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Aliases for DGKI Gene

Aliases for DGKI Gene

  • Diacylglycerol Kinase Iota 2 3 5
  • Diglyceride Kinase Iota 3 4
  • DAG Kinase Iota 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • DGK-IOTA 3 4

External Ids for DGKI Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DGKI Gene

  • GC07M135416
  • GC07M136475
  • GC07M136489
  • GC07M136530
  • GC07M136724
  • GC07M137073
  • GC07M131379

Summaries for DGKI Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DGKI Gene

  • This gene is a member of the type IV diacylglycerol kinase subfamily. Diacylglycerol kinases regulate the intracellular concentration of diacylglycerol through its phosphorylation, producing phosphatidic acid. The specific role of the enzyme encoded by this gene is undetermined, however, it may play a crucial role in the production of phosphatidic acid in the retina or in recessive forms of retinal degeneration. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DGKI Gene

DGKI (Diacylglycerol Kinase Iota) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DGKI include Retinitis Pigmentosa 10. Among its related pathways are Effects of PIP2 hydrolysis and RET signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include NAD+ kinase activity and diacylglycerol kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DGKZ.

Tocris Summary for DGKI Gene

  • Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of ten enzymes that metabolize 1,2,diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PA). They all contain a conserved C'-terminal catalytic domain and two cysteine-rich Zn2+-finger motifs with varied regulatory domains.

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DGKI Gene

Genomics for DGKI Gene

Regulatory Elements for DGKI Gene

Enhancers for DGKI Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH07G137877 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.6 -33.6 -33641 6.4 TBP HDAC1 PKNOX1 CBX3 TBL1XR1 ZNF133 SIN3A ZBTB40 RAD21 TCF12 DGKI GC07M137694
GH07G137819 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.8 +26.5 26505 1.6 TBP PKNOX1 RBBP5 EBF1 POLR2A RELB IKZF2 CHD2 EGR2 MAZ DGKI GC07M137811 RPL6P19
GH07G137870 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 -26.8 -26759 6.3 SIN3A ATF2 JUND GATA3 NFIC POLR2A ZNF701 ZNF24 MLLT1 DGKI GC07M137694
GH07G137889 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 -43.7 -43734 2.4 ELF3 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ATF1 CREB3L1 CREM JUNB SMARCA4 PBX2 SOX13 CREB3L2 DGKI GC07M137694
GH07G137885 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 -39.3 -39348 2.6 MTA2 IKZF2 CREB3L2 DGKI GC07M137694
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DGKI on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DGKI Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for DGKI Gene

137,381,037 bp from pter
137,847,092 bp from pter
466,056 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DGKI Gene

Genes around DGKI on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DGKI Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DGKI Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DGKI Gene

Proteins for DGKI Gene

  • Protein details for DGKI Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Diacylglycerol kinase iota
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D1Q9
    • Q9NZ49

    Protein attributes for DGKI Gene

    1065 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    116997 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for DGKI Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DGKI Gene


Post-translational modifications for DGKI Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for DGKI Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DGKI Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the eukaryotic diacylglycerol kinase family.
  • Belongs to the eukaryotic diacylglycerol kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DGKI: view

Function for DGKI Gene

Molecular function for DGKI Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
diacylglycerol kinase iota,expressed in the cytoplasm and nucleus of brain and retina
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = ADP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DGKI Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DGKI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003951 NAD+ kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004143 diacylglycerol kinase activity TAS,IEA --
GO:0005095 GTPase inhibitor activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17986458
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DGKI: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DGKI: view

Animal Models for DGKI Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DGKI:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for DGKI

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DGKI Gene

Localization for DGKI Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DGKI Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DGKI gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 4
cytosol 4
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DGKI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 9830018
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 9830018
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DGKI: view

Pathways & Interactions for DGKI Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DGKI: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DGKI Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007205 protein kinase C-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0007269 neurotransmitter secretion IEA --
GO:0016310 phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0030168 platelet activation TAS --
GO:0034260 negative regulation of GTPase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DGKI: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DGKI Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DGKI Gene

(3) Drugs for DGKI Gene - From: HMDB and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
Dioctanoylglycol Pharma Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor 0
R 59-022 Pharma Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor; increases PKC activity 0

