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Aliases for DAZ4 Gene

Aliases for DAZ4 Gene

  • Deleted In Azoospermia 4 2 3
  • Deleted In Azoospermia Protein 4 3
  • PDP1680 3
  • PDP1681 3

External Ids for DAZ4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DAZ4 Gene

  • GC0YU990030
  • GC0YM024120
  • GC0YM023614
  • GC0YP025389
  • GC0YP026979

Summaries for DAZ4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DAZ4 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the DAZ gene family and is a candidate for the human Y-chromosomal azoospermia factor (AZF). Its expression is restricted to premeiotic germ cells, particularly in spermatogonia. It encodes an RNA-binding protein that is important for spermatogenesis. Four copies of this gene are found on chromosome Y within palindromic duplications; one pair of genes is part of the P2 palindrome and the second pair is part of the P1 palindrome. Each gene contains a 2.4 kb repeat including a 72-bp exon, called the DAZ repeat; the number of DAZ repeats is variable and there are several variations in the sequence of the DAZ repeat. Each copy of the gene also contains a 10.8 kb region that may be amplified; this region includes five exons that encode an RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain. This gene contains two copies of the 10.8 kb repeat. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]

GeneCards Summary for DAZ4 Gene

DAZ4 (Deleted In Azoospermia 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DAZ4 include partial deletion of y and azoospermia. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and nucleotide binding. An important paralog of this gene is DAZL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DAZ4 Gene

  • RNA-binding protein that plays an essential role in spermatogenesis. May act by binding to the 3-UTR of mRNAs and regulating their translation

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DAZ4 Gene

Genomics for DAZ4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for DAZ4 Gene

Genomic Location for DAZ4 Gene

24,833,820 bp from pter
24,907,040 bp from pter
73,221 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DAZ4 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DAZ4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DAZ4 Gene

Proteins for DAZ4 Gene

  • Protein details for DAZ4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Deleted in azoospermia protein 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9NR88
    • Q9NR89

    Protein attributes for DAZ4 Gene

    579 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64785 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms a heterodimer with BOLL and DAZL. Interacts with PUM2, DAZAP1, DAZAP2, DZIP1 and DZIP3.
    • DAZ genes are prone to deletions but also to duplications. In a population of infertile men, DAZ genes deletions are associated with oligozoospermia but an increased number of DAZ genes is not a significant risk factor for spermatogenic failure
    • The DAZ proteins (DAZ, DAZ2, DAZ4 and DAZ4) are all encoded by a strongly repeated region of the Y chromosome, in two clusters each comprising an inverted pair of DAZ genes. They are very similar, which gives their indidual characterization difficult. Thus, most experiments do not discriminate between the different members. One can therefore suppose that reported interactions with a DAZ protein involve all the 4 proteins

    Alternative splice isoforms for DAZ4 Gene


neXtProt entry for DAZ4 Gene

Proteomics data for DAZ4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DAZ4 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for DAZ4 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DAZ4 Gene

Domains for DAZ4 Gene

Gene Families for DAZ4 Gene

  • RBM :RNA binding motif (RRM) containing

Protein Domains for DAZ4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DAZ4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q86SG3
  • The DAZ-like repeats are essential and mediate the interaction with DAZAP1 and DAZAP2
  • Contains 9 DAZ-like domains.
  • Contains 2 RRM (RNA recognition motif) domains.
  • Belongs to the RRM DAZ family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DAZ4: view

Function for DAZ4 Gene

Molecular function for DAZ4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
RNA-binding protein that plays an essential role in spermatogenesis. May act by binding to the 3-UTR of mRNAs and regulating their translation

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DAZ4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding --
GO:0003723 RNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DAZ4: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for DAZ4

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for DAZ4 Gene

Localization for DAZ4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DAZ4 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Predominantly cytoplasmic. Nuclear at some stages of spermatozoide development. Localizes both to the nuclei and cytoplasm of spermatozoide differentiation. Nuclear in fetal gonocytes and in spermatogonial nuclei. It then relocates to the cytoplasm during male meiosis.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for DAZ4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DAZ4 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DAZ4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DAZ4: view

Pathways for DAZ4 Gene

SuperPathways for DAZ4 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DAZ4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DAZ4: view

No data available for Pathways by source for DAZ4 Gene

Compounds for DAZ4 Gene

(1) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for DAZ4 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
testosterone 18.4 4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DAZ4: view

Transcripts for DAZ4 Gene

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for DAZ4

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DAZ4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DAZ4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DAZ4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DAZ4 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DAZ4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (25.6) and Stomach (17.8).

