Aliases for DCP2 Gene
External Ids for DCP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DCP2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a key component of an mRNA-decapping complex required for degradation of mRNAs, both in normal mRNA turnover, and in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). It removes the 7-methyl guanine cap structure from mRNA, prior to its degradation from the 5' end. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]
GeneCards Summary for DCP2 Gene
DCP2 (Decapping MRNA 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DCP2 include Non-Syndromic X-Linked Intellectual Disability. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Gene Expression. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and manganese ion binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DCP2 Gene
Decapping metalloenzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of the cap structure on mRNAs (PubMed:12417715, PubMed:12218187, PubMed:12923261, PubMed:21070968). Removes the 7-methyl guanine cap structure from mRNA molecules, yielding a 5-phosphorylated mRNA fragment and 7m-GDP (PubMed:12486012, PubMed:12923261, PubMed:21070968). Necessary for the degradation of mRNAs, both in normal mRNA turnover and in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (PubMed:14527413). Plays a role in replication-dependent histone mRNA degradation (PubMed:18172165). Has higher activity towards mRNAs that lack a poly(A) tail (PubMed:21070968). Has no activity towards a cap structure lacking an RNA moiety (PubMed:21070968). Blocks autophagy in nutrient-rich conditions by repressing the expression of ATG-related genes through degration of their transcripts (PubMed:26098573).