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Aliases for DISP1 Gene

Aliases for DISP1 Gene

  • Dispatched RND Transporter Family Member 1 2 3
  • Dispatched Homolog 1 (Drosophila) 2 5
  • DISPA 3 4
  • Dispatched Homolog 1 3
  • Dispatched A 3

External Ids for DISP1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DISP1 Gene

  • GC01P220158
  • GC01P219490
  • GC01P221112
  • GC01P222989
  • GC01P193775
  • GC01P222820

Summaries for DISP1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DISP1 Gene

  • The pattern of cellular proliferation and differentiation that leads to normal development of embryonic structures often depends upon the localized production of secreted protein signals. Cells surrounding the source of a particular signal respond in a graded manner according to the effective concentration of the signal, and this response produces the pattern of cell types constituting the mature structure. A novel segment-polarity gene known as dispatched has been identified in Drosophila and its protein product is required for normal Hedgehog (Hh) signaling. This gene is one of two human homologs of Drosophila dispatched and, based on sequence identity to its mouse counterpart, the encoded protein may play an essential role in Hh patterning activities in the early embryo. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DISP1 Gene

DISP1 (Dispatched RND Transporter Family Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DISP1 include Microform Holoprosencephaly and Septopreoptic Holoprosencephaly. Among its related pathways are Hedgehog Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include hedgehog receptor activity and peptide transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is DISP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DISP1 Gene

  • Functions in hedgehog (Hh) signaling. Regulates the release and extracellular accumulation of cholesterol-modified hedgehog proteins and is hence required for effective production of the Hh signal (By similarity).

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DISP1 Gene

Genomics for DISP1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DISP1 Gene

Enhancers for DISP1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around DISP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DISP1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around DISP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DISP1 Gene

222,814,514 bp from pter
223,005,995 bp from pter
191,482 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DISP1 Gene

Genes around DISP1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DISP1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DISP1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DISP1 Gene

Proteins for DISP1 Gene

  • Protein details for DISP1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein dispatched homolog 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N7C2
    • Q96I92
    • Q9H698
    • Q9H8H9
    • Q9UFA2

    Protein attributes for DISP1 Gene

    1524 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    170934 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH07734.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Contaminating sequence. Potential poly-A sequence.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB14637.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1391, 1393, 1413; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB15365.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for DISP1 Gene

Proteomics data for DISP1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DISP1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 59 and Asn 582
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DISP1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DISP1 Gene

Domains & Families for DISP1 Gene

Protein Domains for DISP1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DISP1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 SSD (sterol-sensing) domain.
  • Belongs to the dispatched family.
  • Contains 1 SSD (sterol-sensing) domain.
  • Belongs to the dispatched family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DISP1: view

No data available for Gene Families for DISP1 Gene

Function for DISP1 Gene

Molecular function for DISP1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Functions in hedgehog (Hh) signaling. Regulates the release and extracellular accumulation of cholesterol-modified hedgehog proteins and is hence required for effective production of the Hh signal (By similarity).
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DISP1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DISP1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for DISP1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DISP1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for DISP1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DISP1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DISP1 Gene

Localization for DISP1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DISP1 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DISP1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DISP1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DISP1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for DISP1 Gene

SuperPathways for DISP1 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Hedgehog Pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DISP1: view

Pathways by source for DISP1 Gene

1 Tocris pathway for DISP1 Gene

Interacting Proteins for DISP1 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for DISP1 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DISP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007224 smoothened signaling pathway IEA,NAS 16258256
GO:0009953 dorsal/ventral pattern formation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DISP1: view

Drugs & Compounds for DISP1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for DISP1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DISP1 Gene

Dispatched homolog 1 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DISP1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DISP1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DISP1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DISP1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DISP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for DISP1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DISP1 Gene Hs.528817

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DISP1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DISP1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DISP1 Gene

Orthologs for DISP1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DISP1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DISP1 35
  • 74.8 (n)
  • 76.47 (a)
DISP1 36
  • 74 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Disp1 35
  • 82.37 (n)
  • 85.14 (a)
Disp1 16
Disp1 36
  • 84 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DISP1 35
  • 99.39 (n)
  • 99.15 (a)
DISP1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Disp1 35
  • 81.72 (n)
  • 83.53 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DISP1 36
  • 89 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DISP1 36
  • 86 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 78 (a)
-- 36
  • 82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DISP1 35
  • 77.41 (n)
  • 80.53 (a)
DISP1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DISP1 36
  • 77 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia disp1 35
  • 75.99 (n)
  • 83.89 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii disp1 35
  • 68.61 (n)
  • 74.26 (a)
disp1 36
  • 62 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004140 35
  • 51.25 (n)
  • 42.51 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta disp 35
  • 48.66 (n)
  • 37.59 (a)
disp 36
  • 27 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ptd-2 35
  • 41.94 (n)
  • 27.05 (a)
che-14 36
  • 21 (a)
ptd-2 36
  • 20 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 42 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DISP1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DISP1 Gene

Gene Tree for DISP1 (if available)
Gene Tree for DISP1 (if available)

Paralogs for DISP1 Gene

Paralogs for DISP1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for DISP1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DISP1: view

Variants for DISP1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DISP1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2609383 - 222,943,130(-) AGCCT(C/T)GGGAT upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs11597 -- 222,837,100(+) GTTTG(G/T)GCCGT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant
rs728006 -- 222,967,926(+) TCCTC(C/T)GGTCT intron-variant
rs997861 -- 222,949,071(+) TTTTT(A/T)AAAAA intron-variant
rs1132369 -- 222,837,044(+) ACTAC(A/G/T)CAAGT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DISP1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv873206 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv442589 CNV CNV 18776908
esv5267 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv998735 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv2723328 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv873207 CNV Loss 21882294
esv991453 CNV Insertion 20482838
esv1553806 CNV Insertion 17803354

Variation tolerance for DISP1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 6.38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 13.48; 95.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DISP1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DISP1 Gene

Disorders for DISP1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for DISP1 Gene - From: Orphanet and DISEASES

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DISP1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for DISP1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DISP1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DISP1 Gene

Publications for DISP1 Gene

  1. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 48 67
  2. Dispatched, a novel sterol-sensing domain protein dedicated to the release of cholesterol-modified hedgehog from signaling cells. (PMID: 10619433) Burke R. … Basler K. (Cell 1999) 2 3
  3. A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network. (PMID: 25416956) Rolland T. … Vidal M. (Cell 2014) 3
  4. The hedgehog processing pathway is required for NSCLC growth and survival. (PMID: 22733134) Rodriguez-Blanco J. … Robbins D.J. (Oncogene 2013) 3
  5. New cases and refinement of the critical region in the 1q41q42 microdeletion syndrome. (PMID: 20951845) Rosenfeld J.A. … Shaffer L.G. (Eur J Med Genet 2011) 3

Products for DISP1 Gene

Sources for DISP1 Gene