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DAZ4 Gene

Tissue specificity: Testis-specific. Expression restricted to premeiotic germ cells, particularly in spermatogonia (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DAZ4: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression and Expression partners for DAZ4 Gene

Orthologs for DAZ4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DAZ4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DAZ1 35
  • 92.71 (n)
  • 85.53 (a)
DAZ 36
  • 69 (a)
DAZ 36
  • 87 (a)
DAZ 36
  • 90 (a)
DAZ 36
  • 46 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DAZL 36
  • 59 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 46 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 55 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 44 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DAZL 36
  • 46 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 45 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dazl 36
  • 36 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta bol 36
  • 23 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea daz-1 36
  • 16 (a)
Species with no ortholog for DAZ4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for DAZ4 Gene

Gene Tree for DAZ4 (if available)
Gene Tree for DAZ4 (if available)

Paralogs for DAZ4 Gene

Paralogs for DAZ4 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for DAZ4 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DAZ4: view

Variants for DAZ4 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DAZ4 Gene

The number as well as the precise structure of the DAZ proteins probably differs within the population

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DAZ4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0Y pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs605453 -- 24,895,029(+) CATGT(A/G)TGGTA intron-variant
rs661688 -- 24,865,364(-) AACAG(A/G)AAATC intron-variant
rs698122 -- 24,856,197(-) ATGAG(A/G)AGAAC intron-variant
rs4098929 -- 24,882,961(-) TAAAC(A/G)TCCTT intron-variant
rs34321034 -- 24,876,152(+) TTTTA(A/T)AAATT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DAZ4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2504e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv2505e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv2506e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv10034 CNV Loss 18304495
essv10843 CNV CNV 17122850
dgv2507e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv442825 CNV CNV 18776908
dgv2509e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv2510e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv515230 CNV Complex 21397061
dgv2511e1 CNV Complex 17122850
dgv2512e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv469766 CNV Loss 16826518
nsv471613 CNV Gain+Loss 15918152
nsv442826 CNV CNV 18776908

Relevant External Links for DAZ4 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for DAZ4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for DAZ4 Gene in MalaCards »

(4) Diseases for DAZ4 Gene including...


  • Spermatogenic failure Y-linked 2 (SPGFY2) [MIM:415000]: A disorder resulting in the absence (azoospermia) or reduction (oligozoospermia) of sperm in the semen, leading to male infertility. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11095434, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12801575}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. AZFc deletions in the Yq11.23 region including the DAZ genes are the most common known genetic cause of human male infertility.

(6) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for DAZ4 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
azoospermia 91.2 24
klinefelters syndrome 67.8 3
infertility male 60.7 1
karyotype abnormal 56.2 1
oligozoospermia 56.1 1

Relevant External Links for DAZ4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DAZ4: view

No data available for OMIM , University of Copenhagen DISEASES and Genatlas for DAZ4 Gene

Publications for DAZ4 Gene

  1. Partial DAZ deletions in a family with five infertile brothers. (PMID: 12801575) Gianotten J. … van der Veen F. (Fertil. Steril. 2003) 3 4 23
  2. Four DAZ genes in two clusters found in the AZFc region of the human Y chromosome. (PMID: 10936047) Saxena R. … Page D.C. (Genomics 2000) 2 3 4
  3. DAZ family proteins exist throughout male germ cell development and transit from nucleus to cytoplasm at meiosis in humans and mice. (PMID: 11058556) Reijo R.A. … Page D.C. (Biol. Reprod. 2000) 3 4
  4. Male infertility caused by a de novo partial deletion of the DAZ cluster on the Y chromosome. (PMID: 11095434) Moro E. … Foresta C. (J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2000) 3 4
  5. A gene family required for human germ cell development evolved from an ancient meiotic gene conserved in metazoans. (PMID: 11390979) Xu E.Y. … Reijo Pera R.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2001) 3 4

Products for DAZ4 Gene

Sources for DAZ4 Gene

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