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Aliases for DHRS9 Gene

Aliases for DHRS9 Gene

  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase (SDR Family) Member 9 2 3
  • NADP-Dependent Retinol Dehydrogenase/Reductase 2 3 4
  • 3-Alpha Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase 2 3 4
  • Tracheobronchial Epithelial Cell-Specific Retinol Dehydrogenase 3 4
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 9C Member 4 3 4
  • Short-Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase RetSDR8 3 4
  • Retinol Dehydrogenase Homolog 2 3
  • Retinol Dehydrogenase 15 3 4
  • 3-Alpha-HSD 3 4
  • RDH-TBE 3 4
  • RDHTBE 3 6
  • RDH-E2 3 4
  • SDR9C4 3 4
  • RDH15 3 4
  • RDHL 3 4
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 9C, Member 4 3
  • Short Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase Family 9C 2
  • Dehydrogenase/Reductase SDR Family Member 9 3
  • EC 1.1.1.105 64
  • 3ALPHA-HSD 3
  • EC 1.1.-.- 4
  • Member 4 2
  • EC 1.1.1 64
  • RETSDR8 3

External Ids for DHRS9 Gene

Summaries for DHRS9 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DHRS9 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. This protein demonstrates oxidoreductase activity toward hydroxysteroids and is able to convert 3-alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone to dihydroxyprogesterone and 3-alpha-androstanediol to dihydroxyprogesterone in the cytoplasm, and may additionally function as a transcriptional repressor in the nucleus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

GeneCards Summary for DHRS9 Gene

DHRS9 (Dehydrogenase/Reductase (SDR Family) Member 9) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DHRS9 include smith-lemli-opitz syndrome. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Disease. GO annotations related to this gene include retinol dehydrogenase activity and testosterone dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity. An important paralog of this gene is HSD11B2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DHRS9 Gene

  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase that converts 3-alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (allopregnanolone) to dihydroxyprogesterone and 3-alpha-androstanediol to dihydroxyprogesterone. May play a role in the biosynthesis of retinoic acid from retinaldehyde, but seems to have low activity with retinoids. Can utilize both NADH and NADPH.

Gene Wiki entry for DHRS9 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DHRS9 Gene

Genomics for DHRS9 Gene

Genomic Location for DHRS9 Gene

Start:
169,064,789 bp from pter
End:
169,096,167 bp from pter
Size:
31,379 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for DHRS9 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DHRS9 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DHRS9 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DHRS9 Gene

Proteins for DHRS9 Gene

  • Protein details for DHRS9 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BPW9-DHRS9_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Dehydrogenase/reductase SDR family member 9
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BPW9
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7Z416
    • D3DPC1
    • Q5RKX1
    • Q9NRA9
    • Q9NRB0

    Protein attributes for DHRS9 Gene

    Size:
    319 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35227 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for DHRS9 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DHRS9 Gene

Proteomics data for DHRS9 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DHRS9 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DHRS9 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Domains for DHRS9 Gene

Gene Families for DHRS9 Gene

HGNC:
  • SDRC2 :Short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily / Classical SDR fold cluster 2

Protein Domains for DHRS9 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DHRS9_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) family.:
    • Q9BPW9
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DHRS9: view

Function for DHRS9 Gene

Molecular function for DHRS9 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties: Kinetic parameters: KM=9 uM for NADH {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878}; KM=72 uM for NAD {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878}; KM=5 uM for allopregnanolone {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878}; KM=7.5 uM for 3-alpha-androstanediol {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878}; KM=24 uM for androsterone {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878}; KM=12 uM for dihydrotestosterone {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11294878};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase that converts 3-alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (allopregnanolone) to dihydroxyprogesterone and 3-alpha-androstanediol to dihydroxyprogesterone. May play a role in the biosynthesis of retinoic acid from retinaldehyde, but seems to have low activity with retinoids. Can utilize both NADH and NADPH.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DHRS9 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DHRS9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004022 alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD) activity IDA 11304534
GO:0004745 retinol dehydrogenase activity IDA 11304534
GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity --
GO:0016854 racemase and epimerase activity NAS 11294878
GO:0047035 testosterone dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity IDA 11294878
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS9: view

Phenotypes for DHRS9 Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for DHRS9:
inferred from 1 alleles
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DHRS9: view

Animal Models for DHRS9 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DHRS9:

No data available for miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for DHRS9 Gene

Localization for DHRS9 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DHRS9 Gene

Microsome membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Note=Associated with microsomal membranes.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for DHRS9 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DHRS9 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DHRS9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0030176 integral component of endoplasmic reticulum membrane IDA 11294878
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS9: view

