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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

DCD Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 52
GCID: GC12M055038

Dermcidin

Microbiology & Infectious Diseases Congress
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
dermcidin1 2     DSEP2 3
Diffusible Survival/Evasion Peptide1 2     DCD-12
preproteolysin1 2     HCAP2
Proteolysis Inducing Factor1 2     PIF2
Survival Promoting Peptide1 2     EC 3.4.-.-3
AIDD2 3     Preproteolysin3

External Ids:    HGNC: 146691   Entrez Gene: 1171592   Ensembl: ENSG000001616347   OMIM: 6066345   UniProtKB: P816053   

Export aliases for DCD gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC12P049932 GC12M055152 GC12M054755 GC12M053324 GC12M052076


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for DCD Gene:
This gene encodes a secreted protein that is subsequently processed into mature peptides of distinct biological
activities. The C-terminal peptide is constitutively expressed in sweat and has antibacterial and antifungal
activities. The N-terminal peptide, also known as diffusible survival evasion peptide, promotes neural cell
survival under conditions of severe oxidative stress. A glycosylated form of the N-terminal peptide may be
associated with cachexia (muscle wasting) in cancer patients. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for DCD Gene: 
DCD (dermcidin) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with DCD include angiomyoma, and clear cell hidradenoma. GO annotations related to this gene include peptidase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DCD_HUMAN, P81605
Function: DCD-1 displays antimicrobial activity thereby limiting skin infection by potential pathogens in the
first few hours after bacterial colonization. Highly effective against E.coli, E.faecalis, S.aureus and
C.albicans. Optimal pH and salt concentration resemble the conditions in sweat. Also exhibits proteolytic
activity
Function: Survival-promoting peptide promotes survival of neurons and displays phosphatase activity. It may bind
IgG

Gene Wiki entry for DCD (Dermcidin) Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000012.11  NT_029419.12  NC_018923.2  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the DCD gene promoter:
         TBP   STAT5B   HFH-3   AML1a   LCR-F1   HNF-3beta   Evi-1   FOXI1   POU2F1   POU2F1a   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidDCD promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for DCD

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat DCD


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 12q13.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  12q13.2   HGNC cytogenetic band: 12q13.1

DCD Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
DCD gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 12         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC12M055038:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
55,038,375 bp from pter      End:
55,042,277 bp from pter
Size:
3,903 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DCD_HUMAN, P81605 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Dermcidin precursor  
Size: 110 amino acids; 11284 Da
Cofactor: Manganese. Required for survival-promoting peptide
Subcellular location: Secreted
Mass spectrometry: Mass=4702.57; Method=Electrospray; Range=63-109; Source=PubMed:11694882;
2 PDB 3D structures from and Proteopedia for DCD:
2KSG (3D)        2YMK (3D)    
Secondary accessions: A5JHP2 A5JHP3 P58461 Q53YJ2
Alternative splicing: 3 isoforms:  P81605-1   P81605-2   P81605-3   

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for DCD: NX_P81605

Explore proteomics data for DCD at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_P81605

  • DCD Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    DCD Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_444513.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000293371   ENSP00000450415   ENSP00000406773  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for DCD: 
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    Novus Biologicals DCD Lysate
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    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for DCD 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005576extracellular region IDA9736629

    DCD for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: P81605


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: DCD_HUMAN, P81605
    Function: DCD-1 displays antimicrobial activity thereby limiting skin infection by potential pathogens in the
    first few hours after bacterial colonization. Highly effective against E.coli, E.faecalis, S.aureus and
    C.albicans. Optimal pH and salt concentration resemble the conditions in sweat. Also exhibits proteolytic
    activity
    Function: Survival-promoting peptide promotes survival of neurons and displays phosphatase activity. It may bind
    IgG
    Catalytic activity: Preferential cleavage: Arg- -Xaa, Lys- -Xaa

         Enzyme Number (IUBMB): EC 3.4.-.-1

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0008233peptidase activity IEA--
         
    DCD for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for DCD:
     Decreased Wnt reporter activit 

    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for DCD 
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section




    Interactions:

        SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Network for DCD

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 23)

    5/55 Interacting proteins for DCD (P816053 ENSP000002933714) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 55)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    FAM107AO959903, ENSP000003542704I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000354270
    INPP5KQ9BT403, ENSP000002547124I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000254712
    MDM2Q009873, ENSP000004172814I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000417281
    TNFRSF14Q929563, ENSP000003479484I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000347948
    SUMO2P619563, ENSP000004059654I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000405965
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006508proteolysis IEA--
    GO:0031640killing of cells of other organism IEA--
    GO:0042742defense response to bacterium IEA--
    GO:0050832defense response to fungus IEA--

    DCD for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for DCD

    1 HMDB Compound for DCD    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    Manganesemanganese 7439-96-5--

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about DCD

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for DCD gene: 
    NM_053283.2  

    Unigene Cluster for DCD:

    Dermcidin
    Hs.350570  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: CB999228
    3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000293371(uc001sgj.3) ENST00000546807(uc009znu.3) ENST00000456047(uc009znt.3)

    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:  
    European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 10 - 13 May 2014

    miRNA
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    Search QIAGEN for miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate DCD
    Browse SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmids
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AF144011.1 AY590150.1 BC062682.1 BC069108.1 EF503687.1 EF503688.1 EF503689.1 

    1 DOTS entry:

    DT.99945647 

    8 AceView cDNA sequences:

    AL598959 AF144011 NM_053283 CD103709 BC062682 BC069108 AY590150 CD000439 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    DCD expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: ACGTTAAAGA
    DCD Expression
    About this image


    See DCD Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for DCD

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.350570

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: DCD_HUMAN, P81605
    Tissue specificity: Specifically and constitutively expressed in eccrine sweat gland cells. Secreted into the
    sweat at a concentration of 1-10 micrograms/ml

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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for DCD

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of human and chimp.

