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Aliases for DCTN1 Gene

Aliases for DCTN1 Gene

  • Dynactin Subunit 1 2 3 5
  • 150 KDa Dynein-Associated Polypeptide 3 4
  • DAP-150 3 4
  • DP-150 3 4
  • P135 3 4
  • Dynactin 1 (P150, Glued (Drosophila) Homolog) 2
  • Dynactin 1 (P150, Glued Homolog, Drosophila) 3
  • P150 Glued Homolog (Drosophila) 2
  • P150-Glued 4

External Ids for DCTN1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DCTN1 Gene

  • GC02M074577
  • GC02M074652
  • GC02M074396
  • GC02M074413
  • GC02M074562
  • GC02M074350
  • GC02M074499
  • GC02M074441
  • GC02M074588

Summaries for DCTN1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DCTN1 Gene

  • This gene encodes the largest subunit of dynactin, a macromolecular complex consisting of 10 subunits ranging in size from 22 to 150 kD. Dynactin binds to both microtubules and cytoplasmic dynein. Dynactin is involved in a diverse array of cellular functions, including ER-to-Golgi transport, the centripetal movement of lysosomes and endosomes, spindle formation, chromosome movement, nuclear positioning, and axonogenesis. This subunit interacts with dynein intermediate chain by its domains directly binding to dynein and binds to microtubules via a highly conserved glycine-rich cytoskeleton-associated protein (CAP-Gly) domain in its N-terminus. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. Mutations in this gene cause distal hereditary motor neuronopathy type VIIB (HMN7B) which is also known as distal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (dSBMA). [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GeneCards Summary for DCTN1 Gene

DCTN1 (Dynactin Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DCTN1 include Perry Syndrome and Neuropathy, Distal Hereditary Motor, Type Viib. Among its related pathways are Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport and Immune System. GO annotations related to this gene include motor activity and cofactor binding. An important paralog of this gene is CLIP4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTN1 Gene

  • Required for the cytoplasmic dynein-driven retrograde movement of vesicles and organelles along microtubules. Dynein-dynactin interaction is a key component of the mechanism of axonal transport of vesicles and organelles.

Gene Wiki entry for DCTN1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DCTN1 Gene

Genomics for DCTN1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DCTN1 Gene

Enhancers for DCTN1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around DCTN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for DCTN1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around DCTN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for DCTN1 Gene

74,361,154 bp from pter
74,392,087 bp from pter
30,934 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DCTN1 Gene

Genes around DCTN1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DCTN1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DCTN1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DCTN1 Gene

Proteins for DCTN1 Gene

  • Protein details for DCTN1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dynactin subunit 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8MY36
    • B4DM45
    • E9PFS5
    • E9PGE1
    • G5E9H4
    • O95296
    • Q6IQ37
    • Q9BRM9
    • Q9UIU1
    • Q9UIU2

    Protein attributes for DCTN1 Gene

    1278 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    141695 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Large macromolecular complex of at least 10 components; p150(glued) binds directly to microtubules and to cytoplasmic dynein. Interacts with the C-terminus of MAPRE1, MAPRE2 and MAPRE3. Interacts (via C-terminus) with SNX6. Interacts with CLIP1, CLN3, DYNAP, ECM29 and FBXL5. Interacts with MISP; this interaction regulates its distribution at the cell cortex. Interacts with CEP131. Interacts with CEP126 (PubMed:24867236).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for DCTN1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for DCTN1 Gene

neXtProt entry for DCTN1 Gene

Proteomics data for DCTN1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DCTN1 Gene

  • Phosphorylation by SLK at Thr-145, Thr-146 and Thr-147 targets DCTN1 to the centrosome. It is uncertain if SLK phosphorylates all three threonines or one or two of them.
  • Ubiquitinated by a SCF complex containing FBXL5, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 1133, Lys 1151, Lys 1179, Lys 1193, and Lys 1235
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DCTN1 Gene

Domains & Families for DCTN1 Gene

Gene Families for DCTN1 Gene

Protein Domains for DCTN1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DCTN1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 CAP-Gly domain.
  • Belongs to the dynactin 150 kDa subunit family.
  • Contains 1 CAP-Gly domain.
  • Belongs to the dynactin 150 kDa subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DCTN1: view

Function for DCTN1 Gene

Molecular function for DCTN1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
dynactin 1,component of a large macromolecular complex required for the cytoplasmic dynein-driven movement of organelles along microtubules,homologous to Drosophila glued
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required for the cytoplasmic dynein-driven retrograde movement of vesicles and organelles along microtubules. Dynein-dynactin interaction is a key component of the mechanism of axonal transport of vesicles and organelles.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DCTN1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DCTN1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for DCTN1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DCTN1:

miRNA for DCTN1 Gene

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DCTN1 Gene

Localization for DCTN1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTN1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=Colocalizes with microtubules (PubMed:23985322). Localization at centrosome is regulated by SLK-dependent phosphorylation (PubMed:23985322). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23985322}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DCTN1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DCTN1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 3
endoplasmic reticulum 1
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DCTN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000922 spindle pole IDA 14718566
GO:0005813 centrosome IDA 21399614
GO:0030286 dynein complex IEA --
GO:0030904 colocalizes_with retromer complex IDA 19619496
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTN1: view

Pathways & Interactions for DCTN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DCTN1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for DCTN1 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DCTN1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000086 G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division NAS 1828535
GO:0019886 antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class II TAS --
GO:0036498 IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DCTN1: view

