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Aliases for DDOST Gene

Aliases for DDOST Gene

  • Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide--Protein Glycosyltransferase Non-Catalytic Subunit 2 3 5
  • Advanced Glycation End-Product Receptor 1 2 3
  • Oligosaccharyl Transferase 48 KDa Subunit 3 4
  • Oligosaccharyltransferase Subunit 48 2 3
  • OST48 3 4
  • Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide--Protein Glycosyltransferase Subunit (Non-Catalytic) 3
  • Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide--Protein Glycosyltransferase 48 KDa Subunit 3
  • Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide-Protein Glycosyltransferase 2
  • Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide-Protein Glycotransferase 3
  • Advanced Glycation Endproduct Receptor 1 3
  • Oligosaccharyltransferase 48 KDa Subunit 3
  • DDOST 48 KDa Subunit 4
  • EC 61
  • EC 4
  • OKSWcl45 3
  • KIAA0115 4
  • AGER1 3
  • CDG1R 3
  • WBP1 3
  • OST 3

External Ids for DDOST Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DDOST Gene

  • GC01M020548
  • GC01M020013
  • GC01M020124
  • GC01M020447
  • GC01M020723
  • GC01M020841
  • GC01M020978
  • GC01M019224

Summaries for DDOST Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DDOST Gene

  • This gene encodes a component of the oligosaccharyltransferase complex which catalyzes the transfer of high-mannose oligosaccharides to asparagine residues on nascent polypeptides in the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The protein complex co-purifies with ribosomes. The product of this gene is also implicated in the processing of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), which form from non-enzymatic reactions between sugars and proteins or lipids and are associated with aging and hyperglycemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DDOST Gene

DDOST (Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide--Protein Glycosyltransferase Non-Catalytic Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DDOST include Congenital Disorder Of Glycosylation, Type Ir. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Immune System. GO annotations related to this gene include dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycotransferase activity and oligosaccharyl transferase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DDOST Gene

  • Essential subunit of the N-oligosaccharyl transferase (OST) complex which catalyzes the transfer of a high mannose oligosaccharide from a lipid-linked oligosaccharide donor to an asparagine residue within an Asn-X-Ser/Thr consensus motif in nascent polypeptide chains.

Gene Wiki entry for DDOST Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DDOST Gene

Genomics for DDOST Gene

Regulatory Elements for DDOST Gene

Enhancers for DDOST Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01F020474 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 24.4 +180.5 180463 13.8 PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF548 FOS PAF1 MUL1 DDOST FAM43B ENSG00000226487 ENSG00000226664 LINC01757 HSPE1P27 CROCCP5 ENSG00000228823 ENSG00000236009
GH01F020695 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE 14.3 -36.3 -36290 4.1 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 DDOST EIF4G3 OTUD3 NBPF2P KIF17 HP1BP3 ENSG00000235432 GC01P020706
GH01F019881 1.1 ENCODE 14 +778.5 778509 2.7 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 DEK DDOST OTUD3 ENSG00000226664 LOC105376823
GH01F020575 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +85.5 85470 1.5 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 GTF3C2 GLIS2 ZNF143 ZNF263 YY2 MIER2 PINK1 OTUD3 CDA MIR6084 DDOST MUL1 HS6ST1P1 FAM43B
GH01F021573 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.9 -912.9 -912868 1.7 ARID4B RAD21 GTF3C2 ZNF366 EGR2 SMARCA5 ZNF654 REST ZEB2 NR2F2 CDC42-IT1 ENSG00000271428 DDOST ALPL ZBTB40-IT1 LOC105376834 GC01P021552 GC01P021551
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around DDOST on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DDOST Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for DDOST Gene

20,651,767 bp from pter
20,661,544 bp from pter
9,778 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DDOST Gene

Genes around DDOST on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DDOST Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DDOST Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DDOST Gene

Proteins for DDOST Gene

  • Protein details for DDOST Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide--protein glycosyltransferase 48 kDa subunit
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RDQ4
    • B4DJE3
    • B4DLI2
    • O43244
    • Q5VWA5
    • Q8NI93
    • Q9BUI2

    Protein attributes for DDOST Gene

    456 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50801 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) complex. OST seems to exist in different forms which contain at least RPN1, RPN2, OST48, DAD1, OSTC, KRTCAP2 and either STT3A or STT3B. OST can form stable complexes with the Sec61 complex or with both the Sec61 and TRAP complexes even after release from the ribosome (By similarity). Also identified as part of a complex which includes CANX, DERL1, DERL2, DDOST/OST48, RPN1, RPN2, SELK, VIMP, STT3A AND VCP. This contains known members of the OST complex and may be a form of this complex.
    • Sequence=BAB93478.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for DDOST Gene


neXtProt entry for DDOST Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for DDOST Gene


Post-translational modifications for DDOST Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 189 and Lys 301
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DDOST Gene

Domains & Families for DDOST Gene

Gene Families for DDOST Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DDOST Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the DDOST 48 kDa subunit family.
  • Belongs to the DDOST 48 kDa subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DDOST: view