    Orthologs for DCD gene from 1 species (see representative species )    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    chimpanzee
    (Pan troglodytes)
    Mammalia DCD1 dermcidin 99.7(n)
    100(a)
      748033  XM_001170688.2  XP_001170688.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for DCD (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for DCD (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
      --

    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/153 SNPs in DCD are shown (see all 153)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 12 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1456420541,2
    --55037903(+) GTAGCA/GAATGA 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs733108251,2
    C,F--55037962(+) AGTCCC/TAGGGT 1 -- ds50015Minor allele frequency- T:0.13WA NA EA 362
    rs1893236931,2
    --55037965(+) CCCAGA/GGTGGT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1488957481,2
    C--55038021(+) TTGGGA/GGGTCT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1142171451,2
    C,F--55038279(+) GCCAAT/CTGAAG 1 -- ds50011Minor allele frequency- C:0.04WA 118
    rs560133731,2
    C,F--55038382(+) ACAGAT/CGCTTT 1 -- ut313Minor allele frequency- C:0.08WA CSA 122
    rs1434479711,2
    C--55038449(+) GAAGAC/TGTAAA 1 -- ut310--------
    rs776059681,2
    C,F--55038526(+) TTTAAC/TGTCAT 2 I V mis11Minor allele frequency- T:0.01NA 4498
    rs2005357921,2
    C,F--55038545(+) CCTAGG/TACAGC 1 -- int11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00EU 1031
    rs1998257821,2
    --55038569(+) GGGGTA/GAAGGG 1 -- int10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for DCD (55038375 - 55042277 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for DCD:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv832421CNV Gain17160897

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
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    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Novoseek, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 606634    OMIM disorders: --

    20/24 diseases for DCD (see all 24):    About MalaCards
    angiomyoma    clear cell hidradenoma    hidrocystoma    root caries
    skin conditions    hidradenoma    spinal stenosis    hidradenitis
    netherton syndrome    skin disease    vaginitis    atopic dermatitis
    acute myocardial infarction    muscular atrophy    myocardial infarction    dermatitis
    hypoxia    breast cancer    lung cancer    squamous cell carcinoma

    2 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for DCD:
    Spinal stenosis     Muscular atrophy

    DCD for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    4 Novoseek inferred disease relationships for DCD gene    About this table

    Disease   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    skin diseases 29.1 1 18620136 (1)
    breast cancer 18.8 4 18949710 (2), 17448443 (1), 17626247 (1)
    tumors 2.58 2 15355918 (1), 18006755 (1)
    cancer 1.58 5 18403914 (1), 16142329 (1), 17448443 (1), 15355918 (1)

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): DCD
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: DCD (8 documents)

    Export disorders for DCD gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for DCD gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 90):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with DCD)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Dermcidin: a novel human antibiotic peptide secreted by sweat glands. (PubMed id 11694882)1, 2, 3, 9 Schittek B.... Garbe C. (2001)
    2. Analysis of the solution structure of the human antib iotic peptide dermcidin and its interaction with phospholipid vesicles. (PubMed id 20510021)1, 2, 9 Jung H.H....Kim J.I. (2010)
    3. Identification of dermcidin in human gestational tissue and characterization of its proteolytic activity. (PubMed id 17448443)1, 2, 9 Lee Motoyama J.P....Suzuki K. (2007)
    4. Evaluating the discriminative power of multi-trait ge netic risk scores for type 2 diabetes in a northern Swedish population. (PubMed id 20571754)1, 4 Fontaine-Bisson B....Franks P.W. (2010)
    5. Gene variants in the novel type 2 diabetes loci CDC12 3/CAMK1D, THADA, ADAMTS9, BCL11A, and MTNR1B affect different aspects of pancre atic beta-cell function. (PubMed id 19833888)1, 4 Simonis-Bik A.M....'t Hart L.M. (2010)
    6. Lack of significant effects of the type 2 diabetes su sceptibility loci JAZF1, CDC123/CAMK1D, NOTCH2, ADAMTS9, THADA, and TSPAN8/LGR5 on diabetes and quantitative metabolic traits. (PubMed id 19670153)1, 4 Schleinitz D....Stumvoll M. (2010)
    7. Use of multiple metabolic and genetic markers to impr ove the prediction of type 2 diabetes: the EPIC-Potsdam Study. (PubMed id 19720844)1, 4 Schulze M.B....Joost H.G. (2009)
    8. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association data and large-scale replication identifies additional susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes. (PubMed id 18372903)1, 4 Zeggini E....Altshuler D. (2008)
    9. Novel meta-analysis-derived type 2 diabetes risk loci do not determine prediabetic phenotypes. (PubMed id 18714373)1, 4 Staiger H....Haring H.U. (2008)
    10. Genotype score in addition to common risk factors for prediction of type 2 diabetes. (PubMed id 19020323)1, 4 Meigs J.B....Cupples L.A. (2008)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Disorders
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 117159 HGNC: 14669 AceView: DCD Ensembl:ENSG00000161634 euGenes: HUgn117159
    ECgene: DCD H-InvDB: DCD

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for DCD Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    Protein Spotlighthttp://web.expasy.org/spotlight/back_issues/sptlt018.shtml

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for DCD gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving DCD

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Animal models from inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway)
    About This Section

     
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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