(22) Additional Compounds for DGKI Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
Diglycerides Group A
  • 1,2-Dimyristoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(14:0/14:0)
  • DAG(28:0)
  • DG(14:0/14:0)
  • DG(28:0)
Diglycerides Group B
  • 1-Palmitoleoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(16:1/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1n7/20:0)
  • DAG(16:1w7/20:0)
  • DAG(36:1)
Diglycerides Group C
  • 1-Hexadecanoyl-3-(11-eicosenoyl)-sn-glycerol
  • 1-Palmitoyl-3-eicosenoyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1)
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1n9)
  • DAG(16:0/0:0/20:1w9)
Diglycerides Group D
  • 1,2-Didocosahexaenoyl-rac-glycerol
  • DAG(22:6/22:6)
  • DAG(22:6n3/22:6n3)
  • DAG(22:6w3/22:6w3)
  • DAG(44:12)

(2) Tocris Compounds for DGKI Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Dioctanoylglycol Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor 627-86-1
R 59-022 Diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor; increases PKC activity 93076-89-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DGKI: view

Transcripts for DGKI Gene

Unigene Clusters for DGKI Gene

Diacylglycerol kinase, iota:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DGKI Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DGKI Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DGKI Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DGKI Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DGKI Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Thyroid (x5.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DGKI Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal Brain (29.0), Neutrophil (12.3), Pancreatic juice (11.6), and Frontal cortex (9.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DGKI Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DGKI Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DGKI Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DGKI Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DGKI Gene

  • Eye(4.1)
  • Nervous system(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DGKI: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DGKI Gene

Orthologs for DGKI Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DGKI Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DGKI 34 35
  • 99.37 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DGKI 34 35
  • 94.49 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DGKI 34 35
  • 92.91 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dgki 34
  • 90.45 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dgki 34 16 35
  • 90.38 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DGKI 35
  • 88 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DGKI 35
  • 86 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DGKI 34 35
  • 80.41 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DGKI 35
  • 87 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dgki 34
  • 70.19 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16337 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dgki 34
  • 69.41 (n)
  • 68 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta rdgA 36 35
  • 41 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea K06A1.6 36
  • 38 (a)
dgk-5 35
  • 33 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 48 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DGKI was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DGKI Gene

Gene Tree for DGKI (if available)
Gene Tree for DGKI (if available)

Paralogs for DGKI Gene

Paralogs for DGKI Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for DGKI Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DGKI: view

Variants for DGKI Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DGKI Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000000103 -- 137,718,388(+) GCCCA(A/C)CCTGC intron-variant
rs1000003986 -- 137,847,996(+) AATTG(C/T)AATAC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000004617 -- 137,548,900(+) AGGTT(G/T)CAGTG intron-variant
rs1000019290 -- 137,668,191(+) TCATA(C/T)GATCT intron-variant
rs1000023042 -- 137,411,974(+) TTTAA(A/G)TAACT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DGKI Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv238n6 CNV deletion 16902084
dgv3676n106 CNV deletion 24896259
esv1745681 CNV insertion 17803354
esv2031397 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2224181 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2428797 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2661659 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2667508 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2672944 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2677586 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2735207 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2735208 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2735209 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2735210 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3306180 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3334238 CNV insertion 20981092
esv33947 CNV gain 17666407
esv3405561 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3430152 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3542494 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3572162 CNV loss 25503493
esv3615168 CNV gain 21293372
esv3615169 CNV gain 21293372
esv3615171 CNV loss 21293372
esv3615172 CNV loss 21293372
esv3615177 CNV loss 21293372
esv3615179 CNV loss 21293372
esv9134 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1022793 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1075061 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1124270 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1125923 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1128367 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv366883 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv464731 CNV loss 19166990
nsv475552 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477142 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477743 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv511992 CNV loss 21212237
nsv518230 CNV loss 19592680
nsv520950 CNV loss 19592680
nsv608466 CNV loss 21841781
nsv824315 CNV loss 20364138
nsv831150 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv957036 CNV insertion 24416366
nsv958404 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv970582 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv981587 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for DGKI Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 4.57% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.91; 59.38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DGKI Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DGKI Gene

Disorders for DGKI Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for DGKI Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
retinitis pigmentosa 10
  • rp10
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DGKI in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for DGKI

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DGKI: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DGKI Gene

Publications for DGKI Gene

  1. The cloning and characterization of a novel human diacylglycerol kinase, DGK-iota. (PMID: 9830018) Ding L. … Prescott S.M. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Genome-wide association study implicates PARD3B-based AIDS restriction. (PMID: 21502085) Troyer J.L. … O'Brien S.J. (J. Infect. Dis. 2011) 3 46 64
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Gene-wide analyses of genome-wide association data sets: evidence for multiple common risk alleles for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and for overlap in genetic risk. (PMID: 19065143) Moskvina V. … O'Donovan M.C. (Mol. Psychiatry 2009) 3 46 64
  5. Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology. (PMID: 12690205) Scherer S.W. … Tsui L.-C. (Science 2003) 3 4 64

Products for DGKI Gene

Sources for DGKI Gene