Pathways for DHRS9 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DHRS9: view

Interacting Proteins for DHRS9 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DHRS9 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002138 retinoic acid biosynthetic process --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0008209 androgen metabolic process IDA 11294878
GO:0030855 epithelial cell differentiation NAS 11304534
GO:0042448 progesterone metabolic process IDA 11294878
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DHRS9: view

Compounds for DHRS9 Gene

(4) HMDB Compounds for DHRS9 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Androsterone
  • (3R,5S,8R,9S,10S,13S,14S)-3-hydroxy-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-tetradecahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one
53-41-8
NADH
  • 1,4-Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
58-68-4
NADP
  • Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate
53-59-8
NADPH
  • 2'-(dihydrogen phosphate) 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate) Adenosine 5'-ester with 1,4-dihydro-1-b-D-ribofuranosylnicotinamide
53-57-6

(47) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for DHRS9 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
3alpha-hydroxysteroid 99.3 144
5alpha-androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol 93.9 13
chlordecone 86 4
5alpha-dihydroprogesterone 85.9 6
androstanedione 85.7 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DHRS9: view

Transcripts for DHRS9 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DHRS9 Gene

Dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR family) member 9:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DHRS9 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4:
SP5: -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - -
SP9: - -
SP10: - - - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for DHRS9 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DHRS9
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DHRS9

Expression for DHRS9 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DHRS9 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DHRS9 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (15.8), Colon - Transverse (11.3), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (5.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for DHRS9 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DHRS9 Gene Hs.179608

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DHRS9 Gene

Q9BPW9-DHRS9_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in trachea and epidermis. Detected at lower levels in spinal cord, bone marrow, brain, tongue, esophagus, heart, colon, testis, placenta, lung, skeletal muscle and lymph node.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DHRS9: view

Orthologs for DHRS9 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DHRS9 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DHRS9 36
  • 99.58 (n)
  • 99.37 (a)
DHRS9 37
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DHRS9 36
  • 88.31 (n)
  • 87.01 (a)
DHRS9 37
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DHRS9 36
  • 88.92 (n)
  • 88.71 (a)
DHRS9 37
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dhrs9 36
  • 86 (n)
  • 85.89 (a)
Dhrs9 16
Dhrs9 37
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DHRS9 37
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DHRS9 37
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dhrs9 36
  • 86.62 (n)
  • 85.58 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DHRS9 37
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
RDH5 36
  • 66.13 (n)
  • 61.66 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DHRS9 37
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia rdhl-prov 36
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dhrs9 36
  • 62.49 (n)
  • 59.81 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rdh1 37
  • 44 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for DHRS9:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DHRS9 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DHRS9 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DHRS9 (if available)

Paralogs for DHRS9 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for DHRS9 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DHRS9: view

Variants for DHRS9 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DHRS9 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1059261 -- 169,095,723(+) TTTTA(C/T)TGTTG synonymous-codon, reference
rs1862069 -- 169,077,231(-) ctatg(C/T)acaat intron-variant
rs2287609 -- 169,072,753(-) CAAAC(G/T)TTCTC intron-variant
rs2287610 -- 169,072,549(-) GGATT(A/G)TTTAA upstream-variant-2KB, intron-variant
rs2287611 -- 169,069,351(-) TACAA(C/T)CTCTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DHRS9 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv528457 CNV Gain 19592680

Relevant External Links for DHRS9 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
DHRS9

Disorders for DHRS9 Gene

(6) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for DHRS9 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
prostate cancer 25 3
colon carcinoma 6.61 2
adenoma 0.731 4
epilepsy 0 2
tumors 0 1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DHRS9: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DHRS9 Gene

Publications for DHRS9 Gene

  1. Characterization of a novel type of human microsomal 3alpha- hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Unique tissue distribution and catalytic properties. (PMID: 11294878) Chetyrkin S.V. … Kedishvili N.Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4 23
  2. Characterization of a novel airway epithelial cell-specific short chain alcohol dehydrogenase/reductase gene whose expression is up- regulated by retinoids and is involved in the metabolism of retinol. (PMID: 11304534) Soref C.M. … Wu R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4
  3. Short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases in retina. (PMID: 10800688) Haeseleer F. … Palczewski K. (Methods Enzymol. 2000) 3 4
  4. Expression pattern and biochemical characteristics of a major epidermal retinol dehydrogenase. (PMID: 12618084) Markova N.G. … Simon M. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2003) 3 4
  5. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark H.F. … Gray A.M. (Genome Res. 2003) 3 4

Products for DHRS9 Gene

Sources for DHRS9 Gene

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