60
  3. DkkL1 (Soggy), a Dickkopf family member, localizes to the acrosome during mammalian spermatogenesis. (PMID: 15892050) Kohn MJ … DePamphilis ML (Molecular reproduction and development 2005) 2 3 60
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60
  5. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark HF … Gray A (Genome research 2003) 3 4 60

Products for DKKL1 Gene

Sources for DKKL1 Gene

Loading form....