Function for DDOST Gene

Molecular function for DDOST Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycosyltransferase,48kDa,complexing with RPN1 and RPN2,widely expressed
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Dolichyl diphosphooligosaccharide + [protein]-L-asparagine = dolichyl diphosphate + a glycoprotein with the oligosaccharide chain attached by N-beta-D-glycosyl linkage to a protein L-asparagine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential subunit of the N-oligosaccharyl transferase (OST) complex which catalyzes the transfer of a high mannose oligosaccharide from a lipid-linked oligosaccharide donor to an asparagine residue within an Asn-X-Ser/Thr consensus motif in nascent polypeptide chains.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DDOST Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DDOST Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004576 contributes_to oligosaccharyl transferase activity ISS --
GO:0004579 contributes_to dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycotransferase activity IDA 9642163
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 21903422
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016757 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DDOST: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DDOST: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DDOST Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for DDOST Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DDOST:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for DDOST

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DDOST Gene

Localization for DDOST Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DDOST Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DDOST gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
lysosome 5
mitochondrion 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DDOST Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane TAS --
GO:0008250 oligosaccharyltransferase complex TAS 15835887
GO:0016020 membrane IEA,IDA 19946888
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DDOST: view

Pathways & Interactions for DDOST Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DDOST: view

Pathways by source for DDOST Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P39656-OST48_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Protein modification; protein glycosylation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DDOST Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006486 protein glycosylation ISS --
GO:0006487 protein N-linked glycosylation IDA 9642163
GO:0018279 protein N-linked glycosylation via asparagine TAS --
GO:0034097 response to cytokine IDA 9642163
GO:0042110 T cell activation IDA 9642163
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DDOST: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DDOST Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DDOST Gene

(1) Drugs for DDOST Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Asparagine Approved Nutra 0

(2) Additional Compounds for DDOST Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Dolichyl diphosphate
  • Dolichyl diphosphate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DDOST: view

Transcripts for DDOST Gene

Unigene Clusters for DDOST Gene

Dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide--protein glycosyltransferase subunit (non-catalytic):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DDOST Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DDOST Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DDOST Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for DDOST Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DDOST Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (7.5) and Placenta (6.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for DDOST Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DDOST Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DDOST Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DDOST Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DDOST: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DDOST Gene

Orthologs for DDOST Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for DDOST Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DDOST 34 35
  • 99.56 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DDOST 35
  • 94 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DDOST 35
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DDOST 34 35
  • 90.9 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DDOST 34 35
  • 89.68 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ddost 34 16 35
  • 88.11 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ddost 34
  • 87.42 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DDOST 34 35
  • 79.51 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DDOST 35
  • 83 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ddost 34
  • 79.32 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ddost 34 35
  • 76.58 (n)
wufa11d01 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006383 34
  • 63.37 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Ost48 36 34 35
  • 62.79 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ostb-1 34 35
  • 55.72 (n)
T09A5.11 36
  • 53 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes WBP1 35 37
  • 25 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons DGL1 34
  • 52.82 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os07g0209000 34
  • 53.27 (n)
Os.10561 34
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.2311 34
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.4286 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.9640 35
  • 62 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DDOST was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DDOST Gene

Gene Tree for DDOST (if available)
Gene Tree for DDOST (if available)

Paralogs for DDOST Gene

No data available for Paralogs for DDOST Gene

Variants for DDOST Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DDOST Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs387906831 Congenital disorder of glycosylation 1R (CDG1R) [MIM:614507], Pathogenic 20,654,660(-) GACGG(A/G)CTCTT reference, missense
rs587776874 Pathogenic 20,652,464(+) TGGCG(-/TAGTAGGGGTAGGCCGAGGGGA)TGAAG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, frameshift-variant
rs145940009 Uncertain significance 20,652,643(+) GGTGT(A/G)TGTAG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs369105590 Uncertain significance 20,653,754(+) GTTCA(C/T)AGTTG upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs34189097 Benign 20,654,306(+) ATGAC(A/G)CGGGC reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DDOST Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1003348 CNV gain 25217958
nsv545731 CNV gain 21841781
nsv834369 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for DDOST Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 20.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.12; 38.68% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DDOST Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DDOST Gene

Disorders for DDOST Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for DDOST Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, and Swiss-Prot

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
congenital disorder of glycosylation, type ir
  • ddost-cdg
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DDOST in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation 1R (CDG1R) [MIM:614507]: A form of congenital disorder of glycosylation, a multisystem disorder caused by a defect in glycoprotein biosynthesis and characterized by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins. Congenital disorders of glycosylation result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency. The broad spectrum of features reflects the critical role of N-glycoproteins during embryonic development, differentiation, and maintenance of cell functions. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22305527}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for DDOST

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DDOST: view

No data available for Genatlas for DDOST Gene

Publications for DDOST Gene

  1. Genome organization of human 48-kDa oligosaccharyltransferase (DDOST). (PMID: 9367678) Yamagata T. … Momoi T. (Genomics 1997) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. DDOST mutations identified by whole-exome sequencing are implicated in congenital disorders of glycosylation. (PMID: 22305527) Jones M.A. … Hegde M.R. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2012) 3 4 64
  3. DDOST, PRKCSH and LGALS3, which encode AGE-receptors 1, 2 and 3, respectively, are not associated with diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes. (PMID: 20490454) Hoverfelt A. … Wessman M. (Diabetologia 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Association study between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 199 drug-related genes and commonly measured quantitative traits of 752 healthy Japanese subjects. (PMID: 19343046) Saito A. … Kamatani N. (J. Hum. Genet. 2009) 3 46 64
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for DDOST Gene

Sources for DDOST Gene

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