Drugs & Compounds for DCTN1 Gene

(1) Drugs for DCTN1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DCTN1: view

Transcripts for DCTN1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DCTN1 Gene

Dynactin 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DCTN1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DCTN1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DCTN1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DCTN1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DCTN1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (7.7) and Frontal cortex (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for DCTN1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DCTN1 Gene Hs.516111

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DCTN1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Brain.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DCTN1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DCTN1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for DCTN1 Gene

Orthologs for DCTN1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for DCTN1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DCTN1 35
  • 91.29 (n)
  • 96.04 (a)
DCTN1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DCTN1 35
  • 92.43 (n)
  • 98.11 (a)
DCTN1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dctn1 35
  • 90.01 (n)
  • 97.1 (a)
Dctn1 16
Dctn1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DCTN1 35
  • 99.66 (n)
  • 99.84 (a)
DCTN1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dctn1 35
  • 89.98 (n)
  • 96.55 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DCTN1 36
  • 91 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DCTN1 36
  • 73 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DCTN1 35
  • 75.38 (n)
  • 81.34 (a)
DCTN1 36
  • 73 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DCTN1 36
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dctn1 35
  • 74.97 (n)
  • 78.59 (a)
Str.6794 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68950 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dctn1b 35
  • 71.02 (n)
  • 75.88 (a)
dctn1a 36
  • 72 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9279 37
  • 27 (a)
Gl 37
  • 33 (a)
Gl 35
  • 46.78 (n)
  • 36.37 (a)
CG9279 36
  • 26 (a)
Gl 36
  • 34 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004194 35
  • 49.2 (n)
  • 39.03 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea dnc-1 37
  • 28 (a)
dnc-1 36
  • 26 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes NIP100 36
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 36 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DCTN1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DCTN1 Gene

Gene Tree for DCTN1 (if available)
Gene Tree for DCTN1 (if available)

Paralogs for DCTN1 Gene

Paralogs for DCTN1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DCTN1: view

Variants for DCTN1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DCTN1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_001373 -
VAR_015850 Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, 7B (HMN7B)
rs13420401 - 74,370,810(+) CTCCA(A/G/T)CGCCT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs17721059 - 74,369,400(+) GAACC(C/T)GCGCG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_063867 Perry syndrome (PERRYS)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DCTN1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834261 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv1199e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv874287 CNV Loss 21882294
esv25070 CNV Gain 19812545
nsv2784 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv458185 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv515851 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv4166n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv820134 CNV Loss 19587683

Variation tolerance for DCTN1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.54% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.55; 64.92% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for DCTN1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCTN1 Gene

Disorders for DCTN1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(14) MalaCards diseases for DCTN1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
perry syndrome
  • parkinsonism with alveolar hypoventilation and mental depression
neuropathy, distal hereditary motor, type viib
  • distal hereditary motor neuronopathy type viib
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
distal hereditary motor neuropathy type 7
  • distal spinal muscular atrophy with vocal cord paralysis
oculogyric crisis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DCTN1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) [MIM:105400]: A neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper motor neurons in the brain and lower motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord, resulting in fatal paralysis. Sensory abnormalities are absent. The pathologic hallmarks of the disease include pallor of the corticospinal tract due to loss of motor neurons, presence of ubiquitin-positive inclusions within surviving motor neurons, and deposition of pathologic aggregates. The etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is likely to be multifactorial, involving both genetic and environmental factors. The disease is inherited in 5-10% of the cases. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15326253, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16240349}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, 7B (HMN7B) [MIM:607641]: A neuromuscular disorder. Distal hereditary motor neuronopathies constitute a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders caused by selective degeneration of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, without sensory deficit in the posterior horn. The overall clinical picture consists of a classical distal muscular atrophy syndrome in the legs without clinical sensory loss. The disease starts with weakness and wasting of distal muscles of the anterior tibial and peroneal compartments of the legs. Later on, weakness and atrophy may expand to the proximal muscles of the lower limbs and/or to the distal upper limbs. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12627231}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Perry syndrome (PERRYS) [MIM:168605]: A neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by mental depression not responsive to antidepressant drugs or electroconvulsive therapy, sleep disturbances, exhaustion and marked weight loss. Parkinsonism develops later and respiratory failure occurred terminally. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19136952, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24676999, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24881494}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for DCTN1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DCTN1: view

No data available for Genatlas for DCTN1 Gene

Publications for DCTN1 Gene

  1. Point mutations of the p150 subunit of dynactin (DCTN1) gene in ALS. (PMID: 15326253) Muench C. … Ludolph A.C. (Neurology 2004) 3 4 23 48 67
  2. Dynactin subunit p150Glued isoforms notable for differential interaction with microtubules. (PMID: 19778315) Zhapparova O.N. … Nadezhdina E.S. (Traffic 2009) 3 23
  3. Motor neuron disease occurring in a mutant dynactin mouse model is characterized by defects in vesicular trafficking. (PMID: 18305234) Laird F.M. … Wong P.C. (J. Neurosci. 2008) 3 23
  4. Relative contribution of mutations in genes for autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuropathies: a genotype-phenotype correlation study. (PMID: 18325928) Dierick I. … Timmerman V. (Brain 2008) 3 23
  5. Regulation of dynactin through the differential expression of p150Glued isoforms. (PMID: 18812314) Dixit R. … Holzbaur E.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 3 23

Products for DCTN1 Gene

Sources for DCTN1 Gene