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Aliases for DEFB131 Gene

Aliases for DEFB131 Gene

  • Defensin Beta 131 2 3 5
  • Defensin, Beta 131 2 4
  • Beta-Defensin 31 3 4
  • DEFB-31 3 4
  • Beta-Defensin 131 3
  • Defensin, Beta 31 3
  • DEFB31 4

External Ids for DEFB131 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DEFB131 Gene

  • GC00U991213
  • GC04P009055
  • GC04P008801

Summaries for DEFB131 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DEFB131 Gene

  • Defensins are cysteine-rich cationic polypeptides that are important in the immunologic response to invading microorganisms. The antimicrobial protein encoded by this gene is secreted and is a member of the beta defensin protein family. Beta defensin genes are found in several clusters throughout the genome, with this gene mapping to a cluster at 4p16. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]

GeneCards Summary for DEFB131 Gene

DEFB131 (Defensin Beta 131) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Immune System and Defensins. An important paralog of this gene is LOC100129216.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DEFB131 Gene

  • Has antibacterial activity.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DEFB131 Gene

Genomics for DEFB131 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DEFB131 Gene

Enhancers for DEFB131 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04F009452 0.5 ENCODE 0.4 +8.1 8099 0.7 BCL6 THRB RXRB OR7E84P DEFB131 OR7E86P
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DEFB131 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DEFB131 Gene

9,444,534 bp from pter
9,450,514 bp from pter
5,981 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DEFB131 Gene

Genes around DEFB131 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DEFB131 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DEFB131 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DEFB131 Gene

Proteins for DEFB131 Gene

  • Protein details for DEFB131 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Beta-defensin 131
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for DEFB131 Gene

    70 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    8199 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for DEFB131 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DEFB131 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for DEFB131 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DEFB131 Gene

Domains & Families for DEFB131 Gene

Gene Families for DEFB131 Gene

Protein Domains for DEFB131 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DEFB131 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the beta-defensin family.
  • Belongs to the beta-defensin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DEFB131: view

Function for DEFB131 Gene

Molecular function for DEFB131 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has antibacterial activity.

Phenotypes for DEFB131 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for DEFB131:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DEFB131: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DEFB131 Gene

Localization for DEFB131 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DEFB131 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DEFB131 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DEFB131 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0009986 cell surface IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DEFB131: view

Pathways & Interactions for DEFB131 Gene

SuperPathways for DEFB131 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Defensins
2 Immune System
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DEFB131: view

Pathways by source for DEFB131 Gene

4 Reactome pathways for DEFB131 Gene

Interacting Proteins for DEFB131 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DEFB131 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006952 defense response IEA --
GO:0042742 defense response to bacterium IEA,IBA --
GO:0045087 innate immune response IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DEFB131: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DEFB131 Gene

Transcripts for DEFB131 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DEFB131 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DEFB131 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DEFB131 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DEFB131 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for DEFB131 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DEFB131 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Thyroid (x35.1) and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x17.9).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DEFB131 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DEFB131 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DEFB131 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in testis. Is moderately expressed in the prostate and small intestine.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DEFB131: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Protein tissue co-expression partners for DEFB131 Gene

Orthologs for DEFB131 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for DEFB131 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DEFB131 34 35
  • 98.57 (n)
-- 35
  • 97 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DEFB131 35
  • 55 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Defb43 35
  • 52 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DEFB131 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for DEFB131 Gene

Gene Tree for DEFB131 (if available)
Gene Tree for DEFB131 (if available)

Paralogs for DEFB131 Gene

Paralogs for DEFB131 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for DEFB131 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins: Pseudogenes for DEFB131 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DEFB131: view

Variants for DEFB131 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DEFB131 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10015493 -- 9,443,505(+) agttc(A/G)agacc upstream-variant-2KB
rs10027113 -- 9,444,147(+) ATGCT(C/G)TTGTA upstream-variant-2KB
rs10030667 -- 9,447,978(+) tatat(A/G/T)tgtaa intron-variant
rs10031337 -- 9,444,066(+) CACTA(A/G)TCTGT upstream-variant-2KB
rs10031636 -- 9,444,339(+) AATGT(A/G)CTTTA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DEFB131 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv22777 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv1163601 CNV insertion 17803354
dgv981e214 CNV gain 21293372
dgv922e199 CNV deletion 23128226
dgv8960n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv8959n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv8958n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv645n27 CNV gain 19166990
dgv644n27 CNV gain 19166990
dgv5n29 CNV loss 16826518
dgv5112n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5111n100 CNV loss 25217958
dgv5110n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5109n100 CNV gain+loss 25217958
dgv5108n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5107n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5106n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5105n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5104n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5103n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5102n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5101n100 CNV gain+loss 25217958
dgv5100n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5099n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv5098n100 CNV gain+loss 25217958
dgv5097n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv49n64 CNV gain 17921354
nsv999982 CNV loss 25217958
nsv999615 CNV gain 25217958
nsv980182 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv829856 CNV gain+loss 17160897
nsv819708 CNV gain 19587683
nsv818213 CNV gain 17921354
nsv818212 CNV gain 17921354
nsv593661 CNV loss 21841781
nsv593651 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv593649 CNV loss 21841781
nsv593646 CNV gain 21841781
nsv525830 CNV loss 19592680
nsv508273 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv471623 CNV gain+loss 15918152
nsv470016 CNV gain 18288195
nsv442891 CNV gain+loss 18776908
nsv428437 CNV gain 18775914
nsv4228 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv10445 CNV gain 18304495
nsv1014335 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1014242 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1005698 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1002765 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1001331 CNV loss 25217958
esv3893872 CNV gain 25118596
esv3893871 CNV gain 25118596
esv3893870 CNV gain 25118596
esv3599572 CNV loss 21293372
esv3584797 CNV loss 24956385
esv34196 OTHER inversion 12058347
esv2763860 CNV gain+loss 21179565
esv2759222 CNV gain+loss 17122850
esv2678198 CNV deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for DEFB131 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 76.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.33; 7.30% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DEFB131 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DEFB131 Gene

Disorders for DEFB131 Gene

Relevant External Links for DEFB131

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for DEFB131 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DEFB131 Gene

Publications for DEFB131 Gene

  1. ORFeome-based search of airway epithelial cell-specific novel human beta-defensin genes. (PMID: 12600824) Kao C.Y. … Wu R. (Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2003) 2 3 4 64
  2. Cross-species analysis of the mammalian beta-defensin gene family: presence of syntenic gene clusters and preferential expression in the male reproductive tract. (PMID: 16033865) Patil A.A. … Zhang G. (Physiol. Genomics 2005) 2 3 64
  3. Discovery of five conserved beta-defensin gene clusters using a computational search strategy. (PMID: 11854508) Schutte B.C. … McCray P.B. Jr. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 2 3 64
  4. Genome-scale RNAi screen for host factors required for HIV replication. (PMID: 18976975) Zhou H. … Espeseth A.S. (Cell Host Microbe 2008) 3 64
  5. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier L.W. … Wilson R.K. (Nature 2005) 4 64

Products for DEFB131 Gene

Sources for DEFB131 Gene

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